Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 83

:

() n 9
2009 . ( )

23 .., ..

28 .., ..

- 11

37 ..

44

..

53 ..

59

65 .., ..

74 . .

( 100-n )

76 r ..

-, OCJYIIIIWe

10, iII iR. 01181118111 J11118 RJti 1111

..

..

..


04 2008 .

N2 77 -33044

..w, ..w
..
..

84108 1/16
20 000 . . N2 1574. 274

.. w
..

000
:

127254, , . , . 10, .
: 619-52-87, 619-83-80, 619-52-89 ()
1,27254,

, . , . 10, .

619-52-87, 619-52-89

()

E-mail: mathematlcsOschoolpress.ru
311 oxpesm:t
n

llooil

11111

Pocclliiclloii

n18111101'0 pe3JIIIII*R II3II18IIIL



142300, , . ,
. , . 1
: www.chpk.ru.

E-mail: marketig@chpk.ru

: 8 (49672) 6-25-36, .: 8 (499) 270-73-59


, 2009, N2 3

r n. nn: 11J10113 1111


l 1101111 IJYII*R Ciyer npecn8CIIIIIIII &t IICJIIIIll8

(nD)
9 &&
2009 r. ( l )


9
2009 . ( )

(

NQ 1 236 19.05.98)

(
,
() NQ 1089 05.03.2004).

, .
( ) .
,
.

m :,

1.1

1.1.1

1.1.2

1.1.3

1.1.3.1

1.1.3.2

1.1.3.3

1.1.3.4

1.1.4
1.1.4.1
1.1.4.2

3 / 2009



, ,

1.1.4.3
1.1.5

1.1.5.1

1.1. 5.2

1.1. 5.3

1 1 .6

1.1.7

, ,

1.1.8

1.1.9

1.2

1.2.1

1.2.1.1

1.2.1.2

1.2.2

1.2.2.1

1.2.2.2

1.2.3

1.2.3.1

1.2.3.2

1.2.4

1.2.4.1

1.2.4.2

1.2.5

1.2.5.1

1.2.5.2

1.2.5.3

1.2.5.4

1.2.6

1.3

1.3.1
1.3.1.1

1.3.2

1.3.3

1.3.4

1.3.5

1.3.6

1.3.7

1.4

1.4.1

1.4.2

1.4.3

1.4.4

1.4.5

1.4.6

1.4.7

1.4.8


2.1

rr

2.1.1

2.1.2
2.1.1.2
2.1.1.3

3 / 2009


ru
.

2.1.1.4
2.1.2

2.1.2.1

2.1.1.2

ru

2.2

2.2.1

2.2.1.1

2.2.1.2

2.2.2

2.2.2.1

2.2.2.2

2.2.3

2.2.3.1

2004 .
,
.

l
2
3

3.1

- 180
;

3.2

- , ;

3.3

- ,

,
, ,

,
,



9 2009 .
( )
1 . -
9
() .

.

2. r, -


:
-
(

19.05.1998 . N!! 1 236);
- .
(
,
() 05.03.2004 . N!! 1089).
3.

3 , , ,
.
. 1 ,
, 2009 .
4.

1 8 (N!! 1-8),
7-9 ,
.

.
2 5 ( )
(N!! 9-13),

3 / 2009


61 2009 r.


- 15

8 (53%)

5 (33%)

2 (13%)

N2 1-N!! 4

N2 9-N!! 12

N2 14, N2 15

N2 5-N!! 8

N2 13

,
, .
N!! 11 .
.
N!! 12 ,
. ,

,
. 2 ,
; 1
- 2
; - .
N!! 13 -
. ,
,
, ,
.

. 1 .
,
,
( ) .
3 (N!! 14, 15) ,
. ,
,
, ,

. ,
, ,

.

.
:
,
, ,
.
1 : (N!! 1-4)
(N2 5-8). 2 :
(N2 9-12) (N!! 13). 3
(N.! 14, 15).
. 2.

n n 388 no 111 61111


N2

r r

r
, r

1 = 4

20

20%

1 +

+ 12 = 9

2 +

45%
35%

+ 13 = 7

15

20

100%

n
JI 88


.
7-9
, ,
}).
, :
, , , ,

10

3 /2009

.

, ,

(,
).

n 88 no 8


aaiiiDI
.

20%

30%

25%

25%

15

20

100%

20


, ,
, .

. 4.
5.
1
8 , .
, .
2 5 .
, >
, , '
. -'
-

1 1

PacnpCACACHHC 38A8HHji no I 68 J8.

aJJJI

r
r aJJJia IUI
r :
r

r aJJJia 10
, r

25%

40%

5%

25%

5%

15

20

100%

20

PacnpCACACHHC 38A8HHji 6I no ypOBHIO J

IUI

aJJJI

r
r aJJJia 1U1
r u
r
r aJJJia 10
, r

40%

35%

25%

15

20

100%

20

, . N2 13
,
.
3 2 .
,
,
.

,
-

12

3 /2009

, ,
. ,
, - ,
.
,
.

.
, ,
, .
.
6.

180 (3 ). 1
8 .
. 35 .
2 5 ,
.
. - 60 .
3 2 ,
.
85 .
7. JIIIJI

,
, . JI .
8. ( )

(
), .

.
9.


,
:
- , , :
. 5- 1 1 . 1 . .., ...- .: , 2000, 2002.
-
1 .. . - .: , 2000.
,
, ()

.
www. edu.ru
.

13

10. 2009 r.
2009 .
(2008 . - 5 , 3
; 2009 . - 4 ).
180 ,
.
1 1 .
2009 .
, (. 1).

:
- , ,
;
- , ,
,
, .
u 1

r r
r
2009 r.

: - (
- 50%-90%), - (20%-50%), -
( 20%).
.
N!!

,
r

Q,

m-

mJI JI

38,U111

,
, -

1.2.1-1.2.3

1.3.1

1.1.5

( )
2

()

14

3 /2009

1.1.4

1.3.2-1.3.4

1.1.2

1.2.5

1.2.1

1.4


;
,

,
,

r r, .,

9
10

1.2.6

10

1.1-1.3

10

1.2.1-1.2.4

10

1.1

25

1.3.5 , 1.3.6

35

1.2

50



11

12


( )

13

14

15

15

- 15, :

20

4. - 8. - 3;

:
- 8, - 5, - 2.
- 180


r j;i rj;i
9 t j;i 2009 r.
( j;i ) r
;i 2009 r.



.
, ,
()

. ,

., ,
www.fipi.ru.
,
, ,
,
, .
( 3),
,
.

, .

3
).

.
1 .
4 , .

. ,
:

2009

2009
9

2009

(180

15

1)

26 20 3) 15 @10
5-8 ( ).

.
.

2 .
,
.

9-12

13 -

16

3 /2009

3 2 ,
.
, ,
. .
, .
,
, .
, .

. , , .

.

!
1
( 1-4)
r .
1. N . LMNC,
LMCN= 46.

1) 67

2) 46

3) 23

4) 44

2. .
, = 8 , LAOB = 60.

1) 4.f3

2) 8

3) 4.J2

4) 4

3.
.

1) 70

2) 100

3) 40

4) 80

4. , ,
.

1) 15

2) 7,5

3) 6.f3

140.

4) 7,2

( 5-8) ,
.
5. 29 1t. .
:
6. ,

, ,
,

------

AB II CD.
:

------

7. -

9 19, 12.
:

_____ _

17

ABCD
= . BCD, LAD = 20.
8.

