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DENSITY AND RELATIVE DENSITY

1) MASS = VOLUME X DENSITY


= 16X15X6X0.78
= 1123.2 T

2) VOLUME OF CYLINDERICAL TANK = R2H


= 3.1416 X 4 X 4 X 10
= 502.656 M3
VOLUME OF OIL PER METRE HEIGHT OF TANK = 502.656 / 10
= 50.2656 M
MASS = VOLUME X DENY
VOLUME = MASS
DENSITY
3.1416= L = 400 = 444.44 T M-3
0.9
DEPTH OF OIL IN CYLINDER = 444.44
50.2656
= 8.842M
ULLAGE = 10 8.842 = 1.158

3)

4)

VOLUME = 2 X 2400 = 2352 M3


100
MASS = VOLUME X DENSITY = 2352 X 0.7 = 1646.4 M3
DEPTH = 12 X 2/100 = 0,24 M
ULLAGE = 0.24 M
HT OF TRIANGLE = 122 52
= 10.908
AREA = X 10 X 10.908
= 54.54 SQM
MASS = VOLUME X DENSITY
= 54.54 X 10 X 0.8
= 436.32 T
MASS OF WATER AFTER ALLOWING 3%
=436.32 - 436.32 X 3/100
= 436.32 - 13.089
= 423.230
DEPTH OF OIL = 97/100 X DEPTH OF TANK
=97/100X10
=9.7M
ULLAGE = 10 9.7 = 0.3M

5)

ULLAGE = 3.3 M ACTUAL DEPTH = 3.3 0.3 = 3 M INSIDE TANK


HT OF TANK 8 MTRS
HEIGHT OF LIQUID IN TANK WILL BE 8 3 M = 5 MTRS
MASS = VOLUME X DENSITY
= L X B X HT X D
= 25X12X5X1.025
= 1537.5 T

6) VOLUME OF PIPELINE = R2 H
( 10KM X RADIUS OF PIPE 0.2M)
= 3.1416 X 0.2 X 0.2 X 10000
= 1256.64 CUM
SINCE FINAL ULLAGE REQUIRED IS 0.78 AND PIPE EXTENDS 0.5M ABOVE TANK TOP

HT OF LIQUID IN TANK SHALL BE = 14M 0.28M ( 0.78 0.5)


= 13.72 M
VOLUME OF OIL IN TANK ON COMPLETION TO BE = 30 X 16 X13.72
= 6585.6 CUM
VOLUME PER CUM = 6585.6
13.72
= 480 CUM TO A MTR
VOLUME TO BE STOPPED AT 6585.6 1256.64 = 5328.96 CUM
5328.96 / 480 = 11.10M
ULLAGE = 13.72 11.1 = 2.62 + 0.78 = 3.4 MTRS
MASS = VOL X DENSITY
= 6585.6 X 0.78 = 5136.768 T

7) MASS = VOLUME X DENSITY


1M
5320 = VOLUME X 0.7
VOLUME = 7600 CUM
10M
INDICATES THE LIQUID LEVEL IS ONLY INSIDE THE TANK AND NOT IN THE
TRUNK SINCE LESS THAN 8000M3
8000 / 10 = 800 PER MTR
7600 / 800 = 9.5 MTR
ULLAGE = (10 9.5 ) + 1 ( HT OF TRUNKWAY)
= 1.5 M

