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PRODUCT BULLETIN

RMTC-PB-23S-001
REV A

23 SERIES

23 SERIES CAGE GUIDED


GLOBE CONTROL VALVES
PRODUCT BULLETIN
HIGH PERFORMANCE GLOBE CONTROL VALVE:
intelligent field devices for efficient field based architecture

HEAVY DUTY DESIGN


SEVERE SERVICE

LOW NOISE AND CAVITATION CONTROL


WITH RMT TRIMS

CUSTOMIZABLE
SOLUTIONS

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
REV A

23 SERIES

RMT CONTROLS
a division of RMT VALVOMECCANICA GIVA GROUP

Via dei Patrioti 21058 Solbiate Olona (VA) Italy


Ph: +39 0331 375441 Fax: +39 0331 376847
info@rmtvalvomeccanica.com
www.rmtvalvomeccanica.com

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES
INDEX

1.

GENERAL FEATURES ....................................................................................................................................................5

2.

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................................................................10


2.1

BODY ...............................................................................................................................................................................11

2.2

BONNET .........................................................................................................................................................................12

3.1

TRIM COMPONENTS................................................................................................................................................13

3.1.1

PLUG ......................................................................................................................................................................13

3.1.2

CAGE DESIGN ...................................................................................................................................................15

3.1.2.1

STANDARD SINGLE STAGE CAGES .............................................................................................16

3.1.2.2

NOISE REDUCTION: NOISE CONTROL TRIMS (NCTrims 23) ..........................................16

3.1.2.3

SINGLE STAGE MULTI-PATH NOISE CONTROL CAGE (NCTrim 23ss) .......................17

3.1.2.4

MULTI STAGE-MULTI PATH NOISE CONTROL (NCTrim 23xs) .......................................17

3.1.2.5

CAVITATION CONTROL TRIM (CCTrim 23xs) .........................................................................19

3.1.2.6

EXTREME CONTROL TRIMS

3.1.2.7

SPECIAL CONTROL TRIMS ...............................................................................................................21

3.1.3

3.2

(NCTrim 23 PRO & CCTrim 23 PRO) ........................20

SEAT AND PLUG SEALING SOLUTIONS ..............................................................................................23

3.1.3.1

SEAT ............................................................................................................................................................23

3.1.3.3

PLUG SEALING (balanced plug construction) ........................................................................24

PACKING .......................................................................................................................................................................26

3.2.1

STANDARD LOW EMISSION PACKING .................................................................................................26

3.2.2

LIVE LOADING LOW EMISSION PACKING ..........................................................................................26

3.2.3

BELLOW SEAL PACKING .............................................................................................................................26

3.3

ACTUATORS AND CONTROLLING DEVICES ...............................................................................................28

3.3.1

ACTUATORS ......................................................................................................................................................28

3.3.2

POSITIONERS AND PANELS ......................................................................................................................28

4.

PRODUCT QUICK SPECIFICATION .......................................................................................................................29

5.

23 SERIES RATING/CONNECTION TABLES ......................................................................................................30

6.

MATERIAL SELECTION GUIDE ...............................................................................................................................31

7.

FLOW CHARACHTERISTICS .....................................................................................................................................33

8.

DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS ...................................................................................................................................36

REVISION

DESCRIPTION

PREPARED

APPROVED

DATE

FIRST ISSUE

MARCO FUSCA

MATTEO ROSSI

01/02/2015

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES

1. GENERAL FEATURES
The 23 series belongs to the RMT 20 family of straight-way globe style control valves and
is characterized by single seat cage guide and quick-change design. The 23 series covers
a wide range of applications.
You can use it in Oil & Gas as
Upstream: onshore and offshore
Midstream: transportation, filtering, reduction, metering, storage
Downstream: petrochemical, refineries, LNG
Distribution networks
and also in many other industrial applications:
Chemical applications (nitrogen, hydrogen, Urea,)
Power
Water: potable and desalination plants

Everywhere you need a process control

23 SERIES HAS THE AIM TO OFFER:

THE MOST SUITABLE SOLUTION FOR THE BEST PERFORMANCE:

design flexibility, with a lot of trim option, actuation and instrumentations solution
available;
the goal to suit customer request at every process condition, even the most severe ones;

HIGH RELIABILITY:
design tips and attention to materials selection to provide wear resistance and long life
even in severe conditions;

QUICK CHANGE AND COMPACT DESIGN:


design attention to reduce overall costs and offer easy handling and installation.

PRODUCT BULLETIN
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23 SERIES

THE MOST SUITABLE SOLUTION FOR THE BEST


PERFORMANCE

HIGH CAPACITY DESIGN


Large

stream-

capacity

flow

guiding

solutions

and

WIDE RANGE OF PACKING SOLUTIONS


bodies
very

allow

flexible

high

In order to satisfy any special requirement in

flow

term of low emission, different suitable

characterization.

packing solutions are provided.

FULL CAGE GUIDING


Plug guide, over its full stroke, allows reducing
mechanical
induced,

for

vibrations

and

enhanced

flowing

reliability

turbulences

and

dynamic

Low emission packing (LEM)

Live loading low emission packing (LL-LEM)

Bellow seal

Have a look to packing section.

stability.

TRIM CONSTRUCTION

ACTUATION AND ADVANCED DIGITAL


POSITIONING CONTROL

Trim is engineered to offer a smooth behavior for


superior process control, even under the most

Pneumatic spring diaphragm (of RMT construction)

severe

or pneumatic piston are typically used in actuation

conditions

(dirty,

corrosive,

sticking

or

of 23 series valves.

slightly abrasive fluids, cavitation and noise matters,


etc).

In addition, hydraulic or electric actuators are

Balanced and unbalanced construction are both

available on request too.

available.