______

( 9-11)
, . (r,
.) .
9. MLN 6 .
LM LN.
:
10. ,
------

AIA2'"AI2

5.Ji AIAS.
:

------

11. ,

10 5 . u, ,

. r
,
, 6 ,
1 2 0,012 ?
:
12 , . r
, 123.
12. , .
1) - .
2) .
3) u.
4) , , .
5) 60 .
:
13-15 .
, ero .
13. DK - D,
, D,
. DK . ,
D , BCD .
------

______

14. '
. . ,
= 10 = 15 .
3 N.! 3

18

3 /2009

15. , -
. - . ,
, = 6, = 3, LBAC =45.

1 .
1-4 1
, .
r , ,
.
5-8 1
, .
N!

N!!

14,5

25

13

40

9-11 1 .
12
2 : 3
- 2 ;
- 1 ; .

N!!

18

10

15

11

0,48

12

235

13
. 13
2 .

19

3
14 15
. 14
2 , 15 - 3 .
N!!

14

7,5

15

45
8


N! 1 3-15
,
. .
N!! 13-15
, ,
.
,
, .
N'!! 13

JIJIJIIOC

JI

DK - r D,
, D,
. DK . ,
D , BCD .

1) D
. ,
D
(
).

2) LBCP = , L LCBP
=

= 90 - .
LBOK = 90- L = 90- ( 90- ) = .

2
1

LBOK = LBCD. .


,
1 2

20

3 /2009

N!! 14
.
. ,
= 10 = 15.
:

1) -
.
,
-
.

.
2) ,
, , : = = 15.
3) = + , = 2 5

=2 - 2 , = 20.


.
15
( :)
:
= .
=
'
2

4)

: 7,5.
N!! 14
, .

. .
.

. .
,
.

,
1 2

N!! 15
, - .
- . ,
, = 6, = 3, LBAC = 45 .
:
, ,
.

21

1) - , BL - .
: 1, 1, 1 - ,
, , .
LPAC = 45", , LPCA = 45.

2 )
1
LHCH1 = 45,
, : 1 =1,

1 = sin 45,
1=

3 .J2
2

'

1=

3 .J2 .
2

: 1 =1, 1 = sin 45,

1=

3)

3 .J2, 1= 3.J2.

BH1L

BH I BL
=
=MMI ML
1
--

--

MM1L

( ) ,

( ) . MMI=-BHI,

MM =
I .fi.

4) , ,

11,

5 .J2
1 + 1
, 1=--.
2
4

1=

9 .J2
5) =1 +1, =--.
2

45

S=- 10 S=-.
2
8


.
:
1) ;
2 ) 1 1;
BH1L MM1L,
1;
4) 1 11 ;
5) .
:
) BH1 L MM1L ;
) 1 11.
.

3)

3 /2009

.
oryr
,
.

.
.
/ ,
.

, , , :
. ,, , , ,.
.
.
,
.

,
1, 2, 3
.

1. n
, ,
,
,
,
, .. . , .
? (
) !
? , ?

1.
, ,
,
. , ,
.
. ? ,
?

1. , ,
.
2. . 1,125 , .



.., ..

()


,
,
. ,


, ,
. ,
, ,


,
.

, . .
.


, -
..

[1].

..
,

.. [2]:
-

,
, -


() ,
-
;
-
;
-

.
,
, (, ,
)
.

,
- (, ,
-) .

(
) . .
.
,

.
,
() ; ,
,
, ;
..
.
., .

24

,


?
,

.
ii
( , )
.
.

,

.

,
,
.
,

,
. ,
,
..

.


.
( ).
.
,


.
1. .

,

.
.
2.
>>.

3 /2009

,
.
,
,

. ,
,
,

.
.
1. 25 .
5 ,
.
. ,
?
.
,
n,

1 () = -.
n

25 , , n = 25;
, , = 5;
5 1
() = - =- =-. :

25 5

,
? ,
n
? , . n -

, - ,
.
n
,
.
?
,
,
.
1.
. -

25

,
5 25 .
r ,
,
,
. , 25
,
5 .
5
2 5 , . . -
25 5 .

251
5
n = C2 5 =
.

5!20!
= { 4 24!
} = 11 24 = -4! -) !
.

1
5
=
25 s

, -
25 5 .
( ) = -;; =

5
5
25!
24!
1 4
n = A25 = C25 Ps =
5! ,
' = I C24 Ps =
20!
4!20!
, , .
2. ?

>> - .
,
: 25
, 5 ;

; ,
,
.
. -
, n = 25 ,
( . . ) = 5 .
5 1 .
: ( ) = - = - = -. ,
n 25 5
, -

! , -
?
2.
, 10 .
?
.
: 1 0 ,
. . n = 1 0 , = 2 , 2
2 , , ( ) =
.
10
. ,

,
. , ,
.
1.
,
. , 2

.
-
( 1 1 0) ,
2 .

.
,
, n = 1 0 10 = 1 00 . 2
,
, . . = 10.
1
10
= .
( ) =
100 10
2.
. ,
- .
.
,
.
-
, . . n = 10.
1
, , . . = 1 .
,

( ) = _!_ .
10

26

,
,
-

.

: ,
,

,
.
-,

,
.
,

.

- ,

.
u
(

,
),
I . ,
,

,
, i
.
,
[3] .
3. 4
. 4
.
?
,
: , , , :

1 1 "" 5 14 .
35
:
=

'

3 / 2009


?
[3]

,

(, ,
..). 4-
-
.

, - (. 1).
r n1 J

. 1 .


- ,
.
.

,
.
i ,

(. 2).

2.

?


,
, ,
,
(. 3, 4).
,
,
-
i
.

27

t->tblpf' rpt>t tr

G [i!J !iJ

[i] [i] GJ J 1<

:::J

onw n "'

(6 6 }

0.8

EJ ; t:: lliJ [!] [!]

Jep-n, !" J.. 1


10
0,01898

128

0.24288

254

0,48197

126

0,23909

0.45
04
35

.
0,25
02
15 '
0.1
05 '

0,01708

O L-------
fJ.

--------=-....!

n 527

r 5 t\i:
-----....,

.. .....,.._... =

. 2 .

,


.


(,
MS Excel) .


, ,
,

.
4.
,
,
*.
, ,
, .
,
,
?

: , *

<< .

. 3 .

110c0/l

[ill [ill @]

leepn. I.. lr.. 1 "

l'lln81'--':;;--'n
o,n.
o.-
O;;-'
o
32
1 23S

27

0,01350

1236

32

,100

1237

28

0,01400

1238

24

0,01200
0,01300

1 24S

26

1246

33

0.01650

1247

26

300

n 2000 '"

02 .--.,...,.-----,

0,01

1 234 1 278 1 468 2378 3468

. 4 .

2',


.
,
:
{ Pascal}
program ;
const CountExp= I OOOO; { }
var N :integer; {N - }
i,k,rj,c: integer;
T,Place: array[ l .. IOO] of integer;

28

3 /2009

{ }
writeln('P= ' ,s/CountExp:5 :3);
end.

{ - }
{Place - }
s:real; { }
begin
write('N=') ;readln(N) ;
s:=O;
for k:= 1 to CountExp do begin
for i:= 1 to N do T[i] :=i;
for i:= 1 to N do Place[i] :=O;
r:=random(N) + 1 ; { }
Place[r] :=T[ 1 ] ; {
}
for i:=2 to N do begin {
}
if Place[T[i] ] >O then begin
{ i- , }
r:=random(N-i+ 1 ) + 1 ;
:=;
for j: = 1 to N do begin
if Place[j] =O then :=+ 1 ;
if c=r then break;
end;
Place[j] :=[ i] ;
end else Place [T[i] ] :=T[i] ;
end;
{ }
if Place [N] =T[N] then s:=s+ 1 ;
end;

, ,

,
.
,
-
,
, J
.
, , ,

,

, .

