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Simpson Strong-Tie Anchoring and Fastening Systems for Concrete and Masonry

Example Calculations Mechanical Anchors (ACI 318 App. D / ICC-ES AC193)


Example calculation for a single Strong-Bolt 2
anchor using SD:

1,600 lb.
560 lb.

Determine if a single 12" diameter carbon-steel Strong-Bolt 2 torquecontrolled expansion anchor with a minimum 3 78" embedment
(hef = 3 38 inches) installed 4" from the edge of a 12" deep spandrel
beam is adequate for a strength level tension load of 1,600 lb. for wind
and a reversible strength level shear load of 560 lb. for wind. The anchor
will be in the tension zone, away from other anchors in fc = 3,000 psi
normal-weight concrete.

338"

4"

Reference the appropriate tables in this catalog for Strong-Bolt 2 anchor


performance values as determined from testing in accordance with ACI
355.2 and ICC-ES AC193.
REFERENCE

Note: Calculations are performed in accordance with ACI 318-11.


1. Determine the factored tension
and shear design loads:

ACI 318, 9.2.1

Nua = 1.0W = 1.0 x 1,600 = 1,600 lb.


Vua = 1.0W = 1.0 x 560 = 560 lb.
2. Design considerations:

D.4.1.1

This is a combined tension and shear interaction


problem where values for both Nn and Vn need
to be determined. Nn is the lesser of the design
tension strength controlled by: steel (Nsa),
concrete breakout (Ncb), or pull-out (nNpn).
Vn is the lesser of the design shear strength
controlled by: steel (Vsa), concrete breakout
(Vcb), or pryout (Vcp).

REFERENCE

4. Concrete breakout capacity


under tension loading:

D.5.2

Ncb Nua

D.4.1.1

A
Ncb = Nc ed,N c,N cp,N Nb
A
Nco

Eq. (D-3);

where:

Nb = kc a fc hef1.5

Eq. (D-6)

substituting:
A

Ncb = Nc ed,N c,N cp,N kc afc hef1.5


A
Nco


where:
This catalog

D.4.1.1


kc = kcr = 17
(Anchor is installed in a tension zone, therefore,
cracking is assumed at service loads

Nsa = 12,100 lb.

This catalog

= 1.0 for normal-weight concrete

8.6.1

= 0.75

This catalog

cp,N = 1.0

D.5.2.7
Eq. (D-10)

Calculating for Nsa:

c
ed,N = 0.7 + 0.3 a,min when ca,min < 1.5 hef
1.5hef

Nsa = 0.75 x 1 x 12,100 = 9,075 lb. > 1,600 lb. O.K.

by observation, ca,min = 4 < 1.5hef

3. Steel capacity under tension Loading:

D.5.1

Nsa Nua

n = 1 (single anchor)

Appendix

CALCULATIONS AND DISCUSSION

(4)
ed,N = 0.7 + 0.3
= 0.94
1.5(3.375)

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c,N = 1.0 assuming cracking
at service loads (ft > fr)

D.5.2.6


= 0.65 for Condition B
(no supplementary reinforcement provided)

This catalog

ANco = 9hef2
= 9(3.375)2
= 102.52 in.2

Eq. (D-5)

ANc = (ca1 + 1.5hef)(2 x 1.5hef)


= (4 + 1.5(3.375))(2 x 1.5(3.375))
= 91.76 in.2

Fig. RD.5.2.1(a)

A
Nc = 91.76 = 0.90
A
Nco 102.52
Calculating for Ncb:
Ncb = 0.65 x 0.90 x 0.94 x 1.0 x 1.0 x 17 x 1.0 x


3,000 x (3.375)1.5 = 3,175 lb. > 1,600 lb. O.K.

Continued on next page
326

C-A-2016 2015 SIMPSON STRONG-TIE COMPANY INC.

