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TRN003480-1/0005 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Bentley Institute Course Guide INSTRUCTOR’S GUIDE

TRN003480-1/0005

Essential MicroStation

Seventh Edition

Bentley Institute Course Guide

INSTRUCTOR’S

GUIDE

TRN003480-1/0005 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Bentley Institute Course Guide INSTRUCTOR’S GUIDE
TRN003480-1/0005 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Bentley Institute Course Guide INSTRUCTOR’S GUIDE
TRN003480-1/0005 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Bentley Institute Course Guide INSTRUCTOR’S GUIDE

Trademarks

AccuDraw, Bentley, the “B” Bentley logo, MDL, MicroStation and SmartLine are registered trademarks; PopSet and Raster Manager are trademarks; Bentley SELECT is a service mark of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or Bentley Software, Inc.

Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries.

Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, the Acrobat logo, Distiller, Exchange, and PostScript are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Windows, Microsoft and Visual Basic are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

AutoCAD is a registered trademark of Autodesk, Inc.

Other brands and product names are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Patents

United States Patent Nos. 5,8.15,415 and 5,784,068 and 6,199,125.

Copyrights

©2000-2005 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. MicroStation ©1998 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. IGDS file formats ©1981-1988 Intergraph Corporation. Intergraph Raster File Formats ©1993 Intergraph Corporation. Portions ©1992 – 1994 Summit Software Company. Portions ©1992 – 1997 Spotlight Graphics, Inc. Portions ©1993 – 1995 Criterion Software Ltd. and its licensors. Portions ©1992 – 1998 Sun MicroSystems, Inc. Portions ©Unigraphics Solutions, Inc. Icc ©1991 – 1995 by AT&T, Christopher W. Fraser, and David R. Hanson. All rights reserved. Portions ©1997 – 1999 HMR, Inc. All rights reserved. Portions ©1992 – 1997 STEP Tools, Inc. Sentry Spelling-Checker Engine ©1993 Wintertree Software Inc. Unpublished – rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States and other countries. All rights reserved.

the United States and other countries. All rights reserved. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition

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Table of Contents Welcome To MicroStation 1-1 The MicroStation Manager 1-1 Windows file selection dialog

Table of Contents

Welcome To MicroStation

1-1

The MicroStation Manager

1-1

Windows file selection dialog boxes

1-3

An Overview of MicroStation

1-4

MicroStation’s menus

1-4

Tools, tool boxes and tool frames

1-4

Typical element placement tool settings

1-8

The Key-in browser

1-9

The status bar

1-10

View windows

1-10

Working with elements

1-11

Snapping

1-18

Closing Files

1-20

Creating a Design File

1-20

Seed files

1-21

Saving Work

1-21

Save Settings

1-22

Automatic backup

1-22

Working With Views

2-23

Arranging Views

2-23

View Controls

2-25

Multiple views and view controls

2-25

Design Navigation

2-27

Rotating views

2-28

Panning

2-30

View Previous and View Next

2-30

Scroll bars

2-31

Window Menu Commands

2-31

View Attributes

2-33

Saved Views

2-34

Designing With MicroStation

3-39

Element Placement Tools

3-39

Place Line

3-39

Place SmartLine

3-40

3-39 Place Line 3-39 Place SmartLine 3-40 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Copyright © 2004

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Table of Contents

Undo, Redo, Delete

3-41

Undo and Redo

3-41

Introduction to AccuDraw

3-42

Activating AccuDraw

3-42

The input focus

3-43

AccuDraw’s compass

3-43

Locking coordinate values

3-44

More Element Placement tools

3-45

Place Arc

3-45

The Place SmartLine tool

3-47

Introduction to Snap Modes

3-53

Additional Undo Features

3-56

Undo to mark

3-56

Undo all

3-57

Backing Up Your Work

3-58

Polygons and Ellipses

4-59

Polygons

4-59

Place Block

4-59

Place Shape

4-61

Place Orthogonal Shape

4-62

Place Regular Polygon

4-62

Ellipses

4-63

Place Circle

4-64

Working With Snaps

5-67

Snap Modes

5-67

Active Snap Mode

5-67

Description of snap modes

5-69

AccuSnap Settings

5-70

Using Snaps in Designing

5-71

Multi-snap

5-78

Defining settings

5-79

Snapping to Select Elements

5-79

Manipulating Elements

6-81

Move Element

6-81

Copy Element

6-81

Align Edges

6-82

Mirror

6-84

Rotate

6-86

Scale

6-87

Moving and copying parallel

6-88

Construct Array

6-89

and copying parallel 6-88 Construct Array 6-89 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Copyright © 2004

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Table of Contents

Design Problem 1

7-93

The Problem

7-93

Design Parameters

7-94

Design Procedure

7-95

Additional Exercise

7-96

Precision Design

8-97

Working Units

8-97

Expressing working units

8-98

Coordinate readout

8-98

AccuDraw

8-101

Keyboard shortcuts

8-101

Rectangular drawing mode

8-104

AccuDraw and snaps

8-106

Origin offset

8-107

The pop-up calculator

8-115

Measurement

9-117

Making Measurements

9-117

Measure Distance

9-117

The message center

9-119

Measure Radius and Angle between lines

9-121

Measure Area

9-121

Measure Length

9-123

Making Designs Legible

10-125

Attributes

10-125

Level

10-125

Color

10-126

Line style

10-126

Line weight

10-127

Using Attributes to Add Definition

10-127

Changing element attributes

10-128

The Fill attribute

10-130

References

10-132

Levels

11-133

Designing on Multiple Levels

11-133

The Active Level

11-136

Working With Multiple Levels

11-137

The Level Display Dialog Box

11-138

Level Filters

11-140

Nested filters

11-141

The Active Level filter tool

11-141

Moving Elements Between Levels

11-142

tool 11-141 Moving Elements Between Levels 11-142 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Copyright © 2004

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The Level Manager

11-142

Symbology

11-143

Override symbology

11-144

Working with levels in multiple files

11-145

Level Libraries

11-146

Working With Multiple Elements

12-149

The Fence

12-149

Manipulating fence contents

12-150

Other fence tools

12-154

Element Selection

12-154

Creating a group

12-156

The PowerSelector

12-158

Reviewing and editing

12-159

Select All

12-160

Text Elements

13-161

Text Attributes

13-161

Font

13-161

Height and width

13-162

Justification

13-163

Line spacing

13-164

Intercharacter spacing

13-164

Placement options

13-166

Text Styles

13-171

Text Styles dialog box

13-171

Overriding text styles

13-175

Copying text styles

13-176

Text style hierarchies

13-177

Tools for Changing Text

13-177

Edit Text

13-177

Spell Checker

13-178

Display Text Attributes

13-178

Match Text Attributes

13-178

Change Text Attributes

13-178

Additional Placement Tools

13-181

Copy/Increment Text

13-181

Place Text Node

13-183

Enter_Data fields

13-186

Find/Replace Text

13-187

Importing text

13-188

Place Note

13-189

Editing Text

13-190

13-188 Place Note 13-189 Editing Text 13-190 Modifying Elements Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition

Modifying Elements

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Modification Tools

14-191

Modify Element

14-191

Partial Delete

14-193

Trim Element

14-194

Extend

14-197

IntelliTrim

14-198

Construct Circular Fillet

14-201

Construct Chamfer

14-202

Cells

15-203

Inserting Cells Into Designs

15-203

Scaling cells

15-205

True Scale

15-207

Placing cells relative to levels

15-207

Additional placement methods

15-208

Types of cells

15-208

Creating cells

15-208

Shared Cells

15-210

Replacing Cells

15-212

Line Terminators

15-215

Breaking up cells

15-217

Design Problem 2

16-219

The Problem

16-219

Design Parameters

16-219

Design Procedures

16-221

Additional Exercises

16-222

Grouping Elements

17-225

Complex Chains

17-225

Complex Shapes

17-227

Create Region

17-228

Making Complex Elements Simple

17-230

Other tools for dropping grouped elements

17-231

Graphic Groups

17-231

Named Groups

17-233

Member types

17-234

References

18-237

Introduction to References

18-237

References as reference material

18-237

Using references to divide a design

18-237

Working With References

18-239

References with different units

18-242

Working with references

18-243

units 18-242 Working with references 18-243 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Copyright © 2004

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Table of Contents

Live Nesting

18-246

Live nested attachments to direct attachments

18-248

Reference Manipulations

18-250

Reference Clipping

18-250

References and levels

18-251

Modifying attachment settings

18-252

Reloading reference files

18-253

Display, Snap, and Locate settings

18-253

Level symbology

18-254

Adjusting reference display colors

18-254

Models

19-255

Types of models

19-255

Working With Models

19-256

View Groups and models

19-257

Models and Cells

19-263

Raster Tools

20-265

Raster Manager Dialog Box

20-265

Attaching raster data

20-266

Resizing a raster file

20-267

Moving a raster file

20-269

Warping raster files

20-270

Clipping rasters

20-271

Update sequence

20-272

Live Nesting

20-272

Raster Tools

20-273

Raster Display tool box

20-273

Raster Control tool box

20-274

Design Problem 3

21-275

The Problem

21-275

Design Parameters Phase I

21-275

Design Procedure

21-276

Design Parameters Phase II

21-277

Design Procedure

21-277

Additional Exercises

21-278

Adding Patterns

22-283

Hatch Area

22-283

Creating voids

22-284

Show Pattern Attributes

22-285

Match Pattern Attributes

22-285

Crosshatch Area

22-285

Pattern Area

22-286

Crosshatch Area 22-285 Pattern Area 22-286 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition Copyright © 2004

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Table of Contents

Dimensions

23-291

Tools

23-291

Element dimensioning

23-292

Linear dimensioning

23-298

Angular dimensioning

23-301

Ordinate dimensioning

23-303

The Dimension Styles Dialog Box

23-304

Changing settings

23-307

Modifying Existing Dimensions

23-310

Editing dimension text

23-316

Design Problem 4

24-319

The Problem

24-319

Design Parameters

24-320

Design Procedure

24-320

Additional Exercise

24-321

Printing

25-323

The Print dialog box

25-324

Print layout

25-324

Setting print attributes

25-326

Working with borders

25-329

Print configuration files

25-329

Previewing prints

25-330

Sending Data to the Printer

25-330

PDF Support

25-331

Architectural Design Problem

26-333

The Problem

26-333

Design Parameters

26-334

Design Procedure

26-334

Civil Design Problem

27-341

The Problem

27-341

Design Parameters

27-341

Design Procedure

27-345

Design Parameters 27-341 Design Procedure 27-345 AccuDraw Shortcuts Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition

AccuDraw Shortcuts

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Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright © 2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated x Do Not Duplicate

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1
1

Welcome To MicroStation

This course begins by introducing basic concepts and tools you should master before you begin to create designs.

The MicroStation Manager

When you launch MicroStation, the MicroStation Manager dialog box appears. This dialog box serves several important functions.

appears. This dialog box serves several important functions. MicroStation Manager’s primary function is navigating to

MicroStation Manager’s primary function is navigating to and opening drawings, referred to as design files.

• Directories: To navigate to a different directory, double click the name of the desired directory. This will cause any sub directories to be displayed as well as the files that are in the directory.

• Drives: To select a drive click on the downward arrow and select the desired drive letter from the option list.

• List Files of Type: To select a specific file type to be listed, click the downward arrow to display available file types. When you select one, the file list above will only display files that have that extension.

above will only display files that have that extension. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

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The MicroStation Manager

• The preview window displays a thumbnail image of the selected file if one is available. Information about the selected file appears above the preview window. The preview window information indicates whether a .dgn file is 2D or 3D, and also indicates the MicroStation version the file is compatible with. The file format version displays for AutoCAD files.

The thumbnail is read from the file where it is stored as a bitmap image. In the event a thumbnail image is not available, the following images are displayed.

V8 DGN and older DWG versions MicroStation/J and older MicroStation versions Older DWG versions

V8 DGN and older DWG versions

MicroStation/J and older MicroStation versions

MicroStation/J and older MicroStation versionsV8 DGN and older DWG versions Older DWG versions

Older DWG versions

Older DWG versionsV8 DGN and older DWG versions MicroStation/J and older MicroStation versions

The option to display file icons is available in the MicroStation Manager, as well as other file selection dialog boxes. File icons are a useful visual cue when you have a mix of file types. Enable the Show File Icons check box to display an appropriate file icon before each file name.

2D V8 DGN (The flap in upper left corner indicates that all Models in the file are 2D.) dicates that all Models in the file are 2D.)

3D V8 DGN (Or mix of 2D and 3D Models.)left corner in dicates that all Models in the file are 2D.) Pre-V8 2D DGN (The

Pre-V8 2D DGN (The flap in upper left corner indicates 2D.)in the file are 2D.) 3D V8 DGN (Or mix of 2D and 3D Models.) Pre-V8

Pre-V8 3D DGNPre-V8 2D DGN (The flap in upper left corner indicates 2D.) Protected DGN (The lock symbol

Protected DGN (The lock symbol in the lower right corner of any file icon indicates protection.)(The flap in upper left corner indicates 2D.) Pre-V8 3D DGN Digitally signed DGN (The ribbon

Digitally signed DGN (The ribbon symbol in the upper right corner of any file icon indicates a digital signature.) a digital signature.)

AutoCAD DWGcorner of any file icon indicates a digital signature.) Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

any file icon indicates a digital signature.) AutoCAD DWG Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

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The MicroStation Manager

Other MicroStation Manager functions include moving and renaming files, creating folders and selecting a working environment known as a workspace. There is also a check box that you can enable to open files in a Read-only mode for viewing and printing. The read only mode protects you from accidently modifying a file.

Exercise: Open a design file from MicroStation Manager

1 Launch MicroStation.

2 Navigate to, and select the design file intro.dgn from MicroStation Manager’s Files list.

3 Click OK.

You see the MicroStation application window, displaying the contents of the design file.

