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You are on page 1of 6

Solutions to Exercise

1. (i) Vertically downwards: 10g X 10a

X 10 9.8 10 4 58 N

(ii) Vertically upwards: X 10g 10a

X 10 9.8 10 4 138 N

(iii) Vertically upwards: X 10g 0

X 10 9.8 98 N

Horizontally:

Y 10a 10 4 40 N

(iv) Vertically downwards: mg 20 ma

9.8m 20 4m

5.8m 20

m 3.45 kg (3 s.f.)

(v) Vertically upwards: 196 mg ma

196 9.8m 4m

13.8m 196

m 14.2 kg (3 s.f.)

2. (i) Vertically downwards: 10g 4.9 10a

93.1 10a

a 9.31 ms 2

(ii) Vertically upwards: 90 8 g 8a

90 8 9.8 8a

11.6 8a

a 1.45 ms-2

3. F ma

9 45 a

a 0.2

The acceleration of the particle is 0.2 ms-2.

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10/01/13 MEI

4. F ma

40 2m

m 20

The value of m is 20.

R

10 kg

5.

F ma

T 10 5 50

10g

6.

8 kg

F ma

8g T 8 2

T 8 9.8 16 62.4

8g

7. (i)

T

5 kg

F ma

5 g T 5 4

T 5 9.8 20 29

The tension is 29 N.

5g

(ii) The pail is moving at constant speed, so the acceleration is zero.

15 g T 0

T 15 9.8 147

The tension is 147 N.

15 kg

15g

R

20 kg

1.5

F ma

20g R 20 1.5

R 20 9.8 20 1.5 166

The reaction force is 166N.

20g

R

2 of 6

20 kg

10/01/13 MEI

Second stage: constant speed (so acceleration is zero)

20g R 0

R 20 9.8 196

The reaction force is 196N.

F ma

R 20g 20 1

R 20 9.8 20 1 216

The reaction force is 216N.

9. 90 kmh-1

90000

25 ms-1

3600

v 2 u 2 2as

s 500

u 25

v 0

a ?

0 25 2 2a 500

1000a 625

a 0.625

0.625

F ma

P 2000 0.625 1250

2000 kg

v u at

0 25 0.625 t

t 40

It takes 40 seconds to come to rest.

10.

R

a

5g

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10/01/13 MEI

Resolving parallel to the plane: 5 g sin 5 a

a 9.8 51 1.96

v 2 u 2 2as

u7

v 0

a 1.96

s ?

0 7 2 2 1.96s

s 12.5

50

30g

5

30a 30 9.8 13

50

820

13

a 82

39

The acceleration is 2.10 ms-2 (3 s.f.)

v 2 u 2 2as

(ii) u 0

0 2 82

39 5

v 4.59

a 82

39

s5

v ?

820

39

(ii) On horizontal section:

50 30a

50

(iv) u

5

3

820

39

s5

a 53

v ?

30g

v 2 u 2 2as

5

v 2 820

39 2 3 5

v 2.09

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10/01/13 MEI

The speed is 2.09 ms-1 (3 s.f.)

275

g

R

0.8

45

45

275

275

T 275 sin 45

0.8

9.8

T 217

The tension is 217 N (3 s.f.)

13.

5 kg

55

45

5g

Resolving vertically: R 55 sin 45 5 g 0

R 5 9.8 55

Friction is limiting so F R

1

2

49 552 2

Resolving horizontally: 55 cos 45 F 5 a

55 12 29.4 16.5 2 5 a

a 6.57

The acceleration of the particle is 6.57 ms-2.

5 of 6

10/01/13 MEI

14. (i)

F

25

50

24

20g

R 20g cos 0

24

R 20 9.8 25

188.16

Resolving parallel to the plane:

50 20g sin F 20a

a 1.0104

The acceleration is 1.0104 ms-2.

(ii)

X

F

20g

As in (i), F 84.672

Resolving parallel to the plane: X 20g sin F 20a

X 159.76

A force of 159.76 N is required.

6 of 6

10/01/13 MEI

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