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Manufacture of Bioethanol from Maize ( Zea mays ssp.) Bran As an Alternative Fuel

Manufacture of Bioethanol from Maize ( Zea mays ssp.) Bran As an Alternative Fuel
from Maize ( Zea mays ssp.) Bran As an Alternative Fuel Background Objective and Advantages Depletion
Background Objective and Advantages Depletion of world’s crude oil reserve Objective: Advantages : At this
Background
Objective and Advantages
Depletion of world’s crude oil reserve
Objective:
Advantages :
At this time the availability of the world's oil reserves
which are the main source of fuel has decreased. The
situation is causing us to think and immediately to look
for alternative supply. Now days bioethanol has become
a solution to overcome the problem of reduced
availability of fossil fuels .
1. Describes the Utilization of maize bran as a base
material for manufacture of bioetanol.
1. Provide input and understanding to bioethanol
producers and governments in utilizing maize
bran as base material for bioethanol production.
2. Explain the strategic steps to make the maize
bran as base material for bioethanol production
10
9
Reserve of Crude OIl
Previous Solution
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
YEAR
World’s crude oil reserve
Solution ever offered to solve the problem of rising food prices in line with the growing popularity of
bioethanol is expanding its agricultural land. However, the expansion of feedstock agricultural land
production of bioethanol actually impact on food prices, such as soy bean prices in the USA. The expansion
result a large-scale shift from production of soybeans to an increase in maize production, resulting in soybean
prices rising even more than 60% . In addition an uncontrolled expansion disturb the natural balance by
reducing the biodiversity of ecosystems and can inhibit the absorption of greenhouse gas emissions.
Data from association for the study of peak oil and gas
Bioethanol is made from foodstuffs
Bioethanol is made from foodstuffs and it is disturbing
the balance of the fulfillment of world food. As the
increase of bioethanol’s popularity as alternative fuel,
it has an impact on increase of foodstuffs’ price.
a) Production of sugarcane in Brazil from 2000 to 2007
b) The area under sugarcane cultivation in Brazil
Data from FAOSTAT u.d.
Proposed Idea
Techniques of implemetation
Research Group
Based on the problem that is told in the
background and also facts about maize bran ,
writer proposes the idea to utilize maize bran as
base material for bioethanol production with
tree advantages , those are :
A research group is needed in order to minimize the error which might bepresent
during the whole process.
Goverment
Government plays an important role in giving regulations and also socializing this
new innovation to the other related parties.
• Does not use foodstuffs in production
Lignocellulosic composition of maize
bran and the stock
Maize Farmers
• Has a lower price
• Increase the value of the maize bran
Maize farmers play an important role in supplying the maize bran stock, so the
production activities can be run well.
Lignocellulose is a major component in the
manufacture of bioethanol . The percentage of
lignocellulosic in maize bran nearly identical to the
percentage in corn grain.
Bioethanol Companies
A good relationship must be maintained with the related companies, those who
concern on the bioethanol production, in order to broaden the production scale.
Society
Hemiselulosa
35%
All of the parties mentioned above should work hard to assure the society that this
innovation is going to safe them from scarcity.
30%
15%
Lignin
17.5%
Results
References
Selulosa
35%
45%
• Maize bran become base
material in bioethanol
manufacture
In addition maize barn is also has abundant supply
and low price . World maize production reached
101811958 tons and for every kilogram of corn we will
get about 65 grams of maize bran means that
approximately 66,177,772 tonnes of maize bran
produced every year . maize bran prices are still low
at US $ 0.15 per kilogram , lower than price of corn at
US $ 0.25 per kilogram
• Utilization of maize bran
can reduce the use of
foodstuffs in making
bioethanol and solve “ Food
or Fuel “ problem.
Liu, S., & Rose, D. (2010). Utilisation of corn (Zea mays) bran
and corn fiber in the production of food components. SCI, 2.
Vineet, R. (2008). Biofuel Expansion: challenges, risks and
opportunities for rural poor people. WDR, 1-6.
Dakar, M. (2009). Challenges of Ethanol Production from
Lignocellulosic Biomass. Katzen International, 12-22.
Gray, K., Zhao, L., & Emptage, M. (2006). Bioethanol.
Elsevier, 1-3.
Rose, D., & Inglett, G. (2009). Utilisation of corn (Zea mays)
bran and corn fiber in the production of food components. SCI, 1-
4.
Maurice, M. (2011). Factors Effecting Ethanol Fermentation
Via Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation. WPI (
Worcester Polytechnic Institute ), 2-11.
BILLION BARREL
( Worcester Polytechnic Institute ), 2-11. BILLION BARREL Samson Patar Sipangkar Contact Info Dept of Chemical
Samson Patar Sipangkar Contact Info Dept of Chemical Engineering sipangkar98@gmail.com 082363828849
Samson Patar Sipangkar
Contact Info
Dept of Chemical Engineering
sipangkar98@gmail.com
082363828849