Windows file selection dialog boxes

Windows dialog boxes can be used for file selection dialog boxes. The functionality you associate with native Windows file selection dialog boxes is available. For example, you can right click on listed files to rename and delete them, create sub-folders, display file sizes, types, and modification dates, and change the file list sorting order.

To use them, select Preferences from the Workspace menu on the main menu bar located at the top of the MicroStation application window. In the Preferences dialog box, click on the Look and Feel category. Click the use Windows File Open Dialogs check box and then click OK.

A Windows dialog box can be temporarily disabled by pressing Shift + Esc while it is open. The Windows version of the dialog box closes and the MicroStation standard one appears.

dialog box closes and the MicroStation standard one appears. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

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An Overview of MicroStation

An Overview of MicroStation

This illustration identifies the most prominent MicroStation features.

Attributes tool bar Main menu bar Primary tool bar Standard tool bar View window (1
Attributes tool bar
Main menu bar
Primary tool bar
Standard tool bar
View window (1 of 8)
Main tool frame
Tool settings window
Status bar
Border view controls
View toggle buttons
The docked AccuDraw window

MicroStation’s menus

The main menu bar is one of the main sources of commands.

The commands are logically grouped.

• If you are looking for a specific tool to use, select Tools from the main menu bar. The menu shows all tools available in MicroStation.

• If you need to adjust design file settings, select Settings from the main menu bar and then look for Design File (in this course this is expressed as selecting Settings > Design File).

Tools, tool boxes and tool frames

MicroStation provides an extensive collection of tools organized by function.

an extensive collection of tools organized by function. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

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An Overview of MicroStation

The Main tool frame

The Main tool frame provides access to boxes of related tools. Identify the Main tool frame either by its title bar (Main) or, if it is docked, by its two vertical columns of icons.

or, if it is docked, by its two vertical columns of icons. Undocked Docked The Main

Undocked

Docked

The Main tool frame is called a tool frame because it contains tool boxes which you can open individually. When you hold the left mouse button down on a tool in the Main tool frame, a tool box associated with that tool appears. Use a dragging motion to select an individual tool from the open tool box. Dragging the pointer even further lets you tear off the tool box. After tearing the tool box off, you can place it in a convenient location anywhere on your screen.

The Main tool frame includes one tool that does not have an associated tool box, and that tool is Delete. All the other tools have a black triangle at the bottom right tool is Delete. All the other tools have a black triangle at the bottom right hand corner, indicating that the associated tool box includes other tools.

that the associated tool box includes other tools. The Copy tool displays a small black triangle

The Copy tool displays a small black triangle indicating that there are more tools available

You can customize MicroStation tool boxes. Right click on an icon in the box to display a list of the icons available in the tool box. If you enable one that has been disabled, it will appear in the tool box.

Working with tool boxes

Exercise: Tearing off the Manipulate tool box

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, press the left mouse button on the Copy tool in the Main tool frame, and hold it.

The tool box extends to the right.

2 Still holding the left mouse button down, drag the tool box away from the Main tool frame until you see its gray outline following the pointer.

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An Overview of MicroStation

3 Release the mouse button to place the tool box in a new location.

When you tear off a tool box, you can resize it the same way as most Windows style windows.

Docking a tool box

Docking tool boxes means you attach them to the border of the MicroStation application window. You can dock them on the sides, top, or bottom.

Exercise: Docking the Manipulate tool box 1 Continuing in intro.dgn, place the pointer on the
Exercise: Docking the Manipulate tool box
1 Continuing in intro.dgn, place the pointer on the title bar of the Manipulate tool box.
2 Press and hold the left mouse button.
3 Drag the tool box to the left of the screen until it changes to a vertical rectangle.
Docking the Manipulate tool box
4 Release the mouse button.
The Manipulate tool box is docked.
Exercise: Undocking the Manipulate tool box

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, place the pointer tip on the horizontal line at the top of the docked tool box.

Place the pointer here

at the top of the docked tool box. Place the pointer here 2 Hold down the

2 Hold down the left mouse button and drag the tool box into the design area.

mouse button and drag the tool box into the design area. A gray rectangle appears, following

A gray rectangle appears, following the pointer.

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An Overview of MicroStation

Release the mouse button to place the tool box back in the view window.

Exercise: Closing the Manipulate tool box

1

Continuing in intro.dgn, click the x at the upper right corner of the Manipulate tool box.

 

The tool box closes.

Exercise: Other ways to open tool boxes

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, click on Tools on the main menu bar.

Additional tool boxes can be accessed from here. Also, clicking on Main opens a sub- menu listing all the tool boxes that can be accessed from the Main tool frame.

Tool tips

MicroStation includes tool tips to help you identify tools without having to activate them. As you move your pointer over a tool, pause. A tag appears showing the tool’s name.

As you experiment with this feature, notice that the tool tip also works for the tools in the Primary and Standard tool bars, and even in the status bar at the bottom of the application

window. Hold the pointer over the lock icon in the status bar, and you will see a tool tip that says Active Locks. Mouse the status bar, and you will see a tool tip that says Active Locks. Mouse over some of the tools in the Main tool frame.

The tool settings window

Most tools have options to control their operation. You enter the settings required for a tool’s operation in its tool settings window. The tool settings window floats in the MicroStation application window and will not dock.

The Tool settings window is open by default on start up. If you close the tool settings window, new tool settings will automatically appear when you select the next tool.

will automatically appear when you select the next tool. Note how the Place Circle tool and
will automatically appear when you select the next tool. Note how the Place Circle tool and

Note how the Place Circle tool and the Place Line tools require different tool settings for operation

TIP: In all tool settings and dialog boxes, right clicking in a text entry field will produce a pop-up menu that allows you to select, cut, copy, paste or clear the text in that field.

to select, cut, copy, paste or clear the text in that field. Exercise: Exploring the tool

Exercise: Exploring the tool settings window

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, click the Copy tool in the Main tool frame.

Note the Copy Element tool settings.

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An Overview of MicroStation

2 Select any other tool from the Main tool frame.

The tool settings change, showing that tool’s options.

Pop Set and tool settings

PopSet establishes where the tool settings appear.

When the Copy tool was selected, the tool settings appeared floating in the view window. If you enable the PopSet in the Primary tool bar, the tool settings window appears next to the Main tool frame. It disappears and reappears only as you need it.

tool frame. It disappears and reappears only as you need it. Exercise: Exercise the PopSet option

Exercise: Exercise the PopSet option

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, click on PopSet in the Primary Tools tool bar.

in intro.dgn, click on PopSet in the Primary Tools tool bar. The button turns green. 2

The button turns green.

2 Select the Place Circle tool from the Main tool frame.

The tool settings are positioned next to the tool.

Typical element placement tool settings

Most tools used for placing elements have similar settings. They include a setting to control the size of the element, the angle if applicable, and methods for choosing the element’s attributes or location if there is more than one option.