8) VOLUME OF TANK = TOTAL VOL VOLUME OF TRUNKWAY


= 20600 600
= 20000T
HEIGHT OF TANK = 21M - 1M ( HT OF TRUNKWAY)
= 20 M
VOLUME PER MTR = 20000 / 20 = 1000 T
MASS = VOL X DENSITY
16320 = VOL X 0.8
VOLUME = 20400M3
INDICATES TANK IS FULL AND PART OF TRUNKWAY HAS OIL.
DEPTH IN TRUNKWAY 400 / 600 = 0.66 M
1M 0.66M = 0.34 M ULLAGE
9) TANK VOLUME 8200 CUM OF WHICH 200 CUM IS IN TRUNKWAY HENCE 8000CUM
IS IN TANK.
2% OF VOLUME OF TANK = 8200 (8200 X 2/100) = 8036 CUM
SINCE THIS IS MORE THAN THE THE VOLUME OF TANK ( 8000 CUM ) THE EXCESS
OF 36 CUM GOES INTO TRUNKING.
0.5 M IN TRUNKING CORRESPONDS TO 200 CUM
HENCE 36 CUM CORRESPONDS TO 36 / 200 = 0.18 M / 0.5 = 0.09M
ULLAGE = 0.5 0.09 = 0.41M
MASS OF OIL = 8036 X 0.8 = 6428,8 T
10) VOLUME OF TANK = VOLUME OF OIL + FREE SPACE
10250 = V + 3/100V
1.03V = 10250
V = 9951.456
MASS = VOLUME X DENSITY
21M
= 9951.456 X 0.9
= 8956.31T

1M

TOTAL DEPTH OF TANK 21M OF WHICH 1M IS FOR TRUNKWAY


HENCE 20M IS THE DEPTH OF TANK.THE VOLUME OF TANK IS 10250 250 = 10000
SINCE VOLUME OF OIL IS 9951.456 WHICH IS LESS THAN TANK CAPACITY OIL IS IN
TANK ONLY AND NOT IN TRUNKWAY.
10000 CUM CORRESPONDS TO 20 M
HENCE 10000 / 20 = 500
9951.456/500 = 19.90M HT OF LIQUID IN TANK
ULLAGE 21 19.9 = 1.1M

Water Pressure
1)
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
PRESSURE = 8 X 1.025 = 8.2 TM-2
10M
THRUST = PRESSURE X AREA
8M
THRUST = 8.2 X 10X2 = 164 T

2)

2M

150 M
20 M
10 M

A BOX SHAPE VESSEL WILL HAVE THE FOLLOWING SIDES IN


WATER
A)BASE 150 X 20 X 12 UPTO DRAFT OF 10M
B) SIDES 2 X 150 X 10M ( UPTO 10M DRAFT)
C) SIDES 2 X 20 X 10M ( UPTO 10M DRAFT)
A) PRESSURE ON BOTTOM =DEPTH X DENSITY
= 10X 1.010
= 10.10TM-2
THRUST = PRESSURE X AREA
150 X 20 X 10.1 = 30300T
B) PRESSURE ON SIDE = 5 X 1.010 ( CG SHALL BE 1/2 DRAFT)
= 5.05 TM-2
THRUST = PRESSURE X AREA
= 5.05 X 150 X 10
= 7575 X 2 ( TWO SIDES) = 15150 T
C) PRESSURE ON 2ND SIDE = 5.05 TM-2
THRUST = 5.05 X 20 X 10
= 1010 X 2 = 2020

TOTAL THRUST ON VESSELS SURFACE = 30300 + 15150 +


2020 = 47470 T
3)
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
THRUST = PRESSUREX AREA
PRESSURE = 133250 = 2050TM-2
650
DEPTH = 2050 / 1.025 = 2000 MTRS
4)
A) PRESSURE ON INNER SIDE
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
= 12/2 = 1.010
=6.06 TM-2
THRUST
= PRESSURE X AREA
=6.06 X 40 X 12 = 2908.8 T
B) PRESSURE ON OUTER SIDE
PRESSURE = 11/2 X 1.020 = 5.61TM-2
THRUST = 5.61X 40X11 = 2468.4 TM-2
RESULTANT THRUST = 2908.8 2468.4
= 440.4T TOWARDS SHALLOWER
SIDE
5)
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
= 16/2 X1 = 8 TM-2
THRUST
= PRESSURE X AREA
=8 X 36 X 16 = 4608T
TO EQUALISE THE THRUST THE THRUST HAS TO BE SAME
HENCE
THRUST
BUT
SO

