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Gramma Loinne Contents @ 2, subject pronouns 4 Demonstratives, a / an / the, plural nouns @ Possessive 's, of 14 have got, possessive adjectives and pronouns, whose 18 There is / There are, prepositions of place 2 @ Imperatives, object pronouns 30 @ Present simple, time expressions 34 Present simple, adverbs of frequency 40 Present continuous and present simple 44 (0) -ing forms and intinitives 50 Neer EET * Countable and uncountable nouns, some / any / no 56 e@ Quantity: much, many, a lot of 62 ® was, were 66 e Past simple 70 Articles: a / an, the, zero article 80 Comparatives and superlatives 84 Adverbs of manner 90 be going to 4 will 98 3 8 Present perfect (1) 104 Present perfect (2) 110 Modal verbs (1): can, could, must, have to 114 Modal verbs (2): advice, offers, suggestions 120 Past continuous and past simple 124 Questions and question tags 130 Grammar Reference 138 Word list 142 this is Peter, We're neighbours. Peter, Beth is a new student at our school. a ec Hi, Beth! Are you the new reporter for Teenlink? They're my cats, Cosmo and Bella @ complete the tables. Carrs ' ‘am (‘m) You / We / They (re) He / She /'It is (. ) 1 am not You /We / They secon (@ren't) He / She / It (isn’t) R Yes, | No, I'm not. RE ee 2 Yes, you/ we / they are, No, you / we / they aren't. Is he? / she? / i? esstic se ite No, he / she / it isn’t. v you? / we? / they? Wize wucurwn— be, subject pronouns Read the information. if Subject pronouns * We can use a noun, an adjective or * We can use subject pronouns (I, you, he, a phrase with a preposition after be: she, it, we, they) instead of a name or I'ma student. He's toll. Pete They're in the kitchen. Peter's in my class. He's my friend. * In the negative, there ore two short forms The boys are at home. They're in the for is not and are not: ‘den. Se tegen nee «We eB for things and animals. But we We aren't thirsty. / We're not thirsty. eften tes falenlshelfenpetseerieenivea + We usually use the short form of the verb now the gender of an animal. when we speak. This is Cosmo. He’s my cat. Tm not very hungry. Lucy isn’t here. This is Bella, She's my cat. + When we answer yes to a question, we can’t use the short form of the verb. A; Are these your glasses? B: Yes, they are. ¥es-thesrre- Complete with am, is or are. Peter and Harry . 22 neighbours. Beth @ reporter for Teenlink. Here’s a copy of Teenlink. It the new school magazine. Cosmo and Bella Harry's cats. Look, there’s Lucy. She Peter's sister. Hi,| Kim, What's your name? My friend ond | in the school football team. Hurry up! You late for school! Complete with one word. A: Hello. |! 'm Kate and this is my brother. His name 2, David. We 3. from London. B: Hi I" 4 “Sorah. ‘A: What's this? BS ’s. a present for Sam. It © his birthday today. ‘A: Where's Michael? B:7 's in his room. And Eva ®. in the living room. A: Eva? No, she isn’t. © ’s in the garden. ‘A: Look. Here are the photos from my birthday party. : Wow! !2. ‘re great. A: This is Anna. She |! my best friend. And this is my brother, Matt. 2 “re twins, 2 7 He Complete. Use short forms. A: Beth's eight. B; Beth isn’t eight. She’s A: Harry's at school. B: A; Peter and Harry are cousins. A: Italy is 0 big city. A: You're Tim's sister. A: Anna's from Turkey. Write questions and short answers. Peter / Lucy's cousin? Is Peter Lucy’s cousin? No, he isn’t. Cosmo and Bella / dogs? Beth / a doctor? Peter and Horry / neighbours? Lucy / Harry's sister? Harry / Peter's friend? Peter and Lucy / twins? TeenLink / the new school magazine? Match and write the answers. twelve. ‘at home. friends. in England. tall ‘acountry! his friend. from Spain. curen— What's your name? . How old are you? Where are you from? What class are you in? What's your favourite subject? How tall ore you? be, subject pronouns @ © write questions. Then write true answers. | how old / you? How old. are you? Dm 2. when / your birthday? 3. you/a student? 4 where / your school? 5. your classroom / big? & what / your teacher's name? 7 what / in your bag? 8 English / your favourite subject? Writing practice © Read and complete. Hil Im Harry! 1 (1/be/twelve} Vm. twelve years old and 2 (I/be/the editor} of TeenLink,’ our school magazine! 9 [1/b@/in ClaSS BC) ..........esesseseseiieeeees and my teacher is Miss Green. 