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Volume 24 No. 5 May 2016 Managing Editor Mahabir Singh Editor Anil Ahlawat (BE, MBA)

Volume 24

No. 5 May 2016
No. 5
May 2016

Managing Editor

Mahabir Singh

Editor

Anil Ahlawat

(BE, MBA)

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Physics Musing Problem Set 34 8

JEE Advanced Practice Paper JEE Main Solved Paper 2016 PMT Practice Paper BITSAT Practice Paper Brain Map Exam Prep 2016 AIIMS Practice Paper Olympiad Problems JIPMER Practice Paper Core Concept Live Physics Physics Musing Solution Set 33 You Ask We Answer Crossword

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Physics For you | may ‘16

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7

PHYSICSPHYSICS

MUSINGMUSING

P hysics Musing was started in August 2013 issue of Physics For You with the suggestion of Shri Mahabir Singh. The aim of Physics Musing is to augment the chances of bright students preparing for JEE (Main and Advanced) / AIIMS / Other PMTs with additional study material.

In every issue of Physics For You, 10 challenging problems are proposed in various topics of JEE (Main and Advanced) / various PMTs. The detailed solutions of these problems will be published in next issue of Physics For You. The readers who have solved five or more problems may send their detailed solutions with their names and complete address. The names of those who send atleast five correct solutions will be published in the next issue. We hope that our readers will enrich their problem solving skills through “Physics Musing” and stand in better stead while facing the competitive exams.

1.

2.

3.

4.

better stead while facing the competitive exams. 1. 2. 3. 4. A particle is projected from

A particle is projected from ground in vertical direction at t = 0. At t = 0.8 s, it reaches h = 14 m. It will again come to same height at t = (g = 10 m s 2 )

(a)

14

5

7

2

s

2 s

(b)

s (c)

3 s

(d)

In the figure shown, the blocks A and C are pulled down with constant velocities u . Acceleration of block B is

(a)

(c)

2

u

b

2

u

b

b b   u A u C B 2 u tan 2 θsec θ
b
b 
u
A
u C
B
2
u
tan
2 θsec θ
(b)
tan
3 θ
b
2
sec
θ tan θ
(d) zero

Two particles A and B each of mass m are attached by a light inextensible string of length 2l. The whole system lies on a smooth horizontal table with B initially at a distance l from A. The particle at end B is projected across the table with speed u perpendicular to AB. Velocity of ball A just after the jerk is u

(a)

3
3

4

u 3
u
3

2

u 3 u 2
u
3
u
2

(b)

(d)

(c)

A particle initially at rest starts moving from point A on the surface of a fixed smooth hemisphere of radius r as shown in the figure. The particle looses its contact with hemisphere at point B. C is centre of the hemisphere. The equation relating a and b is

A B  r  C (a) 3 sin a = 2 cos b (b)
A
B
r
C
(a)
3 sin a = 2 cos b
(b)
2 sin a = 3 cos b
(c)
3 sin b = 2 cos a
(d)
2 sin b = 3 cos a

5. The intensity of radiation emitted by the Sun has its

maximum value at a wavelength of 510 nm and that

emitted by the North star has the maximum value at 350 nm. If these stars behave like black bodies, then the ratio of the surface temperatures of the

Sun and the North star is

(a) 1.46

(b) 0.69

(c) 1.21

(d) 0.83

6. N(< 100) molecules of a gas have velocities

1, 2, 3

(a) rms speed and average speed of molecules is same

(b) ratio of rms speed to average speed of molecules

N km s 1 respectively. Then

is

(2N +1)(N +1)/6N

(c) ratio of rms speed to average speed of molecules

is

(2N +1)(N +1)/6

(d) ratio of rms speed to average speed of molecules

7.

( 2 N + 1 ) is 2 6 ( N + 1 ) thermodynamic
(
2
N
+
1
)
is 2
6
(
N
+
1
)
thermodynamic

A

gas is shown in the

figure. The efficiency

of cyclic process ABCA will be

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

process

of

one

mole

ideal

V 4T 0 C 2V 0 A B V 0 T 0 2T 0 P
V
4T 0
C
2V 0
A
B
V 0
T 0
2T 0
P
2P 0
P 0
Contd. on page no. 80

25%

12.5%

50%

7.7%

By Akhil Tewari, author Foundation of Physics for JEE main & advanced, Senior Professor Physics, RaO IIT aCaDEmy, mumbai.