Actuator stability is coupled with superior valve

Balanced design allows:

reduction in thrust requirements and actuator

positioning: in order to allow the best process

sizing

control, advanced valve diagnostic is available.

high pressure drop capabilities

very accurate and efficient process control

Smart
provide

with small port diameter

when tight shut-off (class VI) is requested

dirty fluid with risk of clogging

real-time

hardware

preventive

and
and

software
predictive

diagnostic data. Best brands are available and

Unbalanced design is mainly used:

communication

skilled technicians at complete disposal.

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RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES
Energized seal ring

WIDE RANGE OF TRIM TYPES

Graphite rings

Different plug and seat constructions associated

Metal C ring

with many cage configurations allow 23 series to

Piloted plug

meet any special requirement in term of:

High capacity trim

Reduced capacity trim

Tight shut off

Bi-tight plug
These ones can be associated with different cage
configurations:
Single stage standard cage
Single stage large window for High Capacity Cage

Trim and constructive tips combined with suitable

(HCTrim 23)

material selection make 23 series suitable for:

No Erosion / corrosion applications

Low Temperature operations: CRYO service

Single Stage Noise Control Trim (NCTrim 23ss)


Double Stage Noise Control Trim (NCTrim 23ds)
Three stage Noise Control Trim (NCTrim 23ts)
Single Stage Cavitation Control Trim (CCTrim 23ss)

23 series has been engineered to face up also

Double Stage Cavitation Control Trim (CCTrim 23ds)


Three stage Cavitation Control Trim (CCTrim 23ts)

Noise abatement, with noise control trims

Cavitation matters, with cavitation control trims

Disc

(4

stages

and

more)

(CCTrim 23 Pro SP)


Variable Resistant trim (VRTrim)

Plug can be unbalanced or balanced.

Customized solutions

In this latter case, depending on pressure and


different

seal

solutions

noise

or

Single path multi stage trim, only for anticavitation

section.

many

for

Cavitation control (NCTrim 23 Pro / CCTrim 23 Pro)

Available trim options are widely described in next

temperature,

stack

are

available.

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES
HIGH RELIABILITY

SEAT TIGHTNESS
Depending

on

customer

requests

we

can

guarantee seat leak class IV (standard) but we


In order to offer the best wear resistance and a

can also achieve class V and class VI.

long

In some special applications, such as high

working

life,

following

key

feature

characterize the 23 series control valves.

pressure steam line drain, warm-up lines, blowdown drum lines we can provide tight shut-off

WIDE RANGE OF MATERIAL

solution with a bi-tight plug in order to avoid

The 23 series control valves have been developed to

premature trim wear.

cover a wide range of applications with practically


no limit in pressure and temperature.
Great

attention

is

put

into

material

selection,

especially in severe service applications where


erosion or corrosion problems may be present.
Sour service material class possibilities and
Exotic materials, solid tungsten carbide and ceramic
materials can be provided for trim components.

As a brand of GIVA Group, RMT is perfectly


integrated with the still mills, forges, foundries and
machining shops of the company.
RMT has the full support of an own advance metal
testing laboratory located next to the factory.

MATERIAL SELECTION

We put a great attention to material selection,


especially with reference to the trim ones.
We can guide you through the best choice at the
best cost even under the most severe conditions of
fluid temperature/pressure combination.

TRIM SELECTION
The wide variety of trim types let us to develop
a suitable design solution to manage the
effects

of

flashing,

cavitation

and

noise

practically in every process condition.

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES
QUICK CHANGE AND COMPACT DESIGN
The 23 series control valves are
developed to offer a compact
and reliable construction.
Together with an essential valve
packing the 23 series offers a
top entry easy maintenance
design and the possibility of a
quick
change
trim
without
dismantling the valve body from
the pipeline.
There is no need of any special
components during assembly.
All this features allow to reduce
the overall costs, especially the
maintenance ones.

23 SERIES - CCTrim 23ss

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES

2.

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

1.
BODY
2.
BONNET
3.
BODY STUD
4.
BODY NUT
5.
STEM
6.
BODY GASKET
7.
PIN
8.
PLUG
9.
SEAT
10.
SEAT GASKET
11.
CAGE
23.
PACKING FLANGE
24.
PACKING STUD
25.
PACKING NUT
26.
PACKING FOLLOWER
30.
SEAL RING
55.
CLAMPING RING
(for linear pneumatic diaphragm link)
58.
STEM CONNECTOR
59.
SCREWS CONNECTOR
71.
PACKING RINGS
72.
PACKING END RINGS

23 SERIES STANDARD CROSS DRAWING

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23 SERIES
2.1

BODY

as

Bodies of 23 series valves have a large stream


solutions

characterization

and
with

very

flexible

flow

the

right

trim

Cast

bodies

are

the

standard

to

product

Flow direction: 23 series has a flow to open


This

of

be

considered

solutions are always associated to a flow to


close design instead, that makes possible to
realize tight shut off applications.

with integral internal overlays.

23 series are available with all sizes from

Materials

of

constructions

depend

on

the

combination of fluid type, pressure rating and

1 (DN 25) up to 24(DN 600).

design temperature.

All ratings can be provided from ASME 150

Wide range of Carbon, Stainless and Cr-Mo

up to ASME 2500.

Steels

Special constructions on request.

allow

covering

any

customer

requirement.

Mechanical design is according ASME

Exotic materials are available.

B16.34.

Refer to overall weights and dimensions

shall

offer flow to close possibilities. Piloted plug

for special applications, such as bodies

per IEC 60534 and ANSI-ISA 75.

design

customized solutions can be engineered to

Forged bodies can be taken into account

Face to face dimensions are available as

standard

unidirectional in flow behavior. Nevertheless,

wrought or bar steels can be provided.

refer

design as a standard feature.

that means up to 3 (DN 80), solutions by

design:

welded and threaded types are available.

construction, but for the smallest size,

ASME

Raised face, ring Joint, butt-welded, socket

characteristic selection.

per

specification section.

