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PreEngineeredMetalBuildings CoverFeature PEBTerminology


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PEBTERMINOLOGY

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SustainabilityInConstr

AnchorBoltPlanAplanviewdrawingshowingthediameter,locaonandprojeconofall
anchorboltsforthecomponentoftheMetalBuildingSystemandmayshowcolumnreacons
(magnitudeanddirecon).Themaximumbaseplatedimensionsmayalsobeshown.
AssemblyAgroupofmutuallydependentandcompablecomponentsorsubassembliesof
components.
AuxiliaryCraneGirderAgirderarrangedparalleltothemaingirderforsupporngthe
plaorm,motorbase,operator'scab,controlpanels,etc.,toreducethetorsionalforcesthat
suchloadwouldotherwiseimposeonthemaincranegirder.

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AuxiliaryHoistAsupplementalhoisngunitusuallydesignedtohandlelighterloadsata
higherspeedthatthemaincranehoists.
BarJoistAnamecommonlyusedfor"OpenWebSteelJoists".
BaseAngle/ChannelAnanglesecuredtoawallorfoundaonusedtoaachtheboomof
thewallpanelling.
BasePlateAplateaachedtotheboomofacolumnwhichrestsonafoundaonorother
support,usuallysecuredbyanchorbolts.
BaseTubeAconnuousmemberimbeddedintheedgeofthefoundaontowhichthewall
panelsareaached.
BayThespacebetweenthemainframesmeasurednormaltotheframe.
BearingFrameEndwallFramecomposedofcornercolumns,windcolumns,ushgirtsand
raerseconswhichisdesignedtocarryonehalfbayloading,alsoreferredtoasLightEnd
wall
BearingPlateAsteelplatethatissetonthetopofamasonrysupportonwhichabeamor
purlincanrest.

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BirdScreenWiremeshusedtopreventbirdsfromenteringthebuildingthroughvenlatorsor
louvers.
BlindRivetAsmallheadedpinwithexpandableshankforjoininglightgaugemetal.Typically
usedtoaachedashings,guers,etc.
BoxGirderGirders,trucksorothermembersofrectangularcrossseconenclosedonfour
corners.
BracingRods,anglesorcablesusedintheplaneoftheroofandwallstotransferloads,such
aswind,seismicandcranethruststothefoundaon.
BracketAstructuralsupportprojecngtoastructuralmember.Exampleiscanopybrackets,
leantobrackets,andcranerunwaybrackets.
BridgingBracingorsystemsofbracingusedbetweenstructuralmembers.
BuildingAisleAspacedenedbythelengthofthebuildingandthespacebetweenbuilding
columns.
BuiltUpMemberOrSeconAstructuralmember,usuallyanIshapedsecon,madefrom
individualatplatesweldedtogether.
BuiltUpRoongAroofcoveringmadeupofalternanglayersoftarandasphalcmaterials.
BumperAnenergyabsorbingdeviceforreducingimpactwhenamovingcraneortrolley
reachestheendofitspermiedtravel,orwhentwomovingcranesortrolleyscomeinto
contact.
BuPlateTheendplateofastructuralmemberusuallyusedtorestagainstalikeplateof
anothermemberformingaconnecon.Usuallycalledaspliceplateorboltedendplate
ByPassGirtGirtswhichoverlapatoutsidecolumnangeto
formaconnuousmember.
CSeconAmemberformedfromsteelsheetintheshapeofa
blockCthatmaybeusedeithersingularlyorbacktoback.
CamberCurvatureofaexuralmemberintheplaneofitsweb
beforeloading.
CapPlateAplatelocatedatthetopofacolumnorendofabeamforcappingtheexposed
endofthemember.
CaulkingTosealandmakejoints,seamsorvoidsweatherghtbyllingwithaweather
proofmaterial.
CladdingTheexteriormetalroofandwallpanellingofaMetalBuildingSystem.
ClipAplateorangleusedtofastentwoormoremembers.
ClosureStripAresilientstrip,formedtothecontourofribbedpanelsandusedtoclose
openingscreatedbyribbedpanelsjoiningothercomponents.
ColdFormingTheprocessofusingpressbrakesorrollingmillstoshapesteelintodesired
crossseconsatroomtemperature.
ComponentApartusedinaMetalBuildingSystem.
ComponentsAndCladdingForwindloadconsideraon,membersthatdonotqualifyaspart
ofaMainWindForceResisngSystem.Theyincludegirts,joists,purlins,studs,wallandroof
panels,fasteners,endwallcolumnsandendwallraersofbearingendframes,roofoverhung
beams,canopybeams,andmasonrywallswhenacngasotherthanshearwalls.
ConneconThemeansofaachmentofonestructuralmembertoanother.
ConnuityTheterminologygiventoastructuralsystemdenongthetransferofloadsand
stressesfrommembertomemberasiftherewerenoconnecon.
ConnuousGirtOrPurlinGirtsorPurlinsthatoverlapsatcolumnsorframestoforma
connuousmember.
ConnuousRidgeVentSeriesofRoofVenlatorsconnectedtoeachotherlocatedalongroof
peakline.

