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# 2nd Civil Engineering

2015/2016

## AIN SHAMS UNIVERSITY

Faculty of Engineering
Dept. of Irrigation & Hydraulics
ASSIGNMENT NO. 7

Pumps
1) Water, = 9810 N/m3 and = 1x10-6 m2/s. is pumped between two reservoirs at 5.664
Litres/s through 120 m of 50 mm-diameter pipe and several minor losses, as shown in
figure. The relative roughness /d = 0.001. If the pump efficiency is 70% calculate the brake
horse power. Sketch the TEL and HGL.

## 2) Water at 20oC ( = 1.0824x10-5 ft2/s) is

to be pumped through 2000 ft of pipe
from reservoir 1 to 2 at a rate of 3 ft3/s,
as shown in figure. If the pipe is cast iron
( = 0.00085 ft) of diameter 6 inches and
the pump is 75 percent efficient, what
horse power pump is needed? Neglect
minor losses.
a) What horse power pump is needed?
b) In question (a), suppose the only
pump available can deliver 80 hp to
the fluid. What is the proper size in
inches to maintain the 3 ft3/s flow
rate? Use F = 0.02 in your first trial.
1

3) Two identical pumps are available to deliver water between two reservoirs A and B. The
characteristic curve of a single pump, when operating at 1800 rpm, is given by the tabulated
data below. The water surface elevation in reservoir B is higher than that in reservoir A by
35 m. The two reservoirs are connected with a long pipe, which has characteristics such that
the head loss through the pipe is expressed as hL = 2x10-3 Q2, where hL is in m and Q is the
flow rate in m3/hr. If the pump delivers 200 m3/hr at a head of 75 m at the optimum operating
point, determine the following:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

## The type specific speed of the pump

The operating point if a single pump is used
The operating point if two pumps are used in series
The operating point if two pumps are used in parallel
Assuming that the water surface elevation in reservoir B is 120 m higher than that in
reservoir A, which pump arrangement (single, series or parallel) would be a feasible
solution.
Q (m3/hr)
H (m)

0
100

110
90

180
80

250
60

300
40

340
20

4) Water is pumped between two reservoirs in a pipeline 70 m long and 300 mm diameter. F =
0.025 and k = 2.5. The radial-flow (centrifugal) pump characteristic curve is approximated
by the formula
Hp = 22.9 + 10.7Q - 111Q2
where Hp is in meters and Q is in m3/s
Determine the operating discharge and head for the following situations:
a) Z2-Z1 = 15 m, a single pump is in operation
b) Z2-Z1 = 15 m, with two identical pumps operating in parallel
c) Z2-Z1 = 25 m.

5) It is required to pump a total water discharge of 750 m3/hr (average daily operating hours = 6
hrs) through a GRP pipeline ( = 0.03 mm) with a total length of 7.10 km connecting the two
tanks A and B. the static head is 10 meter. Two equal constant speed pumps shall be used.
Each pump characteristic curves are given as follows:
Q (m3/hr)
H (m)
%

0
45
0

150
40
77

300
32
81

450
20
55

600
0
0

a) Design the pipe size of the main pipeline . Available pipe diameters are 100, 150, 200,
250,... mm.
b) Determine the required pumping head (local losses =10% of friction losses).
2

c) Draw the system curve and for the case of single pump; determine the operating
pumping discharge, operating pumping head, daily operating hours, and the required
daily operating cost. Cost of 1 KW-hour = 0.30 L.E
d) If two pumps are connected in parallel find required daily operating cost
e) If two pumps are connected in series find required daily operating cost

6) It is required to pump a daily water volume of 1250 m3 (average daily operating hours = 10
hours) from the suction tank A to the delivery tank B (the two tanks are of the same
elevation) through a 200 mm diameter cast iron pipeline ( = 0.25 mm) with a total length of
4500 m. Three submersible (constant speed) similar pumps operating in parallel shall be
used. The hydraulic characteristics and efficiency of each pump are given in the table below.
Q (Lit/sec)
H (m)
%

0
70
0

10
60
55

23
35
65

30
17
50

32
10
30

a) Draw the system and pump curves, and hence determine the operating
discharge, operating head, daily working hours and daily operating cost. Assume the
local losses = 10% of the friction losses, and the cost of 1 KW-hour = 0.30 L.E
b) If one of the three working pumps becomes out of service (due to pump failure),
determine the new operating discharge, operating head, and efficiency, daily operating
hours and the daily operating cost.

7) Pumps A and B have the following characteristics. Solve for the following two situations:
Pump A
Q (gpm)
H (ft)
0
186
500
179
1000
158
1500
112

Q (gpm)
0
400
800
1200

%
0
54
70
67

Pump B
H (ft)
172
166
140
90

%
0
59
77
74

a) These pumps are arranged in series in a system having a static lift of 80 ft. The pipeline
comprises 6-in-diameter pipe of 1200 ft length, with minor losses 20 times the velocity
head. Determine the operating condition and the power input. Take F = 0.022
b) These pumps are arranged in parallel. The static head is 40 ft. the pipeline system consists
of 9 in-diameter pipe of 1200 ft length with minor losses 20 times the velocity head.
Determine the operating conditioin and the power input. Take F = 0.022

8) A pump is to deliver 1 cfs of water at 60oF from an open reserevoir. The suction inlet is 6
inch in diameter in a 300-ft-long cast-iron pipe ( = 0.0008 ft). The suction inlet is 20 ft
above the reservoir level. The atmospheric pressure of 14.7 psi absolute exists over the
reservoir. The required NPSH of the pump is 7. Determine whether the system will have a
cavitation problem. Take kminor losses = 1.4, ew (vapor pressure) = 0.26 psi, p0 = 14.7 psi
(atmospheric).

9) A pump is to be placed above a large, open water tank and is to pump water at a rate of 0.5
cfs and the suction pipe is 320 ft long and 6 inches in diameter. At this flow rate the required
NPSH is 12 ft, as specified by the pump manufacture. Determine the maximum height that
the pump can be located above the water surface so that cavitation does not occur.
Atmospheric pressure = 14.7 psi and vapour pressure = 0.26 psi. Take F = 0.03 and k for
minor losses is 3.2.