8
8

Physics For you | may ‘16

JEEJEEAdvancedAdvanced exam on

22 nd May

2016

PRACTICE PAPER 2016

PaPer-1

Section 1 (MaxiMuM MarkS : 32)

This section contains EIGHT questions

The answer to each question is a SINGLE DIGIT INTEGER ranging from 0 to 9, both inclusive

1. A current I flows in a rectangularly shaped wire whose center lies at (x 0 , 0, 0) and whose vertices are located at the points A(x 0 + d, –a, –b), B(x 0 d, a, –b), C(x 0 d, a, b), and D(x 0 + d, –a, b) respectively. Assume that a, b, d << x 0 . Find the magnitude of magnetic dipole moment vector of the rectangular wire frame in J T 1 . (Given: b = 10 m, d = 4 m, a = 3 m, I = 0.01 A)

2. A very long, straight, thin wire carries –3.60 nC m 1 of fixed negative charge. The wire is to be surrounded by a uniform cylinder of positive charge, radius 1.50 cm, coaxial with the wire. The volume charge density r of the cylinder is to be selected so that the net electric field outside the cylinder is zero. Calculate the required positive charge density r (in mC m 3 ).

3. A long coaxial cable consists of two thin-walled conducting cylinders with inner radius 2 cm and outer radius 8 cm. The inner cylinder carries a steady current 0.1 A, and the outer cylinder provides the return path for that current. The current produces a magnetic field between the two cylinders. Find the energy stored in the magnetic field for length 5 m of the cable. Express answer in nJ (use ln 2 = 0.7).

4. A 0.5 kg block slides from the point A on a horizontal trackwithaninitialspeed3m s 1 towardsaweightless horizontal spring of length 1 m and force constant 2 N m 1 . The part AB of the track is frictionless and the part BC has the coefficient of static and kinetic friction as 0.22 and 0.20 respectively. If the distance AB and BD are 2 m and 2.14 m respectively, find the

10
10

Physics For you | may ‘16

total distance (nearest integer) in m through which the block moves before it comes to rest completely. [g = 10 m s 2 ]

A B D C
A
B
D
C

5. An open organ pipe containing air resonates in fundamental mode due to a tuning fork. The measured values of length l (in cm) of the pipe

and radius r (in cm) of the pipe are l = 94 ± 0.1,

r = 5 ± 0.05. The velocity of the sound in air is

accurately known. The maximum percentage error in the measurement of the frequency of that tuning fork by this experiment is given by a 2 %. Find the value of 10 a.

6. An initially uncharged capacitor C is fully charged by a constant emf e in series with a resistor R. Rate of energy dissipation in the resistor is equal to rate of energy stored in capacitor at time CR ln k. Find the value of k.

7. You are at a distance of R = 1.5 × 10 6 m from the centre of an unknown planet. You notice that if you throw a ball horizontally it goes completely around the planet hitting you in the back 90,000 s later with exactly the same speed that you originally threw it. The length of semi major axis of the motion of ball is 2R. The mass of the planet in scientific notation is

a × 10 21 kg. Find a.

8. In a certain polytropic process, the volume of argon was increased four times. Simultaneously, the pressure decreased eight times. Find the molar heat capacity (in SI unit) of argon in this process, assuming the gas to be ideal.

Section 2 (Maximum Marks : 40)

This section contains TEN questions

Each question has FOUR options (a), (b), (c) and (d). ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these four option(s) is(are) correct

9. For a certain radioactive substance, it is observed that after 4 h, only 6.25% of the original sample is left undecayed. It follows that

(a)

(b) the mean life of the sample is

(c)

(d)

the half-life of the sample is 1 h

1

ln 2 h

the decay constant of the sample is ln(2) h 1

after a further 4 h, the amount of the substance left over would by only 0.39% of the original amount.

10. A system consists of two identical cubes, each of mass m, linked together by the compressed weightless spring of stiffness k. The cubes are also connected by a thread which is burned through at a certain moment.

m m
m
m

(a)

The lower cube will bounce up after the thread has been burned through when the initial

compression of the spring is 2mg

is

7 mg/k, then centre of gravity of this system will

rise to height 8mg k

The lower cube will bounce up after the thread has been burned through when the initial

compression of the spring is 5mg

k

of

.

the

(b) If

the

initial

compression

.

spring

(c)

k

.

(d) All are correct.

11. It is desired to make a long cylindrical conductor whose temperature coefficient of resistivity at 20°C will be close to zero. If such a conductor is made by assembling alternate disks of iron and carbon, find the ratio of the thickness of a carbon disk to that an iron disk. (For carbon, r = 3500 × 10 8 W m and a = –0.50 × 10 3 °C 1 for iron, r = 9.68 × 10 8 W m and a = 6.5 × 10 3 °C 1 )

(a) 0.36 (b) 0.036 (c) 1.0 (d) 2.0

12. A rocket set for vertical firing weighs 50 kg and contains 450 kg of fuel. It can have a maximum exhaust velocity of 2 km s 1 .

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Physics For you | may ‘16

(a)

Minimum rate of fuel consumption to just lift it off the launching pad is 2.45 kg s 1 .

(b)

Minimum rate of fuel consumption to give it an acceleration of 20 m s 2 is 3.5 kg s 1 .

(c)

The speed of the rocket is 4.2 km s 1 when the rate of consumption of fuel is 10 kg s 1 after whole of the fuel is consumed.

(d)

All are correct.

13. One mole of a diatomic ideal gas (γ = 1.4) is taken

through a cyclic process starting from point A. The process A B is an adiabatic compression, B C is isobaric expansion, C D is an adiabatic expansion, and D A is isochoric. The volume ratios are V A /V B = 16 and V C /V B = 2 and the temperature at A is T A = 300 K.

(a) Temperature of the gas at B is 909 K. (b) Temperature of the gas
(a)
Temperature of the gas at B is 909 K.
(b)
Temperature of the gas at D is 791 K.
(c)
The efficiency of the cycle is 61.4%.
(d)
The efficiency of the cycle is 38.6%.
14. A point charge q is located
at centre O of a spherical
uncharged conducting
layer provided with a
small orifice as shown
in the figure. The inside
and outside radii of the
b
a
O q

layer are equal to a and b respectively. What amount of work has to be performed to slowly transfer the charge q from the point O through the orifice and into infinity ?

(a)

2

q

a

1

a

1

1

1 b

b

2

q

1

b

1

b

1

a

1

a

8

pe

q

2

0

4

pe

0

(b)

(d)

8

pe

q

2

0

4 pe

0

(c)

15. n drops of a liquid each with surface energy E join to form a single drop. Then

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

some energy will be released in the process

some energy will be absorbed in the process

the energy released will be E(n n 2/3 )

the energy absorbed will be nE(2 2/3 – 1)

16. A 30 cm violin string with linear mass density 0.652 g m 1 is placed near a loudspeaker that is fed by an audio oscillator variable frequency. It is found that the string is set into oscillation only at the frequencies 880 Hz and 1320 Hz as the frequency of the oscillator is varied continuously over the range 500-1500 Hz. What is the tension in the string ?

(a)

120 N

(b) 60 N

(c) 90.8 N

(d) 45.4 N

17. A particle of mass m moves in a certain plane due

to a force F whose vector rotates in that place with a constant angular velocity w. Assuming the particle to be stationary at the moment t = 0, then

(a)

its velocity as a function of time is

m w 

F

w t

2

sin

(b) its

velocity

sin

as

2 F

m w 

w t

2

a

function

of

time

is

(c)

the distance covered by the particle between

two successive stops is

8

F

mw

2

(d)

the mean velocity over two successive stops

is

4F

.

pmw

18. A massless rope is tossed over a wooden dowel of radius r in order to lift a heavy object of weight W off the floor, as shown in the figure. The coefficient of sliding friction between the rope and the dowel is m. Which of the following relation is correct for minimum downward pull (F min ) on the rope necessary to lift the object ?

r  W F
r

W F

(a)

F min = We pµ

(b)

F min = We +pµ

(c)

F min = – We pµ

(d)

F min = We p

Section 3 (Maximum Marks : 16)

This section contains TWO questions

Each question contains two columns, Column I and Column II

Match the entries in Column I with the entries in Column II

One or more entries in Column I may match with one or more entries in Column II

19. In each situation of Column I, a physical quantity related to orbiting electron in hydrogen-like atom is given. The terms Z and n given in Column II have usual meaning in Bohr's theory. Match the quantities in Column I with the terms they depend on in Column II.

 

Column-I

 

Column-II

(A)

Frequencyoforbiting

(P)

is

directly

electron

proportional

to Z 2

(B)

Angular momentum of orbiting electron

(Q)

is

directly

proportional

 

to n

(C)

Magnetic moment of orbiting electron

(R)

is

inversely

proportional to n 3

(D)

The average current

(S)

is independent

due to orbiting of electron

of Z

20. In Young's double-slit experiment, the point source S is placed slightly off the central axis as shown in the figure. If l = 500 nm, then match the following.

   

P

 
S 1
S
1
y = 10 mm

y = 10 mm

S

S 2 mm

2 mm

     
   

20 mm

     

O

1 y = 10 mm S 2 mm           20 mm  

S

1 m

2

2 m

 
 
 

Column-I

 

Column-II

(A)

Nature and order of interference at point P, OP = 10 mm

(P)

Bright fringe of order 80

(B)

Nature and order of interference at point O

(Q)

Bright fringe of order 262

(C)

If a transparent paper (refractive index µ = 1.45) of thickness t = 0.02 mm is pasted on S 1 , i.e., one of the slits, the nature and order of the interference at P

(R)

Bright fringe of order 62

(D)

After inserting the transparent paper in front of slit S 1 , the nature and order of interference at O

(S)

Bright fringe of order 280

Physics For you | may ‘16

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13

PaPer-2

Section 1 (MaxiMuM MarkS : 32)

This section contains EIGHT questions

The answer to each question is a SINGLE DIGIT INTEGER ranging from 0 to 9, both inclusive

1. For the given circuit in the steady state condition, charge on the capacitor is q 0 = 16 µC. If now the battery is removed and the nodes A and C are shorted. The time during which charge on the capacitor becomes 4 µC is t(µs) and emf of battery

3 t is e(V). Find the value of . e ln 2 2  3
3
t
is e(V). Find the value of
.
e ln 2
2
3 
B
+
1 
3 
– C = 4 µF
D
A
C
4
4 
24 V
+

A glass of refractive index 1.5 is coated with a thin layer of thickness t of refractive index 1.8. Light of wavelength l travelling in air is incident normally on the layer. It is partly reflected at the upper and the lower surfaces of the layer and the two reflected rays interfere. If l = 648 nm, obtain the least value of t(in 10 8 m) for which the rays interfere constructively.

3. A charged particle enters a uniform magnetic field with velocity v 0 = 4 m s 1 perpendicular to it, the

2.

3
3

2

R, where R is the

length of magnetic field is x =

radius of the circular path of the particle in the field.

Find the magnitude of change in velocity (in m s 1 ) of the particle when it comes out of the field.

4. Two tuning forks A and B each

of natural frequency 85 Hz move with velocity 10 m s 1 relative to stationary observer O. Fork A moves away from the observer while the fork B moves towards

A B O
A
B
O

him as shown in the figure. A wind with a speed 10 m s 1 is blowing in the direction of motion of fork A. Find the beat frequency measured by the observer in Hz. [Take speed of sound in air as 340 m s 1 ]

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Physics For you | may ‘16

5. In two calorimeters, we poured 200 g of water each at temperatures of +30 °C and +40 °C. From the hot calorimeter 50 g of water, is poured into cold calorimeter and stirred. Then from cold calorimeter 50 g of water is poured in hot and again stirred. How many times do you have to pour the same portion of water back and forth so that the temperature difference between water in the calorimeters becomes less than 3 °C ? Heat loss during the transfer

and head capacity of calorimeters is neglected.

6. The tap in the garden was

closed inappropriately

resulting in the water

flowing freely out of it which forms a downward narrowing beam. The beam of water

has a circular cross-

d 1 = 6 mm d 2 = 3 mm 3 cm
d 1 = 6 mm
d 2 = 3 mm
3 cm

section, the diameter of the circle is 6 mm at one point and 3 cm below it is only 3 mm as shown in figure. If the rate of water wasted is 55.65 × 10 n L s 1 then find the value of n. (Neglect the effect of viscosity and surface tension of the flowing water.)

7. Nuclei A and B convert into a stable nucleus C. Nucleus A is converted into C by emitting 2 a-particles and 3 b-particles. Nucleus B is converted into C by emitting one a-particle and 5 b-particles. At time t = 0, nuclei of A are 4N 0 and nuclei of B are N 0 . Initially, number of nuclei of C are zero. Half-life of A (into conversion of C) is 1 min and

that of B is 2 min. Find the time (in minutes) at which rate of disintegration of A and B are equal.

8. A block of mass m is being pulled up the rough incline, inclined at an angle 37° with horizontal by an agent delivering constant power P. The coefficient

of friction between the block and the incline is µ. Find the maximum speed (in m s 1 ) of the block during the course of ascent. [Take: P = 60 W, m = 1 kg, m = 0.5]

µ
µ

Section 2 (Maximum Marks : 32)

This section contains EIGHT questions

Each question has FOUR options (a), (b), (c) and (d). ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these four option(s) is(are) correct

9. A thin uniform bar lies on a frictionless horizontal surface and is free to move in any way on the surface. Its mass is 0.16 kg and length 3 m.