There are keyboard shortcut keys for these settings. These appear as underlined letters in menus and tool settings. Press Alt and then the key for the underlined letter to activate them.

Exercise: Locking a tool setting value

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, select the Place Circle tool.

The Diameter field is highlighted in the tool settings.

2 Enter 1.5 for the diameter of the circle, then press Tab.

The check box is checked.

of the circle, then press Tab. The check box is checked. This indicates that the diameter

This indicates that the diameter function is enabled and that the value is locked. The value will remain locked until the check box is disabled. All circles placed will be 1.5 in diameter.

is disabled. All circles placed will be 1.5 in diameter. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright

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An Overview of MicroStation

3 Move the pointer outside of the Place Circle tool settings.

The box disappears.

A 1.5 diameter circle is attached to your pointer.

4 Reset by pressing the right mouse button to cancel the process.

5 Click on PopSet to disable it.

6 Select the Place Circle tool.

7 Move the pointer away from the tool settings.

With PopSet disabled, the tool settings stay open.

NOTE: When using tool settings, locking a value field requires that you do one of the following:

Press either Tab or Enter

Enable the check box with a mouse click

Enter a keyboard shortcut

The Key-in browser

There is a key in interface available in MicroStation since some commands, like the one for backing up a file for instance, need to be entered from the keyboard. There are also a set of utilities that can be activated only by key in.

MicroStation’s Key-in browser can be opened from the Utilities menu on the main menu bar (Utilities > Key-in). The browser can be docked at the top or bottom of the screen. The key ins that invoke almost all the MicroStation tools are available using the Key-in browser.

With the focus in the Key-in browser, typing place circle then pressing Enter will invoke the Place Circle by Center command.

Enter will invoke the Place Circle by Center command. Key-ins can be detailed enough to invoke

Key-ins can be detailed enough to invoke a tool and set further tool settings. Typing in place circle edge constrained invokes the Place Circle tool with the Method tool setting set to Edge automatically.

MicroStation's key in language incorporates many of the same keywords as you would use to enter commands in AutoCAD. Many of these key ins have DWG as their first keyword. For instance, to place a circle in MicroStation, you can enter the MicroStation key-in place circle, or either of the AutoCAD key-ins DWG CIRCLE or \CIRCLE.

or either of the AutoCAD key-ins DWG CIRCLE or \CIRCLE . Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05

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An Overview of MicroStation

The status bar

This feature is a critical part of the user interface. MicroStation continually displays information about its operation such as the current tool in use, prompts for additional steps or information or the status of key parameters.

Click on several different tools and watch as the status bar messages change. The name of the tool is displayed followed by a prompt that instructs you how to start using the tool.

View windows

MicroStation’s design windows are called Views. As many as eight views can be displayed at a time. Named View 1 through View 8, they are all ready for input, yet graphically independent of one another. The reason for 8 views is that you may want to view more than one part of a design at a time, in varying degrees of detail.

Exercise: Opening a view window from the Window menu

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, select Window from the main menu bar.

2 Hold the pointer over Views.

3 Select 3 (Window > Views > 3).

over Views. 3 Select 3 (Window > Views > 3) . This opens View 3. In

This opens View 3.

In this view you can see a landscaping pen close up.

NOTE: View windows are re-sizable, moveable, and collapsible.

Closing all the view windows in a .dgn file is not the same as closing the file. You may have closed all of the view windows, but the file is still active. The title bar at the top of the MicroStation Application window displays the name of the active file.

Application window displays the name of the active file. View window border view controls To control

View window border view controls

To control what a view window sees, each view window has its own set of view controls. View controls let you change the contents of one view, without affecting the contents of any other view. View controls are located at the bottom left of each open view window.

are located at the bottom left of each open view window. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05

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An Overview of MicroStation

Zoom In and out

Zoom In and Zoom Out are the second and third view controls in the view border view controls.

The configuration of the Zoom In area is proportional to the original view.

When you Zoom Out, the point in the view window where you enter the data point, becomes the view’s center.

MicroStation remembers the zoom factor set in the tool settings window. Once you change the zoom factor, MicroStation will maintain that factor until you change it.

Exercise: Using Fit View

1 Continuing with intro.dgn, select the fifth tool, Fit View, from the view controls.

select the fifth tool, Fit View, from the view controls. All of the elements present in

All of the elements present in the design file now fit into this view.

2 Reset, by pressing the right mouse button, to end the Fit View command.

View Previous

If you zoom too far, or pan past the point where you wished to stop, the View Previous tool will restore previous views. View Previous can undo the last several view manipulations.

View Previous ca n undo the last several view manipulations. The View Groups dialog box View

The View Groups dialog box

View windows can also be controlled using the view toggle buttons in the View Groups dialog box at the bottom left of the MicroStation application window. This dialog box is open and docked by default when you start MicroStation.

Exercise: Open and close views using view toggles

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, click View 3’s toggle button in the View Groups dialog box to close View 3.

toggle button in the View Groups dialog box to close View 3. Before and after closing
toggle button in the View Groups dialog box to close View 3. Before and after closing

Before and after closing View 3

2 Click View 2’s toggle button to open View 2.

Working with elements

Element Selection is a tool for selecting elements in a design file. MicroStation defaults to this tool whenever no other tool has been chosen. When you opened this design, Element

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An Overview of MicroStation

Selection was selected and active at the top of the left hand column of tools in the Main tool frame.

Not only can you use it to select elements, you can use it to modify, move, and group elements in a design file. The chapter on manipulating elements covers this topic in greater detail.

The next exercise is dependent on the default behavior of handles and the Element Selection tool. If handles are present by default when an element is selected, you will have to use the Move tool to move elements in the exercise. Or, “Disable Edit Handles” in Workspace > Preferences > Operation for everyone, and then follow the exercise as written.

for everyone, and then follow the exercise as written. Exercise: Using the Element Selection tool 1

Exercise: Using the Element Selection tool

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, close View 2 by clicking on the x in the upper right corner of the view window.

2 Press the left mouse button to enter what is called a data point on the Element Selection tool to activate it.

3 Move the pointer until it touches the top bush in the landscaping pen.

until it touches th e top bush in th e landscaping pen. The bush changes color

The bush changes color as you move over it. This is called highlighting an element. The highlighting turns off as you move the pointer away.

Mention the pop-up info. It is a feature of AccuSnap. When it is on and the pointer is near an element, AccuSnap displays pop-up information about the element. Also mention that the Design File Settings dialog box is an important feature for every design file. They can change highlight color here. It will be covered in greater detail later.

4 While the bush is highlighted, press the left mouse button to enter another data point.

press the left mouse button to enter another data point. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright

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An Overview of MicroStation

MicroStation responds by displaying the bush highlighted, even when you move the pointer away.

the bush highlighted, even when you move the pointer away. 5 Select the Copy tool in

5 Select the Copy tool in the Main tool frame. Tear off and dock the Manipulate tool box.

6 Select the Move tool.

7 Enter a data point on the bush and keep the left mouse button depressed.

point on the bush and keep the left mouse button depressed. 8 Move the mouse and

8 Move the mouse and drag upward until the bush is at the front of the building.

drag upward until the bush is at the front of the building. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition
drag upward until the bush is at the front of the building. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition

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An Overview of MicroStation

9 Release the data point button.

10 Move the pointer into an empty area, away from any elements in the design file, and enter another data point.

This releases the selection of the element.

