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PLANAR AND LINEAR ARRAY OF ANTENNAS

Alex Danilo Rea Manobanda

alexrea2009@hotmail.com

Abstract: In the present paper analyses the radiation Pattern, the factor of array of antennas that are in linear or planar array, we will observe the eﬀect that has the increment or decrease of the number of elements in the array.

Index Tems: array, linear, matrix, Matlab.

1. INTRODUCTON

are castrate to concentrate the radiation in desired directions.(2)

Linear Arrays Uniform

In

order

to

analyse

the linear arrays,

the same way that it was realized with the dipoles, is convenient to set the elements through the axis z. In this way the factor

of array has rotational symmetry and only depends on the angle θ.

The systems of modern mobile com- munications request main capacity from services owed to the constant increment of the number of users. Like an alternative in the solution of this problem, technology opens with the antenna an interrelated alternative; Giving rise to the use of arrays of antennas. Knowing the parameters that characterize the radiation pattern of a dipole and applying it in the array. Figura 1: linear arrays uniform

 In this research work a simulation of n linear and planar arrays shows up particu- F a (θ, φ) = n=0 →− r a n e jk o r n larly study him the radiation pattern and n factor of array.(1) F a (θ, φ) = a n e jnk o dcos(θ) n=0 n 2. THEORETICAL FOUNDATION F a (θ, φ) = a n e jnΨ n=0 An array of antennas is a group of |F a (θ, φ)| = | sin NΨ | 2 sin Ψ 2 simple antennas connected under some conditions, generally similar and guided Planar Array in the same direction, these are organized in a physical given disposition, relatively In addition to placing elements along a near some in relation to other ones, each line (to form a linear array), individual antenna is controlled by a same system radiators can be positioned along a of separation of signal. Additionally they rectangular grid to form a rectangular

1

or planar array. Planar arrays provide additional variables which can be used to control and shape the pattern of the array. Planar arrays are more versatile and can provide more symmetrical patterns with lower side lobes. In addition, they can be used to scan the main beam of the antenna toward any point in space. Applications include tracking radar, search radar, remote sensing, communications, and many

others.(3) Figura 2: Planar Array

FA n (θ, φ)

{

1

M sin M
Ψ x
2
sin Ψ x
2

}{ sin N
Ψ y
2
sin Ψ y
2
• 1 }

N

With:

Ψ

x

=

kd x sin(θ)cos(φ) + a x

=

Ψ y = kd y sin(θ)cos(φ) + a y

Circular Array Figura 3: Circular Array

SIMULATION

 For this work we use the Matlab 2013a software to plotting to a frequency of 3Ghz.
• array lineal with four ele- ments Length inﬁnitesi- mal.  Figura 4: Simulation array lineal of 3λ/4.

Another option of spatial dis-

tribution is that

of the circular

type which antennas are located in to a distance separate 2 of the center; It is of clarifying that

in this type of array the very

beginning of multiplication

of

parameters also is used. This type of array presents in simula- tions a better performance when compare it the arrangements was mentioned in the previous paragraphs, since he does not show back symmetric lobes, the as they are not desirable for a satellite communication, however the displacement angle of main lobe is reduced.

• array lineal with four ele- ments Length small.  Figura 5: Simulation array lineal of 3λ/4

• array lineal with four ele- ments Length far-ﬁeld. 2 Figura 6: Simulation array lineal of 3λ/4 Figura 9: Simulation array planar of 3λ/4

• Array Planar with four elements Length inﬁnite- simal.  Figura 7: Simulation array planar of 3λ/4

• Array Planar with four elements Length small.  Figura 8: Simulation array planar of 3λ/4

• array planar with four ele- ments Length far-ﬁeld. CONCLUSIONS

• The arrays planar provi- de directional beams, ra- diation patterns with low 3

side lobes, and a directi- vity a lot greater than the elements of a linear asso- ciation.

• Between head be the

number of elements of an

association more executi- is the radiation Pat-

ve tern, its main lobe redu- ces its width and it gets longer.

• When the radiation pat- terns of every element of the array are all the sa- me and the elements are orientated in the same di- rection, the radiation pat- tern is the sum of every diagram of the elements of array. Referencias

 IEEE Standard Deﬁni- tions of Terms for Anten- nas, Std 145-1983, Revi- sion of ANSI/IEEE Std

145-1973.

 C.A.Balanis,

. A ntenna

Theory: Analysis and Design”, 2on Edition

John Wiley, 1997.



R.

P.

Feynman, ”The

Strange Theory of Light

and Matter”, Princeton University Press, 1983