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Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town A REPORT ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF KARAMSAD TOWN PREPARED

A REPORT ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF KARAMSAD TOWN

PREPARED BY

AMIL MEMON (150080717001)

AJAY ANDODARIYA (150080717002)

JAIMIN PATEL (150080717009)

KAUSHAL PATEL 150080717011)

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERIG

In

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERIG In CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT BIRLA VISHVAKARMA MAHAVIDHYALA, V.V.NAGAR AUTONOMOUS

BIRLA VISHVAKARMA MAHAVIDHYALA, V.V.NAGAR

AUTONOMOUS INSTITUTE

DEPARTMENT BIRLA VISHVAKARMA MAHAVIDHYALA, V.V.NAGAR AUTONOMOUS INSTITUTE BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 1
DEPARTMENT BIRLA VISHVAKARMA MAHAVIDHYALA, V.V.NAGAR AUTONOMOUS INSTITUTE BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 1

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I owe great many thanks to great many peoples

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe great many thanks to great many peoples who helped me and supported me during this project.

Many deepest thanks to Prof. Dr. D. S. Vyas the guide of the project for guiding and correcting various documents with attention and care. He is taken pain to go through the project and make necessary corrections as and when needed.

I express my thanks to the Principal of, Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidhyalaya, Dr.F.S.Umrigar foe extending his support.

My deep sense of gratitude to Mr.Dharmesh Patel and Mr.Krupesh Patel, sanitary supervisor, Karamsad Nagarpalika for their support and guidance. Thanks and appreciation to the helpful people at Karamsad Nagarpalika, for their support.

I would also like to thank my team members. Without them support the project would have been a distant reality.

members. Without them support the project would have been a distant reality. BVM Engineering College V.V
members. Without them support the project would have been a distant reality. BVM Engineering College V.V

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town INTRODUCTION Solid Waste Management is one of the essential obligatory

INTRODUCTION

Solid Waste Management is one of the essential obligatory functions of the urban local bodies in India. Population explosion, coupled with improved life style of people, results in increased generation of solid waste in urban as well as rural areas of the country. At present, the municipal solid waste disposal methods followed in many of the cities and towns are unsystematic & unscientific and involve dumping in low lying areas. Most of the disposal sites are just uncontrolled dumps where a mixture of domestic, commercial, industrial and hospital wastes is „thrown away‟ at the dumping sites. Apart from creating air pollution, ground water contamination & soil contamination, open dumping of wastes generally becomes breeding ground for various dreadful disease causing pathogens and vectors , particularly in the vicinity of the disposal sites. Further, with increasing awareness of public on environmental and health issues, there is a general opinion that the standard of services with respect to collection and disposal of municipal solid waste is progressively declining. It is also true in many cities as half of the solid waste generated remains unattended. The objective of Solid Waste (SW) Management is to maintain clean and hygienic conditions and reduce the quantity of SW which has to be disposed of in sanitary landfill Facility (SLF) after recovery of waste materials and energy from it.

Solid Waste Management is a part of public health and sanitation, and according to the Indian Constitution, falls within the purview of the State list. Since this activity is non-exclusive, non-rivalled and essential, the responsibility for providing the services lies within the public domain. The activity being of a local nature is entrusted to the Urban local bodies. The Urban local Body undertakes the task of solid waste service delivery, with its own staff, equipment and funds. In a few cases, part of the said work is contracted out to private enterprises.

In a few cases, part of the said work is contracted out to private enterprises. BVM
In a few cases, part of the said work is contracted out to private enterprises. BVM

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town HISTORY Throughout most of history the amount of waste generated

HISTORY

Throughout most of history the amount of waste generated by humans was insignificant due to low population density and low societal levels of the exploitation of nature resources. Common waste produce during pre- modern times was mainly ashes and human biodegradable waste and these were released back in to the ground locally with minimum environmental impact. Tools made out of wood or metal were generally reused or passed down through the generations. However, some civilizations do seem to have been more profligate in their waste output than others. In particular, the Maya of central America had a fixed monthly ritual, in which the people of the village would gather together and burn their rubbish in large dumps.