To place a bush aligned with the side wall, you need to rotate it using an element manipulation tool.

Exercise: Using a data point to confirm input

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, select the Rotate tool.

This tool operates several different ways, so you must set its tool settings.

2 Click once on the Method option menu in the tool settings window.

once on the Method option menu in the tool settings window. This menu offers a number

This menu offers a number of options and is called an option menu.

3 Select 2 Points.

4 Verify the Copies check box is checked.

NOTE: Clicking the downward arrow at the bottom of many tools’ tool settings window accesses additional options.

5 Returning to the design, enter a data point on the bush you just placed to identify it as the element to rotate.

6 Enter another data point at the middle of the bush for the pivot point, as directed in the status bar.

MicroStation responds by putting the bush into a dynamic rotation mode. As you move your pointer, the bush spins to follow it.

As you move your pointer, the bush spins to follow it. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05

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An Overview of MicroStation

7 Spin the bush around until it is vertical.

MicroStation 7 Spin the bush around until it is vertical. 8 Enter a data point to

8 Enter a data point to lock the rotated bush in the vertical position.

NOTE: When the element you are working with is in place, a data point confirms the position in which you want it.

9 Select the Move tool, enter a data point on the rotated element, and move it against the side wall.

on the rotated element, and move it against the side wall. 10 Reset by selecting the

10 Reset by selecting the right mouse button to release the element.

11 Using Element Selection and the techniques described, place some other plants on the plan.

The Reset button

Press the right mouse button to reset. Resetting is used to perform the following functions:

• End the currently active tool’s operation.

• Resume the last drawing or editing operation after using a view control.

• Reject the currently selected element and cycle between eligible elements within a certain distance from the pointer.

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An Overview of MicroStation

Exercise: The Reset button’s first function

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, open View 4.

In this view you can see part of the parking area and some location markers you will be using to help you work. You will use the Place SmartLine tool to create a parking island.

The Place SmartLine tool is used to place a chain of connected line or arc segments.

is used to place a chain of connected line or arc segments. 2 Select Place SmartLine

2 Select Place SmartLine with the following tool settings:

Segment Type: Lines

Vertex Type: Sharp

Rounding Radius: 0.1

Join Elements: Enabled (checked)

3 Move the pointer over the marker circle at location 1.

An x appears at the center of the location marker. This is the AccuSnap indicator, which tells you that you are snapped to the center of the circle.

4 With the pointer snapped to the middle of location marker 1, enter a data point to start the line.

5 Move the pointer to the marker at location 2.

When the AccuSnap indicator appears, enter a data point to define the first line segment, and start the second segment of the line.

6 Continue by entering a data point at location 3, and then pause.

by entering a data point at location 3, and then pause. 7 Reset to stop the

7 Reset to stop the placement of line segments.

MicroStation frees the pointer, but keeps the Place SmartLine command active. This is the reset button’s first function.

NOTE: Reset doesn’t cancel a tool, it resets it to the previous operational step.

Exercise: The Reset button’s second function

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, in View 4, the Place SmartLine tool is still active.

Look at the tool settings.

Remember, it is still the active tool and will remain the active tool until you select a different tool.

remain the active tool until you select a different tool. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright

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An Overview of MicroStation

2 Place another data point at location 3 then locations 4 and 5, and then pause.

You must continue the SmartLine to location 6, but it is not visible in the view. You need to manipulate the view’s contents by using a view control tool.

3 Move the pointer to the view controls at the bottom of View 4, and select the third tool, Zoom Out.

The rest of the location markers are now visible. If not use the scroll bar on the right side of the application window to scroll upward and bring them into view.

4 Press reset.

You return to Place SmartLine.

5 Enter a data points at the center of location 6.

6 Use the view controls to move to the upper location markers.

Use the view controls to move to the upper location markers. 7 Press reset. 8 Continue

7 Press reset.

8 Continue placing the line entering data points at location 7 through 11.

9 Use view controls to return to the lower set of markers.

10 Reset.

11 Enter a data point at location 12 and end with a data point at location 1.

12 Reset to stop placing SmartLines.

You have completed the island.

When you select and use a view control tool, just press reset after you finish adjusting the view. You continue with the tool you were using.

This is the second reset function. One click of the reset button while in a view control moves the action back to the active tool and to the state that tool was in when you activated the view control.

Exercise: The Reset button’s third function

1 Continuing in intro.dgn, select Copy Element.

Note the circle on the pointer. This is known as the locate tolerance circle, and is much like the select box found in other applications. It will appear any time the system prompts you to select or identify an element.

2 Move the pointer until the AccuSnap x appears inside location marker 3 and enter a data point.

The location marker changes color. If you move the pointer, you will see that the circle is attached to the pointer.

3 Press reset.

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An Overview of MicroStation

The location marker is released and the first SmartLine you placed changes color and is attached to the pointer.

4 Press reset.

5 The second SmartLine you placed is attached to the pointer.

MicroStation cycled through the elements inside of the locate tolerance (how close the pointer must be to an element in order to snap) because you used the reset button.

Instead of entering a data point and resetting to re-choose to the element you need, you enter one data point and then click reset until the desired element is chosen.

6 Move the pointer to the left, and place a data point in the center of location marker

13 when you see the AccuSnap x.

As you copy the SmartLine, notice the dynamic line that extends along with the element. This is a feature of AccuDraw, MicroStation’s tool for precision input. You have been seeing the AccuDraw compass as you’ve been working. AccuDraw and its features will be discussed in more detail a little later.

AccuDraw’s dynamic line

in more detail a little later. AccuDraw’s dynamic line The SmartLine is copied to location 13.

The SmartLine is copied to location 13.

The AccuDraw compass

7 Move the pointer to the left, and place a data point in the center of location marker

14 to complete the parking area.

8 Reset to complete the copy operation.

This is the third reset function. When MicroStation asks you to select or identify an element, the selected element displays highlighted. If MicroStation highlights the wrong element, reset to release it and select the next element inside of the locate tolerance.

Snapping

Selecting precise coordinate locations such as the end of a line or the center of a circle is called snapping.

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An Overview of MicroStation

The class has already seen the AccuSnap type of snapping. The tentative point is the manual method for identifying a location.

You know you have a successful snap, or have placed an accurate tentative point, if the element you are snapping to displays highlighted and you see a cross hair.

snapping to displays highlighted and you see a cross hair. The tentative point snap crosshair Let’s

The tentative point snap crosshair

Let’s try out the most used snap mode, Keypoint.

Exercise: Using the tentative snap

1 Open keypoint.dgn.

2 Move the pointer to location 1 and use the middle button, wheel, or left/right button combination to snap to the end of the line, then move the pointer away from the spot.