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CornerTrimPreformedsheetmetaltrimusedtoclosethejunconofsideandendwall
panelsorsheets.
CraneAmachinedesignatedtomovematerialbymeansofahoist.
CraneAisleThatporonofabuildingaisleinwhichacraneoperates,denedbythecrane
spanandtheuninterruptedlengthofacranerunway.
CraneGirderTheprincipalhorizontalbeamsofthecranebridgewhichsupportsthetrolley
andissupportedbytheendtracks.
CraneRailAtracksupporngandguidingthewheelsofabridgecraneortrolleysystem.
CraneRunwayBeamThememberthatsupportsacranerailandissupportedbycolumnsor
raersdependingonthetypeofcranesystem.OnUnderhungbridgecranes,therunway
beamalsoactsasthecranerail.
CraneSpanThehorizontaldistancecentretocentreofrunwaybeam.
CraneStopADevicetolimittravelofatrolleyorcranebridge.Thisdevicenormallyaached
toaxedstructureandnormallydoesnothaveenergyabsorbingability.
CraneSupportColumnAseparatecolumnwhichsupportstherunwaybeamofatoprunning
crane.
CurbAraisededgeonaconcreteoorslaborroofaccessory.
CurtainWallPerimeterwallpanelscarryingtheirownweightandwindload.
DamperAbaeusedtoopenorclosethethroatofvenlators.
DiaphragmAconTheresistancetorackinggenerallyoeredbythepanels,fasteners,and
memberstowhichtheyareaached.
DoorGuideAnangleorchannelusedtostabilizeorkeepplumbaslidingorrollingdoor
duringitsoperaon.
DoubleFacedTapeAnAdhesiveTapeusedtosecurebreglassblanketinsulaontobase
angles/channels,eavestruts/purlins,andpurlins.
DownspoutAconduitusedtocarrywaterfromtheguerofabuilding.
Dri(Sidesway)Horizontaldisplacementatthetopofavercalelementduetolateralloads.
DrishouldnotbeconfusedWithDeecon.
DriPinAtaperedpinusedduringerecontoalignholesinsteelmemberstobeconnected
bybolng.
EaveThelinealongthesidewallformedbytheinterseconoftheplanesoftheroofand
wall.
EaveHeightThevercaldimensionfromnishoortotheeave.
EavePurlin/StrutAstructuralmemberlocatedattheeaveofabuildingwhichsupportsroof
andwallpanels.

EaveTrimThetrimusedtocloseoftopofsidewallpanelsinlieuofeaveguer.
EreconTheonsiteassemblingofFabricatedMetalBuildingSystemcomponentstoforma
completestructure.
EreconDrawingsRoofandWallerecon(framing)drawingsthatidenfyindividual
componentsandaccessoriesfurnishedbythemanufacturerinsucientdetailtopermit
properereconoftheMetalBuildingSystem.