- flow guiding design that allows both high


capacity

All types of end connections can be provided

For rating tables, refer to product spec. section.


For material choice, refer to material selection guide.

paragraph.

23 SERIES FLANGED AND BW ESECUTION

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23 SERIES
2.2

BONNET

Cast, forged or rolled steels are used for bonnet raw


material, depending on the valve body features: as a
standard of construction, bonnet material is the same of
body.
For material choice, refer to material selection guide.
In standard design bonnet has a bolted joint connection
with body.
23 series bonnet can be properly extended type for best
performances also in the most severe applications.

Standard plain bonnet.

For applications where the temperature of the controlled


fluid is between -30 C [2O F] and 600 C [644 F].
Although modern graphite packages are suitable for these
high temperatures, we reserve the possibility to suggest
a proper extension on the basis of specific applications

STANDARD PLAIN BONNET

and materials used.

Extended

bonnet

for

high,

low

and

CRYO

temperatures up to -196C [-321 F].


The bonnet is designed with a long necked section which
distances the packing away from the process fluid.
The necked section is designed with a minimum
wall section to optimize heat transfer.

Extended bonnet for bellow seal application.


Its adopted in leakproof stem seal for cases where no
gland leakage is admittable.
The design consists of welded flexible steel bellows which
are clamped in an extended bonnet. This effectively
eliminates any possible leakage path around the plug stem
thus preventing dangerous emissions from the valve
packings. In this applications packing only act as a backup
to the bellows.

EXTENDED BONNET FOR BELLOW SEAL

EXTENDED BONNET FOR CRYO SERVICE

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23 SERIES

3.1

TRIM COMPONENTS

Different plug and seat constructions associated with many cage configurations make 23 series perfectly suit
any application and any requirement, also the most severe ones.
23 series trim has been engineered to effectively face up and solve cavitation and noise matters, even in
presence of dirty, corrosive, sticking or slightly abrasive fluids.

3.1.1

PLUG

Balanced construction.

Plug is always heavy guided and can be customized


where necessary.
Plug materials of constructions depend on the
combination of fluid type, pressure rating and
design temperature and shall be carefully selected
together with the materials of the other trim
components.
Refer

to

material

The balanced construction allows as a standard a flow


to open application (flow under the plug head).
Customized solutions can be adopted for flow to close
applications.
A pressure balanced design of the plug doesnt have
any practical limitation in term of pressure drop and
allow a reduction

of the thrust required at the

actuator, that means a reduction of the actuator size.


section

guide

for

standard

Balanced construction make also very smooth and


efficient regulation of the controlled process. This is

materials of construction.

the reason why it can be considered the best solution


Special treatments are available such as stellite
overlay

in a great variety of applications. The cylindrical plug


head is drilled with large balancing ports to lead
pressure above the plug head.
The annular leakage flow between the valve plug and
cage is avoided by a sealing ring located within a plug
groove. The standard construction allows a flow to
open application (flow under the plug).

FLOW
23 SERIES - BALANCED PLUG CONSTRUCTION

13

PRODUCT BULLETIN
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23 SERIES

Unbalanced.

The

unbalanced

construction

is

suitable

for

bidirectional flow action (flow to open - under the


plug head- and flow over the plug).This solid design
is suitable for application with moderate pressure
drops.
It should usually considered for smaller ports ,up to
6 [DN 150] and/or for on/off service rather than
regulating control valves. In this latter case the
possibility to shift to 22 series should be considered.
Our technical department will evaluate the feasibility
of this option to offer you the best performances
with the easiest solution, which means the lowest
cost.

23 SERIES - UNBALANCED PLUG

Pilot operated balanced plug.

When a pilot operated balanced plug is provided the flow direction must always be over the plug, that means from
outside towards inside the cage, as indicated by the arrow in following figures.
The pilot balanced plug design incorporates two plugs. The main plug has a larger diameter and is heavy cage
guided as for all 23 Series. The smaller pilot is situated inside the main plug. Pilot act as follow.

Opening of the valve is by the pilot plug which lifts from its seat prior of the main plug.
This action produces a flow passage to equalize the pressure above and below the valve plug thus:

reducing the fluid forces acting on the valve main plug through a pressure balanced operation;

preserving the main seat from damage occurring by initial high velocities: in fact the main seat is
undiscovered when the flow rate through the pilot plug seat is no more enough.

Closing of the valve allow inlet pressure to go above the plug thus obtaining an unbalanced behavior in
closing favor: the results is an high downward seat load and the only leakage path is across metal to
metal seating.

This special design is suitable for tight shut off applications, especially in high temperature conditions where a
resilient seal would not be applicable.

FLOW

23 SERIES BALANCED PILOT PLUG CLOSED POSITION

14

23 SERIES BALANCED PILOT PLUG OPENED POSITION

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
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23 SERIES

3.1.2 CAGE DESIGN


Cage has the following main purposes in 23 Series control valves:

The heavy guiding of the valve plug and an improvement of the dynamics of the flow.
The impingement of the jets with the valve cage produces a more stable downstream flow, thus obtaining a
smaller scale turbulence structure at the valve outlet and therefore a better dynamic stability.
Cage allow also to full guide the plug over its all stroke.
This make possible to reduce mechanical vibrations, thus obtaining an improvement in terms of reliability.

The definition of the flow characteristic curve.


Through the proper disposition and dimension of drilled holes on the cage design, it is possible to obtain
practically all the desired valve characteristic curves: linear, equal-percent, quick opening

100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

Linear

Exponential 30/1

Exponential 50/1

Mod.Linear

Equal%

Quick Open

100%

Anti-cavitation and noise abatement issues.


23 series have been developed with a co-axial cages design concept, in order to offer an engineered
solution to face up both cavitation and noise problems.
It is therefore possible to manufacture multistage trims suitable to face fluid cavitation and severe noise
abatement issues.