NOTE: Using the middle button, wheel, or left/right button combination to snap is dependant on the Button Assignments setting under the WorkSpace Menu.

3 Observe the status bar at the bottom of the MicroStation application window. The coordinates of the snap point appear near the center.

4 Move the pointer to location 2 and snap.

The line is highlighted and the tentative point rests at the other end of the line.

5 Press reset to clear the tentative point.

This is another use for the reset button.

With the Keypoint snap mode all you have to do is move the pointer near the location you need to select and snap. MicroStation finds the closest snapping point, a key point, on the element and places a tentative point at this location. Accept the point with a data point if it is correct. Snap again if it is not correct to find alternate tentative point.

Key points on a line are usually both end points and the midpoint. Similarly, key points of an arc are both end points and the center of its radius. The center of a circle and the vertices of a shape are also key points.

Explore the Keypoint snap further by snapping to the locations marked on the other elements. No additional menu selections are required, just use the mouse.

additional menu selections are required, just use the mouse. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

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Closing Files

Closing Files

Select Open from the File menu to select the next file you want to open. Open the file and the currently active file will close.

Select Close from the File menu to close the current file and present the MicroStation Manager Dialog Box.

Exercise: Closing the active design file

1 Select Close from the File menu (File > Close).

You can only open 1 design file at a time in a MicroStation session. If you need to have 2 design files open at the same time, you must start a second MicroStation session to open the second design file.

Creating a Design File

To work in MicroStation, you must either open an existing design file or create a new one.

Exercise: Creating a new file

1 Select New from the MicroStation Manager’s File menu.

2 In the New design file dialog box, enter myfile in the Files input field.

file dialog box, enter myfile in the Files input field. Observe the Seed File section near

Observe the Seed File section near the bottom of this dialog box and note that it uses

seed2d.dgn.

3 Click OK.

The new file myfile.dgn appears in the list of files and is selected, ready to be opened.

Your system administrator will most likely set the location of your project’s design files. You can open existing MicroStation files and create new files from your own workstation or any accessible device on your network that has access to a MicroStation license.

on your network that has access to a MicroStation license. Exercise: Open the new file 1

Exercise: Open the new file

1 Click OK to open myfile.dgn.

2 Select Fit View and the status bar reports No elements found.

3 File > Close.

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Saving Work

Seed files

As part of creating the new design, a seed file was used. A seed file is like a template for a new design file. It contains preset values for the design such as initial element attributes, the type

of

design (2D or 3D), and even design elements such as a sheet border and title block.

Exercise: Use another seed file to create a file

1 In the MicroStation Manager, select File > New.

2 Enter myfile in the Files input field.

3 In the Seed File section of the dialog box, click Select.

The Select Seed File dialog box appears.

4 Select tb_seed.dgn from the class data set and click on it.

5 Click OK.

This makes tb_seed.dgn the active seed file.

6 Click OK.

An Alert dialog box appears, warning that the file myfile.dgn already exists.

In this case you really do want to overwrite the file you previously created. When such an alert box appears, pay close attention and make sure you really want to overwrite a file.

7 Click OK.

The thumbnail shows you that elements are present in this file.

8 Click OK to open myfile.dgn.

The design file contains a drawing sheet. This is the result of having used tb_seed.dgn as the seed file.

The MicroStation installation contains formatted and filled seed files. These delivered seed files encompass most disciplines. They can be used as examples for creating your own seed files. They are located in the \Program Files\Bentley\Workspace\System\seed folder.

Saving Work

When you open a design for modification MicroStation reads the design data from the design file stored on the system’s hard disk or network device into the system’s local memory.

A design file stores information about:

• The number of open view windows

• The windows’ positions on the screen

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Saving Work

• The position of the design file in each window

If MicroStation has been installed on your computer with the default settings, any design file changes such as placing a line or deleting an element are automatically saved as you make the change. During the design process, MicroStation periodically writes the changes back to the open file on the hard drive. It saves your design work automatically.

However, changes you make to design file settings, such as zooming into a view or resizing a view window, are not automatically saved. You must save these settings changes.

Save Settings

Unlike design changes, MicroStation does not immediately write settings or attribute changes to disk. When you make changes to the operational parameters of the design file, you must save them to disk by selecting Save Settings from the File menu (File > Save Settings). The shortcut for this command is Ctrl + F.

Settings that are controlled through setting boxes and the view configuration will be preserved. Also, the file’s image location and view windows will look exactly the same when you reopen a file if you Save Settings before you close a file.

There is a preference (Workspace > Preferences, then Category Operation) which your administrator might wish to use that sets saving settings automatically. When it is set, all set- tings will always be saved when closing a file or exiting MicroStation.

Automatic backup

MicroStation will remind you to save a file 15 minutes after the first change is made if you are working in a MicroStation version 7 file or an AutoCAD DWG file.

in a MicroStation version 7 file or an AutoCAD DWG file. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05
in a MicroStation version 7 file or an AutoCAD DWG file. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05

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2
2

Working With Views

MicroStation’s view windows and view controls are designed to facilitate a multiple view environment. You can display the overall design in one view while working on sections close up in other views. You can arrange and rearrange views to fit your needs.

Arranging Views

Exercise: Resizing views

1 Open windows1.dgn.

This design file opens with one view window visible. You want to see some of the details from this design without losing this overall view.

2 Move the pointer to the lower left corner of View 1 so the pointer becomes a diagonal double arrow.

3 Using the left mouse button, drag the corner to the center of the screen and release.

This action shrinks View 1, leaving room for more view windows.

4 Move the pointer to view toggle buttons in the View Groups dialog box at the lower left corner of the MicroStation application window.

5 Click the View 2 toggle button.

View 2 opens.

6 Click the View 3 toggle button.

View 3 opens.

Multiple views can be arranged as desired and their arrangement can be preserved.

Exercise: Create a view group

Continuing in windows1.dgn, click the Manage View Groups tool in the middle of View Groups dialog box.1

1

2

Click Create View Group in the Manage View Groups dialog box.

Enter the following values in the Create View Group dialog box:3

3

following values in the Create View Group dialog box: 3 Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright

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Arranging Views

Name: Arrange

Description: 3 views arranged

4 Click OK.

NOTE: You must create the view group before arranging the views that will go into it.

Exercise: Arrange the view windows

1 Continuing in windows1.dgn, select Window > Arrange.

Arrange optimizes the three view windows so each is completely visible without overlapping any of the others.

2 Select Fit View from the View 1 border.

3 With the Arrange view group highlighted in the Manage View Groups dialog box, select File > Save Settings.

The View Group is saved.

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View Controls

View Controls

To

Select from the view control bar for the view in question

Update (redraw) a view(s)

Update View Update (redraw) a view(s)

Increase the magnification of a view

Zoom In Increase the magnification of a view

Decrease the magnification of a view

Zoom Out Decrease the magnification of a view

Window an area in a view

Window Area Window an area in a view

Display all displayable elements in the active design and attached reference files in a view

Fit View Display all displayable elements in the active design and attached reference files in a view

Rotate the view (not the design)

Rotate View Rotate the view (not the design)

View a different part of the design without changing the view magnification

Pan View View a different part of the design without changing the view magnification

Negate the last viewing operation

View Previous Negate the last viewing operation

Negate the last negated viewing operation

View Next Negate the last negated viewing operation

Change the perspective angle of a 3D view

Change View Perspective a Change View Perspective a

Changes the view display of a 3D view to Wireframe, Smooth, etc.

