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Economic and Organizational Effects of Business ICT Systems` Evolution in Oil and Energy Sector

Mr. Sc. E. Tijan

Faculty of Maritime Studies University of Rijeka

Studentska 2, Rijeka 51000, Croatia

Phone: +385 51 338 411 Fax: +385 51 336 755

E-mail: etijan@pfri.hr

Mag. oec. S. Aksentijević, univ.spec.oec, ICT Court Expert

Saipem Mediteran Usluge d.o.o.

Alda Colonnella 2, Rijeka 51000, Croatia

Phone: +385 51 651 844

Phone: +385 51 351 111

Fax: +385 51 651 783

E-mail: sasa.aksentijevic@saipem.eni.it

Dr. Sc. B. Hlača

Rijeka Port Authority

Riva 1, Rijeka 51000, Croatia

Fax: +385 51 331 764

E-mail: bojanhlaca.ri@portauthority.hr

I. Ongoing trends in data management

1. Data compression

2. Database consolidation

3. Data archiving

II. System complexity and increase of capacities

1. Consolidation

2. Virtualization

3. Replacement

III. New ICT trends in oil and energy companies

1. Users expect “total connectivity”

2. Paradigm change site working -> mobile working

3. Across-team collaboration and Intranet social networking

4. Open source technology “behind the scenes”

5. Target for software deployment becomes The Cloud

6. En vogue technologies: virtualization, SaaS, Storage as a Service, Infrastructure as a Service, Platform as a Service, Database as a Service, Application as a service, Grid computing ->>> EaaS!!!

Service, Platform as a Service, Database as a Service, Application as a service, Grid computing ->>>

IV. High cost of compliance

Containment tactics:

Strict data governance policies Strict policies of data retrieval and disposal Record management (not only in regard to electronic data) Centralization of security policy management across enterprise

V. Total Virtualization

V. Total Virtualization
V. Total Virtualization
V. Total Virtualization

VI. How much does it cost?

 

ICT CAPITAL EXPENSE

 

DESCRIPTION OF COST TYPE

transit ion phase

maintenance phase

 

Inves tments to hardware

high C A P E X

low C A P EX

Inves tments to telec ommunic ation hardware and s oftware

high C A P E X

low C A P EX

Inves tments to s tandard des ktop environment s oftware

no major c hange

no major c hange

1.

 

1. INVESTMENTS

Inves tments to additional applic ation s oftware pac kages

no major c hange

no major c hange

 

Inves tments to s trategic I C T s tudies and applic ation development projec ts

high C A P E X

low C A P EX

Inves tments to development projec ts of I C T infras truc ture

high C A P E X

low C A P EX

Inves tments to telec ommunic ation development projec ts

high C A P E X

low C A P EX

 

SUM OF ICT CA PEX COSTS

high CAPEX

low CAPEX

 

ICT OPERATIVE EXPENSE

 

COST TYPE

   
 

C

os t of IC T Strategic Studies

high O P E X

low O P EX

C

os t of external applic ation development

high O P E X

low O P EX

2 .1 . A P P LI C A T I O N S

C

os t of applic ation management s ervic es

no major c hange

no major c hange

C

os t of applic ation SW maintenanc e fee

no major c hange

no major c hange

C

os t of rental of applic ation s oftware

no major c hange

no major c hange

Leas ing of applic ation s oftware

no major c hange

no major c hange

 

TO TA L A PPLIC A TIO N C O STS

high OPEX

no major change

 

C

os t of development of I C T infras truc ture

high O P E X

low O P EX

C

os t of c us tomer s ervic e des k

high O P E X

low O P EX

C

os t of infras truc ture s ervic es (s ervers , works tations and printers )

high O P E X

high O P E X

C

os t of applic ation s erver s ervic es

no major c hange

no major c hange

C

os t of E nterpris e Res ourc e P lanning Server s ervic es (E RP )

no major c hange

no major c hange

2 .2 .

I T I N FRA ST RU C T U RE

C

os t of outs ourc ed I T profes s ionals s ervic es

high O P E X

high O P E X

 

C

os t of hardware maintenanc e fee

no major c hange

high O P E X

C

os t of basic s oftware maintenanc e fee

no major c hange

no major c hange

C

os t of purc has e/rental of basic s oftware

no major c hange

no major c hange

2.

C

os t of rental and leas e of hardware

high O P E X

low O P EX

N

on- c apital expenditure purc has e of hardware

not applic able

not applicable

 

TO TA L IC T INFRA STRUC TURE C O STS

high OPEX

no major change

 

T

elec ommunic ation infras truc ture development c os t

high O P E X

low O P EX

C

os t of Loc al A rea N etwork (LA N ) maintenanc e s ervic es

no major c hange

no major c hange

C

os t of fixed voic e s ervic es (fixed fees and traffic )

no major c hange

low O P EX

C

os t of mobile voic e s ervic es (fixed fees and traffic )

no major c hange

low O P EX

C

os t of data transmis s ion s ervic es

high O P E X

low O P EX

2 .3 . T E LE C O M M U N I C A T IO N

C

os t of Internet s ervic es

high O P E X

low O P EX

C

os t of other telec ommunic ation s ervic es

not applic able

not applicable

C

os t of telec ommunic ation hardware maintenanc e fee

no major c hange

no major c hange

C

os t of telec ommunic ation s oftware maintenanc e fee

no major c hange

no major c hange

C

os t of rental of telec ommunic ation equipment

no major c hange

no major c hange

N

on-c apital expenditure purc has e of telec ommunic ation equipment

not applic able

not applicable

 

TO TA L TELECO MMUNICA TIO N CO STS

no major change

low OPEX

 

SUBTO TA L O F TEC HNIC A L A REA S

   
 

2 .4 . O T H E R

IC T c onsumables

no major c hange

no major c hange

 

TOTAL ICT OPEX COSTS

high OPEX

low OPEX

   

LA BO UR CO ST

Standard labour c os ts of permanent IC T s taff

no major c hange

higher level

VII Conclusion

The biggest mid-term gains and savings in oil and energy companies, derived from the new technologies based on virtualization, streaming and deployment of “everything as a service” concept can be expected in the telecommunication part of ICT costs, due to development of technology and falling prices of telecommunication services (data links, voice, roaming). There is no specific and easy conclusion what will be the impact of new evaluated technologies on the overall ICT budget of oil and energy majors. There are contributing factors strongly influencing overall structure and total value of ICT costs and investments:

• Size of the consolidated company and number of users

• Achieved level of technology adoption, consolidation and services

• Work in remote and difficult areas

• Work offshore

• Ratio of internal ICT development, maintenance and support versus outsourced services

• Internal rules and regulations for use of ICT assets and resources

Therefore, it is not easy to predict the impact adoption of new technologies will have on the overall ICT budgets. However, they will surely impact the quality of services, enabling more flexible service utilization, prevent fixed licensing, ensure better alignment between real need for ICT services and resources by usage of the cloud computing and virtual infrastructure.

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Questions?

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