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B. 5.

2%

C. 6.2%

D. 7.1%

4. Across which of the following


components of a power supply does the
average (dc) voltage exist?

A. Diodes

B. Secondary of the transformer

C. Capacitor filter

D. None of the above

5. Calculate the ripple voltage of a full-wave


rectifier with a 75-F filter capacitor
connected to a load drawing 40 mA.

A. 1.20 V

B. 1.28 V

C. 1.32 V

D. 1.41 V

6. What is the ratio of the period of the


output voltage to the period of the input
voltage in a full-wave rectifier?

A. 0

B. 0.5

C. 1

D. 2

7. A _____ -wave rectified signal has less


ripple than a _____ -wave rectified signal
and is thus better to apply to a filter.

8. If the value of full-load voltage is the same


as the no-load voltage, the voltage
regulation calculated is _____ %, which is
the best expected.

A. 0

B. 1

C. 99

D. 100

9. In which period is the capacitor filter


charged in a full-wave rectifier?

A. The time during the positive cycle

B. The time during which the diodes


are not conducting

C. The time during which the


diode(s) is (are) conducting

D. The time during the negative cycle

10. In which period is the capacitor filter


discharged through the load in a full-wave
rectifier?

A. The time during the positive cycle

B. The time during which the diodes


are not conducting

C. The time during which the


diode(s) is (are) conducting

D. The time during the negative cycle

11. If a peak rectified voltage for the fullwave filter circuit is 40 V, calculate the filter
dc voltage if C = 75 F and load current is 40
mA.

A. 27.9 V

A. full, half

B. 32.12 V

B. half, full

C. 37.78 V

D. 40 V

12. Calculate the ripple of a capacitor filter


for a peak rectified voltage of 40 V, a
capacitor value C = 75 F, and a load current
of 40 mA.

A. 3.2%

B. 3.59%

C. 4.03%

D. 4.59%

B. 42.78 V

C. 45.78 V

D. 48.78 V

17. The purpose of the added RC section is


to pass most of the dc component while
reducing as much of the ac component as
possible.

13. What is the ratio of the peak ripple


voltage level to its rms voltage level?

A. 3

B. 2

C. 3/2

D. 2/2

14. The larger the value of the capacitor, the


smaller the peak current drawn through the
rectifying diodes.

A. True

B. False

A. True

B. False

18. This circuit is an example of the ac


equivalent of an RC filter.

15. What is the purpose of an additional RC


filter section in a power supply circuit?

A. Increase the dc voltage


component

B. Increase the ac voltage


component

C. Decrease the ac voltage


component

D. None of the above


16. Calculate the dc voltage across a 2-k
load for an RC filter section (R = 50 , C = 20
F). The dc voltage across the initial filter
capacitor is Vdc = 50 V.

A. 40.78 V

A. True

B. False
19. For a full-wave rectifier with ac ripple at
120 Hz, the impedance of a capacitor can be
calculated using XC = _____.

A. 0.707 C

B. 1.414 C

C. 1.3 C

D. 0.785 C

20. In a simple series regulator circuit, which


of the following components is the
controlling element?

A. Load resistor

B. Zener diode

C. Transistor Q1

D. None of the above

21. In this improved series regulator circuit,


which of the following components is the
sampling circuit?

A. Zener diode

B. Load resistor
C. Either of the two transistors Q1 or
Q2
D. Resistors R1 and R2

22. In this op-amp series regulator circuit,


which of the following components is the
comparator circuit?

A. Op-amp
B. Transistor Q1

C. R1 and R2 resistors

D. Zener diode
23. What regulated output voltage is
provided for the following circuit elements:
R1 = 15 k, R2 = 35 k, and VZ = 11.2 V?

A. 16.50 V

B. 17 V

C. 17.35 V

D. 18.25 V

24. Which component(s) set(s) the voltage


across the load in a basic transistor shunt
regulator?

A. Zener diode

B. Transistor base-emitter voltage

C. Both the Zener diode and the


transistor base-emitter voltage

D. None of the above

25. In an improved shunt regulator, which of


the following components sets the
reference voltage?
A. Transistor Q1

B. Zener diode
C. Transistor Q2

D. RS

26. For what range of load current can


voltage regulators be selected for
operation?

A. Hundreds of picoamperes to tens


of nanoamperes

B. Hundreds of picoamperes to tens


of milliamperes

C. Hundreds of milliamperes to tens


of amperes

D. None of the above

27. For what range of fixed regulated


voltages do the series 78xx regulators
provide regulation?

A. 5 V to +24 V

B. +5 V to +24 V

C. 5 V to 24 V

D. None of the above

28. What is the typical dropout voltage for


the 7812 fixed positive voltage regulator?

C. 5 V to 24 V

D. 5 V to 24 V
31. What are the typical values of Vref and
Iadj for the LM317 adjustable voltage
regulator?

A. 1.0 V, 100 mA

B. 1.5 V, 100 mA

C. 1.25 V, 100 A

D. 1.25 V, 10 mA

32. The 7812 regulator IC provides _____.

A. 5 V

B. 5 V

C. 12 V

D. 12 V

33. The 7912 regulator IC provides _____ .

A. 4 mV

A. 5 V

B. 100 mV

B. 5 V

C. 1.5 V

C. 12 V

D. 2 V

D. 12 V

29. How many diodes conduct in the fullwave bridge rectifier while the capacitor is
being charged?

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

30. What is the range of the voltage level of


the LM317 adjusted voltage regulator?

A. 0 V to 5 V

B. 1.2 V to 37 V

34. The 7905 regulator IC provides _____.

A. 5 V

B. 5 V

C. 12 V

D. 12 V

35. The 7805 regulator IC provides _____.

A. 5 V

B. 5 V

C. 12 V

D. 12 V

FILL-IN-THE-BLANKS

C. is reduced

D. None of the above

1. A complete power supply has a _____.

A. rectifier

B. filter

C. voltage regulator

D. All of the above

2. The output resulting from a rectifier is


a(n) _____.

A. ac voltage

B. pure dc voltage

C. pulsating dc voltage

D. None of the above

3. The _____ the ac variation with respect to


the dc level, the _____ the filter circuit's
operation.

A. smaller, better

B. larger, better

C. smaller, worse

D. None of the above

4. A dc voltmeter reads the _____ while


measuring a pulsating dc voltage.

A. ac component of the signal

B. average of the signal

C. peak of the pulsating signal

D. None of the above

5. The filter output voltage of a power


supply _____ when load current is drawn
from the supply.

A. remains the same

B. is increased

6. The _____ the voltage regulation, the


_____ the operation of the voltage supply
circuit.

A. smaller, better

B. larger, better

C. smaller, worse

D. None of the above

7. A full-wave rectified signal has _____ dc


component and _____ ripple than (as) the
half-wave rectified voltage.

A. a larger, more

B. a smaller, less

C. the same, less

D. a larger, less

8. If the value of the full-load voltage is the


same as the no-load voltage, the voltage
regulation calculated is _____.

A. 0%

B. a negative percentage

C. a positive percentage

D. None of the above

9. In a half-wave rectifier, the dc voltage


level is _____ the ripple voltage level.

A. smaller than

B. the same as

C. larger than

D. None of the above

10. In a full-wave rectifier, the dc voltage


level is _____ the ripple voltage level.

A. smaller than

B. the same as

C. larger than

D. None of the above

11. In a full-wave rectifier, if no load were


connected across the capacitor, the output
voltage would ideally be a(n) _____.

A. ac voltage

B. constant dc voltage

C. pulsating dc voltage

D. ramp voltage

12. The output of a loaded power supply is


_____ that of the unloaded.

A. the same as

B. larger than

C. smaller than

D. None of the above

13. The charging and discharging of the


capacitor filter take _____ of the period of
the input voltage.

A. 0.25

B. 0.5

C. 0.75

D. 1

14. The frequency of the output voltage of a


full-wave rectifier is _____ the frequency of
its input voltage.

A. the same as

B. twice

C. one-half

D. one-third

15. The ripple voltage Vr is a result of the


_____.

A. conduction of the diode(s)

B. transformer windings

C. charging and discharging of the


capacitor

D. load resistor

16. The _____ values of capacitor filter


provide _____ ripple and _____ average
voltage.

A. larger, more, higher

B. smaller, less, lower

C. smaller, more, higher

D. larger, less, higher

17. The _____ the diode conduction time,


the _____ the amount of the charging
current through the capacitor filter.

A. shorter, larger

B. shorter, smaller

C. longer, larger

D. None of the above

18. In a current-limiting circuit, _____


provide(s) the limiting of the maximum load
current.

A. the Zener diode


B. the short-circuit resistor Rsc
C. the transistor Q1
D. both the short-circuit resistor
Rsc and transistor Q2

19. In a foldback configuration, limiting the


current reduces _____, protecting the load
from overcurrent as well as protecting the
regulator.

A. the output voltage

B. the output current

C. both the output voltage and


output current

D. None of the above

20. A type of regulator circuit that is quite


popular for its efficient transfer of power to
the load is the _____.

D. 8 V, 15 V

24. The series 7900 ICs are _____.

A. positive voltage regulators

B. negative voltage regulators

C. both positive and negative voltage


regulators

D. adjustable-set voltage regulators

A. current-limiting voltage regulator

B. switching regulator

C. foldback limiting regulator

A. series 7800 ICs

D. op-amp series regulator

B. series 7900 ICs

C. LM317

D. None of the above

21. Regulator IC units contain the circuitry


for the _____.

A. reference source

B. comparator amplifier

C. control device and overload


protection

D. All of the above

22. IC units provide regulation of _____.

A. a fixed positive voltage

B. a fixed negative voltage

C. an adjustably set voltage

D. All of the above

23. The specification sheet for the 7812


fixed positive voltage regulator shows that
the output voltage could be as low as _____
or as high as _____.

A. 11.5 V, 12.5 V

B. 11.2 V, 12.2 V

C. 11 V, 13 V

25. The _____ is (are) an adjustable voltage


regulator.

1. A. Battery charger

29. B. 2

2. B. 8.5%

30. B. 1.2 V to 37 V

3. A. 4.17%

31. C. 1.25 V, 100 A

4. C. Capacitor filter

32. C. 12 V

5. B. 1.28 V

33. D. 12 V

6. B. 0.5

34. B. 5 V

7. A. full, half

35. A. 5 V

8. A. 0

FILL-IN-THE-BLANKS

9. C. The time during which the diode(s) is


(are) conducting

1. D. All of the above

10. B. The time during which the diodes are


not conducting

3. A. smaller, better

11. C. 37.78 V
12. A. 3.2%
13. A. 3
14. B. False
15. C. Decrease the ac voltage component
16. D. 48.78 V
17. A. True
18. B. False
19. C. 1.3 C
20. C. Transistor Q1
21. D. Resistors R1 and R2

2. C. pulsating dc voltage
4. B. average of the signal
5. C. is reduced
6. A. smaller, better
7. D. a larger, less
8. A. 0%
9. A. smaller than
10. C. larger than
11. B. constant dc voltage
12. C. smaller than
13. B. 0.5
14. B. twice

22. A. Op-amp

15. C. charging and discharging of the


capacitor

23. B. 17 V

16. D. larger, less, higher

24. C. Both the Zener diode and the


transistor base-emitter voltage

17. A. shorter, larger

25. B. Zener diode

18. D. both the short-circuit resistor Rsc and


transistor Q2

26. C. Hundreds of milliamperes to tens of


amperes

19. C. both the output voltage and output


current

27. B. +5 V to +24 V

20. B. switching regulator

28. D. 2 V

21. D. All of the above

22. D. All of the above


23. A. 11.5 V, 12.5 V
24. B. negative voltage regulators
25. C. LM317