4 (Wy classroom/be/not/very big) , but it nice. ‘My favourite subjects are English and History. My best friend is Peter. We are in the same class and ° (we/be/neighbours) , too! What about eae What is your teacher's name? § (your classroom/be/big) sous? What are your favourite subjects? Who is your best friend? White to Teenlink’ about you! Harry Davis OPP IOP ®D write. Write to TeenLink. Use Exercise 4.as an example. Wirte Your name, age and class, . Write about: your teacher Cecceeereeeeeeeeceeeceeceececeececce Your classroom Dear ‘TeenLink’, ‘your favourite subjects your best rend). Pm . and V’m aa Pm in class My teacher | SSE ’—=<‘CS Demonstratives, a / an / the, plural nouns Oh, let's see. An umbrella, o camera ... And what's this? "They|re for 4 the school LN 1 Rs ies atin =") Look at that funny got a tail @ complete the tables. a | in umbrella. "scrrucksack. Those are biscuits. © Read the information. this / that, these / those * We use this and these to talk about someone or something that is near to us. We use this with singular nouns and these with plural nouns. This is my friend, Harry. These are my cats, Cosmo and Bella * We use that and those to talk about someone or something that is further ‘away. We use that with singular nouns cand those with plural nouns. That's my brother over there. Thase are his friends, Bob and Tim. * In short answers, we use subject pronouns (it, they, ete.), not this / that / these / those. ‘A: Is that your bag? B: Yes, itis. 7 Yes-thetis: A; Are those your books? B: Yes, they are. W ¥es-these-ore- © write. Demonstratives, a /an / the a/an * We use a / an with singular nouns to talk bout one thing or person. * We use a before words that begin with consonants (b, ¢, d, fi gy sj ks ems, Bs 1,5,t,¥, XY, 2) and an before words that begin with vowels (a, e, i, 0, u): ‘amagazine ared umbrella ‘an apple anexpensive car @/an, the and plurals * We don't use a / an with plural nouns. abook WY ebecke * We can use the with singular and plural nouns. the car the cars 7 * We usually use @ / an when we talk about something for the first time, and the when we talk about it again. Compare: This is a sandwich and that’s an apple. The sandwich is for you and the apple is for me. Singular Plural Singular Plural | this boy these boys 7 this apple apples 2 that house houses 8 plane those planes 3 sweet _ these sweets 4 that T-shirt T-shirts 4 book those books 10. this car cars 5 thot tree trees II stor these stars 6 desk these desks 12 umbrella those umbrellas © Circle the correct answer. 1 (\ This / These are the photos from Sarah's birthday party. * This/ Theseis my brother. 3 This / These is my friend, Pippa and ‘ this/ these is her cousin, Jack. This / These is my bedroom. ® That / Those is my computer. And 7 that / these are my computer games. 8 This / These gome is fantastic! "This / These postcard is for you. 0 This / Those letters are for Mum. And "| this / these magazine is for me! '2 This / These biscuits are delicious! '3 "That / Those sweets are nice, too. But ‘4 this / these chips aren’t very good. And 'S that / those sandwiches are awful! © write questions and answers. 4 your trainers?” 5 your keys?” Yes, : © write o, an, the or -. | - 1 This is a T-shirt and that's a skirt. .Th€... T-shirt is | black and. #Me... skirt is red. -_ 2 This is ....... orange and those are... grapes. orange is for me and ........ grapes are for you. = 3 These are ........ CDs and those ore ........ DVDs. CDs are cheap, but ....... DVDs are exper = CMR | 4) This is ......iguana and that's... parrot. iguana is David's and ....... parrot is Emme’s. = 5 This is... desk and those are ........ chairs. desk is for my room and.........chairs ore for the living room. @ Read and complete with a, an, the or —. Ive got two 1......,.. cats, Cosmo and Bella. Here's e photo. & grey cat is Cosmo and + ginger cat is Bella, Cosmo is §......... boy and Bella is © . girl. They sleep in ? basket. Their favourite food is © fish fingers! Harry 10 Plural nouns Sophie, these are the photos from the picnic. ) “4 a, ‘Who are these people? Where are our friends? © complete the tables. Singular Plural Singular friend friends man pple apple woman bus buses child | beach beach, tooth strawberry strawberries foot aoe leaf leaves person nife kei sheep fish deer D> Look at the spelling rules on page 139. Plural men women children teeth feet mice People sheep fish y 12 Complete the table. Write the plural of these words in the correct column. + “6 -ies “wes Irregular babies Form the plural. This photo is fantastic! These. photos are, fantastic! . That bog is heavy. This story is very funny! : That woman is from London. This dress is beautifull That boy is very tall. This radio is expensive. This knife is sharp. Complete with the plural form of the word in brackets. (eye) and very strong {tail) are very small. Koalas eat ©. (leaf). They eat two 7. every day. They love food! ‘They aren't dangerous, but theyre afraid of ®............. (person). . (tiger) ere from Asia. They are very big 1°. {cat} with strong (leg) and sharp 72... {tooth}! They don't eat 13... (ean, they eat meat. They eat a lot af ” .