Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 51

An Assessment on The Lipa Grace Academys Grade 7 Students Computer and

Internet Usage

A Research Paper
Presented to

Miss Donna M. Bautista English


Mr. Jeric P. Capuchino Araling Panlipunan
Mr. Allan F. Falejo Science
Mr. Moises F. Peralta Mathematics

in Partial Fulfillment of
the Requirement
for the Academic Subjects

by:
BACOMO, Rafael R.
BUNAG, Sherilyn C.
CALINGASAN, Maria Carmela Anne B.
IMPERIAL, Louise Eden G.
OBILLE, Renson B.

March 4, 2016

APPROVAL SHEET
In partial fulfillment of one of the requirements in English, Araling
Panlipunan, Science, and Mathematics. This research paper entitled An
Assessment on The Lipa Grace Academys Grade 7 Students Computer and
Internet Usage is prepared by the group of researchers from 10-Corinthians of
The Lipa Grace Academy composed of the following students:

BACOMO, Rafael R.

BUNAG, Sherilyn C.

CALINGASAN, Ma. Carmela Anne B.

IMPERIAL, Louise Eden G.

OBILLE, Renson B.

Reviewed and checked by the Grammarian, rechecked and approved by


the subject teachers in English, Araling Panlipunan, Science, and Mathematics

MISS AIRA P. GALANG


Grammarian

MISS DONNA M. BAUTISTA


English

MR. JERIC P. CAPUCHINO


Araling Panlipunan

MR. ALLAN F. FALEJO


Science

MR. MOISES F. PERALTA


Mathematics

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to express our gratitude to all the people behind this
satisfying achievement. We are really thankful for the patience, time, and effort
you showed us. It is very inspiring and incomparable indeed. We appreciate
every help we receive from you. Thank you for improving our works to make it
better and by that, we are more determined to finish the task within a limited time
frame.

We are extremely grateful to the following because without them we will not be
able to gather data and complete this research.

Grade 7 Teachers, for lending us their time to conduct a survey and for
entertaining our needs.

Grade 7 Respondents, for the warm welcome, for agreeing to become


our respondents and for being so approachable and friendly.

Dearest Classmates, for clarifying our unsure thoughts about the


subject matter and uncertain topics.

Again, a special thanks for giving us the chance to experience this new kind of
opportunity to hone our skills and our minds.

ii

Miss Donna M. Bautista, for her endless support in improving our


writing skills, enlightening us with her witty remarks and for considering
the efficiency of things that will be beneficial for our studies.

Mr. Moises F. Peralta, for developing our critical thinking skills


regarding the making of our survey questionnaire and teaching the
basics of statistics and the process on how to get the tally and how to
interpret each data.

Mr. Jeric P. Capuchino, for his words of encouragement, assisting us


in our needs and updating us in the latest news involving the research
paper. He is truly one of our motivations in doing this task.

Mr. Allan F. Falejo, for giving us his time for finishing our research
paper and for giving us patience and understanding. He gives us
strength in order to complete this study.

Miss Aira P. Galang, for being so kind to be our grammarian. She


patiently corrected all our wrong grammars in the whole study.

Above all, we must acknowledge and give our thanks to:

To our institution (The Lipa Grace Academy, Inc. High School


Dept.), for allowing us to conduct our research and providing any
assistance requested.

iii

To our family, for their undying support throughout the entire process
and for their guidance especially for the moral support they give in
every step of the way. Also, for reminding us that the fruit is sweeter
when achieved through hard work and perseverance.

To the one who made all things possible, Almighty Father, for the
wisdom, knowledge and the guidance He shed for us. We are grateful
that You serve as our daily inspiration.

All that was mentioned contributed to the completion of this research


which made it an enjoyable experience.

iv

DEDICATION

The researchers would like to dedicate this study to the following people:
The Future Researchers, that they will be able to find this research
interesting and useful in their studies and that they will understand the
effects of using computers and computer tablets in the academic
performance of students. The devoted time and effort in this research
paper was by the collaborative effort of five people who assume that
what they experienced is as universal as what the future researchers are
experiencing now.
The Subject Teachers for giving the chance to expose the researchers
to something new through the making of the research paper while
guiding them and for encouraging them to give their best potentials in
developing a research paper ultimately preparing the researchers for the
future ahead of them.
The Researchers families who have given their endless support
in creating the research paper and for the countless advice they have
given them.
The Almighty God for His guidance and wisdom to make this research
paper possible. He is the main source of strength of the researchers.

Table of Contents
Title Page
Approval Sheet
Acknowledgement

Dedication

iv

CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND


Introduction

Statement of the Problem

Hypotheses

Significance of the Study

Scope and Limitation of the Study

Definition of Terms

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES


Related Literature

Related Studies

Synthesis

10

Conceptual Framework

11

Research Paradigm

12

CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


Research Design

13

Sampling Procedure

14

Research Instrument

14

Development and Validation of Research Instrument

14

Data Gathering Procedures

15

Statistical Treatment of Data

16

CHAPTER IV PRESENTAION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF


DATA

18

CHAPTER V SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION


Summary

31

Conclusions

36

Recommendations

37

Bibliography

39

APPENDICES
Part 1- Respondents Profile

40

Part 2- Questionnaire Proper

40

CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction
Computers are now said to be a primary tool of progress in the fast-pacing
world. Whether it is for jobs, schools, homes or just for ones own leisure,
computers have become a household name. It has become a necessity for
people all over the world to be able to connect, store, socialize and even to
study.
Long before the time of technological advancement, connecting meant
having the same likes and dislikes of a person; Storing meant having to put
important things inside their proper places; Socializing meant coming to
gatherings and catching up with someones life or having small talks with a
stranger; Studying meant opening a book, searching for its contents and reading
the materials one by one these are still very effective ways even in the 21st
century yet people still try to discover and innovate new, more comfortable ways
for each person to be able to do all those things. As the time progressed,
technological advancement became a global trend. This paved a new wave, a
new generation for every individual. Now, anyone is able to do all of those things
in a compact gadget.
Because of that, with the quick advancement in our daily ways, all people,
adults and the youth, especially students who are in most need to be taught
about the technology-driven world, are completely affected by computers.

In the educational aspect, most of the information needed can be


searched with the use of computers. Every detail and opinion shows up with a
click or a tap of a button. With such ease to search for the answers, students
often rely on it. These in turn, affect their academic performances. This is why
computers and internet usage have been the chosen topic of the conductors of
this research. For the researchers to be able to know the effects of computers
and internet to the academic performances to the students, a group of five
people from the section of Corinthians which are Grade 10 students of The Lipa
Grace Academy, conducted a research entitled, An Assessment on The Lipa
Grace Academys Grade 7 Students Computer and Internet Usage.

Statement of the Problem


This study aims to assess The Lipa Grace Academys Grade 7 Students
Computer and Internet Usage.
Specifically, the study ought to answer the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the students-respondents in terms of
1.1 age;
1.2 gender;
1.3 section?
2. How computers and internet affect the lives of every Grade 7
students?
3. How can you relate the use of computers and internet in the academic
performance of the students?

4. How can computers influence or affect the interests of every student?


5. What are the advantages of using computer to the students in the
following areas of concerns:
5.1 Homework
5.2 Performance Tasks
5.3 Researches
5.4 Behavior and Attitude
5.5 Health Condition
6. What are the disadvantages of using computer to the students in the
following areas of concerns:
6.1 Homework
6.2 Performance Tasks
6.3 Researches
6.4 Behavior and Attitude
6.5 Health Condition
Hypotheses
1. The computers and internet make youth dependent on it for everyday use.
2. The significant difference in gender will affect the way the respondents
use computers and internet for their academic performances.

Significance of the Study


This study is beneficial to the researchers, students, teachers, future
researchers, and the parents. The findings of this study will redound to the
benefit of every student considering that computers play an important role in the
life of students today. There is a widespread belief among teachers that
students constant use of technology is hampering their attention span and
ability to persevere in facing challenging tasks.
With the rapid growth of technology and emergence of a better society,
students have discovered computer and internet as a powerful portable useful
device for education. Although, studies have shown rapid growth of computers
within education, there is a limited research on how computers are used for
classroom performances, communication, and leadership among students.
Students. The students who have access to computers and the internet
are able to use it as an extension of their learning. They will realize the benefits
and drawbacks that may take effect on them through its continued use.
Teachers. The teachers may find effective ways in integrating the use of
computers and internet in their teaching learning process.
Researchers. The study will help them to discover critical areas regarding
the research that many researchers were not able to explore.
Parents. This will give them additional information about the effects of
using computers in the academic performance of the students. They can control
the way their children use computer especially at home.

Future Students of Research. The findings of this research is expected


to be beneficial to the future researchers as it may serve as a reference for their
future study regarding the effects of computers and internet in the academic
performance of the students.
Scope and Limitations of the Study
This study was concerned mainly with the effects of computers and
internet to the selected Grade 7 students.
Specifically, it covered the effects of using computers and internet in the
students homework, performance task, research, behaviour and attitude, and
health condition. The study also determined the possible advantages and
disadvantages of computers in the said areas.
This study was written in descriptive design where survey questionnaires
were used to gather information.
This study is limited to the 108 Grade 7 students of The Lipa Grace
Academy as respondents out of its 145 total population. The data generated for
this study was limited only on the responses provided by the respondents to the
questionnaires given since focus group discussion and interview were not used
as instruments.

Definition of Terms
To make this research more understandable to those who might come
across it, the researchers included the definition of the following terms:
Fast-pacing. The means of communication where in certain events
happen rapidly.
Leisure. It is a chance or opportunity for an individual to have a spare
time for his enjoyment.
Necessity. It is something one must-have or something important.
Technological advancement. It is the development in the society that
shows a great impact to someones life; the stage where a lot of new
inventions were created.
Innovate. It is a human act of introducing new features, methods
especially the products or making changes in something.
Aspect. It is said to be a part of a situation or an action.
Performances. It is defined as a persons way of accomplishing the given
tasks and accelerating in studies.
Redound. It is contributing and providing extremely to a persons
existence.
Hampering. It is the results or prevention of difficulties and delay.
Integrating. It is a way of constructing the parts together to make it a
whole.
Correlation. It is defined as the relationship between things.
Weigh. It is to think carefully about something.

Multitudinous. Consisting many amount.


Occurrence. It is a happening of an event.
Inexistence. It is the absence of something.
Analogy. It is the most common term used for the comparison of two
things.
Simulation. It is something that is used to train people.
Paradigm. It means that the model for something that can be copied.

CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
In todays generation, computers and internet are commonly used

for

studying. Thus, this chapter shows a summary of information, statements, and


articles from published books, journals, and online search engines. These
concepts were all related to the current study of the researchers which mainly
concerns the effects of computers and internet usage on the students.
Related Literature
Prof. Dr. M. Y. Saada (1992) defined technological innovation as a
technological idea which does not pre exist and whose addition gives better
performance that the existing technology, i.e. an improvement. The modern
computers were products of this technological innovation.
Rene F. Aguirre (1987) pointed out the use of computers on education. He
supposed that the promised of personal computing for teaching and learning is
that instructions can be uniquely adapted to each individual student. From simple
features, such as the ability to select a sequence of topics which makes sense
from the learners viewpoint, to more advanced capabilities, such as facilities to
generate examples of concepts and provide practice material on demand, the
computer promises to provide a tutor of unique value. The key advantage is
individual control, and the great attraction will be the opportunity to learn subjects
of ones own choice in a self paced, supportive environment. An analogy can

be made to travelling. As a student, you now tour the countries of someone


elses choice, firmly handcuffed to the tour guide/ teacher.
Aguirre added that in the developed countries, computers in schools are
used in many ways. Computers are used in drill and practice lessons in many
academic areas; for educational activities with a game format; for simulations for
recreating real life situations and problem solving and for such activities as word
processing, learning computer programming, etc. School administrators are
using computers in the classroom not as a means of reducing costs but to
improve the quality of education. The use of the computer will free teachers to
give them more time to give more individual attention to students requiring it. It
will allow students to learn and study their own pace; discover their own
weaknesses and strengths to enable them to take more courses. Students using
computers in learning will develop more logical thinking, will be able to form
instructions better and will show improvement in their reasoning and math skills.

Related Studies
Maxim Skryabin, Jingjing Zhang, Danhui Zhang (2015) conducted their
own study entitled, How the ICT Development Level and Usage Influence
Student Achievement in Reading, Mathematics, and Science, which contributed
new knowledge about the relationship between national ICT development and
individual skills. The results of their study also indicatedthat ICT use showed

10

mixed influences on three subjects for all groups of individuals, depending on the
different types of ICT usage.
Letao Sun and Kelly D. Bradley conducted a study with the title Using the
U.S. PISA Results to Investigate the Relationship between School Computer Use
and Student Academic Performance. Their study added supplementary
information to the existing body of literature on the influence of computer use at
school to students academic performance. The study also points out that the
weak correlation found in their study suggests the frequency of computer use
might not be a good indicator to predict academic achievement however it was
found that students who use computers almost every day have significant higher
achievement scores that those who use computers in moderate or low
frequencies. The results of their study suggests that simply increasing the
educational input on computers at school may not produce the desired effect
instead, the quality of integrating computer use into effective instructional
activities plays a more important role in influencing student academic outcomes.

Synthesis
The published article of Prof. Dr. M. Y. Saana (January March 1992) and
the study of the group of Maxim Skrybin, Jingjing Zhang and Danhui Zhang (July
2015) that focused about the technological innovation and the ICT that the
Philippines is adapting is the reason why computers have been mainly used at
schools. Computers have been a part of the education system and thus, it

11

contributes effects on the academic performance of the students. The effect of


brought about by using computer varies on the way the student uses computer.
The way they define technological innovation and ICT have help the current
study to be formulated.
The point of view of Rene F. Aguirre (June 1987) and the study of Letao
Sun and Kelly D. Bradley both have the resemblance of stating that the way on
how the students make use of the computers are the factors that truly affect their
academic performances in their study.The only variation of the opinion and the
study is the utilization of the computers, it is one of the major contributors that
has an impact to the academic study and most importantly to the existence of
each student.

Conceptual Framework
The research paradigm demonstrates the variables set by the researchers
to guide them in this study. Specifically, the independent variable is characterized
by the effects of computers and internet to todays generation, while the
dependent variable pertains to the academic performance of Grade 7 Students in
The Lipa Grace Academy SY 2015-2016 in order to form the respondents profile
in labeling of name, age, grade and section, and including the gender.

12

Research Paradigm

Effects of Computer

Performance of Grade

and Internet on the

7 Students in The Lipa

Students

Grace Academy

Independent Variable

Dependent Variable

Respondents Profile
Name
Grade and Section
Age
Gender

Intervening Variables

13

CHAPTER III
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This chapter presents the procedures employed by the researchers in
conducting this study.

Research Design
The researchers used the descriptive method of research to find the
present status of the respondents in their use of computers and how it affects the
Grade 7 students in their academic performance through a series of questions.
Borg and Gall (1989) implied that descriptive studies aim to find out what
is so observational and survey methods are frequently used to collect descriptive
data.
Glass and Hopkins (1894) assists that the use of descriptive method in
research involves gathering of data that describes events and then organizes,
tabulates, depicts and describes the data collection.
Krathwohl (1993) distinguishes that the combination of its characteristic
summary and correlational statistics, along with its focus on specific types of
research questions, methods, and outcomes all what distinguishes descriptive
research from other research types.
Borg and Gall (1989) stated that the descriptive research can include
multiple variables for analysis yet unlike, other methods, it inquires one variable.

14

Sampling Procedure
The researchers randomly selected the respondents for the study. By
chance, they were able to pick the Grade 7 students as their respondents. The
said grade level is composed of 4 sections, sampling 27 randomly selected
students in each with a total of 108 students.

Research Instruments
There was only one instrument used in the study which was the
questionnaire. The questionnaire was used as a tool to measure the personal
assessment of the respondents understanding about the subject of the study.
The questionnaire focused on the respondents basic personal profile. It
included the name, gender, age and the date on which they answered the survey
questions. Then, it revolved around 10 questions that center the view of the
respondents on the topic.

Development and Validation of the Research Paper


The research instrument used was the questionnaire which has gone
through many phases before reaching its preferred state of releasing. The
researcher thought of questions which are aligned to their chosen topic and
immediately asked for the approval of the following people: Mr. Moises F. Peralta
checked and suggested to change some of the questions and its choices, Mr.
Jeric P. Capuchino instructed the researchers to refer to the statement of the
problem and change some of the survey questions. Miss Donna M. Bautista

15

checked and made revisions on the survey questionnaires. She approved the
questionnaires and instructed the researchers to print a copy to have it checked
again.
After the careful planning of the survey questionnaire and having it verified
and eventually approved the survey questionnaires were printed, reproduced and
distributed to the respondents.

Data Gathering Procedures


The researchers purposely thought of some questions to be used in the
survey questionnaires and with the supervision of the instructors of research
namely Miss Donna M. Bautista, Mr. Moises F. Peralta, Mr. Jeric P. Capuchino
and Mr. Allan F. Falejo, the researchers were able to achieve their desired
approval. The instructors of research were greatly involved in the making,
suggesting and revising of the questionnaires.
The survey questionnaires were given to the randomly selected
respondents of each class. Each had ten questions about the topic which was
used to get the needed data. The researchers assured that the number of
questionnaires returned was complete.
The data that were gathered were arranged according to its respective
group. It was then tallied, graphed, analyzed and then interpreted per question.
The data went through a series of procedures that were highly regarded as
appropriate and reliable. The wanted outcomes were met and were responsibly
used to fill the expectations of the research objectives.

16

Statistical Treatment of Data


The researchers applied the following steps to interpret and analyze the
data collected from the outcomes of the survey questionnaires.
1. Frequency Distribution.

