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9/20/2016

GroundingTransformersizing

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GroundingTransformersizing

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#1

071405, 04:34PM
Dmobley
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GroundingTransformersizing
Ineedtosizeatransformerbankfora138KV34.5KVcollectionsubstation.Thegeneratorsarewindturbinesandthe
groundingbankhastoprovideagroundreferencefor40MWfor3seconds.

#2

071405, 08:24PM
rcwilson
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May2005
Redmond,WA
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Re:GroundingTransformersizing
Heressomethingstoconsider:
Whichvoltageneedsthegroundbank?138kVor34.5?
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9/20/2016

GroundingTransformersizing

Ifitis138kV,lookatusingtheneutralofthestepuptransformerwithasinglephasegroundingtransformeror
reactor.Ifits34.5kV,selectthetypeofgroundingtransformer:zigzag,wyebrokendelta,highresistancegrounded
wye,orother?
Whatistheallowableorrequiredgroundfaultcurrentfromthebankorfromtheothergeneratorsandloadsonthe
system?
Whatisthetimerating?Ifthefaultissupposedtoclearin3seconds,canyouuseatransformerwitha10second
rating?PerIEEEStd32"TestProcedureforNeutralGroundingDevices",agroundingtransformer'scontinuousrating
is3%ofits10secondrating.A1200kVAtransformercanhandlea40MVAfaultcurrentfor10seconds.(1200kVA=
40MVAx3%)
Thetransformer'stimeratingandKVAmayalsodependonthetypeandspeedoftheprimaryandbackuprelaying.
AgoodreferenceisLewBlackburnsProtectiveRelaying.Hehasachapterongroundingandgrounding
transformers.
GoodLuck
Whatisthetimeratingneeded?Ifthefaultissupposedtoclearin3seconds,canyouuseatransformerwitha10
secondrating.PerIEEEStd32"TestProcedureforNeutralGroundingDevices",agroundingtransformer'scontinuous
ratingis3%ofits10secondrating.A1200kVAtransfomrercouldhandlea40MVAfaultcurrentfor10seconds.
Thetransformer'stimeratingandKVAmayalsodependonthetypeandspeedoftheprimaryandbackuprelaying.

BobWilson

#3

071505, 09:54AM
Dmobley
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Re:GroundingTransformersizing
Whatspecificationsdoyouneedtocalculatethat1200MVA?Everyparameterandnumberandtheexactformula.
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GroundingTransformersizing

#4

071505, 12:44PM
rcwilson
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May2005
Redmond,WA
785

Re:GroundingTransformersizing
DataRequired:
SystemVoltage.
AmpsongroundfaultIfthereisnotarequirementtolimitthegroundfault,thisvaluewillbethephasetoground
faultcurrentfromyourshortcircuitstudyofthesystem.
Timedurationoffault3seconds?Loweststandardratingforgroundingequipmentis10seconds,nextis1minute.
RoughapproximationofKVAratingisVxIxf,whereVisphasegroundvoltageinkV,Iisthefaultcurrentandfisthe
continuousratingfactor:f=3%for10secrating,7%foroneminuterating.
Fora1000ampgroundfaultonthe34.5kVsystem,witha10secondrating,thekVAwouldbe:
(34.5/1.732)x1000Ax.03=597.5=600kVA.
So,if1000Aisthephasegroundfaultcurrent,thegroundingtransformershouldbeatleast600kVA.

BobWilson

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GroundingTransformersizing

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