A 10 m s –1 B 6 m s –1
A
10 m s –1
B
6 m s –1
is 0.16 kg and length 3 m. A 10 m s –1 B 6 m s

Two particles, each of mass 0.08 kg, are moving on the same surface and towards the bar in a direction perpendicular to the bar, one with a velocity of 10 m s 1 , and other with 6 m s 1 as shown in the figure. The first particle strikes the bar at point A and the other at point B. Points A and B are at a distance of 0.5 m from the centre of the bar. The particles strike the bar at the same instant of time and stick to the bar on collision. The loss of the kinetic energy of the system in the collision process is

(a)

2 J

(b)

4 J

(c)

2.72 J

(d) 5.44 J

10. Consider the earth as a uniform sphere of mass M and radius R. Imagine a straight smooth tunnel made through the earth which connects any two points on its surface. The time taken by a particle to go from one end to other through the tunnel is

(a)

2p

3 R GM
3
R
GM

(b) p

3 R GM
3
R
GM

(c)

R 3 GM
R 3
GM

(d)

3 R 2 GM
3
R
2 GM

11. A linear object of size 1.5 cm is placed at 10 cm from a lens of focal length 20 cm. The optic centre of lens and the object are displaced a distance D. The magnification of the image formed is m. (Take optic centre as origin). The coordinates of image of A and B are (x 1 , y 1 ) and (x 2 , y 2 ) respectively. Then

, y 1 ) and ( x 2 , y 2 ) respectively. Then 12. A

12.

A conducting wire of length l and mass m is placed

on two inclined rails as shown in the figure. A

current I is flowing in the wire in the direction shown. When no magnetic field is present in the region, the wire is just on the verge of sliding. When

a vertically upward magnetic field is switched on,

the wire starts moving up the incline. The distance

travelled by the wire as a function of time t will be y C l
travelled by the wire as a function of time t will be
y
C
l
x
I
z
1 
IBl
2
(a)
2 g
t
2
 
m
1 
IBl
1
2
(b)
×
2
g sin q
t
2 
m cos q
1 IBl
2
(c)
2 g sin q
t
2 
m
1 IBl cos 2 q
2
(d)
2 g sin
q
t
2
 
m cos q

13. For a certain metal, the K absorption edge is at

0.172 Å. The wavelength of K a ,

series are 0.210 Å, 0.192 Å, and 0.180 Å, respectively. The energies of K, L and M orbits are E K , E L and E M ,

respectively. Then

K b and K g lines of K

(a)

E K = –13.07 keV

(b) E L = –7.52 keV

(c)

E M = –3.21 keV

(d) E K = 13.04 keV

14. Two light springs of force constants k 1 and k 2 and

a block of mass m are in one line AB on a smooth

horizontal table such that one ends of each spring

is fixed on rigid supports and the other end is free

as shown in the figure.

60cm k 1 k 2 v A C D B
60cm
k 1
k 2
v
A
C
D
B

The distance CD between the free ends of the springs is 60 cm. If the block moves along AB with a velocity 120 cm s 1 in between the springs, calculate the period of oscillation of the block.

(a)

(x 1 , y 1 ) = (–20 cm, –1 cm)

 

(k

1 = 1.8 N m 1 , k 2 = 3.2 N m 1 , m = 200 g)

(b)

(x 2 , y 2 ) = (–20 cm, 2 cm)

(a)

3 s

(b)

4 s

(c)

m = 3

(d)

m = 2

(c)

2.83 s

(d) 4.35 s

Physics For you | may ‘16

15
15

15. PQR is an equilateral triangular frame of mass m and side r. It is at rest under the action of horizontal magnetic field B as shown in the figure and the gravitational field.

(a)

r 3 4 The frame remains at rest if the current in the frame is
r
3
4
The frame remains at rest if the current in the
frame is 2mg
rB
.

(b)

The frame remains at rest if the current in the

2 mg frame is . rB 3 (c) The frame is in
2
mg
frame is
.
rB
3
(c)
The
frame
is
in

simple harmonic motion

when frame is slightly displaced in its plane perpendicular to PQ. The period of oscillation

 r 3  is p   g  
r
3
is p
g

/

1 2

(d) For same as in above option, the period of

oscillation is p

 

3 r

/

1 2

16. Two identical cylindrical vessels with their bases at the same level each contain a liquid of density r. The height of the liquid in one vessel is h 1 and in other vessel is h 2 . The area of either base is A. What is the work done by gravity in equalizing the levels when the two vessels are connected ?

