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# B. 5.

2%

C. 6.2%

D. 7.1%

## 4. Across which of the following

components of a power supply does the
average (dc) voltage exist?

A. Diodes

## B. Secondary of the transformer

C. Capacitor filter

## 5. Calculate the ripple voltage of a full-wave

rectifier with a 75-F filter capacitor
connected to a load drawing 40 mA.

A. 1.20 V

B. 1.28 V

C. 1.32 V

D. 1.41 V

## 6. What is the ratio of the period of the

output voltage to the period of the input
voltage in a full-wave rectifier?

A. 0

B. 0.5

C. 1

D. 2

## 7. A _____ -wave rectified signal has less

ripple than a _____ -wave rectified signal
and is thus better to apply to a filter.

## 8. If the value of full-load voltage is the same

as the no-load voltage, the voltage
regulation calculated is _____ %, which is
the best expected.

A. 0

B. 1

C. 99

D. 100

## 9. In which period is the capacitor filter

charged in a full-wave rectifier?

## B. The time during which the diodes

are not conducting

## C. The time during which the

diode(s) is (are) conducting

## 10. In which period is the capacitor filter

discharged through the load in a full-wave
rectifier?

## B. The time during which the diodes

are not conducting

## C. The time during which the

diode(s) is (are) conducting

## D. The time during the negative cycle

11. If a peak rectified voltage for the fullwave filter circuit is 40 V, calculate the filter
dc voltage if C = 75 F and load current is 40
mA.

A. 27.9 V

A. full, half

B. 32.12 V

B. half, full

C. 37.78 V

D. 40 V

## 12. Calculate the ripple of a capacitor filter

for a peak rectified voltage of 40 V, a
capacitor value C = 75 F, and a load current
of 40 mA.

A. 3.2%

B. 3.59%

C. 4.03%

D. 4.59%

B. 42.78 V

C. 45.78 V

D. 48.78 V

## 17. The purpose of the added RC section is

to pass most of the dc component while
reducing as much of the ac component as
possible.

## 13. What is the ratio of the peak ripple

voltage level to its rms voltage level?

A. 3

B. 2

C. 3/2

D. 2/2

## 14. The larger the value of the capacitor, the

smaller the peak current drawn through the
rectifying diodes.

A. True

B. False

A. True

B. False

## 18. This circuit is an example of the ac

equivalent of an RC filter.

## 15. What is the purpose of an additional RC

filter section in a power supply circuit?

component

component

component

## D. None of the above

16. Calculate the dc voltage across a 2-k
load for an RC filter section (R = 50 , C = 20
F). The dc voltage across the initial filter
capacitor is Vdc = 50 V.

A. 40.78 V

A. True

B. False
19. For a full-wave rectifier with ac ripple at
120 Hz, the impedance of a capacitor can be
calculated using XC = _____.

A. 0.707 C

B. 1.414 C

C. 1.3 C

D. 0.785 C

## 20. In a simple series regulator circuit, which

of the following components is the
controlling element?

B. Zener diode

C. Transistor Q1

## 21. In this improved series regulator circuit,

which of the following components is the
sampling circuit?

A. Zener diode

C. Either of the two transistors Q1 or
Q2
D. Resistors R1 and R2

## 22. In this op-amp series regulator circuit,

which of the following components is the
comparator circuit?

A. Op-amp
B. Transistor Q1

C. R1 and R2 resistors

D. Zener diode
23. What regulated output voltage is
provided for the following circuit elements:
R1 = 15 k, R2 = 35 k, and VZ = 11.2 V?

A. 16.50 V

B. 17 V

C. 17.35 V

D. 18.25 V

## 24. Which component(s) set(s) the voltage

across the load in a basic transistor shunt
regulator?

A. Zener diode

## C. Both the Zener diode and the

transistor base-emitter voltage

## 25. In an improved shunt regulator, which of

the following components sets the
reference voltage?
A. Transistor Q1

B. Zener diode
C. Transistor Q2

D. RS

## 26. For what range of load current can

voltage regulators be selected for
operation?

of nanoamperes

of milliamperes

of amperes

## 27. For what range of fixed regulated

voltages do the series 78xx regulators
provide regulation?

A. 5 V to +24 V

B. +5 V to +24 V

C. 5 V to 24 V

## 28. What is the typical dropout voltage for

the 7812 fixed positive voltage regulator?

C. 5 V to 24 V

D. 5 V to 24 V
31. What are the typical values of Vref and
regulator?

A. 1.0 V, 100 mA

B. 1.5 V, 100 mA

C. 1.25 V, 100 A

D. 1.25 V, 10 mA

A. 5 V

B. 5 V

C. 12 V

D. 12 V

## 33. The 7912 regulator IC provides _____ .

A. 4 mV

A. 5 V

B. 100 mV

B. 5 V

C. 1.5 V

C. 12 V

D. 2 V

D. 12 V

29. How many diodes conduct in the fullwave bridge rectifier while the capacitor is
being charged?

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

## 30. What is the range of the voltage level of

the LM317 adjusted voltage regulator?