1 . ..
. -
. - 1997. - N2 2.
2. . .
. - . : , 1964.
3. .., ..

(
- ). -

. - http:/jschoo1-collection.edu.ru.

& & - W &


11
(. HaaJio

Nl 1 - 2009

r .)

. . n , . .
( )

7. (C l , , 2006.)
4cosx ctgx + 4ctgx + sinx == .
( 1 8)
. ( 1 8 )

4cos 2 x + 4 cosx + sin 2


sinx

= .

( 1 9)

( 1 9)

29

4 cos2 x + 4 cos x + sin2 =


sinx '# .

<20)

(20)

( )

xk = arccos -

+ 21tk, k E Z

Xn = 1t + 21tn, n Z .
sinxk '# k Z,
xk (20) .
sinxn = n Z,
xn

(20). , (20) , ,
( 1 8) ,
xk.
:

arccos

(-)

+ 21tk, k Z .

1
,
.
.
.

,
,
,
- .
, .
1
:
6.
q>(x) .

f(x) = g(x) f(x)q>(x) = g(x)q>(x).
-
-
(. 4.3).
1 0 39

.
.
8.

4cosxcos 2x = 1 .

(23)

-
.

,
, ..
. ,

. ,
xk = 1tk,
Z
(23). ,
(23) -
, xk.
q>(x) =
= sinx .
, (23) q>(x) ,

- 2 - 3 = 0

4sinx cosxcos 2x = sinx,

= -1

(2 1 )

2 = 3 ,

.Jx - 2 (x2 - 2 - 3) = 0,

(22)

( 24)

(23) .

, (2 4)

(2 1 )

sin 4x = sinx.

q>(x)=../x - 2 ,
3 = 2 4 = 3. ,
(2 1) (22)
1 = - 1 (2 1 )
(2 1 ) 3 = 2.
,

.

(25)
,
(2 5)

. 3

2s-cos- = .

( 2 5)

(26)
2
2
(26)
2
2m + I
Xk=J 1t/c , k Z, Xm=5- 1t, m Z.


k '* 3/, 1 Z, xm,
'* 5 + 2, Z.
(23) :

xk,

xk

2
= nk,

'*

3/, k

Z,

Z,

2 + 1
= --n, ::F; 5 + 2,
5

Z,

Z.

37t

5 + 2r, r

Z,

q E Z,

+ 1 = 0.

(27)
(27)

2 + 1 .

..

= -oo; -

i] u (O; +oo) .

(27)

= ( ; + ) .

(28)
((2 + 1) - 1)2 = 0.
(28) 1

(2 + 1) = 1,
: 1 = - 1

Z.

(2 + 1) - 2(2 + 1) + 1 = 0,

1
:
7.
(
, .. ) .
,
, ,
.

1
39 .
.
9. (2, , 2008,
.)

(2 + 1) + 2

i]

= .J(2 + 1)

21t + 27tn, n Z, Xq = 21t + 2nq,


xn =
s
37t
, = - + 2r, r Z .
5
21t
27t + 2nq,
+
2nn,
n E Z,
:
S

1 = - oo; -

3 / 2009

(-)
). (27)
1

Xm

1
=
2 2.

1
1 , 1
(28), ,
1 (27),
1
2

= .J(2 + 1)


). (27)
2

(2 + 1) + 2(2 + 1) + 1 = 0,

(29 )
((2 + 1) + 1) 2 = 0.
2
(2 + 1) + 1 > ,
(29) ,
2 ,
2 (27)
. ,
(27) 1
: - 1 .

31



1 0 r
.
8.
f(x) g(x)
.
, > -::; 1 .

f(x) = g(x)

(30)

(31)
(30) (31)
(30).
(31) (30)

(31).
,
-
(. r 3.1),
(. 3.2) ,
,
(. r
3.3),
8.
r 8.
10.

lg ( 1 6x - 1 ) = lg (r - 1).

(32)

. (32)
,
r - 1 > 16 - 1 > , ..
= ( 1 ; +).

f(x) = 16 - 1 g(x) = r - 1 .
,
(32),

16 - 1 = r - 1 ,
(33)
(32) .
(33) : 1 = , 2 = 2,
3 = -2. 2
. , (33)

2

(32)
2
: 2.
11.

_1_ = (x - 1)sin x .
.Jx - 1

(34)

. (34)
,

1
vx- 1

-:--:; ,

..

- 1 > . ,
(34)
= ( 1 ; +) .

f(x) =

1
,---:;
vx - 1

.
g(x) = ( - 1 )510

(34), ,

lg -1- = lg(x - l)sin x .


.Jx - 1

(35)

, ,
(35)

lg(x - 1

k N,

{ + sinx) = .

, 7t
: 0 = 2 ; xk = - + 2 7tk ,
6

57t
xn = - 6
+ 2nn, n

N. ,


(34) .

7t
57t
2; - 6
+ 27tk , k E N, - 6
+ 2nn, n

N.

1 .

-
,
.

.

32


,
(
)

,
. .
12.

.Jsinx = cos x + .

(36)

. (36)
,

sinx

(37)

cosx + -1 0.

(38)

(37) (38),
,
(36).
.
, ,
(37) (38) (36)

s 2 x = cosx + 4 .

(39)

, (36)
(39),
(37) (38) , ..
(36),

s 2 x = cosx + 41

sinx O

(40)

cos x + 41 o.
,
(36) (39),
: (36)
(40). . (40)

sin 2 x = cosx +
sinx O,

3 / 2009

{t::a
{

cos x +

;)

cosx = !

sinx O

, ,
, ,
(36),

xk = 1t + 21tk,
-

Z.

+ 27tk,
1t

Z.

,

, , ,
,
(38).
,
.
, ,

, ,
, ,

.
, ,
,

.
,
(36) (40 )
,
, (36)
(40).
,
.


.
,

-

12

33

, I
r nr.
12 43

.
.

.
9.

Jf(x)l

lg(x)l = f(x)

g(x)

(41)

f(x) ;::: O
{g(x)
;::: O.

l5

13.

51

jx2

5 + 61 = 5 + " - 5 +

(42)
. f(x) =
=
5 g(x) = " - 5 + 6, f(x) + g(x) =
= + " - 5 + 1. ,
(42) (41) ,
-

1.

sxsx

,
,
,
( 4 5)

sin4 x = .

( 46)
xk = 1tk, k Z.
, xk
(44). ,
(44) xk.
: 1tk, k Z.
13
,
.

.



10.

{sx2 - 5 ;::: 0

- 5 + 6 ;::: .

(47 )

F(x) =
(43)


(43) [1; +) ,
- (-; 2] u [3; +) .
(43)
[1; 2] u [3; +) . ,
(43) (42)
.
: [ 1 ; 2] u [3; +) .
, 8 Jf(x)l =
= g(x) -
2
- f 2 (x) = g (x).
14. ( 1, , 2005.)
(44)
lsinxl = sinxcosx.
. (44)
,

(45)
( 44). S N!! 3

(46)

F(x)

= J;(x) + J; (x) + . . . + /" (),


.
(47)

J; (x) = O
0
- - f,. (x) = O.
, 2008.)

15. (7,

25 2 - 20 + 6 =
v'2 + cos 5
= v'2 - cos 5

: )(

:}

(48)

.

, ( 48)

51tX
(5 - 2)2 + cos 2 4 = 0.

(49)

34

(49)
, : R,
(49)

5 - 2 = 0
5 = 0.
COS 4

1 = ,

(50)

1 6 .

(2,

f(x) = A
{g(x)
= A.

17. ( ,

5.

, 2005.)

1 1 - 2sinx + cosxl
.

1 1 - 2sinx

2sinx + 1 = cos 2x. (53)


(53)
+

cosxl - ( 1 - 2sinx + cosx) =


= cos 2x - 2 - cosx.