2 g

(a)

(c)

rAg (h 1 h 2 ) 2

4

rAg (h 1 h 2 ) 2

2

(b)

(d)

rAg (h 1 + h 2 ) 2

4

rAg (h 1 + h 2 ) 2

2

Section 3 (Maximum Marks : 16)

This section contains TWO paragraphs

Based on each paragraph, there will be TWO questions

Each question has FOUR options (a), (b), (c) and (d). ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these four options(s) is(are) correct

PARAGRAPH 1

The figure shows a cross-section of a double glass unit of a window on a vertical wall. A graph of the temperatures at different points within the unit is shown next to it.

16
16

Physics For you | may ‘16

The temperature difference across the unit is 13 K. It has

a cross-sectional area of 1.3 m 2 and the rate of heat flow through it
a cross-sectional area of 1.3 m 2 and the rate of heat flow
through it is 65 W. Glass has a thermal conductivity of
1 W m –1 K –1 .

17. Select the correct statement.

(a)

The unit is in steady state and in thermal equilibrium.

(b)

The unit is in steady state but not in thermal equilibrium.

(c)

The unit is not in steady state but is in thermal equilibrium.

(d)

The unit neither in steady state nor in thermal equilibrium.

18. The thermal conductivity of air is

(a)

(c)

1

10

1

14

W m 1 K 1

W m 1 K 1

(b)

(d)

12 1 W m –1 K –1

9

130 W m –1 K –1

PARAGRAPH 2

In the given setup, the parallel plate capacitor AB has vertical plates with separation, d = 50 mm and capacitance C 0 . From the plate A a small conducting ball hangs on a non-conducting silk thread of length L = 100 mm. The mass of the ball is m and

capacitance is C 1 . It initially touches the plate A, as

shown in the figure. The plate B is grounded while plate

A is connected to a power supply of potential V 0 for a

short time by closing the switch S and then opening

it again.

time by closing the switch S and then opening it again. The motion of the conducting
time by closing the switch S and then opening it again. The motion of the conducting

The motion of the conducting ball was observed. It was found that due to the charge deposited on the plate

and the ball, the ball swings across, touches the plate

B, swings back, touches A and finally swings out again

such that it almost touches plate B. Take g = 10 m s 2 .

19. The ratio of the charge carried by the plates and the ball finally is

(a)

C 1 : C 0

(b)

(c)

C 0 2 : C 1 2

(d)

C 1 2 : C 0

C 0 : C 1

2

20. Based on the description given in the passage, the required power supply voltage (V 0 ) is given by

 C  m 1 (a) V 0 = 1 +   C 
 C
m
1
(a)
V 0 =
1 +
 C
2
3 C
0
1
 C
m
(b)
V 0 =
0
1 +
 C
2
3 C
1
1
C
5
m
0
(c)
V 0 =
1 +
C
3
C
1
1
C
5
m
(d)
V 0 =
1
1
+
C
3
C
0
1

solutions

paper-1

1. (2) : Magnetic moment of a current carrying loop, m = IS

Energy in volume of element (length l)

dU B = u B dV =

2 i (2prl)dr = m 4 p

m

0

2

8 p r

2

0

i

2

l dr

r

U B =

m i l

0

2

b

dr

=

m i l 4 p

0

2

b

4

p

r

a

ln

a

Using values, we get U B = 7 nJ

4. (4) : As the track AB is frictionless, the block moves

this distance without loss in its initial KE =

1

2 mv 2

=

1 2 × 0.5 × 3 2 = 2.25 J.

In the path BD as friction is present, so work done

against friction

= µ k mg × (BD) = 0.2 × 0.5 × 10 × 2.14 = 2.14 J

So, at D the KE of the block = 2.25 – 2.14 = 0.11 J.

Now, if the spring is compressed by x

 

1

× k × x 2 + µ k mgx

 

0.11 =

 

2

or

0.11 =

1

× 2 × x 2 + 0.2 × 0.5 × 10x

 