Cage materials of construction depend on the combination of fluid type, pressure rating and design temperature and
shall be carefully selected together with the materials of the other trim components
For material choice and surface treatments, refer to material selection guide.

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23 SERIES

3.1.2.2 NOISE REDUCTION: NOISE

3.1.2.1 STANDARD SINGLE STAGE

CONTROL TRIMS (NCTrims 23)

CAGES

As a regulating device, a control valve is a noise source.

Cage can be engineered to meet every requirements in In fact pressure waves produced by flow turbulences are
terms of flow characteristic behavior.
responsible of the aerodynamic noise, and its impossible
to

control

the

flow

of

fluid

without

introducing

turbulences.
Mechanical vibrations are too potential noise sources, but
they can be avoided with the good design of valve and
piping.
Aerodynamic noise is generally a problem to be faced
with gases and vapors rather than liquids. Liquids noise
matters depends on another more critical phenomenon:
the cavitation.
Besides noise power is related to the stream power of
mass fluid, that depends on the square of fluid velocity.
Moreover, gas/vapors velocities are much higher than

SINGLE STAGE STANDARD CAGE: LINEAR BEHAVIOUR

liquids
Liquid cages are therefore engineered to avoid primarily
cavitation: this allow also a reduction of generated noise,
which can be considered a secondary matter. Refer to
CCTrims section for anti-cavitation trim description.
23 Series cages has been engineered to offers three type
of solutions to face up efficiently noise matters, on the
basis of the physical greatness involved in generated
noise.

Single stage noise control cages (NCTrim 23ss):

a multipath approach to noise problem.

SINGLE STAGE STANDARD CAGE: EQpercentage BEHAVIOUR

In applications where its required to maximize the flow

Multi stage multi path noise control cages

capacity of the valve, single stage large window for

(NCTrim 23xs):

High Capacity Cage (HCCage) allow to obtain the higher

a multistage and multipath approach to noise

possible CV values.

problem with co-axial cage design.


Multi

stage-multi

path

noise

control

trim

(NCTrim 23 PRO):
a multistage and multipath approach to noise
problem with a multiple interposed disk pack
design.
This is the finest solution to noise control as
explained in related description section.

SINGLE STAGE HIGH CAPACITY CAGE

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23 SERIES
3.1.2.3

3.1.2.4 MULTI STAGE-MULTI PATH

SINGLE STAGE MULTI-PATH

NOISE CONTROL CAGE (NCTrim 23ss)

NOISE CONTROL (NCTrim 23xs)

Noise attenuation is obtained by breaking the flow into

Noise reduction can be achieved also with a different

a great number of multiple jets.

technique: the multi-stage approach.

This

is

multipath

approach

to

noise

reduction.

If the whole pressure drop is divided into multiple stages

Physically a multipath trim make possible to decrease

of pressure reduction, it will be possible to change in

the geometrical factor (Fd) of the valve and this permit

favor of a noise reduction the acoustic efficiency of the

to shift the peak frequencies (fp) of the generated noise

valve. Small pressure drops p1/p2 make possible to

to higher values not inside the human audible range

control fluid expansions and velocities keeping always

(that is 1000-8000Hz).

the

The higher will be noise peak frequencies respect to

last

stage

in

sub-critical

conditions,

which

is

mandatory for the noise abatement.

piping ring frequencies (fr),the higher will be the noise

A single path multi stage trim will have a design very

attenuation obtainable by the pipe itself (fp>fr).

similar to our CCTrim 23 Pro SP (refer to relative

Multipath

approach

is

performed

through

great

number of small diameter holes to maximize the flow


breaking into multiple jets.

cage its not trivial to engineer an efficient solution.


diameters

and

disposition

coupling of multi-contoured plug and wider expansion


sections (towards the valve outlet) in order to create a
multistage labyrintic single path.

Even if it could appear easy to design a single stage


Holes

description section 2.3.2.7): there will be a proper

shall

in

fact

be

A single path multi stage approach itself would allow, if


well engineered, a considerable noise reduction.

optimized in order to respect flow jets independency,


without each other interferences: our experience and
our technical resources (R&D and CFD analysis) make
possible to offer the best noise abatement solutions
with the desired flow curve characteristic.
A noise reduction till 15 dB is possible with our
Single Stage Noise Control Trim (NCTrim 23ss)

SINGLE STAGE NOISE CONTROL CAGE (NCTrim 23ss)

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23 SERIES
This design has unfortunately some practical limitation.

Where four or more stage are required, disk stack

First at all limitation to the number of feasible stages to

solution is preferred to co-axial cage design.

use

and

related

to

seat

and

stroke

dimensions.

NCTtrim 23 PRO

Furthermore, there are limitations to the obtainable


expansion section ratios to proper control the fluid
velocities. All these deeply reduce the above-mentioned
hypothetic benefits.
Multistage approach becomes very effective when it is
coupled together with the multipath one.
This is what happens in 23 Series multi stage-multi path
noise control cages, where you can obtain the benefits of
the two techniques.
The

only

limitations

to

obtainable

benefits

are

represented by - the feasible number of stages due to


the

allowable

dimensions

and

by

the

number

of

independent path that is possible to realize, in order to


keep the geometrical factor Fd the higher possible for
enhanced noise reduction.
By using the co-axial design concept of the 23 Series
cages a lot of different solutions are available in order
to satisfy the most severe requirements about noise
level control, especially where high pressure drops are
requested

Double Stage Noise Control Trim (NCTrim 23ds)

Three stage Noise Control Trim (NCTrim 23ts)

THREE STAGE NOISE CONTROL TRIM (NCTrim 23ts)

A global noise reduction till 20-25 dB is possible even


with high pressure drops.

