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PRACTICAL NO.

8
OBJECT:
To simulate a gas processing unit using Aspen hysys software

PROCEDURE:

From the file menu select New and then Case


Click the New case icon in the toolbar
For this case we are selecting components(methane, ethane,
propane, i-butane, n-butane, CO, N) and fluid package for this
case will be (Peng-Robinson)

Now we will enter into the simulation environment and place a material
stream from the object pallet and specify the following properties:
a) Stream name: feed1
b) Temperature: 60F
c) Pressure: 600psia
d) Molar flow: 6 MMSCFD

Now we will specify the composition of the material stream

Now we will place another material stream and specify the conditions
and composition of the stream as:
a) Stream name: feed2
b) Temperature: 60F
c) Pressure: 600 psia
d) Molar flow: 4 MMSCFD

Now we will place the mixer from the object pallet

Now we will specify the connections as follows:

Now we will install a separator from the object pallet and specify the
following connections:

Now we will install a heat exchanger from the object pallet

And specify the connections of the heat exchanger as follows:

Click the parameter option and specify the delta p of 10psi for both
the shell side and the tube side respectively

Click the Rating tab and select the sizing page. In the configuration
column click on the tube passes per shell and change the value to 1

Since the heat exchanger is still under specified. Now we will install
chiller from the object pallet

And specify the following connections to the chiller as follows:

Enter the parameter page and specify the delta p of 10psi

For the COOLED GAS stream coming out of the chiller we will specify
the temperature of 0F

Now we will install a separator from the object pallet and specify the
connections as:

Now we will again go back to the heat exchanger by double clicking on


it and click on the Spec option and add an specification to the heat
exchanger
a) Stream(+): sep vap
b) Stream(-): sales gas
c) Temperature: 10F

Now we will place a balance from the the object pallet


And specify the conditions as follows:

Now we will click the parameter option and select the balance type to
be Mole

Now we will enter into the sales DP material stream by double clicking
on it and specify the vapor as 1 and pressure of 800psia

Now we will again install a second mixer and specify the connections
as:

After this we will install a column from the object pallet


And specify the connections of the column as;

Now after specifying all the connections of the column we will proceed
to the pressure page and specify the condenser pressure of
200psia and Reboiler pressure of 205psia

We will further advances to the optional estimate page by clicking next


and specify the condenser temperature of 40F and
temperature estimate of 200F

Reboiler

By clicking next we will proceed to the last page of input expert and
specify vapor rate of 2 MMSCFD and Reflux ratio 1

Now we will click the done button but the red bar at the bottom of the
screen indicates that column has no converged and we will need to
specify additional specs

Now we will specify the column specs by clicking the Monitor option
and on the monitor page we will add the spec of Column component
fraction and specify the coumn specs as follows:

Now the degree of freedom has turned to zero and column is now ready
to be run by clicking the run option at the bottom of the page

Now we will place adjust from the object pallet

By double clicking on the adjusting icon we will enter into the connection
page here we will specify the adjusted variable object (COOLED GAS)
and variable(temperature).similarly we will specify the targeted
variable object(sales DP) and variable(temperature) and specified
targeted value of 10F

Now we will go to the parameter page and enter 0.1F in the tolerance
cell and step size of 5F

Click the start button and The Adjust converges on the target value within
the
Specified tolerance in five iterations.

HYSYS has a Spreadsheet operation that allows you to import streams or


operation variables, performance calculations, and export calculated
results.

Now we will click the add import button and select the object to be
sales gas and variable master comp mole fraction and specify
variables of (c1,c2,c3,i-c4,n-c4)

Now we will click the spread sheet option at the bottom of the screen
and specify the headings and calculate the values of different mole
fractions.

In the end our simulation can be represented as:

RESULTS OF THE STUDY


By clicking on the workbook icon

we can access the results for

the entire flow sheet. The material stream and the compositions tabs appear
below: