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30 (, VIII, 1859,
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142; , 2002, . 106; , VIII, 1859, . 183; , 1901, . 170; V,
1913, .254; V, 1949, . 310).
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, . 113, . , 638, . 236; ,
2002, . 151, . 27), ,
(, XIII, 1910, c. 193).
, 1394 . 1414 .
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486, 490, 498, 504, 506.
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.: , 1899, . 122; , 2002, . 110.
18
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. 254; , V, 1949, . 309).
19
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(12891293, 13031309);
(Talbot, 1991, . 1849). ,
1147 . (.: , /1, . 306;
., 1998, . 272273). 1956 . () ; ( 1968 2000 .) -
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.: , 1918, . 66140; : , 1955; , 1966, . 76147; , 1994, . 1041. .
: , 1995; : , ,
2000, . 163268.

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, 1918, . 120121; , 1955, . 7273; , 1966,
.126127; , 1994, . 33; , 1995, . 99; , ,
2000, . 198.
27
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; .: , 1966, . 180181 ( ), , , 2000, . 273 ( ); .
: , 1913, . 9596; , 1988, . 2324.
,
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(.: evenko, 1964, . 225, note 19).
28
, 1913, . 119, . 1; . : , 1988,
.39. ,
: , () 26

...

17

. : St. Clement in
his capacity of didaskalos in Koutmichevitsa did not have the right to
ordain his disciples as clergymen. The evidence of that paragraph have
to be considered in the sense that they were ordained at his recommendation29. ,
,
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(sic!) ,
: 30.
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.

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29
, 1995, . 115.
30
, , 2000, . 252, . 3. ,
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, 1995), , .. 3- . , ;
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. 6). , ,
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32
.: Sullivan, 1987;
.: Ibid, p. 27.
31

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33.
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34.
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35, ,
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(Sullivan, 1987, p. 86; ch. 21).
34
,

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, (Sullivan, 1987, p. 8889).
35
, , , - .
(Sullivan, 1987, p. 40, 42; ch. 5)
(Ibid., p. 108, 110; ch. 23), ,
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33

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(
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) (p. 28).
:
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, (Ibid., p. 40).
36
Es drfte ganz auer Zweifel sein, da die Arbeit, die Nikon auf Kreta
geleistet hat, mit der Untersttzung des Bischofs (Bischfe?) geschah. Zwar besitzen wir hierfr keine Beweisunterlagen (Voulgarakis, 1963, s. 266).
. : The author
divides Nikons time on Crete into two periods, the first five years described as
generally preaching, church building, creating priests and deacons (presumably
with the aid of a bishop) and acting as a court of appeals; the second as building
the church of Saint Photeine (Sullivan, 1987, p. 280).
37
Sullivan, 1987, p. 132, (ch. 38).
38
Ibid., p. 117 (ch. 35).

...

21

, ; , ,
39.
, ,
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.
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, . ,
(Takla Hymnt), XIII XIV .40
41, ,
, , , ,

(Shaw/Shw)42,
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,
(843 .). ,
.
, -
.
, -, .
.: Petit, 1932, p. 217; Laurent, 1933, p. 397 (note 5); Voulgarakis, 1963, p. 202
( ).
40
.: Budge, 1906.
., : Huntingford, 1966, p. 35; Tesfaye Gebre Mariam,
1997, p. 181185; Nosnitsin, 2005a, p. 211212 (note 34).
41
Budge, 1906, p. 5254 (ch. 25).
42
Ibid., p. 68 (ch. 31). . liqa
khnt, ,
(, 1902, . 84).
39

22

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43. ,
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44.
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.
(Dmt), , , .
,
( ). . : Sergew Hable Selassie, 1970, p. 9; Heyer, 1971,
s. 115; Taddesse Tamrat, 1972, p. 107108.
44
, ,
; , -, . , , . () (Filos, Flipos, .1348.),
(Turaiev, 1905, p. 194198, 204;
, 1902, . 390393), : ,

(Heyer, 1971, s. 230; Kaplan, 2005,
p.538). , , , (Taddesse Tamrat,
1972, p. 175, note 3; . : , 1902, . 8586). ,
,

, .: Taddesse Tamrat, 1972, p. 5960, 108, note 2; Nosnitsin, 2005, p. 342343.
43

...