A design of statistical data that shows the

frequency of the events in the values of a variable.

2. Circle or Pie Graph. This kind of graph shows the comparison of the
measured data that is divided into its corresponding triangular parts for
each category that can be seen as a whole circle.

3. Bar Graph. This kind of graph or chart relates and compares the quality or
amount of something that uses different lengths of rectangle that can be in
the horizontal or vertical form.

4. Simple Percentage. This method is used to be able to find out the


percentage of the respondents in accordance to their age, section and
gender. It is applied to calculate the rank of the respondents personal
profile using this formula.
P = F / N (100)
Where:

P = Percentage
F = Frequency of respondents belonging to a class
N = Total number of respondents in all classes
/ = Operational symbol for division

17

100 = Constant Multiplier

5. Slovins Formula. This kind of formula is used to get the total number of
students that is needed for the survey.
n= N/1+Ne2
Where:

N = number of sample
e = margin of error
n = number of samples

18

CHAPTER IV
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
This chapter presents data in tabulated form supported with corresponding
analysis and interpretation.
Table 1.1
Profile of the Respondents in Terms of Age
Age

Frequency

Percent

Rank

12

50

46.30

13

55

50.93

14

2.77

Total

108

100

Table 1.1 shows the profile of the respondents in terms of age, the age 13
got the highest frequency of 55 which is equivalent to 50.93 percent in rank one;
followed by the age of 12 or 46.30 in rank 2 and 14 or 2.77 percent in the last
rank or rank 3.
The findings infer that most of the grade 7 students were still young and
fresh. Although there is a bit of variation in terms of their ages, it does not weigh
anymore as long as their thoughts and opinions in the study are achieved.

19

Table 1.2
Profile of the Respondents in Terms of Gender
Gender

Frequency

Percent

Rank

Male

55

50.93

Female

53

49.07

Total

108

100

Table 1.2 shows the profile of the respondents in terms of gender, the
male got the highest frequency of 55 which is equal to 50.93 percent in rank 1
while the female got the frequency of 53 or 49.07 in rank 2.
The findings show that the number of male students in the population of
grade 7 is greater than the number of female students.

20

Table 1.3
Profile of the Respondents in Terms of Section
Section

Frequency

Percent

Corinthians

27

25

Ephesians

27

25

Galatians

27

25

Thessalonians

27

25

Total

108

100

Rank

Table 1.3 shows the profile of the students in terms of their section. All the
sections namely, Corinthians, Ephesians, Galatians and Thessalonians all have
a frequency of 27 equal to 25 percent.
The findings show that the numbers of respondents are equally divided.

21

Graph 1.1

People who Taught the Selected Grade 7


Responents How to Use a Computer
59

number os students

60
50
40
30
20

15

15

19

10
0
Parents

Teachers
Friends
Self-Taught
People who Taught them to use a Computer

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 59 say that they learned
how to use computers by themselves. 19 of them said that they were taught by
their friends. 15 by their teachers, equal to the 15 taught by their parents.
The Graph 1 illustrates that many of the Grade 7 Students were able to
discover the way of computers by themselves.

22

Graph 1.2

The Age of the Most of the Grade 7 Respondents


Started using a Computer
14 and above

11 - 13 years old

Ages

17

8 - 10 years old

45

5 - 7 years old

46
0

10

20

30

40

50

number of students

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 46 say that they started
using a computer at the ages of 5-7 years old. 45 of them said that they started
using a computer at the ages 8-10 years old. 17 students started using a
computer at the ages 11-13 and no one started using a computer at the age of
14 and above.
The Graph 2 shows that most of the Grade 7 Students started using a
computer at an early age of 5-10 years old.

23

Graph 1.3

Places where Grade 7 Respondents Often Use a


Computer
80

72

number of students

70
60
50
40
29

30
20

10

0
0
Home

Computer Shops
School
Places where they often use a Computer

Others

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 72 of them stated that


often use a computer at home. 29 of them use a computer through renting in
computer shops. 7 often use a computer at school and none chose to use a
computer at other places.
The Graph 3 demonstrates that plenty of the Grade 7 students often use a
computer on their home.

24

Graph 1.4

Number of Hours Mostly Spent by the Grade 7


Respondents in using a Computer
6%

5%

21%

68%

1-3 hours

4-6 hours

7-9 hours

10 Hours and above

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 74 of them, equal to 68%


stated that the number of hours they spend using a computer is 1-3 hours and
above. 23 of them, equal to 21% spend 4-6 hours using a computer. 6 of them,
equal to 6% spend 7-9 hours and the least is 5, equal to 5% spend 10 hours and
above using a computer.
The Graph 4 refers that the Grade 7 Students only use the computer in
the least amount of time which is 1-3 hours.