A. 0 V to 5 V

B. 1.2 V to 37 V

A. 5 V

B. 5 V

C. 12 V

D. 12 V

## 35. The 7805 regulator IC provides _____.

A. 5 V

B. 5 V

C. 12 V

D. 12 V

FILL-IN-THE-BLANKS

C. is reduced

## 1. A complete power supply has a _____.

A. rectifier

B. filter

C. voltage regulator

## 2. The output resulting from a rectifier is

a(n) _____.

A. ac voltage

B. pure dc voltage

C. pulsating dc voltage

## 3. The _____ the ac variation with respect to

the dc level, the _____ the filter circuit's
operation.

A. smaller, better

B. larger, better

C. smaller, worse

## 4. A dc voltmeter reads the _____ while

measuring a pulsating dc voltage.

## 5. The filter output voltage of a power

supply _____ when load current is drawn
from the supply.

B. is increased

## 6. The _____ the voltage regulation, the

_____ the operation of the voltage supply
circuit.

A. smaller, better

B. larger, better

C. smaller, worse

## 7. A full-wave rectified signal has _____ dc

component and _____ ripple than (as) the
half-wave rectified voltage.

A. a larger, more

B. a smaller, less

## C. the same, less

D. a larger, less

## 8. If the value of the full-load voltage is the

same as the no-load voltage, the voltage
regulation calculated is _____.

A. 0%

B. a negative percentage

C. a positive percentage

## 9. In a half-wave rectifier, the dc voltage

level is _____ the ripple voltage level.

A. smaller than

B. the same as

C. larger than

## 10. In a full-wave rectifier, the dc voltage

level is _____ the ripple voltage level.

A. smaller than

B. the same as

C. larger than

## 11. In a full-wave rectifier, if no load were

connected across the capacitor, the output
voltage would ideally be a(n) _____.

A. ac voltage

B. constant dc voltage

C. pulsating dc voltage

D. ramp voltage

## 12. The output of a loaded power supply is

_____ that of the unloaded.

A. the same as

B. larger than

C. smaller than

## 13. The charging and discharging of the

capacitor filter take _____ of the period of
the input voltage.

A. 0.25

B. 0.5

C. 0.75

D. 1

## 14. The frequency of the output voltage of a

full-wave rectifier is _____ the frequency of
its input voltage.

A. the same as

B. twice

C. one-half

D. one-third

_____.

## A. conduction of the diode(s)

B. transformer windings

capacitor

## 16. The _____ values of capacitor filter

provide _____ ripple and _____ average
voltage.

## 17. The _____ the diode conduction time,

the _____ the amount of the charging
current through the capacitor filter.

A. shorter, larger

B. shorter, smaller

C. longer, larger

## 18. In a current-limiting circuit, _____

provide(s) the limiting of the maximum load
current.

## A. the Zener diode

B. the short-circuit resistor Rsc
C. the transistor Q1
D. both the short-circuit resistor
Rsc and transistor Q2

## 19. In a foldback configuration, limiting the

current reduces _____, protecting the load
from overcurrent as well as protecting the
regulator.

output current

## 20. A type of regulator circuit that is quite

popular for its efficient transfer of power to
the load is the _____.

D. 8 V, 15 V

regulators

## A. current-limiting voltage regulator

B. switching regulator

C. LM317

## 21. Regulator IC units contain the circuitry

for the _____.

A. reference source

B. comparator amplifier

protection

## 23. The specification sheet for the 7812

fixed positive voltage regulator shows that
the output voltage could be as low as _____
or as high as _____.

A. 11.5 V, 12.5 V

B. 11.2 V, 12.2 V

C. 11 V, 13 V

## 25. The _____ is (are) an adjustable voltage

regulator.

1. A. Battery charger

29. B. 2

2. B. 8.5%

30. B. 1.2 V to 37 V

3. A. 4.17%

## 31. C. 1.25 V, 100 A

4. C. Capacitor filter

32. C. 12 V

5. B. 1.28 V

33. D. 12 V

6. B. 0.5

34. B. 5 V

7. A. full, half

35. A. 5 V

8. A. 0

FILL-IN-THE-BLANKS

(are) conducting

## 10. B. The time during which the diodes are

not conducting

3. A. smaller, better

11. C. 37.78 V
12. A. 3.2%
13. A. 3
14. B. False
15. C. Decrease the ac voltage component
16. D. 48.78 V
17. A. True
18. B. False
19. C. 1.3 C
20. C. Transistor Q1
21. D. Resistors R1 and R2

2. C. pulsating dc voltage
4. B. average of the signal
5. C. is reduced
6. A. smaller, better
7. D. a larger, less
8. A. 0%
9. A. smaller than
10. C. larger than
11. B. constant dc voltage
12. C. smaller than
13. B. 0.5
14. B. twice

22. A. Op-amp

capacitor

23. B. 17 V

## 24. C. Both the Zener diode and the

transistor base-emitter voltage

transistor Q2

amperes

## 19. C. both the output voltage and output

current

27. B. +5 V to +24 V

28. D. 2 V

## 22. D. All of the above

23. A. 11.5 V, 12.5 V
24. B. negative voltage regulators
25. C. LM317