ErectorApartywhoassemblesorerectsaMetalBuildingSystem.
ExpansionJointAbreakorspaceinconstrucontoallowforthermalexpansionand
contraconofthematerialsusedinthestructure.
FabricaonThemanufacturingprocessperformedinaplanttoconvertmaterialintonished
MetalBuildingSystemcomponents.Themainoperaonsarecoldforming,cung,punching,
welding,cleaningandpainng.
FaadeAnarchitecturaltreatment,parallycoveringawall,usuallyconcealingtheeaveand
orrakeofthebuilding.
FasciaAdecoravetrimorpanelprojecngfromthefaceofawall.
FixedBaseAcolumnbasethatisdesignedtoresistrotaonaswellashorizontalorvercal
movement.
FlangeTheprojecngedgeofastructuralmember.
FlangeBraceAmemberusedtoprovidelateralsupporttotheangeofastructuralmember.
FlashingAsheetmetalclosuretoensureweatherghtness.
FrameTheprimarysteelstructuremembers,madeupofcolumnsandraerswhichsupports
thesecondaryframing.
FramedOpeningFramingmembersandashingwhichsurroundanopening
GableThetriangularporonoftheendwallfromtheleveloftheeavetotheridgeofthe
roof.
GableAngleAnangleaachedtopurlinsatgableforaachmentofendwallsheetsorpanels.
GageThedistancebetweenholespunchedinanges,baseplates,andspliceplates.
GantryCraneAcranesimilartoanoverheadcraneexceptthatthebridgeforcarryingtrolley
ortrolleysisrigidlysupportedononeormorelegsrunningonaxedrailsorotherrunway.
GirderAmainhorizontalornearhorizontalstructuralmemberthatsupportsvercalloads.It
mayconsistofseveralpieces.
GirtAhorizontalstructuralmemberthatisaachedtosidewallorendwallcolumnsthat
supportpanelling.
GradeThetermusedwhenreferringtothegroundelevaonaroundabuilding.
GroutAmixtureofcement,sandandwaterusedtollcracksandcavies.Somemesused
underbaseplatesorlevellingplatestoobtainuniformbearingsurfaces.
GussetPlateAsteelplateusedtoreinforceorconnectstructuralelements
GuerAlightgaugemetalmemberataneave,valleyorparapetdesignedtocarrywaterfrom
therooftodownspoutsordrains.
HairPinVshapedreinforcingsteelusedtotransferanchorboltsheartotheconcreteoor
mass.
HaunchThedeepenedporonofacolumnorraerdesignedtoaccommodatethehigher
bendingmomentsatsuchpoints.(Usuallyoccursattheinterseconofcolumnandraer).
HaunchBraceAdiagonalmemberfromtheinterseconofthecolumnandraerseconof
therigidframetotheeavemembertopreventlateralbucklingofthehaunch.
HeaderAhorizontalframingmemberlocatedontopofaframedopening.
HipRoofAroofwhichisformedbyslopingplanesfromallfoursides.
HoistAmechanicalliingdeviseusuallyaachedtoatrolleywhichtravelsalongabridge,
monorailorjibcrane.Maybechainorelectricoperated.
HotRolledShapesSteelsecons(angles,channels,Sshapes,Wshapes,etc.)whichare
formedbyrollingmillswhilesteelisinasemimoltenstate.
ImpactWrenchApowertoolusedtoghtennutsonbolts.
InnerLinerLinerpanellingontheinsideofwalls

InsideCornerTrimTrimwhichashesinsidecorners.
InsulaonAnymaterialusedinbuildingconstrucontoreduceheattransfer
JackBeamAbeamusedtosupportanotherbeam,raerortrussandeliminatecolumn
support.
JackTrussAtrussusedtosupportanotherbeam,raerortrussandeliminatecolumn
support.
JambThevercalframingmemberslocatedatthesidesofanopening.