CALCULATIONS AND DISCUSSION

Note: Rebar not


shown for clarity

Simpson Strong-Tie Anchoring and Fastening Systems for Concrete and Masonry

Example Calculations Mechanical Anchors (ACI 318 App. D / ICC-ES AC193)


CALCULATIONS AND DISCUSSION

REFERENCE

CALCULATIONS AND DISCUSSION

REFERENCE

5. Pullout capacity under tension loading:

D.5.3

9. Concrete pryout strength:

D.6.3

Pullout capacity, Np,cr, is established by reference tests in cracked concrete


by the reliability test of ACI 355.2. Data from the anchor prequalification
testing must be used. Reference Strong-Bolt 2 anchor characteristic
tension design values table for the 5 percent fractile value, Np,cr.

nVcp Vua

D.4.1.1

Vcp = kcp Ncb

Eq. (D-40)

Npn Nua

D.4.1.1

n=1

This catalog

kcp = 2.0 and = 0.70

This catalog

This catalog

kcp Ncb = 2.0 x 3,175 = 9,769 lb.


0.65

D.6.3.1

D.4.1.1

nVcp = 0.70 x 1 x 9,769 = 6,838 lb. > 560 lb. O.K.

0.5

= 4,091 lb.

Npn = 0.65 x 4,091 = 2,659 lb. > 1,600 lb. O.K.


6. Check all failure modes under tension loading:
Summary:
Steel capacity
= 9,075 lb.
Concrete breakout capacity = 3,175 lb.
Pullout capacity
= 2,659 lb. Controls
Nn = 2,659 lb. as pullout capacity controls

10. Check all failure modes under shear Loading:


Summary:
Steel capacity

= 4,703 lb.

7. Steel capacity under shear loading:

D.6.1

Concrete breakout capacity = 2,224 lb. Controls

Vsa Vua

D.4.1.1

Pryout capacity

Vsa = 7,235 lb.

This catalog

= 0.65

This catalog

Vn = 2,224 lb. as concrete breakout capacity controls

Calculating for Vsa:


Vsa = 0.65 x 7,235 = 4,703 lb. > 560 lb. O.K.

= 6,838 lb.

11. Check interaction of tension and shear forces:

D.7
D.7.1

8. Concrete breakout capacity under shear loading:

D.6.2

If 0.2 Vn Vua, then the full tension


design strength is permitted.

Vcb Vua

D.4.1.1

By observation, this is not the case.

Eq. (D-30)

If 0.2 Nn Nua, then the full shear


design strength is permitted

A
Vcb = Vc ed,V c,V h,v Vb
AVco

where:
0.2

da a fc ca11.5
Vb = 7 e
da

D.7.2

By observation, this is not the case.

( )

C-A-2016 2015 SIMPSON STRONG-TIE COMPANY INC.

D.4.1.1

Eq. (D-33)

substituting:
A
Vcb = Vc ed,V c,V h,v 7 e
AVco
d

( )

N
V
ua + ua 1.2
N
V
n
n

da a fc ca11.5

0.2

Eq. (D-42)

1,600 + 560 = 0.60 + 0.25 = 0.85 < 1.2 O.K.


2,224
2,659

where:

= 0.70 for Condition B
(no supplementary reinforcement provided)

D4.4(c)(i)

AVco = 4.5ca12

= 4.5(4)2
AVco = 72 in.2

Eq. (D-32)

AVc = 2(1.5ca1)(1.5ca1)

= 2(1.5(4))(1.5(4))
AVc = 72 in.2

Fig. RD.6.2.1(a)

A
Vc = 72 = 1
A
Vco 72

Therefore:

12. Summary

A single 12" diameter carbon-steel Strong-Bolt 2 anchor
at a 3 78" embedment depth is adequate to resist the
applied strength level tension and shear wind loads of 1,600 lb.
and 560 lb., respectively.

Appendix

Np,cr = 3,735 x

= 0.65

3,000
2,500

where:

D.6.2.1

ha = 12 in.
h,v = 1.0 since ha > 1.5 Ca1

D.6.2.8

ed,V = 1.0 since ca2 > 1.5ca1

Eq. (D-37)


c,V = 1.0 assuming cracking
at service loads (ft > fr)

D.6.2.7

da = 0.5 in.

= 3.375 in.

D.6.2.2

a = 1.0 for normal-weight concrete


ca1 = 4 in.

8.6.1

0.2

Vcb = 0.70 x 1 x 1.0 x 1.0 x1.0 x 7 x 3.375


x 0.5 x 1.0
0.5


x 3,000 x (4)1.5 = 2,224 lb. > 560 lb. O.K.

327