ABOUT KARAMSAD TOWN

Karamsad is a town and a municipality in Anand district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is part of the ChhagaamGol (“Circle of Six Villages”). Karamsad is situated at 22 32‟37” North latitudes and 72 54‟32” East longitudes. Total area consisted of 16.97Km.

latitudes and 72 54‟32” East longitudes. Total area consisted of 16.97Km. BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar
latitudes and 72 54‟32” East longitudes. Total area consisted of 16.97Km. BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar
latitudes and 72 54‟32” East longitudes. Total area consisted of 16.97Km. BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town The date of establishment of Karamsad is not exactly known,

The date of establishment of Karamsad is not exactly known, but during the era of Kumarpali.eIn 1155 AD, the village consisted mainly of people from koli and other backward tribes. This community lacked proper agricultural skills. Because of this, they used to rob, steal or work as servants if opportunity permitted. In 1211, Aja Patel, originally Hilod (a town nearly Adalaj), came over and settled here. Because of his skills, agricultural production increased and the village prospered.

The details henceforth or fourteenth generation of Aja Patel to Kupa Patel are not available, however Kupa Patel was from the twelfth of fourteenth generation of Aja Patel. Kupa Patel was an ardent of Lord shiva. He had got Lord shiva‟s temple renovated which was in ruins and situated in western side of village. That was well built by his son Lakha Patel. Majibhai‟s four sons and their descendents got themselves distributed in six different Khadkis( street or lane before a group of two or more houses with a common gate ) in Karamsad.

Six different Khadkis were formed in Karamsad after the six descendents of Mahijibhai.

1. BhayniKhadki

2. BapniKhadki

3. HathibhainiKhadki

4. MotabhainiKhadki

5. JiniKhadki

6. ChhatthiKhadki

As per the Data given by Karamsad Nagar Palika the aprrox population of karamsad town is 38000. There are total 9 wards in Karamsad.

population of karamsad town is 38000. There are total 9 wards in Karamsad. BVM Engineering College
population of karamsad town is 38000. There are total 9 wards in Karamsad. BVM Engineering College
population of karamsad town is 38000. There are total 9 wards in Karamsad. BVM Engineering College

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town WARDS IN KARAMSAD TOWN 1. Navipaul, Shantipaul, krishanapaul, rabariwas 2.

WARDS IN KARAMSAD TOWN

1. Navipaul, Shantipaul, krishanapaul, rabariwas

2. Hathibhaikhadki, bapanikhadki, bhayanikhadki, busstand to main road, Rajpur, Gandhipur, bazar

3. Christiwas, navrangpur, Malibaliya, Harijanwas

4. Karamsad-Vidhyanagar road

5. Lakshdeep road, sujan road

6. Arunoday Society-Vidhyanagar road

7. Janta-Udhyognagar-Bhramhjyot

8. Tirupati petrol pump road

9. Devrajpur, Slum areas

8. Tirupati petrol pump road 9. Devrajpur, Slum areas BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 6
8. Tirupati petrol pump road 9. Devrajpur, Slum areas BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 6

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town EXISTING SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM At present day in Karamsad

EXISTING SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM

At present day in Karamsad Town Door to Door solid waste collection prevail. People collect their waste at home in waste collection basket. Every day morning people from nagarpalika come and collect the waste and then further procedure is done. Cycle-man is collecting solid waste from door to door. New dead body carrier is available to the service of citizens. According to WHO each person is generating 250 grams.

ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP

Administratively, a Solid Waste Management Committee (SWMC) comprising of the project representatives will look after the management of solid waste.

The SWMC may comprise of the following :

1. Chief Officer

2. SanitaryInspector-1

3. Supervisor per ward-2

4. Contractors-45

5. Employees-46

The Workers work in two shifts i.e. morning & evening

7:30 am - 12:30 pm (collection and disposal of waste)

2:30 pm 5:30 pm (collection and disposal of waste)

9:00 pm 5:00 am (sweeping)

Equipments used for the collection, handling and disposal of the sewages are,

37 Containers

Container Lifter (2 no)

Trailers(2 no)

Power Dozer(1 no)

Tankers(1 no)

Tractor(1 no)

Trailers(2 no)  Power Dozer(1 no)  Tankers(1 no)  Tractor(1 no) BVM Engineering College V.V
Trailers(2 no)  Power Dozer(1 no)  Tankers(1 no)  Tractor(1 no) BVM Engineering College V.V

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town VEHICLES USED IN SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM These types of

VEHICLES USED IN SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM

Karamsad Town VEHICLES USED IN SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM These types of trolleys are used with

These types of trolleys are used with tractors for transportation of the solid waste from a single collection point to the dumping site.

waste from a single collection point to the dumping site. Waste Collection Bin BVM Engineering College

Waste Collection Bin

waste from a single collection point to the dumping site. Waste Collection Bin BVM Engineering College
waste from a single collection point to the dumping site. Waste Collection Bin BVM Engineering College

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN KARAMSAD TOWN  Segregation of wastes
Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN KARAMSAD TOWN  Segregation of wastes
Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN KARAMSAD TOWN  Segregation of wastes

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN KARAMSAD TOWN

Segregation of wastes is been done in the household level. Every type of wastes is collected in one bin.