2

or

x 2 + x – 0.11 = 0

   On solving, x = 0.1 m or –1.1 m Area of the
  
On solving, x = 0.1 m or –1.1 m
Area of the loop, S
=
AB
×
BC

 
x ≠ –1.1 m, so, x = 0.1 m
Here, AB
= −2
d  i
+ 2
a j
,
BC
= 2
b k 
After moving the distance x = 0.1 m the block comes
to rest. Now the compressed spring exerts a force:
\ S
= (− 2
d i
+ 2
a  j
) × (2
b
k  ) = 4bd  j + 4ab  i
F = kx = 2 × 0.1 = 0.2 N
2
2
\ |m|
= I
|
S =
|
4Ib
a
+ d
= 4 × 0.01 × 10 ×
2
2
3
+
4
= 0.4 × 5 = 2 J T –1
2. (5) : We don't really need to write an integral, we
just need the charge per unit length in the cylinder
to be equal to zero. This means that the positive
charge in cylinder must be +3.60 nC m –1 . This
positive charge is uniformly distributed in a circle
of radius R = 1.50 cm, so
on the block while limiting frictional force between
block and track is f L = µ s mg = 0.22 × 0.5 × 10 = 1.1 N.
Since, F < f L . The block will not move back. So, the
total distance moved by the block
= AB + BD + 0.1 = 2 + 2.14 + 0.1 = 4.24 m
v
5. (4) : u
=
2(l + 2e)
v
v
\
u =
=
2( + 2×0.6 )
l
r
2(l
+
1.2r)
1
− 1
r = 3 60
.
nC m
3 60
.
nC m
Du
D
v
D
(
l
+ 1 2
.
r
)
D
v
D
l
+ 1 2
.
D
r
\
=
=
=
≈ 5 µC m –3 .
2
2
u
v
l
+ 1 2
.
r
v l
+ 1 2
.
r
pR
p 0 015 m
(
.
)
Du
D
l
+ 1 2
.
D
r
3. (7) : The magnetic field inside
is only due to the current of the
m
Here Dv
= 0 ;
×
100
= −
×
100 %
v
u
l
+ 1 2
.
r
For maximum % error: Dl = 0.1 cm, Dr = 0.05 cm
i
0
r
inner cylinder. B =
 Du
01
.
+
12
.
×
005
.
2
p r
× 100 %
=
×
100 %
Magnetic field energy density
u
94
+
1 2
.
×
5
max
is not uniform in the space
between the cylinders. At a
distance r from the centre
= 0.16% = a 2 %
\
a = 0.4. Hence, 10a = 4.
6. The capacitor charge as a function of time is
(2) :
2
2
B
m i
0
given by
u B =
=
2
2
2m
8 p r
q
= Ce(1 – e –t/RC ),
0

Physics For you | may ‘16

17
17

While the current through the circuit (and the resistor) is given by e

i =

e t/RC

R

The energy stored in the capacitor is given by

U =

2

q

2 C So the rate that energy is being capacitor is

P

C =

dU =

dt

q dq

q

=

C dt

C

i

.

stored in the

The rate of energy dissipation in the resistor is

P R = i 2 R

So the time at which the rate of energy dissipation in the resistor is equal to the rate of energy storage in the capacitor can be found by solving

P C =P R

or,

i 2 R =

q C i

or,

eCe t/RC = Ce(1 – e t/RC ),

e t/RC = 1/2

or,

t = RC ln 2.

iRC = q,

7. (2) : For the ball, centripetal force = gravitational force

or

\

mw 2 (2R) = GMm

M =

8

23

w R

(2R)

=

32

2

M =

G

(

1 5

.

×

23

p R

32

G

×

(

3 14

.

)

T

2

2

×

10

6

)

3

(

90000

)

2

×

6 67

.

×

10

11

= 1.97 × 10 21 2 × 10 21 kg

w =

2 p 

T

8. (4) : Let the process is polytropic. According to the law pV n = constant

Thus, p f V n f = p i V n

i

or,

 

p

V

f

V

i

n

=

p

i

f

Given V

f

= b = 8
V

= a = 4 and

i

p

f

p

i

ln b

So, a n = b or ln b = n ln a or n =

ln a In the polytropic process, molar heat capacity is given by

 

(

R n

− γ

)

=

R

 

R

 

(

n

1

)(

γ

1

)

γ

1

n

1

=

R

R

ln a

 

γ −

1

8 314

.

b

8 314

ln

.

ln

ln

a

4

1 4

.

1

ln

8

ln

4

=

 

C n =

So, C n =

4.16 4 J mol 1 K 1

18
18

Physics For you | may ‘16

9.

(a, b, c, d) : We have, 6.25% = 6 25 =

100

1

1

.

16

2 4

=

The given time of 4 h thus equals 4 half-lives so the half-life is 1 h.

Since half-life =

and mean life =

ln2

decay constant

1

decay constant

decay constant, l = ln2 h 1

mean life, t =

1

ln 2 h

After further 4 h, the amount left over would be

% or 0.39% of original

1 1

×

2

4

2

4

,

1

100

i.e.,

or

256

256

amount.

10. (b, c) : The initial compression in the spring (Dl) must be such that after burning of the thread, the upper cube rises to a height that produces a tension

in the spring that is atleast equal to the weight of the lower cube. Actually, the spring will first go from its compressed state to its natural length and then get elongated beyond this natural length. Let l be the maximum elongation produced under these circumstances.