4608 = PRESSURE X 36 X D
PRESSURE = D/2 X 1.025
4608 = D/2 X 1.025 X 36 X D
D2 =
4608
=
1.025 X 18

249.75

D = 249.75
= 15.803M
6)
AREA = BASE X HEIGHT
= X 12 X 15 = 90 SQ M
HT OF O FROM TOP = 1/3 = 15/3 = 5 MTRS
HEAD
= 3 MTRS
TOTAL HEAD
= 8 MTRS
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
= 8 X 1.025
= 8.2 TM-2
THRUST = PRESSURE X AREA
= 8.2 X 90
= 738 T
7)
EF = EG
BC GB
EF = 9/12 X 7
= 5.25M
CENTRE O = 9/3 = 3M
PRESSURE AT O =3X1.025
= 3.075
THRUST AT O = PRESSURE X AREA
=3.075 X X 5.25 X 2 X 9
=145.29 T
8)
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
= 9.2 X 0.95
= 8.74 TM-2
THRUST = PRESSURE X AREA
= 8.74 X X 0.5 X 0.5
= 6.864 T

9)
0.2 M

10 M

WHEN PRESSED UPTO 2.64M ABOVE HEAD 0.2 M HAS TO BE


SUBSTRACTED HENCE
HEAD = 2.44M ON TOP OF CROWN
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
= 2.44 X 1.025
=2.562
THRUST = 2.562 X 5 X 4
= 50.02T
10)
2M

a) TANK TOP
b) PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
= 16X 1.025
= 16.4 TM -2
THRUST = 25 X 20 X 16.4
= 8200T
c) PRESSURE ON TANK BOTTOM FROM INSIDE
PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY
= 2X 1.025
= 2.05TM-2
THRUST
= 2.05 X 25X 20
= 1025T
C) PRESSURE ON TANK BOTTOM WHEN FLOATING AT DRAFT
OF 10M

PRESSURE = DEPTH X DENSITY


= 10 X 1.025 = 10.25 TM-2
THRUST = 10.25 X 25 X 20
= 5125 TM-2
RESULTANT THRUST = 5125 1025
= 4100 TM-2 UPWARDS

1)

(3) FLOTATION

8m X 2m x 2m
W = u/w volume x density of water displaced
W = 8 x 2 x 1.6 x 1 = 25.6t

Mass of log = Volume x density


25.6 = 8 x 2 x 2 x d
d = 25.6 / 32
=0.8

2)

Mass of log = volume of log x density


6 = 5x1.6x1xd
D=6/8
RD =0.75
W = u/w volume x density
6 = 5x1.6xDx1.025
D = 6/8.2
RD=0.731

3)

Let length be y
Mass = Volume x density
Mass = y x 3 x 2 x0.7
=4.2y t
Displacement = u/w volume x density
4.2 y =yx3xdx1.01
d = 4.2 / 3.03
= 1.386m

4)

Dia =2m
Radius 1m
AO = OB = OC
Draft DC= 0.6
OC DC = OD
1 0.6 = 0.4
DB2 = OB2 OD2
DB = 12 0.42
DB=0.916m
SIN BOD = 0.916
= 0.916

O
A

D
C

1.0
BOD = 66.340
ANGLE AOB = 132.690
Area of segment AOBC = AOB
Area of Circle
3600
Area of Segment AOBC = r2x AOB
360
= 3.1416X1X1X 132.69
360
= 1.1579 m2
Area of Triangle AOB
= x (0.916+0.916) x 0.4
=0.3664 m2
Area of segment ABC
=1.1579 0.3664
= 0.7915 m2
Underwater volume
= Area x ht
= 0.7915 x 10
=7.915 m3
W = u/w volume x density of water displaced
= 7.915 x 1
= 7.915 t

5)

In similar triangles ADQ and AOC


DQ = AD
OC
OA
6 =6
OC 4
OC =4 therefore BC = 8 (Base)
Area of triangle = base x height
= x 8 x4
= 16 sqm
Volume = Area x length
= 16 x 20 = 320 cbm