25

Graph 1.5

Reasons Why Grade 7 Respondents Use a


Computer
2%
29%

Educational Purposes
45%
Communicating with Family
and Friends
Gaming
Others
24%

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 49 of them, equal to 45%


answer that the reasons they use a computer is for educational purposes. 32
equal to 29% answered that they use it for gaming. 26 equal to 24% answer that
they used it for communicating with family and friends. 2 equal to 2% answer that
they it for other purposes
The Graph 5 identifies that most of the Grade 7 Students use Computers
for educational purposes.

26

Graph 1.6

Opinions of Grade 7 Respondents on How Useful are


the Information they gather from the Internet using a
Computer
number of students

60
50

53
47

40
30
20
6

10

0
All of the information
is useful.

Some are useful.

Some are irrelevant


and less useful.
Opinions on How Useful Computer Are

All of the information


is not useful.

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 53 feel that some of the
information they gather from the internet are useful. 47 feel that all of the
information they gather from the internet is useful. 6 feel that some of the
information they gather from the internet are irrelevant and less useful. 2 feel that
all of the information they gather from the internet is not useful.
The Graph 6 points out that the majority of the Grade 7 Students feel that
some of the information they gather from the internet are useful.

27

Graph 1.7

response of the students

Number of Grade 7 respondents who experienced


the wrong kind of information
Yes

63

No

25

Not Sure

19

Others

1
0

10

20

30
40
number of students

50

60

70

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 63 believe that they


experienced getting the wrong kind of information from the computer. 25 believe
that they experienced getting the wrong kind of information from the computer.
19 believe that they experienced getting the wrong kind of information from the
computer. Only 1 believes that they experienced getting the wrong kind of
information from the computer.
The Graph 7 displays that multitudinous of the Grade 7 Students believe
that they experienced getting the wrong kind of information from the computer.

28

Graph 1.8

The improvement brought by researching on using


computers according to Grade 7 respondents
2%
17%
It helped me to get good
grades.
It helped me to have all the
information I need.

39%

It helped me to gather
information through the
fastest way.
Others
42%

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 46 of them, equal to 42%


think that researching using the computers helped them to have all the
information they need. 42 of them, equal to 39% think that researching using
computers helped them gather information through the fastest way. 18 of them,
equal to 17% think that researching using computers helped them to get good
grades. 2 of them, equal to 2% chose to answer the others option.
The Graph 8 pertains that the Grade 7 Students think that researching
using the computers helped them to have all the information they need.

29

Graph 1.9

The Effects brought to Grade 7 respondents by


always relying on researching on Computers

number of students

50

41

37
40
25

30
20

10
0
It has damaged
my eyes.

It made me
lazy.

It caused me to
be addicted to
online games.
effects brought to the students

Others

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 37 of them experienced


that their eyes were damaged after always relying on computers. 25 of the
respondents become lazy as they always rely on computer when there is
something to search on. 41 of them were lead to addiction in online games.
There are only 5 who experience other effects as they rely on computers.
The Graph 9 shows that the Grade 7 Students experienced addiction to
online games when they always rely on online games.

30

Graph 2.0

What Grade 7 Respondents think will happen to


their Academic Performance if Computers never
existed
55

number of students

60
50
40
30

24

20

14

16

10
0
It does not matter It will be hard for me It will be boring if I It is highly possible
because I will pass
to do the
stare at books all
that I will fail.
anyway.
researches.
day.
Different Perceptions of What will Happen

Out of 108 respondents of the Grade 7 students, 55 of them expressed


that it will be hard for them to do researches if computers never existed. 24 of
them expressed that it doesnt matter if computers never existed, they will pass
anyway. 16 of them expressed that it is possible for them to fail if computers
never existed. 14 of them expressed that it will be boring for them to stare at
books all day if computers never existed.
The Graph 10 expose that the Grade 7 Students expressed that it will be
hard for them to do researches if computers never existed.

31

CHAPTER V
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

This chapter presents the summary of findings, conclusions and


recommendations based on the data gathered, analyzed, interpreted and
presented in the previous chapter.

