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Prepared by Group 1

HISTORY ABOUT MANGYANS


m
angyan the generic name for the eight indigenousfound in the Philippine island

ofMindoro, each with its own tribal name, language, and customs. The total population may
be around 100,000, but no official statistics are available because of the difficulties of
counting remote and reclusive tribal groups, many of which have no contact with the outside
world.
The ethnic groups from north to south of the island are: Iraya, Alangan, Tadyawan, Tawbuid
(called Batangan by lowlanders on the west of the island),Buhid,Hanunoo. An additional
group on the south coast is labelled Ratagnon. They appear to be intermarried lowlanders.
The group known on the east of Mindoro as Bangon may be a subgroup of Tawbuid, as they
speak the 'western' dialect of that language. They also have an alphabet which is called the
Ambahan.
Their

languages are mutually unintelligible, though they share some vocabulary. Tawbuid
and Buhid are closely related, and are unusual among Philippine languages in having
an/f/phoneme. Tawbuid is divided into eastern and western dialects. Western Tawbuid may
be the only Philippine language to have no glottal, having neither/h///. They useHanun'o
scriptwrite.
Their traditional religious world view isanimistic. Around 10% have embracedChristianity,
both Roman Catholicism and Evangelical Protestantism. New Testaments have been
published in six of the languages.
Mangyan are mainlysubsistence agriculturalists, planting a variety of sweet potato, upland
(dry cultivation) rice, and taro. They also trap small animals and wild pig. Many who live in
close contact with lowland Filipinos sell cash crops such as bananas and ginger.

Men wear a loincloth of pounded bark while


the women have a coil of woven nito, a sturdy
black vine, and rattan around their hips.
Mangyans practice animism and are
superstitious.

INSTRUMENT OF MANGYANS

GITGIT

Gitgit is an instrument with 3 or 4


strings. It has a wooden body. The hair
of a person is used as strings for the
bow.

KALUTANG
This is a kind of
musical instrument
found in the
province of Mindoro
and Marinduque.
The "Kalutang"
consists of two
pieces of wood,
graduated in sizes,
to produce different
note ranges, with
which bands of 10

BATIWTIW

A bamboo instrument from Mindoro about 40


cm long, played by striking the split end of a
bamboo against the left palm

KINABAN

A musical instrument common to many regions in Asia is


the jaw harp or mouth harp, often referred to as "jew's
harp". The jaw harp is a slim bamboo instrument
approximately of ball-pen size, of different shapes and
lengths varying from 10 cm. to 40 cm.

KUDLONG
The kutiyapi, or
kudlong, is a
boat-shaped
plucked string
instrument from
the Phillipines.
It has frets and
is often heavily

SUBING

Subing is a Bamboo Jaw


Sharp

AGONG
A metal
shaped
like a pail
with a
circle in a
middle ; It
is like a

BANGSI

Bangsi is
an
external
duct flute,
which has
a chip
glued on

MUSIC OF MANGYANS
Marayaw is a genre
of Iraya-Mangyan
songs used to
communicate with
spirits in rituals for
healing the sick or
protecting the
community.

MUSIC OF MANGYANS
Music for the Hanunoo is part of celebrating
ordinary and festive occasions. Accompanying
themselves on these instruments as they
recite their love poems, the Hanunoo Mangyan
pay court to the women. During the wedding
rituals, songs are sung, musical instruments
are played, food is eaten, and wine is drunk.
The songs of the Mangyan are lullabies,
recollections of war exploits in the distant
past, lamentations, lovelyrics, and stories
based on persona.

MUSIC OF MANGYANS
Geography:
Mindoro, Mt.
Halcon
Kaingin

Types (Vocal,
Instrumental)

Marginalization
of culture
Cultural
preservation

Functions
(Work, Leisure,
Worship, Ritual)

Igway (song),
Marayaw (spirit song),
Pamuybuyen (legend) - it means fear of
water

ANG HARDINERO
Di bagamaraming bulaklak saan man!
Makakapili ka Sarisaring kulay
Kung ang mapili mo'y ang bulaklak ng rosal
Di ibig pitasin sa sanga at tangkay Di bagama.
Di mo ba gatanto na ako'y asusena
Ang hardinero ko'y si Ama't si ina?
Bago ka pumitas bulaklak sa sanga
Sa hardinero'y magsabi ka muna