Displacement = volume x density


=320X1.025
= 328 t

6)
Present displacement
W = u/w volume x density
W = r2h x density
= 3.1416 x 0.6 x 0.6 x 1.4 x 1.016
= 1.6087 t
Total Displacement
W = u/w volume x density
= 3.1416 x 0.6 x 0.6 x 2 x1.1016
= 2.298 t
Lead shots which can be put inside
= 2.298 1.6087
= 0.6893 t

7)
Present Displacement

= volume x density
=10 x 5 x 3 x 1.025
=153.75 t
Displacement after barge is lifted =10 x 5 x 1 x 1.025
= 51.25 t
Load on Crane
= 102.5 t

8)
Present Displacement
= 2.4 x 1.2 x 0.2 x 1.012 = 0.5892
t
Displacement after putting wts = 2.4 x 1.2 x 0.8 x 1.012 = 2.3316 t
-------------Difference
1.7424 t

9)
Displacement = Volume x density
18450
= 150x20xdx 1.025
Draft (d) = 6 mtrs

10)
Displacement = 120 x 15 x 5 x 1.005
=9045
New displacement = 120 x 15 x 6 x 1.025
=11070
Difference is the cargo it can load =2025 t

(4) SOME IMPORTANT TERMS


1)

Lt displacement = u/w volume x density of water


displacement
= 120X15X4x1.025
= 7380 t
Load Displacement = u/w volume x density of water displacement
= 120X15X9.8X1.025
= 18081 t
Dwt = load displacement Lt displacement
= 18081 7380
= 10701 t

2)

Lt displacement
displacemen

= u/w volume x density of water

= 100 x 14 x 3.6 x 1.025


= 5166 t
Load displacement =u/w volume x density of water displacement
= 100 x 14 x 8.5 x 1.025
= 12197.5 t
Present displacement =u/w volume x density of water displacement
= 100 x 14 x 7.6 x 1.025
= 10906 t
Dwt aboard
= 10906 5166
= 5740 t

Dwt available

3)

= 12197.5 10906
= 1291.5 t
TPC = A / 100 X density

A = L x B xCw
TPC in SW = 200 x 20 x 0.8 x 1.025 = 32.80 tcm-1
100
TPC in Fw = 200 x 20 x 0.8 x 1 = 32.00 tcm-1
100
TPC in 1.015 = 200 x 20 x 0.8 x 1.015 = 32.48 tcm-1
100

4)
Underwater volume = L x B x D x Cw
= 20 x 10.5 x 1 x 0.82
= 172.2 Cum.

5)

W = U/w volume X RD = 172.2 X 0.95


= 163.59 t
Displacement = U/w Volume x density
= 110 x 14 x 8 x 0.72 x 1.025
= 9092.16 t
DWT available = Load Displacement present displacement
=12000 9092.16
= 2907.84 t

6)
Displacement = U/W volume X density
= L x B x D X Cw x Density
Cw =
Displacement
=
_____14000________
L X B XD X DENSITY
160 X 20 X6.1 X 1.025

7)

=O.69973
RB = total volume underwater volume
=(18 x 5 x 2 ) ( 18 X 5 x 1.4)
= 54
RB % = Above water volume X 100 = ____54___ x 100
Total Volume
180

=30%

8)
Displacement = U/W volume x density
2000 =V x 1
V = 2000 m3
Total Volume = 50 x 10 x 7
=3500 m3
RB = Total Volume underwater volume
= 3500 - 2000
= 1500 m3
RB % = 1500 X 100 = 42.85 %
3500

9)
TPC = A/100 X density of water displaced
30 = A / 100 X 1.025
A = 2926.82 m2
TPC in FW = 2926.82 x 1
100
= 29.2682
TPC in 1.018 = 2926.82 X 1.018 = 29.795
100

10)
TPC in SW = A / 100 X 1.025
A = 40 x 100
1.025

= 3902.43.

TPC in RD 1.010 = A/100 X 1.010


= 3902.43 X 1.010 = 39.41
100
Difference in draft 8.4 8.2 = 20 cm

TPC = 39.41 total cargo to load = 39.41 x 20 = 788.29 t

(5) EFFECT OF DENSITY ON DRAFT AND DISPLACEMENT


1)
FWA = __W__ = 16000 = 20 cm
40.TPC
40X20
Draft in FW = 8.0 + 0.2
= 8.2 m

2)

FWA = ____ W____


40.TPC
Change of Draft = Change of RD X FWA = 1.025- 1.008 X18.0 =
12.2 cm
0.025
0.025
= 12.2 cm rise.

