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# [GIR ENTERPRISE TRAINING CONSULTANT]

## PIPING STRESS ENGINEERING TRAINING OUTLINE

Description:
This course covers Piping Stress engineering and modelling. It involves
analysing the stress in pipe and piping system using piping stress
software.
It also covers Static, dynamic and Fatigue analysis. The applications of the
software with hands-on examples will be discussed. The Piping stress
engineering training will cover the following key areas below:
1. Introduction to Basic Piping Engineering

## Piping Related Industry

Piping Route
Piping Fittings

2. Introduction to Stresses

Hoop,
Longitudinal,
Von Mises,
Tensile,
Axial and
Compressive etc

## Why do we do Piping Stress Check

Effect of Piping Stress on different system
Piping stress Code and standards
Application of SIFs

4. Oil Processing

## Density, Specific Weight, and Specific Gravity

Specific Gravity of Blended Products
Viscosity
Viscosity of Blended Products
Bulk Modulus
Vapor Pressure
Pressure
Velocity
Reynolds Number
Types of Flow

## 5. Pressure Drop Due to Friction

Bernoullis Equation
Darcy Equation
Colebrook-White Equation
Moody Diagram
Hazen-Williams Equation
Miller Equation
Shell-MIT Equation
Other Pressure Drop Equations

## [GIR ENTERPRISE TRAINING CONSULTANT]

6. Gas Properties

Mass
Volume
Density
Specific Gravity
Viscosity
Ideal Gases
Real Gases
Natural Gas Mixtures
Compressibility Factor
Heating Value
Calculating Properties of Gas Mixtures

## 7. Pressure Drop Due to Friction

Velocity
Reynolds Number
Pressure Drop Equations
Transmission Factor and Friction Factor

## 8. Using Piping Stress Analysis Software

Quick Overview of Caesar II Software

## Introduction Caesar II Environment

Configuration Setting
Modelling piping geometry
Error checking
Running the analysis
Viewing the reports

## Piping Geometry Study

Design Parameters and Project details
Component Modelling: Pipe, Bends/Elbow, Valves, Tees, Flanges,
Gasket, Restraints, Displacement, Reducer, Rigid etc
Display Options
Displacements and animation
Moving geometry, and much more
Creating custom reports
Modelling a hanger
Importing a model in from CADWorx Plant
Checking pump nozzles with API 610
Checking a vessel nozzle using WRC 107/297
Interpreting results
Modifying a model to reduce stresses

## [GIR ENTERPRISE TRAINING CONSULTANT]

9. Statics Analysis in Caesar II

## Piping code requirements and recommendations for piping models.

Guidelines and interpreting results for piping layouts design.
Buried pipe and pipeline analysis.
Wave and current loads on offshore risers
Basic piping components and assumptions; element assembly
Code compliance requirements
Spring Hanger design
Pipe supports (linear vs. non-linear)
Stress Intensification Factors (elbows/intersections)
Introduction to expansion joints
Cold Spring effects
WRC 107/297 : local stresses in vessels/nozzles
Slug Force Calculation
Flange Leakage Check

## Basic dynamics theory

Harmonic analysis
Eigen-solutions
Seismic analysis
Force Spectrum Analysis
Fatigue evaluation of piping
Building a dynamic analysis model.
Interpreting dynamic analysis results.
Solving field vibration problems using harmonic analysis.
Seismic analysis using the response spectrum method.
A survey of approaches to evaluating relief valve discharge.
Evaluating transient loads with time history analysis.

## Onshore Piping Stress Analysis

Offshore Piping Stress Analysis (Topside and FPSO)
Subsea Piping Stress Analysis