JibCraneAcanleveredorsuspendedbeamwithhoistandtrolley.Thisliingdevicemay
pickuploadsinallpartofacirclearoundcolumntowhichitisaached.
JigAdeviceusedtoholdpiecesofmaterialinacertainposionduringfabricaon
JoistLightbeamforsupporngaoororroof.
KneeTheconnecngareaofacolumnandraerofastructuralframesuchasarigidframe.
KneeBraceAdiagonalmemberatacolumnandraerintersecondesignedtoresist
horizontalloads.
LevellingPlateAsteelplateusedontopofafoundaonorothersupportonwhicha
structuralcolumncanrest.
LinerPanelAmetalpanelaachedtotheinsideangeofthegirtsorinsideofawallpanel.
LipAangeseneroncoldformedsecons.
LowRiseBuildingAdescriponofaclassofbuildingusuallylessthan60feeteaveheight.
Commonly,theyaresinglestory,Butdonotexceedfourstories.
MainFrameAnassemblageofraersandcolumnsthatsupportthesecondaryframing
membersandtransferloadsdirectlytothefoundaon.
MascSee"Sealant".
MasonryAnythingconstructedofmaterialssuchasbricks,concreteblocks,ceramicblocks
andconcrete.
MezzanineAnintermediatelevelbetweenoorandceilingoccupyingaparalareaofthe
oorspace.
MezzanineBeamPrimaryframingforMezzanineFloors.
MezzanineJoistSecondaryframingforMezzanineFloor.
MomentConneconAconnecondesignedtotransfermomentaswellasaxialandshear
forcesbetweenconnecngMembers.
MonitorsSuperstructurelocatedabovetheridgeofabuildingusedforvenlaonor
addionallight.
MullionsVercalmemberconnecngtwowindowslocatedsidebyside.
MulGableBuildingBuildingsconsisngofmorethanonegableacrossthewidthofthe
building.
MulSpanBuildingBuildingsconsisngofmorethanonespanacrossthewidthofthe
building.MulplegablebuildingsandSinglegablebuildingswithinteriorcolumnsare
examples.
NibblerAnelectricalhandtoolusedtocutsteel,rooforwallsheetopenings.

PeakTheuppermostpointofagable
PeakBoxApreengineeredtrimpiecethattrimsgabletrim
conneconandbearthenameofthebuildingmanufacturer.
PieceMarkAnumbergiventoeachseparatepartofthebuilding
forereconidencaon.Alsocalledmarknumberorpart
number.

PinnedBaseAcolumnbasedesignedtoresisthorizontalandvercalmovementsbutnot
rotaon.
PinConneconAconnecondesignedtotransferaxialandshearforcesbetweenconnecng
membersbutnotmoments.
PitchThepeakheightofagabledbuildingdividedbyitsoverallspan.
PopRivetAsmallheadedpinwithexpandableshankforjoininglightgaugemetal,usedto
aachashings,guers,etc.
PortalFrameArigidframesodesignedthatitoersrigidityandstabilityinitsplane,itis
generallyusedtoresistlongitudinalloadswhereotherbracingmethodsarenotpermied.
PurlinAhorizontalstructuralmemberwhichsupportsroofcovering.
PurlinStrutAddionalpurlinaddedatornearinterseconofwindbracingmembersatthe
rigidframewhereaseriesofwindbracingisrequiredintheroofplane.Thisstrutmayormay
notbeaconnuousmemberthroughoutthelengthofthebuilding.
RaerThemainbeamsupporngtheroofsystem.
ReaconsTheresisngforcesatthecolumnbasesholdingthestructureinequilibriumunder
agivenloadingcondion.
ReinforcingSteelThesteelplacedinconcreteasrequiredcarryingthetension,compression
andshearstresses.
RidgeThehorizontallineformedbyopposingslopingsidesofaroofrunningparallelwiththe
buildinglength.
RidgePanelAtransionoftheroongmaterialsalongtheridgeofaroof,somemescalled
ridgerollorridgeashing.
RigidFrameAstructuralframeconsisngofmembersjoinedtogetherwithmoment
conneconssoastorendertheframestablewithrespecttothedesignloads,withoutthe
needforbracinginitsplane.
RollUpDoorAdoorthatopensbytravellingvercally.
RoofSlopeThetangentoftheanglethataroofsurfacemakeswiththehorizontal,usually
expressedinunitsofvercalriseto12unitsofhorizontalrun.
SagMemberAtensionmembersuchasrods,strapsoranglesusedtolimitthedeeconofa
girtorpurlininthedireconofitsweakaxis.
SandwichPanelsApanelusedascoveringconsisngofaninsulangcorematerialswithinner
andoutermetalskins.
ScreedingTheprocessofstrikingoftheexcessconcretetobringthetopsurfacetoproper
nishandelevaon.
SealantAnymaterialwhichisusedtosealcracks,jointsorlaps.
SecondaryFramingMemberswhichcarryloadsfromthebuildingsurfacetothemain
framing.Examplesarepurlinsandgirt.
SelfDrillingScrewAfastenerwhichcombinesthefunconofdrillingandtapping.
SelfTappingScrewAfastenerwhichtapsitsownthreadsinapredrilledhole.
SheengAngleOrEaveAngleAnangleusedforsecuringsheetpanels.
ShimsApieceofsteelusedtolevelbaseplatesoralignscolumnsorbeams.