Change View Display Mode a Change View Display Mode a

Activates the Navigate Camera control of a 3D view.

Navigate Camera a a

a. These controls only display if the active design file is a 3D file. 3D controls are covered in a separate class.

Multiple views and view controls

The current design is a sub-division. View 1 has the entire layout, while View 2 and View 3 show enlarged portions of the design.

Exercise: Update View

1 Continuing in windows1.dgn, select Update View from the View 3 border.

Since you selected Update View from the border of View 3, MicroStation makes the updates to view window 3. This is true for any view command you select this way.

2 Select Update View from the View 2 border.

View 2 updates.

3 Select Update View from the View 3 border.

You updated all 3 views by selecting Update View from each view.

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View Controls

4 Press Update All Views in the tool settings window.

4 Press Update All Views in the tool settings window. All open views update. Exercise: Zoom

All open views update.

Exercise: Zoom in

1 Continuing in windows1.dgn, select Zoom In from the View 3 border.

The Zoom Ratio in the tool settings is set to 2.

The status bar prompts you to enter the zoom center point.

2 Move the pointer into View 1.

A rectangular box is attached to the pointer.

into View 1. A rectangular box is attached to the pointer. 3 Select Zoom In from

3 Select Zoom In from the View 2 border.

4 Move the pointer into View 1.

This time you see a different shaped rectangle.

The shape of the rectangle is proportional to the shape of the view window from which you selected Zoom In. This rectangle previews the area that will display if you enter a data point at its current position.

5 With the pointer still in View 1, use the rectangle as your guide and enter a data point where you want to zoom.

View 2 updates to show the area selected in View 1.

NOTE: The view window from which you select the viewing control tool is the view in which your changes will occur.

The zoom tools work differently.

• When you select Zoom Out MicroStation zooms out about the design’s center.

• When you select Zoom In, you must enter the zoom center point.

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Design Navigation

Exercise: Zoom out

1 Continuing in windows1.dgn, select Zoom Out from the View 3 border.

The view zooms out about its center. After the initial zoom out, you can enter a data point in any view window and the view zooms out centered around that point.

2 Enter a data point in View 2.

The point you identified becomes the center of the view window.

Design Navigation

When you use the MicroStation navigation tools, pay attention to the messages in the status bar. MicroStation provides dynamic feedback to help you.

Exercise: Window Area

1 Open windows2.dgn.

2 Select Window Area from the View 1 border.

The status bar prompts you to define the first corner point.

3 Move the pointer into View 1.

4 Enter a data point anywhere in View 1.

The status bar prompts you to define the opposite corner point.

5 Move the pointer.

A rectangular box follows the pointer dynamically.

The shape of the dynamic rectangle is proportional to the shape of the view from which you initiated the command.

6 Using the rectangle as a guide, move the pointer to define the area you want to display in View 1 and enter another data point.

The view you initiated Window Area from updates.

7 In the tool settings window, set Apply to Window to 2.

7 In the tool settings window, set Apply to Window to 2. The check box is

The check box is enabled.

8 Move the pointer into View 1 and place two data points to define the window area.

After placing the second data point View 2 updates to reflect the definition.

second data point View 2 updates to reflect the definition. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright

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Design Navigation

Rotating views

Rotate View changes the design’s orientation in the view window on the screen but it does not affect the design itself. It is different than rotating the design file elements themselves.

Exercise: Rotate View

1 Continuing in windows2.dgn, Fit View in View 1.

2 Select Rotate View from the View 1 border with the following tool settings:

Method: 2 Points

The status bar prompts you to define the first point.

3 Enter a data point near the lower left corner of the border.

The status bar prompts you to define the X axis of the view.

As you move the pointer around, dynamic feedback is provided. The rectangle shows the portion of the design file which will display in the rotated view. The axis line shows the angle at which the view will rotate.

4 Enter a data point near the upper right corner of the border.

View 1 updates to the rotation. The other views are unchanged. MicroStation views move over the design. View 1 is rotated over the design while the others retain an orthogonal orientation.

This method of rotating the view is effective if the precise angle of the rotation is not important or if you are snapping to specific points on the screen to achieve precision.

Exercise: Unrotating

1 Continuing in windows2.dgn, select Rotate View from any of the view window borders with the following tool settings:

Method: Unrotated

The status bar prompts you to select a view.

2 Enter a data point in each view you want to unrotate.

The file’s view windows will look exactly the same when you reopen if you Save Settings before you close the file.

3 Select File > Save Settings.

4 Select File > Close.

Exercise: Rotate a view to a specific angle

1 Open view_rot.dgn.

2 Select Rotate View with the following tool settings:

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Design Navigation

Method: to 2 Points

3 Tentatively snap to the interior wall intersection at location 1 for the first rotation point.

inters ection at location 1 for the first rotation point. 4 Enter a data point. The

4 Enter a data point.

The status bar prompts you to define X axis of view.

5 Tentatively snap to the interior wall intersection at location 2.

snap to the interior wall intersection at location 2. 6 Enter a data point. The view

6 Enter a data point.

The view rotates.

at location 2. 6 Enter a data point. The view rotates. Now you can copy the

Now you can copy the window.

7 Window Area around the window to the right of the entry door.

8 Select Copy Element.

9 Select the window by its interior midpoint.

Copy Element. 9 Select the window by its interior midpoint. 10 Snap to the midpoint between

10 Snap to the midpoint between locations 1 and 2 and enter a data point to copy the window.

locations 1 and 2 and enter a data point to copy the window. 11 Unrotate the

11 Unrotate the view.

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Design Navigation

Panning

Exercise: Pan View

1 Open windows2.dgn.

The view layout is the same as when you closed the file.

The view layout is the same as when you closed the file. 2 Select Pan View

2 Select Pan View from the View 3 border with the following tool setting:

Dynamic Display: Disabled

The status bar prompts you to select a view.

3 Enter a data point near the bottom center of View 3.

The status bar prompts you to define the amount of panning.

4 Move the pointer around the view.

A dynamic arrow extends from the data point to the pointer’s current location.

from the data point to the pointer’s current location. 5 Using the arrow as a guide,

5 Using the arrow as a guide, enter a data point to define the amount of panning.

View 3 updates to reflect the new view display.

6 Enable Dynamic display in the tool settings.

7 Enter a data point in View 3 and move the pointer.

This time the view moves over the elements while you pan.

8 Reset.

View Previous and View Next

View Previous steps you backward through the sequence of views stored in a buffer during earlier view operations. Before you can use View Previous, you must change a view. View Next steps you forward through the sequence of views stored after you have used View Previous. Before you can use View Next, you must use View Previous.