-- (deer). They also eat ns ~. (monkey) and 18... . {fish}. They are dangerous, but they're Plural nouns @ > ® Read, choose and write. Mrs Hardy: Here's your breakfast. ' egg Loa b) An Q- for Lucy and * sandwich for 2 a)an b)- oa you, Peter. Peter: F sandwich is for Lucy, Mum, 3 a)An b) The o- and‘ egg is for me. 4 a)- b) an ) the Mrs Hardy: Sorry! Here you are! Lucy: Look, Mum! These are the right photos from 5 picnic. 5 a) this b) the oa Mrs Hardy: They're good. Lucy: 6 boys are from Peter's class. 6 0)These b) This c)— Mrs Hardy: Who's 7 boy with the dark hair? Tajo b) on c) the Peter: That's Ben. He's ® new student 8 o)- b) an a in our school. ©® complete with one word. Hit | This, is my room. It isn’t very big. 2 walls are green. | think it's 3 nice colour. There's a bed, ‘a desk, a small table and *. window. There isn’t ei TY, but there is a CD player. This is my computer and > ‘are my CDs. My desk isn’t | very tidy. Look! There are two 7 oni. Look at those cars, over there, on the two ® They are my favourite: % red car is a Ferrari and the green car is 10 Aston Martin, The |! ‘re from Australia. Ike them very much. @ Draw and write about your room. | Draw your room and write about it. Use Exercise 13 os an example. eveeceeeececceceeceecceeceececcee i! This is my room! 13 oO Possessive ‘s, of Here's your food, guys! Harry's sandwich, Beth’s solad and Lucy's apple pie. No, I'm not very hungry ... Thanks, Martha, Here ore the girls” milkshakes, This is Harry's sandwich. That's Beth...... salad, Nouns that end in -s Nouns that do not end in -s Here are the girls’ milkshakes. What are the children’s names? Are those the boys..... bikes? Look at those women...... clothes! ‘What's the name of that street? What colour are the walls of the house? Look at the colour ......... that car! © Read the information. Possessive ’s: singular * We use 's or "to show that something belongs to a person or animal: Cosmo's basket my parents’ room + We add an apostrophe + -s ('s) after a name (Peter's) or a singular noun (the cat's): Peter's sister + When a name ends in -s, we often just add an apostrophe, or the apostrophe +-s('s): Charles’ sister OR Charles's sister Possessive ’s plural * For plural nouns that end in -s, we just the cat's tail add an apostrophe (without the -s): the house’s-walle my friends’ house the boys’ names the top of the mountain 7 themounteis-top X © complete. 1 Harry’s .... computer is very good. (Harry) 5 favourite food is fish fingers. (Cosmo) 21s birthday in July? (Helen) That isn’t ball! That's my ball! (David) 3 Vivismy best friend. (sister) 7 That mum is a teacher. (boy) 4 violin is on her bed. (Lucy) 8 Whereis bowl? (Bello) © complete with ’s or ’ | Chris...... brother is a teacher. 2 Vike Anne......dress, but | don't like James...... T-shirt. 3 The girls... shoes are under the bed. 4 My cousin...... CDs are on the desk. 5 Do you know Stella...... grandmother? © Giles... house has got a lovely garden. 7 Jade... bike is red. 8 My sisters...... room is very big. © complete. \ mum is a teacher. (Robert and Sophie) 2 The room is on the left. (children) 3. Who is your friend? (aunt) 4 My car is red. (parents) 5 I've got DVD. (Marie and Tess) & The bikes are over there. (women) 7 Where are bowls? (Cosmo and Bello) 8 We saw the father at the supermarket. (girs) Possessive's, of 3 * Ifa plural noun does not end in -s, we add ‘on apostrophe + -s ('): the children’s toys + When we talk about something that belongs to two or more people, we add ’s ofter the last name only: Fred and Sarah's house 7 Fred’send Sereh’s house of When we talk about something that does not belong to a person or animal, but is part of another thing, we do not use 's. We usually use « phrase with of. We say: the walls of the house 7 16 eeu ren eNeurun— @eVeuren— enc uren— Put the apostrophe in the correct place. My grandparents’ house is in the country. My friends names are Emma and Anna. The childrens books are at school. Those mens