Summary
This study aims to evaluate the Assessment on The Lipa Grace
Academys Grade 7 Students Computer and Internet Usage
Specifically, the study ought to answer the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the students-respondents in terms of
1.1 age;
1.2 gender;
1.3 and section?
2. How computers and internet affect the lives of every Grade 7 students?
3. How can you relate the use of the computer and internet in the
academic performance of the students?
4. How can computers influence or affect the interests of every student?
5. What are the advantages of using computer to the students in the
following areas of concerns:
5.1 Homework
5.2 Performance Tasks

32

5.3 Researches
5.4 Behavior and Attitude
5.5 Health Condition
6. What are the disadvantages of using computer to the students in the
following areas of concerns:
6.1 Homework
6.2 Performance Tasks
6.3 Researches
6.4 Behavior and Attitude
6.5 Health Condition

The survey questionnaire was used as the main data gathering instrument
allocated for 108 grade 7 Student respondents from The Lipa Grace Academy. It
was employed to get the outcome of the preceding questions. The collected data
were classified and interpreted by the use of the following statistical methods:
Frequency Distribution, Simple Percentage, Slovins Formula and Statistical
Graph which includes the Tabular Presentation and Graphical Presentation Bar
Graph and Circle or Pie Graph.

Summary of Findings
1. Profile of the Respondents
1.1 Age. Fifty-five or 50.93% of the respondents are 13 years old; 50 or
46.30% are 12 years old; three or 2.77% are only 14 years old.

33

1.2 Gender. Fifty-five or 50.93% of the respondents are males; and 53 or


49.07% of them are females.
1.3 Section. Twenty-seven or 25% are proportionally divided to the four
sections which are the Corinthians, Ephesians, Galatians and
Thessalonians that served as the respondents.
2. Effects of Computers and Internet in the Life of the Students
The respondents state that they experienced to become addicted on
online games, as upheld by having 41 number of tallies which got a percentage
of 37.96 percent. They also experienced to have their eyes damaged which got a
tally of 37 or 34.26 percent.
In the aspect of life of every respondent, they have also encountered the
negative effects of computer and internet, proven by the findings above.
3. Relationship of Todays Modern Computer and Internet in the Academic
Performance of the Students
The respondents express that they will experience hardships to be able to
perform some research if the computers never existed, that leads to an outcome
of 55 or 50.93%. On the other hand, 24 respondents or 22.22% do not consider
the inexistence of computers and state that they can pass their academic
performances anyway.
With this, most of the respondents will undergo some adjustments in the
absence of computer, but there are also respondents who can manage
everything even if there is an absence of computer.

34

4. Influence of Computers in the Interest of every Students


The respondents state that they were using computers for educational
purposes which tallies 49 equal to 45%. There is only a small gap between
the usage of computer for communication and for gaming purposes. The
communication tallies 26 equal to 24% while in gaming it tallies 32 equal to
29%.
The respondents also state that they often use computers at home which
tallies 72 equal to 66.67% rather than computer shops that tallies 29 equal to
26.85%.
In this occurrence, most of the respondents use computers for educational
purposes and they often use computers at their houses.

5. The Advantages of using Computer for the Students


The respondents said that most of them learned how to utilize computers
by themselves. It is proven by the number of tallies which is 59 out of 108 or
54.63%. Most of the respondents learn how to use computers at the ages of
5-7 years old which tallies about 46 out of 108 or 42.59; followed by the ages
of 8-10 which is one less than 46 or 41.67%. The respondents also say that
some of the information they gather from the internet are useful supported by
the tally of 53 or 49.07%; followed by the statement that says all of the
information they gather is useful with a tally of 47 or 43.52%. According to
Lucas, computers speed up work efficiency because the data, instructions
and information move very fast in the electric circuits of computers.

From

35

these findings, the researchers have come up with the conclusion that the
computer brings a lot of advantages in terms of their academic performances.
6. The Disadvantages of using Computer to the Students
The 68% of the respondents answered that they usually spend 1-3 hours
using a computer. 21% are using computers from 4-6 hours. According to
Jawad Khan, the young generation is now spending more time in social
media websites all through the night which is bad for both their studies and
their health. The tally of 63 or 58.33% answered that they have experienced
getting the wrong kind of information from the computer. The respondents
answered that the computers lead them to addiction in online games, proven
by the tally of 41 or 37.96%. It is followed by the outcome of having damaged
eyes supported by the tally of 37 or 34.26%. According to Jawad Khan, the
improper ang prolonged use of computers can result in injuries or disorders of
the hands, wrists, elbows, eyes, necks and back.
With these findings, it shows that there are also a number of
disadvantages caused by the computers to its users. Some disadvantages
focuses on their time, relevance of the information gathered and most
importantly to their physical and mental health.