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45, 46
45
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46
abun .
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XVIIXVIII . (. : Huntingford, 1966, p. 13;
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47

., : Taddesse Tamrat, 1972,
. 47, 190, note 4, 193, 235236, 245246, 290.
48
.: Kaplan, 1984, . 2930; . : Taddesse Tamrat,
1972, . 146147.
49
Taddesse Tamrat, 1972, . 115.
50
,
, (Heyer, 1971, s. 6869).

...

25

:
,
, . .
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,
(Zrar).
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51.
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52. Budge, 1906, . 92 (ch. 41).
, XV .,
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51

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26

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, 55.
.

.
,
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; ,
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, (Taddesse Tamrat, 1972, p. 246247).
53
Budge, 1906, p. 68 (ch. 31).
54
Ibid., p. 71 (ch. 33).
55
Ibid., p. 7071 (ch. 31). . : , 1902, . 8590.

...

27

(tbt)56,
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57
Budge, 1906, . 133 (ch. 59).
58

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28

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Budge, 1906, p. 133134.
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61
Budge, 1906, p. 206207 (ch. 96); .: , 1902, . 8890.
,
:

(.: Nosnitsin, 2005, p. 343, ). ,
, .
59
60

...

29

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, V
VI . , Bethu Brigte,
IX .62
(. ), , ,
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.. , .. , .. , .. , .
62

30

.. , ..

, , , . ,
-, , .
:
Ibi episcopus Dei gratia inebreatus non cognovit quid in libro suo cantavit. In
gradum enim episcopi ordinavit Brigitam. Hc sola, inquid Mel, ordinationem episcopalem in Hibernia tenebit virgo. Quandiu igitur consecraretur
columna ignea de vertice eius ascendebat63.

:
, , ,
[ ]. .
, . , .

. ,
:
Luid Brigit & araile ga immalle fria do gabil challe co h-epscop Ml i
Telcha Mide. Ba filid-side friu. Anais Brigit ar umaloit co m-bad iside
ddinach forsa tibertha calle. At-racht columu tenntide dia cind co cleithe
na h-eclaisi. Ro iarfaig epscop Ml: Cia h-g suut? Ro frecair Mac Caille:
Brigit sin, or se. Tair a noem Brigit co ro sntar caille fort chend rasna h-ogu
aile, or escop Ml. IS ed do-rala ann tria rath in Spirta Nib, grad epscuip
d erlegend for Brigit. At-bert Mac Caille co nar ba h-ord grad n-epscuip for
bannscil. Dixit epscop Ml: Noco lemm a chomus, uair is o Dia do-ratad in
remiad sin sech cech m-bannscil di. Conid onoir epscuip do-berat fir Erenn
do chomorb Brig(t)e64.

:

. . ,
.
. : , ,
hAodha, 1978, p. 6.
Stokes, 1877, p. 66.

63
64

...

31

.
. : . [ ] ,
. :
. .
, 65.

, , , (
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,

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32

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67. ,
. ,
, .
, . , . , 68.
.,
69.
, . : , , ,
. ,
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,
( ). ,
, VII ., . 450 70; ,
hAodha, 1978, p. 1415.

( )
: , ,
, ( . 14, 34),
, ; , , ( . 2, 1112). .: Madigan&Osiek,
2005, p. 163192.

( . 3, 2; . . 1, 67).
(), , (. , 1998,
. 6870).
(. , :
, 1985, . 238).
69
., : Farmer, 1987, p. 62.
70
.: De episcoporum numero quos ordinauit in Hibernia quadringentos
quinquaginta. De praespiteris non possimus ordinare, quia babtizabat cotidie ho67
68

...

33

,
-, , ,

.
,
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ad hoc
, . .
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:
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,
. , (VIII .)
mines et illis litteras legebat ac abgatorias <scribebat>, et de aliis episcopos ac
praespiteros faciebat, qui in aetate babtismum acciperunt sobria (
, [ ] ,
450. , ,
, ,
) (Bieler, 1979, p. 126).

34

.. , ..

, ;
,
,
.
(V .),
71. (),
VI ., , , 72;
26- (397 .), 73. ,
,
(
)74, , , .
, , ,
, , . , 75.