SideWallAnexteriorwallwhichisperpendiculartotheframesofabuildingsystem.
SingleSpanAbuildingorstructuralmemberwithoutintermediatesupport.
SkylightAroofaccessorytoadmitlight,normallymountedonacurbedframedopening.
SlideDoorAsingleordoubleleafdoorwhichopenshorizontallybymeansofslidingonan
overheadtrolley.
SnugTightTheghtnessofaboltinaconneconthatexistswhenallpliesinajointarein
rmcontact.
SoilPressureTheloadperunitareaastructurewillexertthroughitsfoundaononthesoil.
SpanThedistancebetweensupportsofbeams,girders,ortrusses.
SpliceAconneconinastructuralmember.
SplicePlateAplateusedtoconnecttwosteelstructuremembers.
SpudWrenchAtoolusedbyerectorstolineupholesandtomakeupboltedconnecons;a
wrenchwithtaperedhandle.
SteelLineTheoutsideperimeterofasteelstructureorinsideofwallpanels.
SenerAmemberusedtostrengthenaplateagainstlateralorlocalbuckling.Usuallyaat
barweldedperpendiculartothelongitudinalaxisofthemember.
StchScrewAfastenerconnecngpanelstogetheratthesidelap.
StressAmeasureoftheloadonastructuralmemberintermsofforceperunitarea.
StrutAmemberedintoaframeworkwhichresistsaxialcompressiveforces.
SweepTheamountofdeviaonofstraightnessofastructuralseconmeasured
perpendiculartothewebofthemember.
TaperedMembersAbuiltupplatememberconsisngofangesweldedtoavariabledepth
web.
TieAstructuralmemberthatisloadedintension.
TorqueWrenchAwrenchcontaininganadjustablemechanismformeasuringandcontrolling
theamountoftorqueofturningforcetobeexerted,usedinghteningnutsofhighstrength
bolts.
TrimThelightgaugemetalusedinthenishofabuilding,especiallyaroundopeningsandat
interseconsofsurfaces,oenreferredtoasashing.
TrussAstructuremadeupofthreeormoreelements,witheachmemberdesignedtocarrya
tensionorcompressionforce.Theenrestructureinturnactsasabeam.
TurnOfTheNutMethodAmethodofpretensioninghighstrengthbolts.Thenutisturned
fromtheSnugTightposion,correspondingtoafewblowsofanimpactwrenchofthefull
eortofamanusinganordinaryspudwrench,theamountofrotaonrequiredbeinga
funconoftheboltdiameterandlength.
UpliWindloadonabuildingwhichcausesaloadintheupwarddirecon.
ValleyGuerAchannelusedtocarryowaterfromtheVofroofsofmulgabled
buildings.
VapourBarrierMaterialusedtoretardtheowofvapourormoisturetoprevent
condensaonfromformingonasurface.

WainscotWallmaterial,usedinthelowerporonofawallthatisdierentfromthematerial
intherestofthewall.
WebThatporonofastructuralmemberbetweentheanges.
WebMembersThesystemmembersconnecngthechordsofatruss.
WindBentAwindbracingsystemusedinsidewallswhendiagonalbracerodsarenot
permied.
WindColumnAvercalmemberdesignedtowithstandhorizontalwindloads.
WindLoadTheloadcausedbythewindfromanyhorizontaldirecon
ZSeconAmembercoldformedfromsteelsheetintheshapeofa"Z".
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