36

Conclusions
Based from the foregoing findings, the following conclusions are drawn:
1. Majority of the respondents are 13 years old and are male.
2. The possible effects of computers and internet to the academic
performance of the students can be advantageous or disadvantageous.
3. The effects brought by computers vary on the way the students use
computer in their everyday lives whether at school or at home.
4. Those students who frequently use computers tend to achieve more in
their academic performance while those who moderately use computers
have a lower chance of success.
5. The most common effect of computers and internet in the academic
performance of the students is that it helps them to do things easier and
faster. They can search, type and make their homework, performance
task, and research in the most convenient way possible.
6. On the other hand, the most common effect of computers and internet in
the behavior and attitude, and the health condition of the students is that it
made them lazy and dependent on the convenience that computers can
offer.

37

Recommendations
Based from the above mentioned findings and conclusions, the following
recommendations are offered:
1. The parents and teachers must have a way to help their students utilize
computer in the most effective way possible.
2. Using computer for studying shall be guided by parents, teachers and
school administrators to administer the best use of computers for the
students.
3. The teachers or the school administrators can encourage the students to
use computer in their studies so that they apply computer as a tool of
improvement of the teaching - learning process.
4. The teachers may allow their students to make use of their computers and
internet for their homework, performance task and research. In this way,
the students can apply computers in their studies in the most efficient way.
5. In the contrary, everyone can control, limit and guide the students on how
they use computer as it may be the cause of a negative change in
behavior and attitude, and it can also be the cause for the students to
obtain a bad health condition. For this to be effective, they can set rules
for everyone to follow.
6. It is highly recommended to have an E Library at the School. It will have
computers with an internet connection and is open for everyone who will
do their homework, performance task or research. With this, the students
wont have to worry of going to computer shops or borrowing laptops or

38

computers from other people. It will not be necessary also for some
students to spend money in loading their broadband or pocket WiFi since
the E Library has an internet connection.
7. Enhancement activity proposed to bring positive effects on using
computers and internet for the academic performance of the students is
having an E Library with rules and regulations implemented for the
students to use it the right way to improve their academic performance.

In general, computers and internet affect the academic performance of


students in both positive and negative ways in different aspects.

39

Bibliography
_______________. (1992) Philippine Technology Journal.
Aguirre, R. (1987) Introduction to Computers and Basic Programming
Letao Sun and Kelly D. Bradley. School Computer Used and Academic
Performance.
Jawad Khan. (2013) Advantages and disadvantages of computers

Webliography
http://www.aect.org/edtech/ed/41/41-01.html
http://www.elsevier.com/locate/compedu
http://www.thefreedictionary.com
http://www.merriamwebster.com
http://www.byte-notes.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-computers
http://www.enkivillage.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-ofcomputers.html

40

Appendices
Survey Questionnaire
Part I Profile of the Students
Name: ____________________________
Section: ___________________________
Age: _____________________________
Gender: __________________________
Date: ____________________________
Part II
Directions: Encircle the letter that corresponds to your answer.
1. Who taught you on how to use computer?
a. Parents

b. Teachers

c. Friends

d. Self-taught

2. At what age did you start using computers?


a. 5 -7 years old

b. 8-10 years old

c. Friends

d. 14 years old and above

3. Where do you often use a computer?


a. At home

b. at computer shop

41

c. At school

d. others (please specify): _______________

4. How many hours do you spend using computer?


a. 1-3 hours

b. 4-6 hours

c. 7-9 hours

d. 10 hours and above

5. Why are you using computer?


a. For educational purposes
b. For communicating with family and friends
c. For gaming
d. Others(please specify): ___________

6. How useful are the information you gather from the internet using a
computer?
a. All of the information is useful.
b. Some are useful.
c. Some are irrelevant and less useful.
d. All of the information is not useful.

7. Have you ever experienced getting the wrong kind of information from the
computer?
a. Yes, I have experienced it.
b. No, I havent.
c. Im not sure, I dont check if my sources are reliable.

42

d. Others(please specify):_________________

8. What improvement does the computer brought to you?


a. It helped me to get good grades.
b. It helped me to have all the information I need.
c. It helped me to gather information through the fastest way.
d. Others(please specify):_________________

9. What is the other effect brought to you by always relying on researching


on computer?
a. It has damaged my eyes.
b. It made me lazy.
c. It caused me to be addicted to online games.
d. Others(please specify): ________________

10. What do you think will happen to your academic performance if computers
never existed?
a. It does not matter because I will pass anyway.
b. It will be hard for me to do the researches.
c. It will be boring if I stare at books all day.
d. It is highly possible that I will fail.