TWO STAGE NOISE CONTROL TRIM (NCTrim 23ds)

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23 SERIES

outlet pressure becomes again higher than the vapor

3.1.2.5 CAVITATION CONTROL TRIM

pressure.

(CCTrim 23xs)

Bubbles collapse can seriously damage solid surfaces


Cavitation is a phenomenon that characterizes liquid flow because of the high amount of energy released with this
behavior when pressure value becomes lower than the phenomenon.
saturation Pv point.

Cavitation highly affects both performances (vibrations,


When cavitation occurs, the liquid begins to flash and noise, etc) and reliability: metal surfaces undergo a
vapour bubbles are generated. This condition is obtained inevitable pitting damage if this process is not controlled.
in the so called vena contracta, where the pressure

reach the lowest value -and the velocity reach the peak In order to face up this problem is necessary to control
values- before the recovery of pressure that occurs velocity by breaking the pressure drop into a convenient
downstream.

amount of smaller pressure stages.

Pressure recover, quantified by the parameter FL in IEC This is shown in the following.
standards, cause the bubble implosion when the valve

VALVE INLET

STANDARD CONTROL TRIM

inlet pressure

vena contracta area

outlet velocity

inlet velocity

outlet pressure

flashpoint

velocity

VALVE INLET

VALVE OUTLET

pressure

vapour pressure

MULTI STAGE CAVITATION CONTROL TRIM

inlet pressure

VALVE OUTLET

vena contracta area

outlet velocity

inlet velocity

outlet pressure

flashpoint

velocity

pressure

19

vapour pressure

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23 SERIES

3.1.2.6 EXTREME CONTROL TRIMS

The adoption of a multiple stage design allow to avoid


the cavitation beginning since the pressure is kept

(NCTrim 23 PRO & CCTrim 23 PRO)

always, in control, higher than the flashpoint limit.

In extremely cases when 4 stages or more are required for

Pressure drop controlled though multiple stages allow

noise or cavitation control, a Disk Stack Multi Stage Trim

also to govern also velocity fields in favor of fluid

represents the finest solution for the best control. Its

stability and noise emission.

manufactured from a brazed stack of laser cut plates, the


combination of these plates obliges the fluid to pass through a

In order to control cavitation matters, 23 series can

series of 90 turns in which the flow energy is dissipated and

make use of various single or multi stage cavitation

the DP decreasing is controlled throughout all the trim.

control trims:

Single Stage Cavitation Control Trim(CCTrim 23ss)

Double Stage Cavitation Control Trim(CCTrim 23ds)

Three stage Cavitation Control Trim(CCTrim 23ts)

Disc stack (4 stages and more) for noise control


(NCTrim 23 PRO)
Making reference to what explained in noise control trims
paragraphs (2.3.2.2.3 and 4) this solution represents the
optimal one for noise abatement. It incorporated both the
multipath

and

the

multistage

approaches

without

the

limitations of a multi- cage design. There are no theoretical


limits related with p1/p2 ratio, stage numbers or velocity
controls This design allows a total control of the flow for the
most severe noise requirements.
Disc stack (4 stages and more) for Cavitation control
(CCTrim 23 PRO)
When the pressure drop is very high Disk Stack represents as
well the optimal solution for cavitation control, making
possible to realize4 stage and much more thus obtaining a
controlled pressure drop across the valve also in the most
severe process conditions.

TWO STAGE CAVITATION CONTROL TRIM (CCTrim 23ds)

DISK STACK MULTI STAGE TRIM


(NCTrim 23 PRO & CCTrim 23 PRO)

THREE STAGE CAVITATION CONTROL TRIM


(CCTrim 23ts)

20

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REV A

23 SERIES
3.1.2.7 SPECIAL CONTROL TRIMS
With dirty liquids with large particulate, in case process
condition obliges to select a multi-stage trim, a single
path multi stage trim with large passages shall be used
to avoid the risk of clogging:

Single

path large passage multi stage trim

(CCTrim 23 Pro SP)

SINGLE PATH LARGE PASSAGE MULTI STAGE TRIM CCTrim 23 PRO SP

21

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
REV A

23 SERIES
For the most unusual requirements and to offer the most
suitable solution, our technical department can develop
variable resistant trims and other customized solutions.

Variable Resistant trim (VRTrim)

Customized trim design

22

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REV A

23 SERIES
3.1.3 SEAT AND PLUG SEALING
SOLUTIONS
3.1.3.1

SEAT

Soft seat

Soft seat is available, where permitted by the process

The seating type depends on the required leakage class

conditions, to make possible achieve a leakage class up

for the valve, and its affected by the process conditions:

to VI.

combination of fluid type, temperature and pressure are

The design consists of a soft insert clamped between the

always taken into account to offer the customer the

seat and the cage, with an additional safety O-Ring

required performances.

placed on the bottom side of it.

Seat materials of construction depend on the above

Different insert materials can be provided to suit process


conditions: temperatures between -46C [-50F] up to
235C [455 F] are allowed.

mentioned combination and shall be carefully selected


together with the materials of the other trim components.
For material choice and special treatments (stellite
overlay,) refer to material selection guide.
Two main type of seating solution are available.

Metal-to-metal seat

Its the standard design. If process conditions are taken


into account during material selection of the seat, a
metal to metal seat doesnt give any limitation in terms of
fluid type, pressure and temperature combination.
Leakage class up to class V can be achieved when
matched with a suitable plug sealing solution.

SOFT SEAT

METAL TO METAL SEAT

23

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REV A

23 SERIES

3.1.3.3

PLUG SEALING (balanced plug construction)

When a balanced plug construction is provided, different plug sealing solutions are allowable in order to meet any
request in terms of leakage class.
Most typical solutions are reported in the following together with their temperature of application and leakage
performances achievable.
NB. For each sealing solution its very important to check the differential pressure value in relation to the working
temperatures: for max differential allowable pressures please refer to RMT Controls technical department.

PLUG SEALING

Pressure energized PTFE based seal ring

Seal type: pressure energized PTFE based ring.


Different solutions can be provided depending on working
conditions: spring loaded seal ring, with or without back
up metal ring, etc
Temperature range:-46C [-50F] up to 235C [455 F].
Leakage class: up to class IV (standard) and class V;
class VI optional is achievable with soft seat design.

PTFE SEAL RING

24

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REV A

23 SERIES

PTFE based seal rings with resilient inner

Seal type: PTFE based seal ring with resilient INNER

Different materials of constructions can be adopted for

suitable for processed fluid (Viton, HNBR ...).

the inner metal.

Temperature range: -29C [-20F] up to 150C [300F].

Temperature range: -196C [-320F] up to 565C [1049F].

Leakage class: up to class IV

Leakage class: class III (standard) up to class IV

PTFE SEAL RING WITH RESILIENT INNER

Graphite seal ring and inner metal spring

Seal type: graphite seal ring with internal metallic spring.

C ring with V metallic ring

Seal type: C metallic holder with metallic sealing ring and

Metal seal ring and inner metal spring

V metallic ring.

Seal type: metal seal ring with internal metallic spring.

C metallic holder can be screwed to plug or fixed through

Different materials of constructions can be adopted:,

a retainer ring.

Nitrided CA6NM/F6NM, Inconel X-750, Ni-Resist alloys,

Different materials of constructions can be adopted:,

Temperature range: -196C [-320F] up to 565C [1049F].

Nitrided CA6NM/F6NM, AISI 316, Inconel X-750, Ni-Resist

Leakage class: up to class III (standard) and class IV

alloys,

(possible with double seal ring design).

Temperature range: -196C [-320F] up to 565C [1049F].


Leakage class: Up to class, V can be achieved.

METAL RING WITH INNER METAL SPRING

C RING WITH V METALLIC RING

25

PRODUCT BULLETIN
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REV A

23 SERIES
3.2

3.2.3

PACKING

23 series have been developed with different suitable


packing solutions that make possible to control fugitive
emissions levels.
Due to the modulating service of a control valve packing
has been designed to allow adjustment over the service-life
of the valve.
limitation

in

the

Since 23 series are linear valves, they can be equipped


with Bellows Seal (BS-LEM) for low emission behavior. The
bellows seal concept isolate completely the stem from the
exterior environment, metallic bellows are welded to the
stem

providing

zero

leak

from

the

valve

stem,

in

compliance with ISO 15848-1 class A. The design includes


a leak-off detection port and a redundant packing box for

Packing is designed to offer:

BELLOW SEAL PACKING

loss

of

process

fluid,

thus

additional safety.

increasing efficiency;

reduction in environment contamination;

respect

of

the

criteria

of

most

restrictive

legislations, avoiding connected sanctions


Fire Safe design is allowable on request.

3.2.1 STANDARD LOW EMISSION PACKING


Low Emission (LEM) packing meets the criteria of ISO
15848-1: CC3 class.
It is made by a series of pre-formed braided rings PTFE or
GRAPHOIL based with two anti-extrusion terminal solid
rings.

PTFE based rings can be adopted from

STANDARD LOW EMISSION PACKING (LEM): PTFE BASED

-30 C up to 200C with a plain bonnet and from


23.
24.
25.
26.
55.
71.

-30C up to 300 C with an extended one;


max allowable pressure is 250 Barg.

GRAPHOIL based can be adopted from


-30 C up to 600C with a plain bonnet and from
-100C up to 600 C with an extended one;
there are no practical limitation in max allowable

72.

pressure.

PACKING FLANGE
PACKING STUD
PACKING NUT
PACKING FOLLOWER
CLAMPING RING
PACKING RINGS
(PTFE BASED - CRANE 285K)
PACKING END RINGS
(PTFE @25% GLASS LOADED)

Furtherly its possible to introduce to standard design :

leak-off in order to provide the possibility of


measuring the emission level;

packing follower with a dual O-ring design


that allows very high performances with extremely
volatile gas.

3.2.2

LIVE LOADING LOW EMISSION


PACKING

Live Loading Low Emission packing (LL-LEM) can maintain


to optimal levels the leak performance practically during all
life service of the valve.
This is possible by the use of bellows springs that maintain
a constant sealing force within the packing box. The
results is constant low leakage performance with minimal
field adjustment.

STANDARD LOW EMISSION PACKING (LEM): GRAPHITE BASED

27.
28.
29.
30.
56.
73.

74.

26

PACKING FLANGE
PACKING STUD
PACKING NUT
PACKING FOLLOWER
CLAMPING RING
PACKING RINGS
(GRAFOIL BASED)
PACKING END RING
(SOLID GRAPHITE)

PRODUCT BULLETIN
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REV A

23 SERIES

OPTIONS:
DUAL O-RING DESIGN OF PACKING FOLLOWER
LEAK OFF POINT

BELLOW SEAL LOW EMISSION PACKING (BS-LEM)

LIVE LOADING LOW EMISSION PACKING (LL LEM)

27

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23 SERIES
3.3

ACTUATORS AND CONTROLLING DEVICES


Great variety of control panel configurations and wide range

3.3.1 ACTUATORS

of available accessories to offer you the best equipment for

Pneumatic spring diaphragm or pneumatic piston actuators

your 23 Series operation:

are the standard of 23 series valves.

filter

On request hydraulic or electric actuators can be provided.

boosters, limit switches,

regulators

(standard),

gauges,

solenoid

valves,

Our technical department is at you complete disposal and


skilled

technicians

are

available

positioners/control panels trainings.

3.3.2 POSITIONERS AND PANELS


Advanced digital positioner and controller are available for
enhanced performance and control.
This make possible improved process yields and real time
diagnostic

features

to

offer

real-time

preventive

and

predictive diagnostic data.

