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Technical Seminar topics

Name of the Student: Aditya Garg

Roll Number: 32
Registration Number: 110933086
Title of the TOPIC 1:- Space elevator and other types of non-rocket space(NRS) launch
Non-rocket space launch (NRS) is a launch into space where some or all of the needed speed and
altitude are provided by something other than expendable rockets. A number of alternatives to
expendable rockets have been proposed. One of them is space elevator. Its main component is a
ribbon-like cable (also called a tether) anchored to the surface and extending into space. An
Earth-based space elevator would consist of a cable with one end attached to the surface near the
equator and the other end in space beyond geostationary orbit (35,800 km altitude). The
competing forces of gravity, which is stronger at the lower end, and the outward/upward
centrifugal force, which is stronger at the upper end, would result in the cable being held up,
under tension, and stationary over a single position on Earth. Other types of nrs launch includes
railgun which is an electrically powered electromagnetic projectile launcher based on similar
principles to the homopolar motor and another is slingatron which will utilize the centrifugal
force generated by spiral motion to launch objects into space.
Title of the TOPIC 2:- Space debris
Space debris, is the collection of defunct objects in orbit around Earth. This includes everything
from spent rocket stages, old satellites, fragments from disintegration, erosion, and collisions.
Since orbits overlap with new spacecraft, debris may collide with operational spacecraft.
It can be tracked from the ground using Radar and optical detectors such as lidar or it can be
measured in space using satellites like LDEF and EURECA. Space debris groups resulting from
satellite breakups are often studied using scatter plots known as Gabbard diagrams.
The debris can be removed by self-removal methods such as electrodynamics tether or can be
externally removed by a remotely controlled vehicle and returning it to a central station.
Title of the TOPIC 3:- International Space Station (ISS)
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low
Earth orbit. The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in
which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy,
meteorology and other fields. The station is suited for the testing of spacecraft systems and
equipment required for missions to the Moon and Mars. The ISS is a third generation modular
space station. Modular stations can allow the mission to be changed over time and new modules
can be added or removed from the existing structure, allowing greater flexibility. Some of the
modules include Zarya, Zvezda, Unity etc.