3)
Change of Draft = Change of RD X FWA = 1.01 1.0 X 16.0
0.025
0.025
= 6.4cm sink.

4)
Change of Draft = Change of RD X FWA = 1.018 -1.006 x 17.5
O.025
0.025
= 8.4 cm rise

5)
FWA = ____W______ = 18000
= 18cm
40XTPC
40X25
Change of Draft = Change of RD X FWA = 1.025 -1.018 x 18

0.025

0.025

=5.04 cm

6)
Displacement in RD 1.025= 20 x 4 x 1.05 x 1.025 = 86.1
Since displacement is constant
Displacement in RD 1.012 = 86.1 = 20 x 4 x d x 1.012
Draft d = 86.1
=1.063m
80.96

7)
RD % = Above water vol X 100 = Above water vol x 100
Total vol
18 x 5 x 2
Displacement in 1.000 = 18 x 5 x 1.4 x1
= 126
Since displacement is constant 126 = 18 x 5 x d x 1.025
D = 1.365
Under water vol = 18 x 5 x 1.365
= 122.85 m3
Above water vol = Total vol u/w vol
= 18X5x2 122.85
=57.15 m3
RD % = 57.15 X 100
180
=31.71 %

8)
Displacement in 1.025 = vol x density
3000 = l x b x 5 x 1.025
Lxb = 585.365 m2
Displacement in 1.018 = vol x density
= 585.365X5x1.018
= 2979.50 t

9)

Displacement in 1.025 = vol x density


4500 = vol x 1.0
Vol = 4500 m3

Displacement in 1.020 = 4500 x 1.020


=4590 t

10)

Displacement in 1.025 = vol X density


= 100x20x0.8x8x1.025
= 13120t
Displacement in 1.000 = vol X density
= 100x20x.8x8x1
= 12800t

Difference = 13120 12800


= 320 t
11)
Displacement = vol x density
14500 = vol x 1.025
Vol = 14146.341 m3
Displacement = 14146.341 x 1.010
= 14287.804t

12)

Balance to load = 14500 14287.804


= 212.19t
Displacement in SW = Vol x density
12000 = L x B x 10 x 1.025
LxB = 12000 / 10.25 = 1170.73 m2
Displacement in 1.012 = L x B x 10 x 1.010
= 1170.73 x 10 x 1.012
= 11847.79 t

Amount of cargo to discharge = 12000 11847.79


= 152.21 t

13)

Stbd side
50mm
Port

Side
Summer loadline
Mean Draft port & Stbd =00 + 5 =5/2 = 2.5 cm below summer
loadline.
Vessel is listed to Stbd.
FWA =_____W_______
40TPC

W = 40X24X18 =17280 t

Change of Draft = change of RD X FWA


= 14.4 cm
0.025

= 1.025 1.005

X 18

0.025

Total Draft to load 14.4 cm + 2.5 cm = 16.9 cm


TPC in SW= 24 cm
TPC = A / 100 X density of water displaced
A/100 =24 / 1.025
TPC in DW = A/100 X 1.005
= 24/1.025 x 1.005
= 23.53 tcm-1
Cargo to load = 23.53 X16.9
=397.68t

14)
Change of Draft = change of RD X FWA
=15 cm
0.025

= 1.025 1.010
0.025

X 25

Draft in SW = 7.8 0.15 = 7.65 m in SW.