pictures are in the newspaper! Phil and Davids rackets are in the wardrobe. Charles eyes are green. Those womens hats are exactly the same. My parents bedroom is upstairs. Write. Use full forms. Bella's Harry's cat. Bella is Harry’s cat. That's Helen’s mum. Emme’s bag's on the chair. It's Jo's birthday today, Mike's Sarah's cousin. Sam's computer's fantastic! Eric's father’s a doctor. My dog's name’s Bono. Write the answers. A: Is this your bag? B: No, it’s Tony's. A; Are these your books? —_B: No, A; Is that your pencil? B: No, A: Are these your glasses? —_B: No, A: Is that your desk? B: No, A: Are these your keys? B: No, A; Is this your notebook? ~——B: No, A; Are these your sweets? B: No, Complete with of. Write your name at the top of the, page, Look, there's a cat on the The bus stop is at the | like the Paris is the The There's snow on the There's a big garden at the (colour / your dress) - (capital / France) is very sad. (end / this story) . (top / the mountain) This is Amy's computer. ('s = possessive 's) Amy's clever. (’s = is) (Tony) . (Mrs Cooper) - (Kevin) . (Mr Jones) (Ruth and Becky) . (Diane) - ames) . (my brothers) Loo! the top of the page ¥ the page’s-top please. (top / the page) . (roof / that house) (end / road) (back / our house) Possessive 's, of @ ©@ complete the questions. Use ’s or of. Write true answers. | What's the name of your street 2 (name / your street) 2. Whot's 2 (your teacher / name) 3 What colour are the 2 (walls / your room) 4 What colour's 7 (your dad / hair) 5 What's the 2 (capital / France) 6 What's 2 (your sister / favourite music) 7 Where's 2 (the cat / food) 8 How old is 2 (your friend / brother) @ Read and complete. TeenLink Best Friends Club. Tell us about your friends! Send a photo and a short note about your friends. Deer TeenLink, My pare is Lucy and Iam eleven years a. This isa photo of my fiends. We are in 1. dad's boat. (dad / boat). The ® {boat / name) is ‘Luoy! Sophie is my bestfriend. Ben is ° (Sophie / brother). (Ben / fevourite sport) is basketball. The ©... (dog / name) is Snowy. He's © {Ben and Sophie / dog), He's @ great dog. 7 (James / hobby) is skateboarding. He's very good! (Sandra / mum) is a singer! Sandra is a good singer, too. Write about their favourite: sports Write to Teenlink about your friends and/or family. Use Exercise I as an example. You can stick in @ photo, if you like! eeceeeereececcecccecceeceececcece My name is and | am years old. This is a photo of my friends. We are have got, possessive adjectives and pronouns, whose have got There's an email from Harry's cousin, Adam from Australia. Adam Davis is 4 years old ond in brother, John, Hi Harry! Guess what! John and | have got new BMX bikes! They're birthday presents! I've got ‘a green bike and John's got a red bike. Its great because there’s a BMX freestyle competition in our town next week. Here's a photo of us on our bikes! Well, John isn't on his bike — he's on the ‘ground! Cheers ‘Adam PS: Have you got a BMX bike? @ complete the tables. 18 CEETSEMM | / You/We/They have got (‘ve got) He / She / It has a(S got) | 1/You/We/They have... got (haven't got) He / She / It |. not got (hasn't got) aoe Te ea eel Yes,1/ you / we / they . = abike? No, |/ you/ we/ they haven't. Yes, he / she / it has. he [she /it bike? ia ser ONE No. he / she /it Pune cu enc uren— Read the information. Complete with have got or has got. Mr and Mrs Davis .2a¥@ 9° a house in the country. It «small garden and a small swimming pool. They ‘two children, Adam and John. ‘Adam and John are twins. They blond hair cand green eyes. They «a dog, Bruno. He oc... long ears and a very long tail. He’s very funny! Write the full form of the verb. . ionic - She's my bestfriend, She is my best friend. She's my cousin, She's got blue eyes She has got blue eyes ‘sais Dave's Susan's brother. Dave's got a new computer. Becky's sister’s got short hair. Becky's twelve years old. He’s at home. He’s got « headache, 's = has (s Look and write. Then complete the table and write about you, too. He's got dark hair. Bill’s parents are teachers. possessive ’s) eVourwn— laptop | camera | MP3 player | mobile phone Samantha v v x x Lee and Kim ‘ v x v x Samantha / «a laptop Samantha’s got a laptop. Lee and Kim / an MP3 player Samantha / a mobile phone Lee and Kim /.a camera Samantha / on MP3 player Lee and Kim / a laptop 1/ laptop 1/acomera om @ 19 20 eNocurenH eyo uren— Write true answers to the questions. Have you got a sister? Yes, | have. / No, | haven't. Have