1 1 - 2sinx + cosxl - ( 1 - 2sinx + cosx) =

y = 1n 2 (x 2 - 3x - 9) + x 3 - 8x - 8.

2006.)

)
, (50), ,
(48), 1
2
:

3 / 2009

f(x) g(x)
f(x)'?:. g(x) ,
- . f(x) =
= g(x)

(50)

(5 1)

= -2

.
(5 1)

{3 - 3 - 9 = 1

- 8 - 8 = 0.


1
: 1 = -2 2 = 5.
, - .
, ,
(52),
2 , (51)
: -2.
: -2.


1 1 .
() -

R
cosxl - ( 1 - 2sinx + cosx)

(54)

(52)
(52)
,

, (52)

(% - cosx)o + cosx).

1 1 - 2sinx

-2

(% - cosx)o + cosx) O,

'?:.

(54) -

1 1 - 2 sinx + cosx 1 - (1 - 2 sin x + cosx) =

(% - cos x)o + cosx) = O.

(55)
(56)

(56)
xk = 1t + 21tk, k Z.
xk (55).
, , ,
(53),
xk.
: 1t + 21tk, k Z.
18. (7, <<
2008.)

,16---(5__+_2)2 = 4 + cos 2 15

,:X .

(57)

35

. Ir J)(j) 11 D(g),

f(x) = v11 6 - (5x + 2) 2

151tX
- ;::: 4,
4 + cos 2 4

1 51tX
-,
g(x) = 4 + cos 2 4
16 - (5 + 2)2 :::; 4

(57) -

(58)
16 - (5 + 2) 2 = 4
4 + cos 2 151tX = 4.
(59)
4
(58)
2
, = - , 5
(59), , ,
(57),
1
2
:
5
--



12. f(x) ,
g(x) D(f) 11 D(g),
f(x) = g(x)
.
19. (6, , 2006.)

(0,2)x+l = .J35 + 5x .

(60)

f(x) = (0,2)+ 1 g(x) = .J35 + 5x


D(f) 11 D(g) = [-7; +).
f(x) ,
g(x) . ,
(60) .
/(-2) = g(-2) = 5, (60)
- -2.
: -2.
20.

(61)
f(x) = 2

.
g(x) = 1 - .Jx - 1 . -

= D(f) 11 D(g) = [ 1 ; +) .
f(x) ,
g(x) .
(61) , .
(60) (6 1)
. ,
f(x) ,
f(x) ;::: /( 1) = 2 ;
g(x) ,
g(x) :::; g( l ) = 1 .
,
/() > g(x), .. 0 ,
/(0) = g(x0).
, (61)
.
: .
1 5
. ,
<<-
, 7 .
15
.
1 1

,
,
.
21. (3, , 2008.)
,
(-3 ; - 1 ]
4 - &2 - 2 .
: ,

(62)
(-3 ;
(62)

4 - (8

+ a)r -

2=

-1].
(63)

,
(63) ,
(-3 ; - 1 ] .

36

(63)
:

[ }

- 9;

(-3 ; - 1 ]

(62)

-1]

-1].

-1,

1 :S

8+ +
2

( 8 +2 )2 + 2 < 3.

[ }

- 9;

,
2 > ,
1 ( - 3;
2 (-3 ;
,
-3 < 1 :S
.. , -

3 / 200.9

[; + }
(-oo; - 9) u [ ; + oo}

- ;

- 9) u


( N.! 08-06-00 1 44) .

( ..)
.,

, , ,

; , , . . .

, . . . ::

. , .

: -

, .

?! !

, , -

. . .

.. , .

- . . . - ,

: . . .
!

. - , , ,

. ?

; -

( ) .

. . . , , ,

, . . .

, : , ,

: ... -,

. !

, , ,

. . .

Olvr.

, ,

, - , I

! ,

? :

-, .

'I
..

()

,
, .


, - .

. .


,
:
,
. ,
,
ru ,
.
,
, ,
- ,
,
, .

1


-: ,
,
, .

:
1

(
) , ,
.

.

? ,
?
, ,
, ?
,
. ,
.

,
:
, ,
..
.
-
.



.
,
,
, .

-:


,
?

,
,

, .
,

. ,
.
, .
: -
, ,
- ,
,
,
.
, ,


,
.

.

,
. (5 .)

? ,
! (5 .)

,
, . (5 .)


. (6 .)

[..
] . (6 .)

- ,
. (6 .)

- ,
,
. (7 .)

.
(7 .)

.
( 8 .)


, -

ryr

3 / 2009

. (9 .)

- ,
. ( 1 0 .)

.
( 1 1 .)


, , ,
,
. ,

.

-
? , ,
,
-,
, .,
(
, ,
..).
,


.
,
.
:

,
,
..

.
? ,
, , ,
.


,
.
,
-


,
, - >

. (
)
,
:
.
, ,
,
, ,
.

,
.

, ,
, , , ()

, ,
, .
r
,
.

, ,

,
,
..
,
,
,
.

,
.


, .. .

,
.

39


,
,
.

,
.


: ,
, .
,
:
,
. ,

.
37 , ,

(, 300 ) . ,
,
.

.


, ,
.
,
.

, - , -
,
.
.
. ,

? , ,
. , -. -
" " ,
"" .

40



. :
,
? : ,
,
, ?
,
, .

,
.


:
,
,
.
: -
. ,
:

.

: ,
, .



:
,
. : -

3 / 2009

, ,
, .

:




. -
, ,
.
,
,
.

50%,

100%.


, .
,
,
. ,

, .
,
:
, .


- .
: , ,
. , .
,
.
-
:
, () , .

,
.

. ,

2,4 , 1.!.2

. -

, ,
.
.
,

:
,
,
2 ..,
.

,
.

41


.
, n n .

:
, n n .

: ,
.
n
n : ,
.
, n n
,

, n .
,
, ,
n.

:
,
.
, n ,

n n :
n .
, ,
n n . , n,
2
3
- - ? n
4
3
- n

1
- '

1
-
4
2
, -

1
4

- > -.

3
4,

3
3
3 < 4.
2


n
,
. ,

. n
n , npa
, reo
. i
, t
, : i
,
;
.

3 j;;

,
, n
.
n ?
, >>,

, .
n n n
. ,

1 1 1 1
- + - + - + - +.
2 4 8 16
? ,

n ,
, n
1 .
1 1 1 1
- + - + - + - +.. ?
2 3 4 5
n , n
, !
,
,
n .
n
: ,
n.
. .


n
, -

42

-
, ,
:
. ,

. ,
,

,
. ,
.

.
.


. <<
.

;
,
.

.
,
.

, , ,
, ..
.
,
,
,
,
.

,
, .
, ,


.

3 /2009

KorAa

u
: ,
.
,
.

- ,
, .
, .
?

. :
, .. ,
? ,
,
, . ,
,
. ,

. : ,
.
,
?

,
- :
- , ! -
. - ?
- , - .
- ?
- .
- .
- , .
.
. ,
. ?
.

. , .
, .


,
n
n

. , ,
,
,
n ,
,
n. ,

,
,

43

,
.
,
n,
- ,
.

, .
, n


,
, .

1 1 . .
,
.
:
. ,
, -

.
,

,
, 2009 .
.,

,

.
,
5- .
,

, 1 3 , 5 - ,
, - .
. ,
.
(
.. - )
- , - ..
. ' , , ,
, -
, -
IIIOJIy .


,


. << ,
1 1 ,

.

, .
, , ,


.
,
, - -
, -
. ,
,
,
.
.
,
. - 2 1 ,
: , :
, ! , - ,
.
.
.
, ,
, ,
, - .