Permissible draft = 8.0 7.65 = 0.35
TPC in SW = A/100 X 1.025
18 / 1.025 = A/100
TPC in DW = A / 100 X 1.010
= 18 / 1.025 X 1.010
= 17.73 tcm-1
Cargo to load =Draft X TPC = 35 X 17.73
= 620.78t

15)
Change of draft = Change of RD X FWA = 1.025 1.015 X 20 = 8
cm
0.025
0,025
Freeboard is 2.1 m + 0.08
= 2.18m 2.0m
=18cm
TPC in SW = A/100 X 1.025
A/100 = 24 / 1.025
TPC in DW = 24/1.025 x 1.015
= 23.76tm-1
Cargo to load = 18 x 23.76
= 427.68t

16)
20mm

Summer

loadline
50mm
Port side + stbd side = 2+5
2
2
= 3.5cm or 35mm
FWA =
W
= 15000 = 15cm
40TPC
40 x25

Stbd side
Port side

Change of draft = 1.025 1.010 X 15 = 9 cm


0.025
Totally the vessel is 9cm + 3.5cm
= 12.5 cm below summer
TPC in SW = A/100 x 1.025
25 / 1.025 = A/100
TPC in DW = A / 100 X 1.010
= 25/1.025 X 1.010
= 24.63 tm-1
Cargo to load = 12.5 x 24.63
= 307.875 t

17)
30 cm
45mm
60 cm
WNA
S
17.5cm
w/l

W
WNA

4.5cm

WNA mark is 50mm below W mark .


W mark is1/48 of summer draft
1/48 X 8.4 = 0.175
Vessel is listed to stbd Mean draft = 60 + 30
= 90/2
= 45 mm or 4.5 cm
This is above WNA mark.
The vessel is 5cm(WNA TO W) + 17.5 cm(W to S)- 4.5cm
= 18 cm below summer mark.
In DW density 1.005

Change in Draft = change in RD X FWA = 1.025 1.005 X 160 =


128mm
0.025
0.025
Total to go = 12.8 cm +18 =30.8cm
TPC in SW = A/100 x 1.025
30/1.025 = A/100.
TPC in DW = 30/1.025 x 1.005 =29.41tm-1
Cargo to load = 29.41 X 30.8
= 905.97t

18)
Winter load line =1/48 x 7.2 (summer draft )= 0.15m Or 15 cm.
Mean draft = 60-20 =40 /2 =20 mm below W or 2 cm

20mm above
winter LL
60cm below

Therefore mean draft will be 20mm below WINTER


Vessel is listed to Port.
Summer mark is 15+ 2 = 17 cm below summer
Tropical load line will be 15 cm above summer
Total to load to tropical 15 + 17 = 32 cm
Cargo to load =32X 20
= 640t

19)
Present freeboard port 3m stbd 2.9m Mean 2.95m
Change in draft = Change in RD X FWA = 1.025-1.020 X 200 = 40mm
or 4 cm.
0.025
0.025
Change in Draft = 2.95 + 4cm = 2.99m
TPC in SW = A/100 X 1.025
30 /1.025 = A/100
TPC in DW = A/100 X 1.020
= 30/1.025 X 1.020 =29.85 tm-1
Diff between S free board & draft 2.99 2.8
= 0.19 m or 19 cm.
Cargo to load = 19cm X 29.85
= 567.15t

20)
Present Freeboard = 1.68 + 1.79 = 1.735m
in RD 1.017
2
Change in Draft = 1.025 1.017 X 150 =48mm or 4.8cm
0.025
Freeboard in water SW = 1.735 +0.048 =1.783m
Freeboard tropical 1.63 balance to load = 1.783-1.63
= 0.153m or 15.3 cm
TPC in SW = A/100 X 1.025
Or A/100 = 20.4 / 1.025
TPC in Water RD 1.017 =20.4/1.025 X 1.017
= 20.24tcm-1
Cargo to load = 20.24 X 15.3cm
= 309.67t

(6) FINAL KG BY GG1 FORMULA

1)
GG1 =wd / W
Shift of G = KG of ship Kg of Wt
= 6.2 1.7
= 4.5 m
Wt on board = 8800 t
New wt to be added = 200 t
Total wt on board = 8800 + 200
= 9000 t
GG1 = wd / W
= 200 x 4.5 / 9000
= 0.1 m
Since wt is loaded below KG of vessel the new KG = 6.2 - 0.1
= 6.1 m

