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HRDA VOKALER HARD VOWELS

A, O, U,
MJUKA VOKALER SOFT VOWELS
E, I, Y, ,

------------------------------------ K

*G is pronounced as G when a hard vowel or consonant is


followed
Groda = frog

Gata = street

*G is pronounced as J when a soft vowel is followed


Gr = do Jr

Ger = Give Jer

*K is pronounced as K when a hard vowel or consonant is


followed
Kanin = rabbit

kropp = body

*K is pronounced as SH when soft vowel is followed


Kr = drive shr

kyl = fridge shyl

The j sound
Dj

djur animal Jur , djup deep jup

Hj hjlp help

hjlp hjrna brain hjrna

Gj gjorde did gjorde


LJ

ljus light ljus

THE SH SOUND
Pronounced as the SH sound in English fish
CH check check sheck
KJ kjol skirt shol
TJ tjugo twenty shugo
SK kanske perhaps, maybe kanshe
RS forskare scientist foshkare
GE garage garage garash
SCH shampoo shampoo shampoo
THE X SOUND
Pronounced as deep X like Arabic e.g Habibi
CH chef boss xef
SJ sjutton seventeen xutton
SKJ skjorta shirt xorta
SK (after soft vowels) mnniskor people mnixour
(T)ION the english ending e.g station, motion, introduction
is pronounced as X in Swedish

Station staxoun motion - motxoun


OTHER NOTICABLE SOUNDS
NG lng long
GN ugn calm
RT fart - speed
RD bord - table
RN torn - castle
RS mors the mothers
INTONATION
1, If the word is derived for the Germanic language then the
intonation is placed in the beginning of the word
Lkare - doctor
Jobbar - work
Heter named
2, If the word is derived from Greek or Latin the intonation is
placed in the end of the word
Biolog biologist
Polis police
Telefon telephone
3, The emphasis in a sentence is usually placed on 1 or 2 words
specifically the most important e.g. main name, verb, adverb or
object of a sentence
Anna har kpt ett hus Anna has bought a house

Huset ligger vackert The house is placed beautifully


Peter studerar Peter is studying
Var bor du? Where do you live?

Mndag

Monday

Tisdag

Tuesday

Onsdag

Wednesday

Torsdag

Thursday

Fredag

Friday

Lrdag

Saturday

Sndag

Sunday

The most common form of sentences is:


Subject + Verb + Object + the rest
JAG HETER MINA
JAG KOMMER FRN GREKLAND
JAG JOBBAR SOM LRARE
JAG ARBETAR SOM LRARE
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF QUESTIONS,
YES/NO questions where the answer is a simple YES/NO
Veb + Subject + the rest
Heter du Mina?
Kommer du frn Grekland?
Jobbar/Arbetar du som lrare?
AND
Question word questions where there is an informative answer
Questionword+verb+subject+ the rest
Vad heter du?
Varifrn kommer du?
Var kommer du frn?
Vad jobbar/arbetar du med?

Vad arbetar/jobbar du som?


Som = as, that
Vad=what
Varifrn = wherefrom
Var = where
Med = with
Frn = from

VDRET THE WEATHER

How's the weather


today?

Vad r det fr vder


idag?

It's cold

det r kallt

beautiful

vackert / fint

hot

.jttevarmt

clear

.klart

icy

.isigt

warm

.varmt

windy

.blsigt

cloudy

.molnigt

hazy

.disigt

muggy

.rtt

humid

.fuktigt

foggy

.dimmigt

It's snowing

....det snar

It's raining

....det regnar

It's freezing

....det r kallt/kyligt

Its raining cats and dogs ....det spregnar


Its drizzling
.det duggregnar
Its thundering
.det skar
Its lighting
....det blixtrar
North

norr

Northeast

nordost

South

sder

Northwest

nordvst

East

ster

Southeast

sydost

West

vster

Southwest

sydvst

left

till vnster

right

till hger

Vad r det fr vder idag?

Det r................................................

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Det r ...............................................

Det ...........................................

Det.............................................

Det.....................

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1a Det r ...........................

2a Det r ............................

rstider

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