,

..

()

,
( ) . , .
- NP N2 , N3 -
(. 1 ) .
- D 1 , D2 , D3,
(. 2) . ,
, .
.

. 1

. 2

N1 - ,
(. 3). , ,
. LBN1 C = LBHC ( ) , LBHC
N HN3 , LNPN3 = 1 80 - LA (
2
AN2HN3).
, N1
BN1 C 1 80. , , , N1 ,
, . ,
N2 N3 (. . 1 ) .
D 1 - ,
(. 4). ,

45

., , LBD1C = 1 80 - LA. BHCD1 :r ( BHCD1 1


) LBHC = 1 80 - LA, LBDP = 1 80 LA.
, D2 D3 (. . 2)
.
-

. 3

. 4

1 . ,
, .
( ) .
2. ,
, N, ,
, - D. ,

.
,
1. ,
D,
,
.
. \\ -
HND. , 1 = H1N
1 M1D (.
LAND = 90.

, AD -
, = DO.
=

5) .

2. ,

. 5

1
1 = - , 1 - (. .
2

5) .

. 1 - D ( = DO,
1

1 = M1D) , 1 =
.
2

46

3 /2009

, :
n n .

3. , , ,
n (n ) , n 20 = , - n
, - , - ( n
).
. 1 D (. 6).
n 2 : 1 ,
. n , 1 -
: 1 = 2 : 1 . , , ,
n , , 20 = .

. 6

4. n .
. , n
.
. 1 - - , n
D. 2- - DH, -
1 3 - - 1 , 4- - .
1 - ( . 7).
5. , , n
,
.
. 23 - ,
, - 3 (. 8).
2
3 (
90) . Q - , .
23 : - D; -
1 ; Q - (. . 7 4).
23 , , .

47

6. 1
, F 1 (. 9).
, : , 2 , F, , ,
- , 2 , - ,
.
. , 2 (
2 90) ,
. , F . 1
( D)
(. . 9). AD - , LAED = 90. WEM1 =
= MFM1 ( 1 ) , LHFM1 = 90. LHFA = 90, ,
- , AFH. ,
.
-

7. 1 .
1

F (. 10).
, = HF.

. 1 0

. 1 D,
. , LAD = 90
HDBE . LHED = LHBD
, .
HDCF . LHFD = LHCD. LHBD = LHCD
r BHCD. ,
EDF - DH - , , ,
. , = HF.

48

3 /2009

.. ,

8. , n ,.
n - n ::
. , n

. 1 - - . 2-
- n ,, n n N (. 1 1 ) .
3- - , H1N, n
, , .

11

12

9. - . ,
, R , n
. !
. N n n
, RJNC = R (. 1 2) . BNC
, RJHC = RJNC = R.
10. .
, ,
n nn .

13

14

49

. - ,
, .l . F - I
, Q - (. 1 3).
, - . - ,
, .. CQ = QB.
: Q - .
, .

11.

. , = 4. AN (. 1 4) .
1

. , ,
, , , ,
, - ,
, - (!).
1 .l . 1 = , = 2 ( 1 = -1 , . 2).

1 = H1 N = . AN =

11

AN =

ET = 4 AN.

2( + ) ,

2 + 2.

, ,


= + . -

12. 2
, 3 - 2 : 1 , (. 1 5) .
.

= 2 = H2N2 = , 3 = H3N3 = , = 2.
: 2 = 2 2, = y.,fi.
l.
LH2HH3 = 1 80 - LA, LH3HB = LA. , cos LBHH3 = = cos LA

LA = 45.
( 3) , .. cos LA = =
.

y-v 2

. 1 5

. 1 6

v2

50

3 / 2009

13. - .
1 , LBKC = 90. S = S, S = S1 S
.
N (. 1 6) . 1 = , 1 = n,
: 1 H1N = mn. -

1 - , , = mn.
2
: 1 H1N = 12 , 1 H1N = ( 1 ) ,
2S 2S1 = (2Si , S = SS1
(LBKC =

90)

14.
.
.
. ( = )
ro. 1
, (. 1 7 ) .
1 = 2r (r - ro). , H1N = 1 = 2r, IN = 3r
(/ - ) . N , , IN = BN = CN (
- ) .

,

LCNA = L

CH1N

2r = -2 .
-=cos LCNH1 = -1N
N 3r 3

, , -

: LB = LC = arccos 32 .

17

18

1 5 . - , 1 - . 1
Q (. 1 8) .
, QM = 21
. N, (1 = H1 N)
NK. , 1 (. 1 9) .
1 - KHN.

51


2 : 1 , .

(. 3). ,
1
1
, Q
(. . 1 8) . : 1
2 : 1 , ,
QM : 1 = 2 : 1 , QM = 21
-

19

,
D N.

moll

16. ,
(. . 2).

D1, D2 , D3

17. D
. , L LBAD.

18. S.
,
2S.
19. + OD = OB + OC, - ,
, D - , .

20. .

, . , , 1
( 1 - ) .
2 1 . F
,
. Q EF.
, Q AEF.

22. .D 1 , D2 , D3 (. . 2) ,
. ,
k = 2.
.

52

3 / 2009

11 RIOIIll N

23. ,
t,
. , , ,
.
24.

, ( = )

1 .

1 '

--

=-

25. N
. , CN = , CN
30. .
: LA = 75, LB = 60, LC = 45.
26. N1 , N2 , N3
(. . 1). ,
, h0 , h , hc. ,

AN1
ha

BN2
h

CN3
= 4.
hc

27.
1 0 , . .

: LA = arccos 31 .

28. 3 = h - ,
, - 3 3
. CQ, Q - .

: CQ = -3 h.
29.

1 = 2 = 3 = .!_ I OH 2 - R 2 1,
2
- , - , R

.
30. : ,
L - .

---<$>---

53


&& &
. .

()




. , ,
.. [1]
, .. [2]
,
, .. [3]

, ..
[4]
.
,
,


.. [5, 6, 7, 8] .
,
,
.
,
,
[9, . 63-64]
, : 1)
; 2)
; 3)
; 4)
; 5)
; 6)
; 7)
.




: 8)
; 9)


1
,
, ; 10)

( ,


).
, ,
: 1 1)
; 12)
;
13) m
, .



1 . ,

[ 10]
1 1 -
.
r:
(. [ 10, . 122]). , r
:
,
.


, ,
. J
,

,
,
, : 1

54

, .


.


(. [4] ), -
,
[ 4] ,
,

.

,
.

.
,
:


?


.
,

,

,
,
.
.
(). f [; ] R -
,
(; ),
/() = f( b ).
. (; ), , /'() = .
,
:
f(x)

(0) 0 -

3 / 2009

,
, f'(Xo) = .


[ 1 1] , ,

.
.
[ 12]
f 0,

f(x) - f(x0 ) = f(x)(x - x0 ) ,

/() - [12] f 0
0 - ,
. : f(x) < , (.), >
f(x) > O, (0), < 0
J(x) 0,
O f(x0 ) = / (x0 ) 0, .
.
.
.
f(x) = /() = f( b ) = const,
. f(x)
,
,
(
)
[ ; ] .
, ,
/ '() = .
,
, ..

.
.

,

.

55

.
(
) - .

.

1 (
). f [; ] Rn -
- , f. (x) , . . . , /"()
(; ) ,
J;( a ) = J;(b) , i = 1 , . . . , n.
1 , ... , n ,
(J;'( 1 ), ... , J:< )) - .

,
.
1

- f
,

. .
2. J; : [; ] R (i = 1, . . . , n) ,
(; ). , , ,, ... , ,
n

i=l

i=l

"f. ;/; () ="f. ;/; ().


. (; ), ,
L.;/;'() = 0.

i=l

, 2
,
.