.: Trumbover, 2001; , 2008.


(, , 100118).
72
, 1906; , .
73
, <...>.

(, 1880, . 437438). . 1-
(, 1996, . 9495).
74
.: Trumbover, 2001, p. 38, 4748, 50, 83, 9394, 106, 124, 140, 144146.

: 1044 .
, (,
/1, 1926, . 155; , 1908, . 143; , 2000, . 16). .: .,
2002, . 141168.
75
14- , 15-
( ) 325 ., 5- (IV ) ,
341 . (13-, 16- 21- ), 347 . (1-
2- ) 318 . (59- / 48- ); .: , 1876,
. 3438; , 1877, . 5054, 170171; , 18801881, . 176178,
182186, 196197, 283290, 516523. , (. . 68).
71

...

35

,
.
, () 379 . , (
);
381 . .
. 434 .
.
(. 358 .,
. 715 .)76. ,
; , , , .

. , 77,
(1448 .)
(. .
1652 .)78. , , , , ,
79.

, , . ,
,
, , ,
80. , , , .

.: ., 1998, . 354356 (. . 347 .).


68- ,
59- (48-) 318 . .: ,
1876, . 137138; 18801881, . 516523; . 24-
(, 1996, . 441442).
78
.: ., 1998, . 30107.
79
, . 4748.
80
. ,
(.
, . .). .: . , 1998, . 348, 356.
76

77

36

.. , ..

***
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II ()

. 11 1950 ., ,
( )81.
,
II. ,
, (!),
. , 82, . .
( ).
,
. 83.
, II.
( ) . ,
( , )
, . . ().
.
.: , 2001.
. 2007. 224; . 2007. 12.
83
: 18 2007 . (http://www.kp.ua/daily/
210707/7718/). ,
. , (), 2009 ., 12
( ),
. (http://www.portal-credo.
ru/site/?act=news&id=72938&topic=630). ,
.
81
82

...

37

***
..
, 84. ,
: , , ,
.

, 2007 ..
( . 1917 .). ., 2007.
, .. IV.
( .)
, 1996 , ,
,
. / . . .
., 1996.
, .. . 2- . .1,
.12. ., 19011904; . , . 12. ., 1911 (: ., 1997).
, 1897 / . ( )
. ., 1897.
, 1982 [] /
. , . . .. // : XV / . . .
.., .. . ., 1982. . 478513.
.
, 2004 / . ., ., .
.. // , 2004. 3 (41). . 211233.
, 1897 ,
/ . / [.
.. ]. ., 1897.
, 2008 .. , : XVIII // : / . . .. ,
... ., 2008. . 1.

, 1871, . 408438.

84

38

.. , ..

, 1996 .., .. :
// ..
. 2- . .1. ., 1996. . 205337.
, 2003 .. :
? ., 2003.
, [ ]. - . . 13. ., 1878
1879.
. . 1878. . 2, 4; 1879. . 2.
, 1994 , .
, ,
. . 2: . ... / .
. , 1994 (= , ).
, 1995 Iliev Ilia G. The Long Life of Saint Clement of Ohrid: A Critical
Edition // Byzantinobulgarica. IX. Sofia, 1995. . 62120.
, 1889 , / . . . .. //
-
. . 2. , 1899. . 98149.
, .. : 3 .
5- . . 112. . . . ., 18421843 (: .,
1989). . .: .
... / . . . ., 1844, : 4 .: ., 1989).
, .. . . 12. ., 19982001. . 1:
; . 2:
XIVXVI .
, 1871 .. . ., 1871 (: ., 1988).
, 1906 .. :
// .
VIII - . . 8. 3. ., 1906.
, 1885
,
VI ...
[]. ., 1885 (= :
, LVIII).
, IVIII (),
. . . 18. ., 19941997.
, 1955 . / , . . , 1955.
, 1966 . / , ,
. , 1966.

...