Both

HART

and

Fieldbus

communication

protocol

are

available making reference to the best positioner brands on


the market.
Dedicated positioners manufacturer software is provided.

28

for

service

and

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
REV A

23 SERIES

4.PRODUCT QUICK SPECIFICATION


23 SERIES RATING TABLE
SIZES*
1 up to 24 [DN25 up to DN600]
PRESSURE RATINGS*
ASME B16.34
#150 up to #2500
[PN 20 up to PN 420]
DESIGN TEMPERATURES*
-196C up to 565C
[-320F up to 1049 F]
*Standard codes of reference:
ISA 75 / IEC60534 general design code, tests and inspection
ASME B16.34 / EN 12516 strength design code

23 SERIES CONNECTION TABLE


END CONNECTIONS:
VALVE SIZE
ASME B16.5 for FLANGED version*
1 up to2
3 up to 24
ASME B16.11 for BW and SW version*
[DN25] up to [DN50]
[DN 80 up to DN600]
#150 up to #2500
RAISED FACE RF
X
X
RING JOINT RJ
X
X
BUTT WELD
X
X
SOCKET WELD
X
THREADED ENDS
X
* Standard codes of reference:
ISA 75 / IEC60534-3 end to end dimensions
MSS SP-6 surface finishing

23 SERIES PERFORMANCE TABLE


FLOW COEFFICIENT CV RANGEABILITY
CV 10 to 7200
according to ISA 75 / IEC 60534-2
SEAT LEAKAGE
Up to class VI
according to ANSI/FCI 70-2 and IEC 60534-4
NOISE AND CAVITATION CONTROL
according to ISA 75 series and IEC 60534-8
FUGITIVE EMISSION CONTROL
Up to class A
according to ISO 15848-1
OPERATING PERFORMANCES
according to ANSI/ISA 75-25 and
IEC 60534-4

29

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REV A

23 SERIES

5. 23 SERIES RATING/CONNECTION TABLES


ASME 150 CLASS [PN 20]

ASME 300 CLASS [PN 50]

ASME 600 CLASS [PN 100]

SIZE

DN

RF

RJ

THD

SW

BW

RF

RJ

THD

SW

BW

RF

RJ

THD

SW

BW

DN25

1.5''

DN40

2''

DN50

3''

DN80

4''

DN100

6''

DN150

8'' up to 24

DN200 up to
DN600

ASME 900 CLASS [PN 150]

ASME 1500 CLASS [PN 250]

ASME 2500 CLASS [PN 420]

BW

RF

RJ

BW

RF

RJ

SIZE

DN

RF

RJ

THD

SW

THD

SW

THD

DN25

1.5''

DN40

2''

DN50

3''

DN80

4''

DN100

6''

DN150

8'' up to 24

DN200 up to
DN600

available on request

* Standard Flange Finish is Ra between 3.2 and 6.3 micrometers [125 and 250 micro inches]

30

BW

NONSTANDARD
EXECUTION:

* ASME 800 CLASS [PN 130] is available with Socket Welded connection
* Customized flange faces and surface finish are available on request

SW

PRODUCT BULLETIN
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REV A

23 SERIES

6.MATERIAL SELECTION GUIDE

31

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
REV A

23 SERIES

As a brand of GIVA Group, RMT is perfectly integrated with the still mills, forges and foundries of the company.
RMT has the full support of an own advance metal testing laboratory located next to the factory.
Four basic steel material class are available for valve body/bonnet and trim components, which allow
covering the most common combination of fluid/pressure/temperature in globe control valve application.

PART

DESCRIPTION

1-2

BODY
BONNET

3-4

BODY-BONNET STUD
AND NUTS

STEM

6-10
7

GASKET
PIN

CARBON STEEL

STAINLESS STEEL

-29/+340C

196/+400C

A216 WCB
A216 WCC
A352 LCB
A352 LCC
A193 B7 / A194 2H
A193 B7M / A194 2HM
A193 L7 / A194 GR4
A193 L7M / A194 GR4M
17-4-PH H1150D
SS316

A351 CF8M

A193 B8 / A194 GR8


A193 B8M / A194 GR8M

SS316
XM19 (NITRONIC 50)

CHROME MOLY
STEEL
-29/+560C

DUPLEX
STAINLESS STEEL
100/+320C

A217 WC6
A217 WC9
A217 C12

A995 4A
A995 5A

A193 B7 / A194 2H
A193 B16 / A194 GR4
A193 B16 / A194 GR16

A193 B8M/A194 GR8M

XM19

XM19

SS316L + GRAPHITE
SS304 / SS316
A182 F6NM
SS 316

SS316L + GRAPHITE
SS304 / SS316
A182 F51
(S31803)

SS316L + GRAPHITE
SS304 / SS316
SS316

PLUG

SS316L + GRAPHITE
SS304 / SS316
17-4-PH H900
A182 F6NM
SS316

*1 - *2

*1 - *2

*1 - *2

*1 - *2

SS316

SEAT

17-4-PH H900
A182 F6NM
SS316

A182 F6NM
SS316

A182 F51
(S31803)

*1 - *2

*1 - *2

*1 - *2

*1 - *2

SS316
A182 CA6NM

SS316

A182 F6NM
SS316

A182 F51
(S31803)

*2 - *3

*2 - *3

11

CAGE

23
24-25
26
30
71-72

PACKING FLANGE
PACKING STUD/NUTS
PACKING FOLLOWER
SEAL RING
PACKING RINGS

SS316
SS304 / SS316
SS304 / SS316

*2 - *3

SS316
SS316
SS304 / SS316
SS304 / SS316
SS304 / SS316
SS304 / SS316
REFER TO SEALING SOLUTION SECTION 3.1.3.3
REFER TO PACKING SOLUTION SECTION 3.2

*2 - *4
SS316
SS304 / SS316
SS304 / SS316

*1 STELLITE GRADE 6 WHERE REQUIRED

*3 CHROME PLATED WHERE REQUIRED

*2 NITRIDED WHERE REQUIRED

*4 NICKEL PLATED WHERE REQUIRED

Combination of the above material is possible.