.
f
,
.

() . f [; ] R ,
(; ).

. (; ),
= f'( )( b - ) .

, f(b) - f(a)



.
.

F(x) = f(x) - ,
, F(a) = F(b) .
: f( a) - =

= f() - , r = f(b) - f(a) .

F( x) = f(x) f(b) - f(a ) .


-

, F , ,
(; ) , F'() = ,

/'() -

f(b) - f( a ) = 0 .
-

r .

,


.

.

,
,
[13]. ,

f( x ) 1
() = f(a) 1 .
f(b) 1
,
, ,
(; ) , '() = ,

/'()
f( a ) 1 = 0.
f(b)
1

,
.

56

,
-
,

.
,

,

. ,
.

,

(; ) .

3 (B.Finta [ 14] ) .
f : [; ] R
(; )
/Jx) , t: (x)
f(a) = f(b) , .
( ; ) , ,
/J) . f: ()
= .
.
f [; ] ,

.
= , , , f(x) = const
[; ] f'(x) = [; ] .
fJx) = f: (x) = O
.
:F- ,

[; ] .
= /() . (; ) .
, ' (; ) , < . ' > .

f( x) - /() . f(x') - /() <


(1)

-
' -
( 1 ) ; '
. /J) J; () O .
-

3 / 2009

1 . B . Fin

[ 14] f: [; ] R,
(; )

,
, [; ]
.
3
.

3.
ta

1) f(x) =

{,

[0; 1)
, = 1 .

f (O) = / ( 1 ) ,
[; 1 ]

( f '(x) = fJx) = t: (x ) = 1 ) ,
.
3 .
2) = , [; 1 ] ,
[; 1 ] ,
,
() :F- ( 1 ) .
3 .

.
3 :
,
f(x) M0 ( , f()) ,
(; ) , ,

k+ k_,
: k+ . k_ .
, 3

,
3
.
:

?
,
3. 3 -

, ,
,
.
1
(; )
, ,
.

4.
f: [; ] R, (; )

57

) .
(; ) , F() = .
,

F(x) - F()
:S O,

(; ] .

(2)

(2) . F;() :S O,

1: () 0.
) .

1 (; ) , F( 1 ) = .

l: (x)

f(a) = f(b), .
' 11 , (; ), ,

, F; ( x) :S O (; 1) ,

1: () 0, 1: (11 ) :S O.
4 ,

,
:
1
(; )
-

1: ()
(; 1) .

11 ,

t: (x) ,
/'() =
11 .
1: () 0, 1: (11 ) :S O.
4.
.
F(x) = ( - )(/() - f(a)).
F{x) = const,

F;(x) = O r
r (; ), = (; )
: 1: () = 0. ,
ro

I:( ) 0, /;(11 ) :S O, 11 = .
=.
F(x)
. F(a) = F( b ) = , ,
, : )
F(x) [; ]
; )
F(x) [; ] ,
.
-

, F;(x) :S O
(; 1) , ..
2 (; 1) ,

F; ( 2 ) > . ,
2 , F(x) - ( 2 )
> 0,

- 2
F(x) > F(2) . -
F [ 2 ; 1 ] .
> F(2 ) F( . F
(2 ; 1) .

F( x) - F()
:S O ,
-

(3)

(; ,).

( 3)

F; () :S , 1: () .
,
(; ),
1: () , .
11

1: (11 ) :S
() = -F(x) .
4 .
4
-

58

,
[15].
3 4
.

f(x) (; ):
3
(; )
/Jx), t:(x), 4 -
. 4, ,

.
2.


. Furi Mossimo, Martelli
Mario [ 16]
,


. , [ 17]

.

2 .

. .

N2

N2

N2

1 0.

7. ..
// . 2005. -

N2

5.

8 . ..
11
. - 1 994. -

N2

3.

9. . .
. - , 1 999.
10. .. :
. 1 1

. /

. . , . . , . . ,
. . . - 2- . - . : , 200 3 .
1 1 . z . .



// . - 200 6 . -

N2

2 (37).
12. z ..

// . - 1 994. -

N2

4.
1 3 . i . , . 1 .
1 4. Finta . generalization of the Lagrange mean

.N!!

2.

1 5 . Beg lsmat, Asam Akbar. Mean value inequalities


and some fundamental results of calcu1us // Austra1.

1.

3 . . . 11
. - 1 99 6 . -

//
. - 2004. -

va1ue theorem // Octogon, 1 99 6 . - 4,

1.

/1

. - 1 996 . -

3 / 2009

. : , 1 950.

1 . . . ? //
. - 1 97 3 . -

N2

6.

N2

3.

1 6 . Fri Mossimo, Marte//i Mario. Mu1tidimensional

4. .. //

N2

5.

// . - 2004. -

N2

. - 1 984. -

Math. Soc . Gaz. - 1 99 3 . - 20,

version of Rolle ' s theorem // Amer. Math. Mon. 1 995. - 1 02, N2 3 .

5 . .. ?

1 7 . Evard J. - Ci. , Jafari F. , Polyakov

Gene

ralizations and applications of com-p1ex Rolle ' s

8.

6 . ..

theorem // Nieuw. arch. wisk. - 1 995. - 1 3 ,

---<$>----

.N!!

2.


3 1 2 0 0 9 .

. N!! 1 2 0 0 9 .

5060. : . 20 .
50 . 2000 . 10
, : . 2008 . - 10 . ,
, 20002008 . , 2036 .
.. ()
506 1. 1..- 2 2 2
,
. (. 1)
-.
-?

. .

(. .)

5062.

123456789101 1 1213 ... ,


m ,
: 1 - , 2 -
, 3 - ..
, . ,
?
.. ()
5063.

2 + 2 + 2 + _!_ ( / a - b l + l b - c l + l c - a li 9R 2 ,

16

, , - , R - .
.. (, )
5064. - SA 1A2 .An. "
SA1 , , $An , .
n ,
?
.., ..iW ()

60

3 / 2009

5065. (fk ) ;=I : J; (x) = sin x,


fm+l (x) = fm (sin x). , n N
Pn n - 1 , k N

ti" > ( O) = P (k).


( fi n > -

ft.)
..

(.-)

, N 8 2008 .

5030. , . 2,
. ,
7 /. .
, ?

. 2

. 3

( , . :
, , .)
: 3,5 /.
. , , , D, , F ; ,
(. 3).
, 3,5 j ,
- - , r .
, 3,5 /,
. , ,
(.. DEFAB) ,
, . ,
, ,
; , - .

. , ,
, BCD DEFAB. , ,
- ,
, r
.
3,5 /,
.

61

, W;

,
Z. , r ,
WX, ,
-

3,5 1
7 2

- = -

. ,

Z.
r , .
W , r,
, - ..

5031. '''.
, .
, , ' , ', ' . , = ' , = ', = ' .
'' ?
: .
. , ,
, ''', LA = LC = 45
LA' =

LC' = arctg 3.

'
= = = i

arctg .!.. ,
2

5032. , , ,
2 + 2 = 22 - 2, 144.
. 144 = 3 2 24,
3 2 = 9 24 = 16.
, 3 , 9.
3 , 2 + 2 = 2 2 - 2 = 1 (mod 3),
= (mod 3), .. = (mod 9). , ,
3, 2 + 2
22 - 2 = 2 (mod 3) 2 = 2 (mod 3),
,
, ,
i + 2 = 22 - 2.
16. 2 + 2 = 22 - 2 ,
, , ,
:

2 + 2

22 - 2 = 2 (mod 8)

= 2 (mod 8).
2
, + 2 = (mod 4), 2 = 1 (mod 4), ..