Then

Now, from energy conservation,

kl = mg

(i)

1

2 kDl 2 =mg (Dl + l) +

1

2 kl 2

(ii)

(Because at maximum elongation of the spring, the speed of upper cube becomes zero) From equations (i) and (ii),

D l

2 2

mg

D l

3

2

m g

2

=

0

3 mg

=

mg

k

k

2

k

,

k

or,

D l

Therefore, acceptable solution of Dl equals 3mg k

Let v be the velocity of upper cube at the position

(say, at C) when the lower block breaks off the floor, then from energy conservation

.

1

2 mv 2 =

1

2 k(Dl 2 l 2 ) – mg(l + Dl)

 

Dl =

7 mg

k

2

v 2 = 32 mg

k

the

position

mv +

0

v

2

m

or,

At

v c =

+ two cubes) further rises up to Dy c2 .

C,

the

velocity of CM,

=

2

. Let the CM of the system (spring

Now, from energy conservation,

1

2 (2m)v 2 c = (2m)g Dy c2

mg

2

v

c

2

or,

But, uptil position C, the C.M. of the system has already elevated by,

Dy c2 =

=

v

=

4

2

g

8 g

k

Dy c1 = (Dl

+

l)m

+ 0

=

4

mg

m Hence, the net displacement of the C.M. of the system, in upward direction

2

k

Dy c = Dy c1 + Dy c2 = 8mg

k

Cv l B l
Cv
l
B
l

11. (b) : Change in the resistance of the conductor on increasing its temperature, R R 0 = R 0 a av (T T 0 ). The disks will be effectively in series, so we will add the resistances to get the total. Looking only at one pair of disk, we have R c + R i = R 0c (a c (T T 0 ) + 1) + R 0i (a i (T T 0 ) + 1) = R 0c + R 0i + (R 0c a c + R 0i a i ) (T T 0 ). This equation will only be constant if the coefficient for the term (T T 0 ) vanishes. Then R 0c a c + R 0i a i = 0, but R = rL/A, and the disks have the same cross sectional area, so L c r c a c + L i r i a i = 0

or

L

c

= − r a

r a

i

i

L

i

c

c

= −

9 68

.

×

10

8

×

6 5

.

×

10

3

3500

×

10

8

×

(

0 50

.

×

10

3

)

= 0.036

12. (a, c) : To just lift off the rocket the launching pad, weight = thrust force

mg = v r

dm

dt

or

dm

 =

mg

or

Substituting the values, we get

dt

v

r

 − dm

dt

(450

=

+

50)(9.8)

2

×

10 3

= 2.45 kg s 1

Net acceleration, a = 20 m s 2

v

r  −

dm g dt

\ ma = F t mg or a =

dm

  =

m ( g

r

m

+

)

a

This gives

Substituting the values, we get

dt

v

dm

(450

=

+

50)(9.8

+

20)

dt

2 ×

10 3

= 7.45 kg s 1

The rate of fuel consumption is 10 kg s 1 . So, the

time for the consumption of entire fuel is

t

= 450

10

= 45 s

Speed of the rocket after t = 45 s

v = u gt + v r ln

m

m

0

Here, u = 0, v r = 2 × 10 3 m s 1 , m 0 = 500 kg and m = 50 kg Substituting the values, we get

v = 0 – (9.8)(45) + (2 × 10 3 ) ln

500

50

v = –441 + 4605.17 v = 4164.17 m s 1 = 4.164 km s 1 4.2 km s 1 13. (a, b, c) : Given: n = 1 mole γ = 1.4 for diatomic gas.

or

or

T

A

= 300 K,

V V

A

= 16,

C

V

B

V

B

= 2

A B : adiabatic compression

B C : isobaric expansion

C D : adiabatic expansion

D A : isochoric process.

To find T B Process A → B is adiabatic P B C γ −
To find T B
Process A → B is adiabatic
P
B
C
γ
1
T
V
B
A
\
=
T
V
D
A
B
A
T
or
= (16) 1.4 – 1
T B A
16V 0 V
V 0 2V 0

= (16) 2/5 = (256) 1/5 = 3.03

\

or

T B = T A × 3.03 T B = 909 K To find T D

B C is an isobaric process.

or

T B = 300 × 3.03

\

V

B

=

V

C

T

B

T

C

or

T C = T B

V

V

C

B


or

\

T C = 909 × 2

C D is an adiabatic process.

or

T C = 1818 K

T

D

=

V

C

T

C

V

D

γ−1

or

T D = T C ×

V

C

V

D

…(i)

…(ii)

γ−1

T D = 1818 × 0.435

T D = 1818 ×

2

16

.

1 4

1

1

2

/

5

or