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Cloze Passage

(1.1)

Read the passage and fill in the blanks with the given words.

port
created
races

independent
people
history

flourishing
resources
supply

grown
survive
route

faced
reason
improve

Singapore
One of the most important dates in the ____________ of Singapore is 9 August 1965.
One that day, Singapore became an ____________ country. The first President was Yusof bin
Ishak.
After independence there were problems a new nation ___________. Many peole were
worried that Singapore could not ___________ because it is too small and had no natural
____________.
To _________ the lives of Singaporeans, houses, clinics and schools were built. Many
jobs were also ____________ through the starting of new factories. Roads and the
_____________ of water and electricity were also well provided.
Singapore is an important ____________ because it is located on the east-west
_______________ between Europe and East Asia. It was for this ____________ that Raffles
came to Singapore in 1819. Since then the port
had ____________ into an international trading port.
Today, Singapore is a ____________ city thriving on its port, financial business and hightech industries. The __________ enjoy a good standard of living in a peaceful nation where
many different _________ live together
in harmony.

Vocabulary

(1.2)

Write the number of the correct answer in the brackets.


1. I'm ________ to my brother who helped me when I first came to this country.
(1)
loan
(3)
indebted
(2)
credited
(4)
dubious

2. You have made several errors in your composition. The word "error" means ________.
(1)
corrections
(3)
phrases
(2)
meanings
(4)
mistakes
( )
3. Mr Ang is sixty years old and he is still not married. He is a ________.
(1)
bachelor
(3)
widower
(2)
bridegroom
(4)
father

4. The mistake you've made is minor, so we can ________ you.


(1)
forget
(3)
forgive
(2)
forego
(4)
forward

5. Amy has been ________ a couple of times but it doesn't mean she has caught a cold.
(1)
coughing
(3)
yawning
(2)
sneezing
(4)
burping
( )

6. Stagnant water is a ________ ground for mosquitoes.


(1)
breeding
(3)
birth
(2)
growing
(4)
living

7. When the last guest ________ at midnight, the house became quiet again as the party
was over.
(1)
arrived
(3)
came
(2)
departed
(4)
dismissed
( )
8. Nigel made a ________ out of a Y-shaped twig and some rubber bands.
(1)
sling
(3)
catapult
(2)
spear
(4)
shield

9. This ________ has a greater variety of clothes on sale than the one across the street.
(1)
coffeeshop
(3)
restaurant
(2)
clinic
(4)
shop
( )
10. It was raining cats and dogs early this morning and the wind was howling. The phrase
"raining cats and dogs" means ________.
(1)
drizzling
(3)
heavily
(2)
occassionally
(4)
continously
( )
11. Do keep in touch with us even after you've left the country. The phrase "keep in touch"
means keep ________.
(1)
informing
(3)
calling
(2)
connection
(4)
contact
( )
12. Meng Soon had to eat his breakfast ________ as he was running late.
(1)
slowing
(3)
quickly
(2)
casually
(4)
gently

13. Mariam is ________ her stomach because she is having a stomachache.


(1)
pounding
(3)
catching
(2)
poking
(4)
clutching

14. I need a ________ as I have been working non-stop for a week.


(1)
break
(3)
recess
(2)
pause
(4)
snooze

15. Are you aware that no two finger prints are exactly the same. The phrase "exactly the
same" means ________.
(1)
equal
(3)
identical
(2)
same value
(4)
different
(

16. Please use the ________ to locate the various countries.


(1)
atlas
(3)
directory
(2)
book
(4)
album

17. The pupils decided not to ________ their teacher for help because she is very fierce.
(1)
near
(3)
advance
(2)
approach
(4)
demand
(

18. The night sky was brightened for a moment when lightning ________ across.
(1)
pierced
(3)
shot
(2)
shone
(4)
flashed

19. I'm going on a holiday to Buenos Aires in Argentina, I will be a ________.

(1)
(2)

tourist
national

(3)
(4)

guest
friend

20. Lily did not buy the bracelet as the price was way too ________.
(1)
low
(3)
high
(2)
medium
(4)
gone

Comprehension

(1.3)

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Inventions
Human beings have been inventing since we first appeared on Earth starting with the
simple stone age tools. In the last one hundred years, the pace of inventions has accelerated.
Not all inventions were immediately recognized as useful. For example, the photograph was not
even perceived as a practical tool at the time it was invented by Thomas Edison. Edison is
one of the greatest inventors of mankind.
Many inventions came from individuals who work alone. Ideas were often a moment of
inspiration but the invention always took painstaking hard work over many years. Leonardo da
Vinci's helicopter took a few hundred years to develop from his early sketches to what we see
today.
Some inventions such as the wheel and paper clip are simple. Others like transistors and
locomotives are more complex. But each invention has an important impact on man's daily life.
All inventions have one thing in common, an inquisitive and creative mind.
1. When did human beings start inventing new things?
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
2. Who invented photograph and how was it being perceived?
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
3. What was Leonardo's contribution to the invention of helicopter?
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
4. What is needed for any invention to succeed?
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
5. Name one product in your house which has transistors?

_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

A.

Fill in the blanks.

1.

