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Chapter 2

True or false

1. For a computer to add two numbers, the numbers first must be converted to Unicode.

2. A simple on/off switch can store exactly two bits of information.

3. The data processed by digital computers is made up of discrete units, or digits.

4. The contents of RAM cannot be changed.

5. If a processor is backward compatible with another, old processor, it can run older programs written for that processor.

6. A gigabyte (GB) is ten times as big as a megabyte (MB).

==================================================================== Multiple Choice

1. Why will Software written for Core2 Duo CPU generally run on Core i7 CPU?

7. The information stored in RAM is nothing more than a pattern of electrical current flowing through microscopic circuits in silicon chips.

8. Benchmark tests are used to determine CPU clock speed, which is the most accurate measure of a CPU's performance.

9. Slots and port make it possible for the CPU

to communicate with the outside world through peripherals. 10. The access time for most memory is faster than the access time for a typical hard disk.

4. How many values can be represented by a single byte?

a. 2

b. 8

c. 16

d. 64

e. 256

5. Transformation of input into output is performed by

a. peripherals.

of input into output is performed by a. peripherals. b. memory. c. storage. d. the CPU.

b. memory.

c. storage.

d. the CPU.

e. the ALU.

6. A coding scheme that supports 100,000 unique characters has the name

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

parallel processing. binary. Unicode. ASCII. HTML
parallel processing.
binary.
Unicode.
ASCII.
HTML

7. What does the speed of processor depend on?

a.

The architecture of the processor

 

b.

The clock speed of the processor

c.

The word size of the processor

 

d.

The number of cores in the processor

e.

All of the above

 
a. Microsoft uses special encoding techniques when they build Core CPUs. b. The Core 2
a.
Microsoft uses special encoding
techniques when they build Core CPUs.
b.
The Core 2 Duo has special compatibility
registers in RAM.
c.
The Core i7 is designed to be backward
compatible with earlier Core chips.
d.
Every CPU is, by definition, compatible
with the Core processor.
e.
It doesn't; software written for one
processor won't run on another CPU.

2. Express cards are

a. cards that are designed to be inserted into expansion slots on desktop PCs. b.
a.
cards that are designed to be inserted into
expansion slots on desktop PCs.
b.
high-speed cards that are designed to
work with multicore CPUs.
c.
compact cards that are designed to work
with portable computers.
d.
cards that are necessary for parallel
processing to work.
e.
None of the above

3. One terabyte equals approximately

a. 1,000 bits.

above 3. One terabyte equals approximately a. 1,000 bits. b. 1,000 bytes. c. 1,000 megabytes. d.

b. 1,000 bytes.

c. 1,000 megabytes.

d. 1,000 gigabytes.

e. 1,000 terabits

8. Why are program instructions represented in binary nation within the computer?

a. Binary notation is more compact than other representations. b. Computer memory is made out
a.
Binary notation is more compact than
other representations.
b.
Computer memory is made out of binary
digits (bits).
c.
There are only two different directions for
electricity to move along a wire.
d.
Computer programmers prefer to think in
binary.
e.
A CPU can execute no more than two
instructions at one time.

9. A computer's internal bus can be connected to an external bus through a

a. depot.

bus can be connected to an external bus through a a. depot. b. CPU. c. port.

b. CPU.

c. port.

d. flash.

e. megabit.

10. When you first turn on a computer, the CPU is preset to execute instructions stored in

a. RAM.

the CPU is preset to execute instructions stored in a. RAM. b. ROM. c. flash memory.

b. ROM.

c. flash memory.

d. the CD-ROM.

e. the ALU.

11. When you are working on an unsaved document on a PC, where is the document temporarily stored?

a. RAM

on a PC, where is the document temporarily stored? a. RAM b. ROM c. The CPU

b. ROM

c. The CPU

d. The Internet

e.

The CD-ROM

12. Information travels between components on the motherboard through

a. flash memory.

components on the motherboard through a. flash memory. b. CMOS. c. bays. d. buses. e. peripherals.

b. CMOS.

c. bays.

d. buses.

e. peripherals.

13. Which of these is the best indicator of real- world performance of a computer?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

of real- world performance of a computer? a. b. c. d. e. Benchmark tests published in

Benchmark tests published in computer

magazines
magazines
b. c. d. e. Benchmark tests published in computer magazines The CPU's clock speed The number

The CPU's clock speed

published in computer magazines The CPU's clock speed The number of cores in the CPU The

The number of cores in the CPU

The CPU's clock speed The number of cores in the CPU The amount of memory The

The amount of memory

speed The number of cores in the CPU The amount of memory The bus speed 14.

The bus speed

14. A collection of bits in the computer's memory might be treated as

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

binary numbers that can be added and

subtracted.

ASCII codes representing letters and other

characters.

program instructions that tell the

computer what to do. Any of the above None of the above
computer what to do.
Any of the above
None of the above

15. Storage devices can be connected to the CPU and memory via

a. expansion slots.

be connected to the CPU and memory via a. expansion slots. b. ports. c. bays. d.

b. ports.

c. bays.

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

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Answers

True or false

 

1.

2.

 

3.

 

4.

5.

 

6.

7.

 

8.

 

9.

10.

false

false

 

true

false

true

false

True

 

false

true

true

Multiple Choice

 
 

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

 

11. 12.

14.

13. 15.

   

c

c

d

e

d

c

e

b

c

b

a d

 

d

a d