39

, 1990 .
- . , 1990
(=- . . 7).
, 1896 .. ,
: ( 500- ,
13961896 ., 26 ). ., 1896.
, 1897 .. . 2- .,
. ., 1897.
, 1876 / .
. . 12. ., 1876 (: ., 2000).
, 1877 /
. .
.12. ., 1877 (: ., 2000).
.
, 18801881 /
. . .12.
., 18801881 (: ., 2000). 1 2 .
, 1995 : 600- / . . .. . ., 1995.
, XLIII . . 143. . (., .);
., 18412004.
, , . . 139. . (., .), 18721927.
, 2001 . // . 2001. 22 . . 23.
, 19001901 .. - .
.18. ., 1900. . 1143; . 19. 1901. . 139.
, 1988 ., . :
. , 1988.
, 2002 1-
/ .
. . . // : , , / .
.. . ., 2002. . 103152.
, 1913 .. . , :
. , 1913.
, 1918 .. , . . . 1: . . , 1918.

40

.. , ..

, 1902 .
. ., 1902.
. , 1998 .. :
: ( ). ., 1998.
. , 2002 ..
: . // ..
. ., 2002. . 229278.
., 2002 .. : . ., 2002.
, , 2000 .., .., ..
- .
., 2000.
, 1973 / [. .. ] //
. . 1973.
, 1868 .. , //
, 1868. . 1.
, 1869.
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between death and the Last Day, :
The Eastern Church has rarely felt comfortable saying much more than that about
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5

84

..

, , , ,
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, , .
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7
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,
,
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. (630- )

. , , ,
. (peccata levia sive minora),

. ,
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) .
; , , , , ,
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10.
, ,
11. ,
, 12. ,
, , the growing
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for them <> would pass gloriously to heaven. Those who had neglected to
make due purgation in this life even of small sins, although they would eventually
reach the restfulness of heaven, must expect to suffer agonizing delays <> The
peccata levia came to be suffused with the same degree of interest as any other.
These sins, also, demanded purgation even if this purgation were no more than
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.: , 2000, . 5156.
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, (
)
, , , . , , , ,
, , , ,
, .
,
. ,
() , , , ,
,
, , (.: , 2001, . 107109).
,
. , ,
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une majorit crasante (, 1981, . 98); (,
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, ,
, .: , 2002,
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, . - ; , ,
,
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.: , 1981; . : , 1981.
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, , ,

XVIII . . ( .: Apophthegmata Sancti Macarii Aegyptii PG,
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, , . .

, : h.
# u #. = u b # . ^= u h
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. ,
a temporary holding zone or state within
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96

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151
Content

B.A. Uspensky, F.B. Uspensky


The Non-canonical Behaviour of a Saint
in Hagiographical Sources
7
A.A. Gippius
The Chronicle Lections on Boris and Gleb:
the Textual History and Historical Context
42
A.P. Tolochko
Letting them know by cunning
Vasilko Romanovichs Riddle about Three Stones
72
V.M. Zhivov
Between Paradise and Hell: Who and Why Found Themselves
in Moscovy in the 16th Century
80
Hristo Trendafilov
The Tzar and Chronicle: Overcoming the Pattern
in Ivan the Terribles Behaviour
111
B.A. Uspensky, F.B. Uspensky
Providential Subjects of History
123
B.I. Kolonitsky
A.F. Kerensky as a The First Citizen
134

Facts and Symbols: Essays on Semiotics of History. Issue 2


The thematic scope of this publication is determined by the semiotic
approach which presupposes that the events of the past are reconsidered
in the context of cultural history, i.e. from the point of view of the everchanging worldview. This approach makes it necessary to reconstruct the
set of ideas and beliefs which determines the perception of and the response
to events in a particular society, which serve as a makeup of the historical
process. Contributors were interested in cause-and-effect relations on the
level of immediate contact with events. The authors of this collection, wellknown philologists and historians, try to see the historical process through
the eyes of its participants, abandoning the objectivistic annalistic tradition
which describes the events retrospectively, from an outer point of view.
The book is recommended for graduate and post-graduate students and
college professors.

: .
18 .2 / . .. , .. . .: ,
2010. 149 .
ISBN 978-5-7281-1175-7
, , . . .
,
, ,
.
- , , . , ,
, , .
, , .

8122
8143

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..

..

21.10.2010.
60901/16.
. . . 9,7. .-. . 10,1.
500 . 305



125993, , ., 6
.: 8-499-973-42-00