10.34 + 4.3

= __________

2.

0.51

3.

41.73 - 20.1

= __________

4.

9.75 x 6

= __________

5.

70.6 x 3

= __________

6.

28.6 + 3.12

= __________

7.

35.05

= __________

8.

98.34 - 20.4

= __________

9.

80.31 x 6

= __________

10. 30.36

= __________

12. 3.7 x 14

11. 78.6
B.

Fill in the blanks.

= __________

= __________
= __________

1.

1.7 = ____________ hundredths

2.

4 km 20 m = ____________ m

3.

2.08 kg = ____________ g

4.

10 = ____________ tenths

5.

0.3 , 0.6 , 0.9 , __________

6.

0.2 , 0.16 , 0.12 , __________ , 0.04

C.

Solve the problems below.

1. A square has sides 2.4 cm. A rectangle has the same perimeter as the square. If
the length of the rectangle is 2.8 cm, what is its breadth?

2. The weight of 1 exercise book is 0.45 kg. The total weight of 11 exercise books
and 6 jotter books is 6.75 kg. Find the weight of 1 jotter book.

3. 1 stick of chicken satay costed $0.35 and 1 stick of beef satay costed $0.40. Mr
Ong bought 20 sticks of chicken satay and 20 sticks of beef satay. If he paid the
satay-seller $20, how much change would he get?

4. Sumei had 5 litres of orange juice. She poured the juice equally into 8 glasses
and had 0.52 litres left. How much orange juice was there in each glass?

5. 15 papayas weigh 13.5 kg. The weight of an apple is 0.6 kg less than that of a
papaya. What is the weight of 4 apples?

Solve the following problems.


1. Given : a = 12 cm , b = 9 cm
Find the area and the perimeter of the rectangle.

2. The figure shows a square with sides m. If the perimeter is 20 units, what is the
length of m? Find the area.

3. For the figure on the left, find


(a) the perimeter
(b) the area.

4. Ab = 10 cm , BC = 8 cm
DE = 5 cm , EF = 3 cm
Find the perimeter and area of the figure.

5. The length of a is 3 times that of b. If the perimeter of the rectangle is 32 cm, find
the area.

6.

The 3 steps are of equal depth and height. Find the


area of the figure.

A.

Write the number of the correct answer in the brackets.

1.

Electricity can magnetise an iron rod by passing current


through________.
(1) a wire coiled around the rod
(2) a closed circuit
(3) the iron rod
(4) a bulb

2.

When an electric bulb is switched on, ________ produced.


(1) heat and electricity are

(2) light and sound are


(3) heat and light are
(4) only light is
3.

Which of the following is an insulator?


(1) Paper-clip
(2) Coin
(3) Staple
(4) Ice-cream stick

4.

A radio changes electrical energy into ________ energy.


(1) heat
(2) sound
(3) light
(4) chemical

5.

Which of the following requires electricity to work?


(a) computer (b) abacus (c) photocopier (d) scanner
(1) (a) and (c).
(2) (b) , (c) and (d).
(3) (a) , (c) and (d).
(4) All of the above.

B. Write "T" for true and "F" for false.


1.

When the circuit is open, an electromagnet loses its


magnetism.

2.

When heat flows through a circuit, the heating element of an


oven becomes hot.

3.

Electricity can flow through an open circuit.

4.

We should connect the positive pole of a battery to the positive


pole of another battery.

5.

A fuse is used to break a circuit when too much electricity


flows through.

C. Fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.


1.

A battery has a ____________ pole and a _____________ pole.

2.

In an electric bulb, the part which does not conduct electricity is the
____________ ____________.

3.

Many household ____________ make use of electricity to function.

4.

Wood, rubber, plastic and paper are called ____________.

5.

A ____________ ____________ is used to find out whether a material is a


conductor of electricity.

A.

Write the number of the correct answer in the brackets.

1.

Hot air rises and cold air sinks, this form of heat transfer is
known as ________.
(1) conduction
(2) convection
(3) radiation
(4) breeze

2.

At the peak of Mt Everest, water boils at a temperature


________ 100C.
(1) above
(2) equal to
(3) below
(4) 10% more than

3.

When a glass of water is placed in a room for a long time, the


water level drops due to ________.
(1) conduction
(2) boiling
(3) condensation
(4) evaporation

4.

Good conductors of heat are ________.


(1) good conductors of electricity
(2) bad conductors of electricity
(3) easily melted
(4) always warm or hot

5.

In the night, the water in a swimming pool feels warm


because water ________.
(1) cannot absorb heat
(2) can retain heat
(3) is a good conductor of heat
(4) is evaporating

B.

Write "T" for true and "F" for false.

1.

Charcoal can give off heat because it stored heat energy from
the Sun.

2.

Most metals are good conductors of heat.

3.

When a bulb is lighted, light and heat are given off.

4.

Water freezes at 0C.

5.

Air is a good conductor of heat.

C. Fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.


1. The letter 'C' on a thermometer stands for ____________.
2. A ____________ is a device for regulating temperature.
3. Energy from the Sun is known as __________ energy.

4. When two objects are rubbed together, heat is generated by __________.


5. The freezing temperature is ____________ as the melting temperature.