The sanitary workers come and collect the wastes from the given community and dump in to the common trucks allotted for the particular ward.

Before disposal segregation of plastics and paper is been done and most of the waste is vermicomposted.

of plastics and paper is been done and most of the waste is vermicomposted. BVM Engineering
of plastics and paper is been done and most of the waste is vermicomposted. BVM Engineering

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town SCIENTIFIC APPROACH FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Solid waste Management methods

SCIENTIFIC APPROACH FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Solid waste Management methods are presented below:

Storage & primary collection of waste from project colonies, offices, guest houses, labour colonies/sheds, minor commercial establishments, market, community centre, Hospitals, workshops, canteen/mess, school, garden, parks etc.

Waste Transportation mechanism

Waste Storage Depots/enclosures

Waste Disposal

mechanism  Waste Storage Depots/enclosures  Waste Disposal BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 10
mechanism  Waste Storage Depots/enclosures  Waste Disposal BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 10

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN 1. SEGREGATION AT SOURCE Waste segregation

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN

1. SEGREGATION AT SOURCE

Waste segregation cannot introduce without public awareness and should be implemented in a phased manner. In order to achieve this we have certain strategy:

The residents should be educated about appropriate use of biodegradable waste like kitchen & garden wastes

Extensive awareness and campaign have to be organized related to solid waste effects on environment and health.

Sanitary

workers

separately.

should

be

recommended

to

2. COLLECTION OF SOLID WASTES

collect

the

recyclable

materials

It is recommended to have a mechanism for door to door collection of waste from the staff colonies and labour sheds.

The Sanitary workers should have tricycle with containers or containerized handcarts having ringing bell and will go for waste collection from individual house at a fixed time every day.

During collection of Wastes from the bins, care should be taken to avoid waste spillage and it should be the responsibility of the sanitary workers to clean & maintain hygienic conditions at the places where community bins are kept.

3. TRANSPORTATION OF SOLID WASTES

The sufficient number of tricycles / push carts / containerized handcarts should be arranged for effective door to door collection system.

The transportation of waste from the waste storage depots to the processing and disposal sites should be carried in covered trucks/dumpers etc that is waste will not be exposed to the humans.

To take care of certain unavoidable circumstances, it is required to lift waste from some open place, front end loaders and tractors trolleys are used.

waste from some open place, front end loaders and tractors trolleys are used. BVM Engineering College
waste from some open place, front end loaders and tractors trolleys are used. BVM Engineering College

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town 4. TREATMENT & DISPOSABLE WASTE COMPOSTING  For biodegradable part

4. TREATMENT & DISPOSABLE WASTE

COMPOSTING

For biodegradable part of solid waste, we should plan a composting plant as per day capacity

Composting is easy to operate and does not require sophisticated equipments.

Maintaining the required conditions like temperature, moisture etc. is relatively easy in this process.

temperature, moisture etc. is relatively easy in this process. Dumping Site BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar

Dumping Site

temperature, moisture etc. is relatively easy in this process. Dumping Site BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar
temperature, moisture etc. is relatively easy in this process. Dumping Site BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 13
Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 13
Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 13
Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town BVM Engineering College V.V Nagar Page 13

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town

Solid Waste Management of Karamsad Town SUGGESTED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MEASURES FOR IMPROVING  Decreasing the use

SUGGESTED

MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

MEASURES

FOR

IMPROVING

Decreasing the use of Plastic bags

SOLID

WASTE

1. Apart from the fact that plastic waste chokes the drain, suffocated animals to death that eat them, it also makes Municipal solid waste unfit for any biological treatment.

2. Combustion of plastic leads to air pollution related hazards.

Trying to encourage the use of paper bags, wherever possible.

Jute, cotton bags and thick plastic bags available at shops/cooperative stores.

REDUCE, REUSE AND RECYCLE

All residents are suggested to reduce generation of food waste as far as possible. They are recommended to hand over food waste to animal breeders for feeding animal, if possible.

Usage of hard to recycle packaging material like PET bottles, metalized plastic films and multi film packs should be discouraged.

All vendors and shops should recommend the customers to use carry bags and should refuse from providing plastic bags.

the customers to use carry bags and should refuse from providing plastic bags. BVM Engineering College
the customers to use carry bags and should refuse from providing plastic bags. BVM Engineering College