you got a pet? Have you got a bike? Has your flat/house got a garden? Has your best friend got dork hair? Has your school got a swimming pool? Have all your friends got mobile phones? Have your grandparents got a car? Memory Quiz: Look at the picture. Now cover it and write questions and answers. Beth / black hair? Has Beth got black hair? No, she hasnt. She’s got brown hair. Harry / blond hair? Lucy / brown hair? Beth / a big nose? Peter / a sister? Harry / two cats? Peter / blue jeans? Lucy / a green shirt? Complete with one word. Hil My pame's Christine and I'm from London. I'm thirteen years ol. got long dark hair and brown eyes. n't got a brother or a sister, but I've got lots of friends. got a parrot, too. His name’s Chip. He’s only one .. beautiful green eyes. R And? see year old and he’s # Please write and tell me about you. How old are you? 9.0... You got a brother or a sister? Have you © apet? Sa PON TS Nt neo Possessive adjectives and pronouns, whose Here's your pencil case Is that my History book? No, it's mine. Yours is on the floor. The book is mine and I'm not a girl! OK? (Of course it isn’t mine! This is girl stuff! © complete the tables. rad ire Pen Peery Crea Peary my mine you your he his his she her hers its we our ours you yours their theirs Whose bag this? It’s hers. Whose shoes are these? They mine. 21 Eo | @ Read the information. Possessive adjectives and pronouns * We use possessive adjectives (my, your, etc.) and pronouns (mine, yours, etc.) to show that something belongs to someone. *+ We use his for a man and her/hers for a woman. We use its for things and animals. But we often use his or her/hers for a pet when we know the gender. + We use a noun after possessive adjectives. This is my brother. His name is Rob. Is this your book? + We don't use a noun after possessive pronouns This is my book. -> It’s mine. That's her bag. -> It’s hers. @ complete. 1 We're twins. . Our. 2 Look at that dog. 3 That's Harry's best friend. 4 These are my cats. ‘eyes are the same. 5 The children are in the living room with & We're from France. 7 This is my brother. 8 Peter's got a sister. 4 Please sit down and open 10 Hello. name's Brian. name’s Lucy. 1 It’s mine 2. This isn’t our garden. 3. Thot is your umbrella. 4 Those are his shoes. ® complete. 1 A: Whose... glasses 9°. these? B: They're mine. (my glasses) 2A bag ‘that? B: It’s - (her bag) 3A house that? B: It’s - (their house) LA keys these? Br They're ! (your keys) 22 house is in Paris. * Possessive pronouns usually come at the end of sentences. That ice cream’s mine! It isn’t yours! Whose * We use whose to ask who something belongs to. A: Whose car is this? B: It's hers. ‘A: Whose glasses are these? B: They're mine. ears are very funny! name's Peter. names are Cosmo and Bella. friends. books on page 28, name's Kate and I'm thirteen years old That isn’t their dog. These are your books. That is her hat. Those aren't my keys. one H 5A books these? B: They're - (his books) bA jacket that? B: It’s (my jacket) TA bikes those? B: They're (our bikes) BA pencil this? B: It’s (her pencil) Possessive adjectives and pronouns, whose @ ® Circle the correct answer. | A: What's our/ yours favourite subject? & A: That pen isn't Your / yours: It's Tim's. B: Geography, B: Oh, sorry! 2. A: Is this book your / yours? 7 A; Their / Theirs parents ore doctors, B: No, it’s her / hers, B: No, they aren't. They're teachers. 3A: Whose is that red car over there? 8 A: Are Ben and Michael here? B: It’s Our/ours: B: Yes. Those bikes are theit / theirs. 4 A: Who are those girls? q_ A: Is that bag her / hers? B: That's Jo and that's her / hers sister. B: No, it’s Anna’s. 5 A: Have you got Our / ours tickets? 10 A: Do you like my / mine new T-shirt? B: Yes, they're in my// mine bog. B: Yes, it's beautiful. Writing practice ® Read, choose and write. sister and | love comedy films. 4e)Mine GMD c)We favourite fm star is Ben Stiler. 2a) We b} Ours c) Qur We ike him bacause 2 ne 8 very good actor 3 a) he's b)his — o)he's got and he’s very goocHooking, too! *, 7 4a)He's got b)His —c) Has. short dark hair and 8.0... eyes are blue. 5 a)her b)his he’s got My sister and 15 sce got all his films on DVD. Ga)have —b)has_—o)'s got 4 favourite film is ‘Night at the Museum’ 7 a) Mine b}tm — c) My and &...... is "Meet the Parents’. Theyre very funny. Ba) hers co} she’s Alicia (12) LOIN LEIA HOE © Write to TeenLink about your favourite film star. Use Exercise 15 dnd the questions to help you. You can stick a photo in your book. eececeecececcececececececececcece] Dear ‘Teenlink’, My favourite film star is | like him/her because Lee 23 There is / There are, prepositions of place Look! There’s a ‘chimpanzee in the pool! | ‘And there are two cute baby chimps on the swing!) ~ aH is there a chimp They can't see her. Look at this photo. > Look at it. She can help Tom and Dave. -> She can help them. Complete the instructions. Use the verbs in the box. listen open tidy help look come your room, please. 