. 2 = 1 (mod 8) 2 + 2 = 22 - 2 = (mod 16);


2 + 2 = (mod 16) ,
4. , 16.

62

3 / 2009

5033.

1
1

+ --- +
$ -- ,
.Jsm a sin sin .J2S
1

---

--

, . ,
, S .
. 2S = ab sin y = bc sin a = ca sin ,
-

1
1
1
.; + . + h
--- + -- + -- = ----==-- '
.J2S
.Jsm a sin sin
.-

-v oc

S -- ,

+
+
;-v ca s -- -v ab s --

_1_ _1_ _1_


+
+
s
.Jsin sin sin

a+b+c

.J2S

2
_!_ _
.J2S

5034. 1 1
2, , ,
. , , 2 1

..fi ..fi.
) - .
) , .
. )-) . n .
. 4 r,

( n

. 4

= 5) .

. 5

. 6

. 5 , r (
, ,
).
. 6 ( n = 3), .

5035. Q ( ;j{: Q) , "() < Q"(x) <


R. () = Q(x)?
: .

. n N u {}
() Q(x) ,
() = Q(x) n .

()

- , n ,
n

q(x) = - 1 - I i ak i(x 2 k + 1). () + q() <


"

k=

"() I ak x k .
=

k=

R,

? xk + 1 > k N u {} R.
Q(x) , Q"(x) = q(x) ,
() - () Q(x).


5030 7 , 4
, 3 , 5 j .
, : -
>> , 495 1 ,
N!! 9 2007 .
.
503 1 ,
(
) '''. >>
.. ,
: 1) ',
'; 2) (
') ,
r.
5032 n
. , ,
r + 1 = 2-i' - 2, ,
, , ,

(2 - 2k)2

(2

+ 2k)2 =

2(2

1)2 - 2.

5033 .
- , ,
.
5034 (.. )
; . ( n = 1

J5

v5

JlO

v 10

..fix..fi,

n =

n=

3 -

;>.)

n (,

2..fi

).

64

3 /2008

5035 , , ,
. , , ..
.
. . J

( )


N 8 2008 .

.. (. , ) - 5033.
m .. () - 5030-35.
.. () - 5033.
.. (-) - 5032-34-.
.. ( ) - 5032, 33.
.. () - 5030, 33.
.. ( . , ) - 5032, 33.
.. (. .) - 5030, 32-34-,
.. (. , ) - 5033.
.. () - 5030-34-, .
.. (. . .) - 503 1-34-, .
.. (.-) - 5032, 33.
.. () - 503 1-33.
.. () - 5033.
.. () - 503 1-33, 34-, , 35.
.. (. -) - 5032.
.. (. . - .)
5033.
.. (. .) - 5034-.
.. (, ) - 503 1 , 33.
.. (. , ) - 503 1 , 33.
.. () - 503 1 , 33.
.. ( ) - 5030, 32-34-.
.. (.-) - 5033.
.. () - 5033.
.. (. -) - 5033.
.. () - 503 1-33, 34-.
.. () - 5030-33, 34-, , 35.

. - ,
(. .., .., ..) - 503 1-33,
, (. ..) - 5033.
<< , ,
(. ..., ..) - 5032.
N!! 1 30,
(. ..) - 5030-33, 34-, .

34-, 35.

65

&

.., . .

()

.
1 ( ). k
. , ,
. , :
;
, , .
,
?
11 ( ). k ,
. ,
,
, , .
.
.. 1
(k
1 2) [ 1 ] ( 4385)
k = 4, 8) [2] ( 80 88). <<
[ 1 ] .
, , :
l - , (
);
=

LxJ -

,
1:

jlog2 k l+ 2 1 + 2
=

).
k ;<:: 4 k '# 21 - 1 , 1 N,
1g2 k 1+ 1; k i - 1 , 1 ;<:: 3 ,

11 ,
1 [3].
( ) .
[4] ( 669) .
.
11 : k ;<:: 4 k - ; k '# 21 - 2, 1 N,

tog 2 k l+ 2 1 + 2
=

tog 2 k l+ 1;

i-

1 ;<:: 3,

, 11 1
k
i - 2.
=

2,

k,

66

3 / 2009

.
.
The
Mathematical Gazette 1 945 . [3] . [5, 6]
. [3] ,
... ,
,
:
.
1 ,
.
( < , = , > ),
- ( , ).

. ,
.
k < 4 . , k = 2
. k = 3 ,
, ,
, -
( : ) , -
( ) .
k ,
2

k.

, .


.
, - -.
. - ,
. ,
. - ,
.
, .
- ,
.
- -, = {a l a e }.
, .
, k ( ) .
k k . M(i, )
M(i, 1 ) , i-
1 .

n n . i- (i = 1 ,
2, . . . , n) M(i, 0),
- M(i, 1). i-ro - 1;:

/'.

;;; 0, ;

1, .

1; 1 = 111 /n. 1 , 1 -
2
, - . z '
1, .
.
1; = ( i-ro ) ,
:
- , ;
- -
, ;
i- 1 / ; ;;; 1 .
1; = 1 ( i- ) ,
:
- , ;
- _!I ll! , ;
i- 1 / ; ;;; Q
, - , i i-
1;; , 1 .
- , /1 /
2 ln
, 1 , . .
.
k = 4, 000, 0 1 1 , 1 0 1 , 1 1 0,
1 , 2, 3 4.
1 - 2- ( ) 3- 4-,
1 - 3 - 2- 4-, - 1 - 4- 2- 3-.
t 1 - , - 000 -
.
2- .
100, 2- .
.
, k - ,
n -
k.
II.
, i- ,
i- , ,
.

11.
n?

68

3 / 2009

, - - , = { 1 }.
, 2n-l
, k ::;; 2n-l,
(1)
1". , k = 21, 1 2, (1), WI .
, , (1) 1 + 1 . ,
(/ + 1)-,
. ,
k 21
2". 21 < k ::;; 21+ 1 - 4, 1 2. (1) 1 + 2. ,
(/ + 2)- k.
21+ 1 1 + 1 k - 4 ,
1 - 1
( k - 4 ::;; 21+ 1 - 8 , (/ + 1)-,
1 - 1 , , ,
, , ).
, . =

1 ( k - 4) . ,
2
, , - .
(, ,
).
k , ,
. (1 + 2)-:
0 . . . 0000,0 ... 01 10, 1 ... 101 1 , 1 ... 1 101.

k 4 2,
, .
1 + 2:
0 . . . 0000,0 ...

. k
21
=

01 10, 1 ... 1010, 1 ... 1 10 1 .

.
- 2. (1) , 1 + 1 . ,

.
L (..),
, L (..),
. ' ..
, .. . , ' - (;,
), {, , ', }.
- k 21 - 2 1 + 1 .
u 21+ 1 - 4 () . ,

69

(, , , ... ) .., .. ,
u 6

), , 21+ 1
( ', , ', , ',
1 + 1 . , .. ..
(, ,
).
, . ,
1
2, .

.
= i-1 - 1, .. . , 1
2

.
, -
. .
, . ,
, , .
.
. ,
- ,
, ,
. .. - !
, k 21 - 2
n > 1 + 1. 2",
(/ + 2)-.
11.
k 21, n 1 + 1, k 21 - 2
21 < k < 21+1 - 2, n 1 + 2.
.
. . .

, , ,
. ,
, ? ,
k , k i - 2 /,
.
. /(k)
, ,
k , .
k , 2k ( k
). n
=

70

3 / 2009

2n ( ).
2n ;<:: 2k, f(k):
, k ::;:. 21 - 2
1 + 1g 2 k l , ,

.
k = 21 - 2.
, k = 21 - 2 ( l ;<:: 3) 1 + tog 2 k l= 1 + l
.
.
.