2)

GG1 = wd / W
= 600 x (11 6) / (12600 600 )
= 600 x 5 / 12000 = 0.25 m
Final Kg = 6 0.25 = 5.75 m

3)

GG1 = wd / W
= 100 x (15 4) / (9900 + 100 )
= 100 x 11 / 10000 = 0.11 m
NEW KG = 4 + 0.11 =4.11 m

4)

GG1 = wd / W
= 500 x ( 6.3 3) / (11500 500)
= 500 x 3.3 / 11000
= 0.15 m
New KG = 6.3 + 0.15
= 6.15m

5)
GG1 = wd / W
= 500 x 15 = 7500 / 10000
10000
= 0.75m KG will decrease

6)

7)

8)

GG1 = wd / W
= 300 x ( 11.5 2.5 ) / 9000
= 300 x 9 / 9000
= 0.3 m
Final KG = 10.5m+ 0.3m
= 10.8 m
GG1 = wd / W
9 8.7 = w x (15- 8.7) / 9000 +w
0.3 x (9009 +w) = 6.3 x w
2702.7 + 0.3w = 6.3w
w= 2702.7 /6
= 450.45 t
Stage 1
As soon as the weight is lifted off the tank top the weight shifts
from UD to derrick head.
KG of weight in upper deck 8 m
Kg of weight when on derrick head 20 m
Shift of weight ( d )= 20 8
= 12m
GG1 = wd / W
= 300 x 12 / 12000
= 0.3 m
Initial KG 7.6m
KG after derrick takes the weight = 7.6 + 0.3
= 7.9 m
Stage 2
When weight is placed in LH
Shift of weight 8 2
=6m
GG1 = 300 X 6 / 12000
= 0.15m
Final KG = 7.6 0.15
= 7.45m

9)
When the weight is picked up by the jumbo derrick the g travels to
the derrick head.
KG of derrick = 25m
KG of vessel = 9.2m
Shift of d =25-9.2

=15.8m
A) When 50t of weight is added the displacement will be 4950 +50 =
5000t
GG1 = w d = 50 x 15.8 = 0.158 m
W
5000
Till the weight is lifted off the derrick the KG of vessel will remain
the same
Old KG
= 9.2
Shift GG1 = 0.158
New KG
= 9.358
B) When weight is loaded on upper deck
d= 9.2 -8 = 1.2m
GG1 = w x d = 50 x 1.2 = 0.012 m
W
5000
Old KG = 9.2 m
GG1
= 0.012 m
New KG = 9.188 m

10)
A) When the weight is picked up by the derrick the weight shifts to
the derrick head
Hence the shift of G d =22 - 5 = 17m
GG1 = w x d = 20 x 17 = 0.057 m
W
6000
Old KG
=8m
GG1
= 0.057m
New KG = 8.057 m
B) After Discharging the G moves back
d = 8 -5 = 3m
The new displacement will be 6000 20 = 5980t
GG1 = w x d = 20 x 3 = 0.010

5980

Old KG = 8m
GG1 = 0.01
New KG = 8.01 m

(7) FINAL KG BY MOMENTS ABOUT KEEL


1)
CARGO
Description
LOAD DISCH
Ship
2000
Cargo
300
Cargo
200
Bunkers
500
Total
3000

KG
4.2
2
3.2
1

MOMENT
LOAD
DISCH
8400
600
640
500
10140

Final KG
=

Moment
=
Weight

1014
0
3000

Final KG
=
3.38m

2)
KG
(m)

CARGO
Descripti
on
Ship
Cargo no
Final KG
1LH
=
Cargo
deck
Cargo no
Final KG
3TD
=
CARGO
NO4LH
Total

LOAD
3000

DISC
H

MOMENT

LOAD
DISCH
3.9 11700

Moment
200 1640
=
0
Weight300 4000

600

6.4

1920

4.11 m150

5.2

780

350
4000

1400
16400

3)
CARGO
Description LOAD
Ship
10000
Cargo
Cargo
Total
10000
-400
Final W
9600

KG (m)
DISCH
250
150
400

MOMENT
LOAD
DISCH
6 60000
3
750
4
600
60000
1350
-1350
58650

Final KG=

moment =
Weight

Final KG=

6.109 m

58650
=
9600

4)
Description
Ship
No1 LH
No2TD
No3 LH
UD No5
Total
Final W

CARGO
KG (m)
MOMENT
LOAD
DISCH
LOAD
DISCH
12000
4.3
51600
200
2.6
520
250
3.4
850
1000
4
4000
550
8
4400
12000
2000
51600
9770
-2000
-9770
10000
41830

Final KG =

5)

Description
Ship
Cargo
Cargo
Bunkers
Cargo
Bunkers
Total
Final W

Final KG =

41830 =
10000

4.183
m

CARGO
KG (m)
MOMENT
LOAD
DISCH
LOAD
DISCH
2000
3.66
7320
1500
5.5
8250
3500
4.6
16100
1520
0.6
912
2000
2.44
4880
900
0.4
360
8520
2900
32582
5240
-2900
-5240
5620
27342
Final
Moment=
Final
Weight
4.865 m

27342
5620

6)
Description
Ship
Loads
Loads
Total

CARGO
LOAD
DISCH
3200
5200
W
8400

Final KG =
44800+10.4w

7)

Description

MOMENT
LOAD
DISCH
6.2
19840
4.8
24960
10.4 10.4w
44800

=6

8400 +w
44800 +10.4w
=50400+6w
4.4w =5600
CARGO
w=1272.72 KG
t (m)
LOAD
DISCH

Ship
Loads
Loads
Total
Final KG =

2600
4600
w
7200+w
35688 +10w =
7200+w

Final KG =

35688 +10w =
10w-5.11w=
w=

8)

KG (m)

MOMENT
LOAD
DISC
H
4.88
12688
5
23000
10
10w
35688+10w
5.11

36792+5.11w
1104
225.76t

(A)WHEN DERRICK TAKES THE WT

KG
(m)

CARGO
Descriptio
n

MOMENT

LOA
D
DISCH
656
Ship
8000
8.2
00
When weight is taken by derrick the wt is still on board
25 (-)
220 when derrick takes
Final KG =
67800
8.475m
Discharge
100 =3
0 the wt
8000
678
Total
8000
100
00
LOAD

DISC
H

(B) WHEN WEIGHT IS DISCHARGED

CARGO
KG (m)
MOMENT
Description
LOAD
DISCH
LOAD
DISCH
Ship
8000
8.2
65600
Discharge
100 3m
300
Final KG =8000
65300 = 100 8.265
Total
65600
m
100
300
7900
7900
65300

(9)

(a)WHEN DERRICK TAKES THE WEIGHT THE G MOVES TO DERRICK


HEAD.
CARGO
Description
LOAD
DISCH
Ship
15000
Cargo
Final KG =

200
15200
122920=

KG
(m)

MOMENT
LOAD
DISCH
7.9
118500
30(-)7.
9
(+)4420
122920
8.086
m

15200

(b) AFTER LOADING ON BOARD

CARGO
Descriptio LOA DISC
n
D
H
1500
Ship
0
Cargo
200
1520
0
Final
KG=

120900
=
15200

KG
(m)

MOMENT
DISC
LOAD H
11850
7.9
0
12
2400
12090
0

7.95
4m

(10)
(a)WHEN THE WEIGHT IS PICKED UP BY SHORE DERRICK IT IS AS
GOOD AS THE WEIGHT DISCHARGED FROM VESSEL
CARGO
Description
LOAD
DISCH
Ship
11000
Cargo shift
180
10820
Final KG
=

(b)

77040=
10820

KG
(m)

MOMENT
LOAD
DISCH
7.2m
79200
12
2160
77040
7.12
0m
WHEN THE WEIGHT IS

RELOADED ON BOARD

THE KG SHIFTS FROM 12-3 =9M


Hence the moment will be 180 X 9 = 1620
m.
Since GG1

79200 -1620 =7.05 m


11000