4 to your teacher. me, please! 5 your books on page 27. here, please. 6 at that boy, Complete the sentences. Please open the window. Don’t open the door. Wear the blue dress. the black dress. Sit on the chair! on the table! Buy the green jacket. the brown jacket. Play in the garden. in the living room. Call Emma. .. Sarah, Complete the signs. Use full forms. Do.not walk. 2 incod > Please on the grass. (not walk) water. (wash) animals. (not feed) © complete the sentences. Use don’t or let’s. It’s really hot today. . Let’s go to the beach. 2 You can go to the cinema, but be late. 3. I'mtired. go home. 4 You must be quiet in here. shout! 5 go near that tiger! It's dangerous! © | can't find the museum. look at the map. 7 I'm hungry. make some sandwiches. 8 This isn’t funny! laugh! @ Circle the correct answer. Can 1// me use your computer? We're busy. We'//Us can't come with you. I can’t find my keys. Where are they / them? Don’t go. Stay with We/ us. Go away! Leave !'/’me clone! Kate isn’t here. She's / Her’s in the garden, Where are Cosmo and Suzie? I can’t see they / them. Emma's over there. Let's help shé/ her. eveourun— © complete the sentences. Use object pronouns. 32 | Hey! Those are my CDs! Don't touch... ! 2. Look, there’s Peter! Let's go and talk to 3 Where are you? | can't see 4 We can’t carry this box. Please help 5 They're so funny! Look at 1 & I'mhere. Look at Read, choose and complete. Peter: I'm hungry, |.” Lucy! There’s a chocolate cake in the fridge! Lucy: ? , Peter. It isn’t for 3 Peter: Yes, iti. It’s in our fridge, isn’t it? Lucy: Leave * alone! Peter: Come on, Lucy! > mean. 6 have a tiny slice. Four slices of cake later ... Mum: Hi, kids! Are you ready for Aunt Agatha’s birthday party? Lucy: Yes, Mum. Mum: Peter, please 7 to the kitchen and ® Aunt Agathe's birthday cake out of the fridge. Peter: Aunt Agatha’s birthday cake? Mum: That's right, Peter. | always make 7 a. cake for her birthday. Lucy: Oh, no! Peter! Peter: Run, Lucy! Run! Om sae @ Purthe pictures in the right order. b Put the fruit into a blender. |_| ¢ Slice the fruit. | d Add ice. | fe Push the button. [_] f Peel the fruit. 1 @ write your recipe. Let's make a fruit cocktail! Take an we a.carrot and aM... ithe fruit ond then the fruit into a. . the button. ar the fruit juice ... Enjoy! — a - Present simple, time expressions don’t play the violin at five o'clock every day! I watch my favourite programme on TV! | like music! Does she play every day? Yes, she does. But Lucy doesn't play music! She just makes horrible noises! @ complete the tables. 1/You/We/They play, He / She / It plays. 1/You/We/They _.. not (don’t) play. He / She / It does not (doesn't) play. Do I/we’ you/ they Yes, |/ you / we / they do. No, I/ you / we / they Yes, he / she /it Does he it slay? - nike! ee No, he / she / it doesn't, What do 1/we/ you/ they Look at the spelling rules 140. 34 Where does he/she /it pag too ceo See - © Read the information. Use * We use the present simple to talk about: habits, things that we do regularly: 1 go to school every day. facts, things that are always or usually true: ‘My parents work in a bank. The Earth goes round the sun. Form * In positive sentences, we add -s or -es to the main verb in the third person singular (he/she/it). play the violin. She plays the violin. * In negative sentences and questions, we do NOT add -s or -es to the main verb for he/she/it. He likes pizza. He doesn’t like pizza. Does he like pizza? Present simple, time expressions Time expressions + We often use these time expressions with the present simple to say when something happens: in January, in the winter, in the morning /afternoon/evening ‘on Mondays, on Monday morning, on my birthday, on the 4th of August at seven o'clock, at midnight, at the week- end, at night, at Christmas = We also use these phrases to say how ‘often something happens: every day/week/month/year once/twice/three times a week. + They come at the beginning or end of the sentence. Every day she meets her friends the park. Jon visits his aunt every week. We wash our car once a week. * We soy: in the morning BUT on Monday morning at Christmas BUT on Christmas day ‘on Mondays BUT every Monday Write the third person singular of the verbs in the correct column. answer carry close cry fix fly go like start stay teach tidy wash watch: worry ‘answers, vowel + -y: add -s: play > plays consonant + -y: change -y to -ies: study > studies 35 J 36 Complete with the present simple. 