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DAYANANDA SAGAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bangalore 560 078.


(An Autonomous Institute affiliated to VTU, Approved by AICTE & ISO 9001:2008 Certified)
Accredited by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) with A grade

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING


Assignment I
Subject: Dynamics of Machines
Assignment display date: 20-08-2016
Faculty name: Hareesha N G

Sub Code: 10AE53


Assignment Submission date: 06-09-2016, before 5pm
Return of Assignment: 07-09-2016

All Questions are to be answered compulsorily

Q.No
Question Description
1 a Explain the equilibrium of the following systems:
b
c

i) Two force members ii) three force members iii) Member with two forces and a torque
With usual notations, Explain the principle of virtual work, considering a slider crank
mechanism
For the mechanism shown in Fig. Q1 (c), Determine the torque on the link AB for
static equilibrium of the mechanism.

Fig. Q.1 (c)

a
b

a
b

Fig. Q.2 (b)


Fig. Q.2 (a)

In a four-link mechanism shown in Fig. Q.2(a), torque T3 and T4 have magnitudes of


30 N.m and20 N.m respectively. The link lengths are AD = 800 mm, AB = 300 mm, BC
= 700 mm and CD = 400 mm. For the static equilibrium of the mechanism, determine
the required input torque T2.
For the static equilibrium of the quick return mechanism shown in fig. Q.2 (b), Predict
the input torque T2 to be applied on link AB for a force of 300N on the slider D. The
dimensions of the various links are OA=400mm, AB=200mm, OC=800mm,
CD=300mm.
Obtain the expressions for frictional torque in a flat collar bearing for uniform pressure
and wear conditions.
Assess the power lost in overcoming the friction and number of collars required for a
thrust bearing whose contact surfaces are 20cm external radius and 15cm in internal
radius. The coefficient of friction is 0.08. The total axial load is 30 kN. Intensity of
pressure is not to exceed 3.5 x 105 N/m2. Speed of the shaft is 420 rpm.
Establish an expression for ratio of tensions in flat belt drive.
A belt 100 mm wide and 10 mm thick is to transmit power at speed of 1000 m/min. The
net driving tension is 1.8 times the tension on slack side. If the safe permissible stress
is 2 MPa. Evaluate the maximum power that can be transmitted at this speed. Assume
the density of leather as 1000 kg/m3. Also determine (i) the absolute maximum power.
(ii) Percentage increase in power.
2.5 kW of power is transmitted by an open belt drive. The linear velocity of the belt is
2.5 m/s, The angle of lap on the smaller pulley is 165. The coefficient of friction is 0.3.
Determine the effect on power transmission in the following cases: 1) Initial tension in

a
b

the belt is increased by 8%. 2) Initial tension in the belt is decreased by 8%. 3) Angle of
lap is increased by 8% by the use of an idler pulley, for the same speed and tension on
the tight side. 4) Coefficient of friction is increased by 8% by suitable dressing to the
friction sample of the belt.
An open belt drive connects two pulleys 1.5 m and 0.5m diameter on parallel shafts
3.5m apart. The belt has a mass of 1 kg/m length and the maximum tension in the belt
is not to exceed 2 kN. The 1.5m pulley, which is the driver, runs at 250 rpm. Due to belt
slip, the velocity of the driven shaft is only 730 rpm. If the coefficient of friction
between the belt and the pulley is 0.25 Examine , i) The torque on each shaft ii) Power
transmitted iii) The power lost in friction and iv) The efficiency of the drive.
What do you mean by static balancing and dynamic balancing?. Explain in detail
taking a suitable example.
A rotating shaft carries four masses A, B, C and D, which are radially attached to it,
along the shaft axis. The mass centres are 40mm, 50mm, 60mm and 70mm respectively
from the axis of rotation. The masses B,C and D are 60kg, 50kg and 40kg respectively.
The angles of the masses C and D with respect to mass B are 90 and 210 in same
sense, respectively. The planes containing B and C are 0.5m apart. For a complete
balanced system, Determine ;i) The mass and angular position of mass A. ii) The
position of planes containing masses A and D.
A shaft has three eccentrics, each 75 mm diameter and 25 mm thick, machined in one
piece with the shaft. The central planes of the eccentric are 60 mm apart. The distance
of the centres from the axis of rotation are 12 mm, 18 mm and 12 mm and their
angular positions are 120 apart. The density of metal is 7000 kg/m3. Inspect the
amount of out-of-balance force and couple at 600 r.p.m. If the shaft is balanced by
adding two masses at a radius 75 mm and at distances of 100 mm from the central
plane of the middle eccentric, find the amount of the masses and their angular
positions.
Four masses M1 = 100 kg, M2 = 175 kg, M3 = 200 kg and M4 = 125 kg are fixed to the
crank of 200 mm radius and revolve in planes 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively. The angular
position of the planes 2, 3 and 4 with respect to first mass are 75, 135 and 240 taken
in the same sense. Distance of the planes 2, 3 and 4 from first are 600 mm, 1800 mm
and 2400 mm. Evaluate the magnitude and position of the balancing masses at radius
600 mm in planes 'L' and M' located in the middle of 1 and 2 and in the middle of 3 and
4 respectively.