Sour service materials and related certifications are possible.
Exotic materials, solid tungsten carbide and ceramic materials can be provided for customized trim solutions.

32

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REV A

23 SERIES

7.FLOW CHARACHTERISTICS
23 SERIES - LINEAR SINGLE STAGE
DN
PORT
Cv
HCCage
3/4''
15
1''
1''
19
1''
26
1 1/2''
1 1/2''
36
1''
31
2''

3''

4''

6''

8''

10''

12''

14''

16''

18''

20''

24''

23 SERIES - EQUAL %
SINGLE STAGE
DN
PORT
Cv
3/4''
13
1''
1''
18
1''
25
1 1/2''
1 1/2''
32
1''
28

1 1/2''
2''
1 1/2''
2''
3''
2''

43
79
45
95
155
110

2''

3''
4''
3''
4''
6''
4''

190
245
210
305
405
320

435
-

4''

6''
8''
6''
8''
10''
8''

477
620
490
712
1057
756

682
1162
-

8''

10''
12''
10''
12''
14''
12''

1090
1348
1150
1466
1854
1610

1490
2040
-

12''

14''
16''
14''
16''
18''
16''

1990
2580
2050
2760
3170
2850

2850
3490
-

16''

18''
20''
20''
22''
24''

3250
4310
4450
6090
6660

4740
-

20''

3''

33

6''

10''

14''

18''

24''

1 1/2''
2''
1 1/2''
2''
3''
2''

35
69
40
85
140
98

3''
4''
3''
4''
6''
4''

160
205
180
245
350
248

6''
8''
6''
8''
10''
8''

395
532
406
615
860
665

10''
12''
10''
12''
14''
12''

938
1180
984
1305
1580
1420

14''
16''
14''
16''
18''
16''

1756
2280
1756
2392
2820
2450

18''
20''
20''
22''
24''

2856
3810
3850
5180
5670

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
REV A

23 SERIES
23 SERIES - LINEAR DOUBLE STAGE FOR LIQUID

23 SERIES EQUAL % DOUBLE STAGE FOR LIQUID

DN

PORT

Cv

DN

PORT

Cv

1''

3/4''
1''

10
17

1''

3/4''
1''

8
17

1''
1 1/2''
1''
1 1/2''
2''
1 1/2''

17
23
17
23
43
33

1''
1 1/2''
1''
1 1/2''
2''
1 1/2''

17
21
16
19
38
29

2''
3''
2''
3''
4''
3''

61
105
61
105
154
105

3''

2''
3''
2''
3''
4''
3''

54
95
54
88
129
90

4''
6''
4''
6''
8''
6''

154
243
154
243
317
243

6''

4''
6''
4''
6''
8''
6''

124
210
119
201
272
201

8''
10''
8''
10''
12''
10''

317
478
317
478
571
478

10''

8''
10''
8''
10''
12''
10''

274
389
279
411
500
409

12''
14''
12''
14''
16''
14''

571
846
571
846
1172
846

14''

12''
14''
12''
14''
16''
14''

509
721
504
746
1036
724

16''
18''
16''
18''
20''
20''

1172
1551
1172
1551
2053
2053

18''

16''
18''
16''
18''
20''
20''

1016
1380
1008
1363
1814
1776

22''
24''

2828
3091

24''

22''
24''

2406
2631

1 1/2''
2''

3''

4''

6''

8''

10''

12''

14''

16''

18''

20''

24''

1 1/2''
2''

4''

8''

12''

16''

20''

34

PRODUCT BULLETIN
RMTC-PB-23S-001
REV A

23 SERIES
23 SERIES LINEAR DOUBLE STAGE FOR GAS

DN
1''
1 1/2''
2''

3''

4''

6''

8''

10''

12''

14''

16''

18''

20''

24''

PORT

Cv

3/4''

10

1''
1''
1 1/2''
1''
1 1/2''
2''

17
17
23
17
23
48

1 1/2''
2''
3''
2''
3''
4''

36
67
115
67
115
169

3''
4''
6''
4''
6''
8''

115
169
267
169
267
349

6''
8''
10''
8''
10''
12''

267
349
526
349
526
629

10''
12''
14''
12''
14''
16''

526
629
930
629
930
1289

14''
16''
18''
16''
18''
20''

930
1289
1706
1289
1706
2258

20''
22''
24''

2258
3111
3400

23 SERIES EQUAL % DOUBLE STAGE FOR GAS

DN
1''
1 1/2''
2''

3''

4''

6''

8''

10''

12''

14''

16''

18''

20''

24''

35

PORT

Cv

3/4''

1''
1''
1 1/2''
1''
1 1/2''
2''

17
17
21
16
19
42

1 1/2''
2''
3''
2''
3''
4''

32
60
104
59
97
142

3''
4''
6''
4''
6''
8''

99
136
231
131
221
299

6''
8''
10''
8''
10''
12''

221
301
428
307
453
550

10''
12''
14''
12''
14''
16''

450
560
793
554
821
1139

14''
16''
18''
16''
18''
20''

797
1117
1518
1108
1499
1996

20''
22''
24''

1953
2646
2894

PRODUCT BULLETIN
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REV A

23 SERIES

8.DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS

(-) non standard execution: available on request


(X) customized extension, where required, are possible

36

PRODUCT BULLETIN
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REV A

23 SERIES

RMT CONTROLS
a division of RMT VALVOMECCANICA GIVA GROUP

Via dei Patrioti 21058 Solbiate Olona (VA) Italy


Ph: +39 0331 375441 Fax: +39 0331 376847
info@rmtvalvomeccanica.com
www.rmtvalvomeccanica.com

37