1 Lucy .watehes 2. Harry Lucy's music. (like) 3. The swimming pool at six o'clock. (close) 4 We my grandparents on Sundays. (visit) 5. Elephants leaves and grass. (eat) & My pen friend in Jopan. (live) 7 8 4 0 Vooccccceeuns MY Pom every morning, (tidy) at eight. (start) Geography. (teach) north in the spring. (ly) ‘Our lessons Mr Allon These birds Read and complete. Harry: Cosmo !.92t8 up. the morning and he 2 his milk. Then he takes a nap. At (have) lunch (get up) very late in (drink) lunchtime, he > and then he takes a nap. In the afternoon, he * (ploy) with Bella, he * (watch) TV and then he takes a nap! In the evening, he ® (eat) his dinner ond then Peter: ... and then he takes a nap? Harry: No, he doesn’t. He 7. (go out) with his friends! He ® (stay) out all night! Complete. 1 A: Lucy plays the piano. B: She . doesn’t. play the piano. She ..P/a¥s 2 A: Wayne and Sheila live in Cambridge. B: They in Cambridge. They 3A: Harry writes books. B: He books. He 4 A: We have lunch at two o'clock. B: You lunch at two. You 5 A: Pandas eat fish. B: They fish. They 6 A: You drink a lot of tea! BI a lot of tea. But | 7 A: My brother and I like football B: You football. You 8 A: You study French at school. BI French at school. | Cosmo looks tired! her favourite cartoon at five o'clock every day. (watch) -Look! | I get up at seven o'clock. | Peter gets up at eight o'clock | watch TV. | She watches TV. ‘Well, he’s a very the violin. in London. articles for TeenLink. lunch at one. bamboo leaves. Look! She de 't pl alot of milk. | the pions we She-docsn plays- basketball. | the-piane: Spanish. eye uren— eaVeuren— Present simple, time expressions @ Look at the table. Complete the questions and write short answers. live in England | — drink milk play basketball | get up early on every day on Saturdays | Sunday mornings Peter v x Vv x Lucy v v x x Cosmo and Bella v v x x Harry v v v x Does Peter live in Englana? Yes, he does. Cosmo and Bella early on Sunday mornings? Harry milk every day? Lucy basketball on Saturdays? Cosmo and Bella mill every doy? Peter early on Sunday mornings? Peter and Harry basketball on Saturdays? Lucy in England? Write questions. Then write true answers. you / walk to school / every day? Do you walk to school every day? Yes, | do. / No, | don’t. your lessons / start / at eight o'clock? you / do your homework / every evening? you and your best friend / go / to the same school? you / watch / TV after school? your best friend / visit / you at weekends? you / play sport / every day? your mum / get up early / at weekends? Complete. A; How often 42. You 90 to the cinema? (you/ go) _B: Once a week. A; Where 2 (they / live) B: In Brighton A: What time to bed? (you / go) B: At ten o'clock. A: How often tennis? (Sam / play) B: Every day. A: What after school? (you / do) B: We play basketball A: How to school? (Zoe / go) 8: By bus. A: What for breakfast? (you / want) B: Milk and cornflakes. A: Where work? (your sister / work) _B: Ina bookshop. 37 38 Match How much flour do we need for the bread? Do you live near here? What sport does your sister like? What time do you get up? Does your father drive to work? When is your birthday? Do the children go to the park at weekends? Does she live near you? a Yes, they do. b 500 grams. At half post six. d Yes, | do. @ No, she doesn't. f She likes tennis. g In May, h Yes, he does. Choose and write. Are the sentences true for you? Put a tick (V) or cross (X) in the box. | stay at home 2 weekends. | go to the park Saturdays. | get up seven o'clock We have an English lesson aweek. | watch TV the evening. We have a Maths test week. I see my best friend day. | go on holiday July. School starts the 3rd of September. Write the questions in the questionnai and write the answers. Mondays. Look! What time do you get up in the morning? 7 . Then ask a partner | what time / you / get up / in the morning? 2 when / you / do / your homework? 3 what / you / do / in your free time? 4 how often / you / go / to the sports centre? 