6 . , 1 + tog 2 6l= 4
.
. () ,
( ) .
.
,
. ,
- ( ).
,
, .
, ,

. , ,
. , ,
/(4) = 1 + log2 4 = 3. ,
. ,
: /(6) = 4.

iiI r. , !(2' - 2) = l + 1 . 2'+ 1 - 2


21 - 1 .
2'-1 - 1 .
(
), ,
. 2' - 2 ,
.
f(2' - 2) - 1 = 1 .
, ,
21-1
. /(21 ) - 1 = 1
.
, !(2'+1 - 2) = 1 + 2, .

71

k = 2m + 1 ,
2 . f(k) :
.

, (
) .
2m + 1 ,
, , D

l; J . ,
r; l + l ; J = m.

r; l ,


, - D.
, .
D

{e} u A u - , d D, {d}
- u . .
- ,

r; l + 1 (

( d
,

).

{r; l + 1) ,

.
,
( )
(
,

{l; J + 1)

l; J

+1

D).
, .

f(2t) = 1 + log2 (2t)l = 2 + 1og2 tl , ,



, .
, ,
:

72

2 + 1og , (m + 1)1 /(2m + 1) 3

+og, (l 1 + 1J1

3 /2009

(2)

, 2m + 1 2m + 1 = 21 - 1 ,
(2) .
, 1 tog2 (2m + 1)1- 1
21-1 21 - 2,
21-1 + l m + 1 21 - 1, 21-2 + 1 + 1 21 -1 .
2
,
=

tog2(m + 1>l = z.

llog{r ; l + 1J1 = z - 1 .

(3)

(2) (3) ,
f(2m + 1) = 1 + 2 = tog2 (2m + 1) l+ 1 .
k = 21 - 1 .
(2)
1 + 1 /(21 - 1) 1 + 2.
(4)
,
/(21 - 1) 1 + 1 .
(5)
, .
,
. , ,
, ..
2(21 - 2) 21-1 - 1 .
4

, . 21-1 + 1 ,
1 . ,
1 + 2.
. ,
(
).
s ,
2s
(s , s
), 2k - 2s = 21+1 - 2 - 2s .
s = 21-1 - 1 2k - 2s = 21 - 2 - 21 + 2 = 21
s <. 21-1 - 1 , 2k - 2s > 2
1 + 1 . (5) . , ,
, .
.

73

, (, d) ,
3 - .
, i - 3 - . , = max (x, i - 3 - ).
, 2 - 1 . = ,
, .
, d + 2 i-1 + 1 .
, 1 . ,
1 + 2. (5) .
(4) (5) , /(21 - 1) = 1 + 2.
1 .
21 -

1 . .. 1 .. // . - 1999. -

N2 6.

2. .. 1993-2006 1
.. . - .: , 2007.

3. . / . // . - 1979. - N2 10.
4. .. 1 ... - :

, 2002.
5. . . .

1 .., .., ... - .: , 2001.


6. .. 1 .., . .. - .: , 1973.


w 6 ? w 6 n ?

N2 1 2009 . - 9 :

0
9 ( - .., .., ..). , ,
, ,
. ,
, .
17 ,
, . :
( . - . . ) ,

( ).
, ,
,
. , ,
, .
. ,
, .
(

79. )

&

( 100- 10 )

. .

()

100
,
-,
,
,
, ,

,
,
, .
43

. . .,

, , , . ..
,

.
, (
) , .
17
( 1 ) 1909 .
.
, .
,
. ,
, .
. ,
,
, .

1927 .
, 1933 . -

. ...
, ,
( 1933 .
..
. ..) ,
( 1 939) ,
( 194 1), ( 1 968),
,
, .
,

. ,


,
, .

,
.
..
- . 1953 .

.
- ..,

. ., . . , ..,
. . , .. -

76

. ...
..
: .. - ,
.. - , .. -
.
.
..
- .
:
1 ) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) ;
5) .
..
.
92 ,
12 m 1977-2006 .
.
- () 32
, ,
,
. 39
,
29 - .
..
( 13 ).
,
6-8 ..,
.., ..
1 964 .
(
), 1967 .
.


,
14 , ,
, , ,
, ,
.
(.., .. <<
. - . : , 2006)
1050
,
(
).
2 . <<
50 (1- 1958 .
>> ).
..,
.
, ..
,
.
1948- 1952 rr.

, 195 1-1954 . -

, 1968- 1973 .
.


,

1941-1945 .,
,
,
,
, ..

---<i>----


..

. n n
, N2 6 1961 .
n -
( ) : ,
, n
n .


,

(
) , ..

(, , , ..).

.
,
.
l. ,
, m .
.
,
. ,
.
.
2.
,
-
.
.
3. :
, .
,
, .


,
,

.

.
,
,
.
,
,
,
,
. ,

.


-
,
.


.

,

: ,
. ,
, 1
,
: )

; )
; ) - ; )
- ..

,
: ,
,
, m


.

,

,



. ,

.


,

, , ,
. , ,

,
,

,

. :
. ,

-

77

. ,
, , ,

, .

.
,
,


.
l.
, ,
.
.
?
2.
: ) ,
; ) ;
) ; )
?
3.
?
4.

?
5. , ,
.

.

, ?
6.
, ,
,
.
7.
: ,
,
.
8.

, : )

78

; )
?
9.
,

,
?
10. ,
,
.
.

, .
,
.

.

1 1 .
,
.

.

?

3 /2008


.
15.
D.
,

D.
16.
. ,

.
17.
.
18.
, .
.

.
19.
.
.

.
.

, ,
,
.
,
.

12. ?
13. ,

.
, ?
14. ,

.

,
. ,

20. ,
(
) .
. , ,

. ,
,
, ,
.
.

.

2 1 .
, (
)?
22. .
, -

79

,

.
23. ,

,
.


.
25.
, ,

-.

. ,

, .

r

.

,
.

,
.

.

24. ,
, , -


(.

73. )

- , ,
. , , ,
. .

20 (2 + + 3) 2 + (3 - 2 + 8) 2

, -

: , , , 2 + + 3 3 - 2 + 8
. .
.
2 1 , = kx
. (, .) : = kx
, . . . . , ,
,

. .

. .
n , , s ?
. , ,
1 00s
n = --

s
n = -.

, , ,

s .
. .

2009

11

:

1 . . , .
2 . .
3 . :
1 27254,

, . , . 1 , . 3 .

.j : (495) 6397303 ; 6 1 95287


E-mae l : marketi ng @school press . ru

000 / 7710301559/771001001
. , N 7981/0998
/ 4070281 043 8050103814 / 3 0 1 0 1 8 1 0400000000225 044525225


...
,
. , e - m a i l

, :


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

11 2009 .

10%

( )

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

0 0 0 / 7710301559/771001001
. , N 79 81/0998
; 4070281 043 8050103814 ; 3 0 1 0 1 8 1 0400000000225 044525225


...
,
. , e - ma i l

, :
.

11 2009 .

10%

( )

( . 3 4 . )

2009. 1 1
!

11 2009
.
1 1 2009 .
.

:
1
80857, 700 .

(5 )

(2 )

( . NQ 2.)

2
81 49, 1 380 .

(2 )

(2 )
(2 )
(2 )
(2 )

(4 )

(2 )

3
80858, 4800 .

(5 )
(4 )
(3 )

(5 )

(5 )
(5 )
(4 )
(4 )
(5 )

.
.

!
n 1 1 n 2009
no . n
1 n 1 2009 .
n:r .
<< (5 )
n 70557, 600 .
( nn . NQ 2.)
<< (2 )
n 80866, 200 .


n n 1 2009 .
n no .
nn . . 80.

'ii
770 1 3 0

935008

Оценить