5 you / play / computer games? & you /listen / to classical music? 7 what time / you / go / to bed? 8 when / your family / go on holi TeenLink Questionnaire What time. do you getup in, the morning Present simple, time expressions @ Writing Practice ©® Read and complete. Lucy has a Japanese pen pal, Hi zum, lzummi. She sends her an email The school hoidays are neat! love them! 1". “? every week. (get up) late in the morning. 12 (aot go) to | school and | 5 (not have) homework! My friend Sophie 4 (come) to my house every day and we § (isten) to music or play computer games. My Mum & (take) us on trips at the weekends. We? (go) to the zoo, we visit a museum or we & (ave) picnics. 9 (your school/close) fora few days in the spring, too? How 19 (you / spend) the holidays? Love Lucy @® Tick (¥) the things you do in the holidays, and cross (x) the things you don’t do. Add more ideas. How do you spend the holidays? Do you get up early C1 Cs getup late uw visit your friends C1 goto school oO do homework (1 read magazines oO listen to music C1 splay games with your best friend [_] go to bed early Os goto bed late oO go shopping oO study for tests oO (visit museums of ‘go on trips i © write. Write to TeenLink about how you spend the school holidays. Use Exercise 13 as a model. eceereeececcecceccecccecceceeecee How | spend the holidays | ove schoo! holidays! | 39 Present simple, adverbs of frequency ‘A good, healthy breakfast is important. & | For example, what do you usually have for breakfast, Harry? Thave cornflakes, milk and an apple, At the weekend my mum makes pancakes, too. Oh, erm ...1... always eat fruit, too. Good!) @ complete the table. olways (ENN always have breakfast in the morning. i a have cornflakes. often —= My mum makes pancakes. sometimes ! oo. have milk. never { a - eat fruit 40 y on my chocolate Present simple, adverbs of frequency @ Read the information. Adverbs of frequency Negative: They aren't usually busy on * We often use adverbs of frequency with the present simple to say how often : Is your dad always tired after something happens. * Adverbs of frequency come before the Time expressions main verb. * Time expressions with more than one Positive: | always get up early. word come at the beginning or end of the Negative: We don’t usually go out on sentence. Fridays. Once a month Jon visits his aunt. Question: What do you usually do on I meet my friends at the sports centre three Saturdays? times a week. ‘+ They come after the verb be. We go to the cinema on Sundays. Positive: We are never late for school. | get up at 7.30 every day. © complete the questionnaire. How healthy are you? 1. | eat breakfast in the morning. A always, B often C sometimes 2 | eatin a fast food restaurant. A often B sometimes C never | walk to school A usually B sometimes C never I watch TV in my free time A always B usually C never Ihave dinner after eight. A always B sometimes C never { go to bed early on weekdays. A always B usually C never © Now write your answers to the questionnaire in Exercise 3. breakfast in the morning. in a fast food restaurant. to school. in my free time. after eight. 1 1 1 1 1 1 on weekdays. curren 4 42 eucurwn— eNcuren Complete. Harry doesn’t always have cornflakes for breakfast. (not have / always) Peter and Lucy pancakes in the morning. (not eat / usually) I. late for school. be / never) My mum oc ocsoos shopping on Fridays. (not go / always) We x jeans. (not wear / often) Mrs Green... busy on Saturdays. (not be / always) In my country, it ...... in the summer. (not rain / usually) Sally... “late. (not get up / often) Look and write questions and answers. ‘always usually ‘often ‘sometimes never aes | a 7 = Horry ‘walk to school Peter ] eat fruit Beth r late for school Lucy | ge to the zoo | Cosmo | eatalot i lumi get up late Horry / walk to school / often? Does Harry often walk to school? Yes, he does. Peter / eat fruit / always? Does Peter always eat fruit? No, he. sometimes. He never eats fruit. Beth / late for school / usually? Lucy / go the zoo / often? Cosmo / eat a lot / always? Izumi / get up late / sometimes? Put the expressions in the correct place. 1 eat burgers. (never) | never eat burgers. My brother eats burgers. (once a week) My dad plays golf. (every weekend) My mum plays tennis. (sometimes) What time do you have lunch? (usually) ‘What time do you have supper? (on Saturdays) Do you go to the sports centre? (often) Does your brother go to the sports centre? (twice a week)