Before you can use View Next, you must use View Previous. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05

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Window Menu Commands

NOTE: The icons for these tools resemble Undo and Redo in the Standard tools tool bar, but they do not do the same thing. Undo and Redo work on changes to the design content, not the view. View Previous and View Next work on changes to the view, not the design content.

Exercise: View Previous and View Next

1 Continuing in windows2.dgn, select Zoom Out from the View 2 border, and then enter 3 data points in the view.

2 Select View Previous from the View 2 border.

2 Select View Previous from the View 2 border.

The last Zoom Out operation reverses.

3 Select View Previous 2 times.

The view changes as it steps backward through the previous view operations stored in the View Previous buffer. That places the views into the View Next buffer.

4 Select View Next from the View 2 border, 3 times.

4 Select View Next from the View 2 border, 3 times.

The view changes 3 times as it steps forward.

Scroll bars

View windows have horizontal and vertical scroll bars in the bottom and right borders. These let you move horizontally or vertically in your design, similar to the pan functions.

TIP: You can also use the IntelliMouse wheel to manipulate view windows and dialog box scroll bars. You can zoom in and out of designs, and enter tentative snap points.

Window Menu Commands

The Window menu includes more tools for manipulating multiple windows.

Tile

This positions the open view windows so that each one occupies an equal amount of space on the screen.

Exercise: Tile the views

1 Continuing in windows2.dgn, select Window > Tile.

MicroStation adjusts the three windows so that they are all equal.

adjusts the three windows so that they are all equal. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright

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Window Menu Commands

Cascade

This positions the open view windows so they stack, each showing a visible title bar. Select the active window by clicking on its title bar, or by selecting its name from the Window menu.

Exercise: Cascade the views

1 Continuing in windows2.dgn, select Window > Cascade.

MicroStation stacks the windows front to back so that they overlap each other.

Arrange

front to back so that they overlap each other. Arrange This positions the open view windows

This positions the open view windows so they all fit proportionally.

the open view windows so they all fit proportionally. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright ©

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View Attributes

Exercise: Arranging view windows automatically

1 Continuing in windows2.dgn, resize View 1 and View 2 making them both smaller.

resize View 1 and View 2 making them both smaller. 2 Select Window > Arrange. View

2 Select Window > Arrange.

2 making them both smaller. 2 Select Window > Arrange. View Attributes These change the way

View Attributes

These change the way you view a design by determining whether some types of elements are displayed or not, and how other elements appear.

Exercise: Changing view attributes

1 Open view_attr.dgn.

The plan includes so much information that showing all of it at once makes the design hard to read.

showing all of it at once makes the design hard to read. 2 Select Settings >

2 Select Settings > View Attributes.

The View Attributes dialog box appears.

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Saved Views

3 Change the View Number to 3.

Saved Views 3 Change the View Number to 3. 4 Remove the check from the box

4 Remove the check from the box next to:

Dimensions

Line Weights

Text

5 Click Apply.

NOTE: You must click Apply for the changes to take effect in a specified view or All to apply choices to all views.

View 3 updates and is easier to see.

6 Click All.

All of the open view windows are updated.

7 Close the View Attributes dialog box.

View Attributes are saved with design file settings. You must select File > Save Settings to save these changes.

Exercise: Shortcuts to the View Attributes dialog box

1 Continuing in view_attr.dgn, click the left mouse button once on the Bentley B at the upper left of View 3.

2 Select View Attributes from the pop-up menu.

The View Attributes dialog box appears.

3 Close the View Attributes dialog box.

4 While holding down the Ctrl key, press the B key.

The View Attributes dialog box appears.

TIP: View Attributes are view changes that you can undo with View Previous or redo with View Next.

Saved Views

A saved view is a way to store the view attributes, reference settings, view window size and position, and displayed area of a design. You can recall a saved view and apply it to a selected view.

You can recall a saved view and apply it to a selected view. Essential MicroStation Seventh

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Saved Views

Exercise: Saving the plan view

1 Open view_save.dgn.

2 Select Utilities > Saved Views.

NOTE: You can use the Bentley B pop-up menu and select View Save/Recall.

3 In the Saved Views dialog box, select Save View.

4 Enter the following in the Save View dialog box:

 

View: 1

Name: Plan

Description: Overall floor plan, all levels

 

NOTE: If multiple views are open, you can pick the view you want to save from the View menu.

5

Click OK.

 

The Plan view is added to the list of saved views.

Exercise: Saving the kitchen view

1 Continuing in view_save.dgn, Zoom In on the kitchen.

2 In the Attributes tool bar, expand the level list and click on the check marks next to Labels and Slab to turn the levels off.

check marks next to Labels and Slab to turn the levels off. 3 Open the View

3 Open the View Attributes dialog box.

4 Uncheck Dimensions.

5 Click Apply.

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Saved Views

6 Close the View Attributes dialog box.

Saved Views 6 Close the View Attributes dialog box. 7 Click Save View. 8 Enter the
Saved Views 6 Close the View Attributes dialog box. 7 Click Save View. 8 Enter the

7 Click Save View.

8 Enter the following in the Save View dialog box:

View: 1

Name: Kitchen

Description: Kitchen

9 Click OK.

Exercise: Saving the Office 102 view

1 Continuing in view_save.dgn, Fit View.

2 In the Attributes tool bar, expand the level list and click on the circle next to Labels to restore the check mark and turn the level back on.

3 Window Area around Office 102.

4 Open the View Attributes dialog box.

5 Uncheck Line Weights.

the View Attributes dialog box. 5 Uncheck Line Weights. 6 Click Apply. 7 Click Save View.

6 Click Apply.

7 Click Save View.

8 Enter the following in the Save View dialog box:

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Saved Views

View: 1

Name: Office 102

Description: Office 102

9 Click OK.

Exercise: Attaching saved views

1 Continuing in view_save.dgn, close View 1.

2 Open Views 2, 3 and 4.

3 Select Window > Tile.

4 In the Saved Views dialog box, select Kitchen and set View to 2.

5 Click Apply.

Note the name in the view window title bar.

6 In the Saved Views dialog box, select Office 102 and set View to 3.

7 Click Apply.

8 In the Saved Views dialog box, select Plan and set View to 4.

9 Click Apply.

10 Close the Saved Views dialog box.

Predefining a series of saved views in a seed file is a good way to standardize common views. If you insert a drawing sheet into your seed file, then set up saved views showing the title block and perhaps a sheet overview, it can speed the setup of a new design.

MicroStation Views are fundamentally different than view ports where paper is moved under the view, but in MicroStation the views move over the paper. Mention dual screen support allowing graphics on two monitors. Dialog boxes can be switched between screens using the key-in Windowchangescreen <windowname> where window name is the title of the dialog box.

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Saved Views

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3
3

Designing With MicroStation

This chapter introduces basic element placement tools and techniques. When you create a design, you begin by adding elements such as lines, arcs, and circles to the design. You can later modify or manipulate these elements. Other design tasks include adding details such as dimensions, patterns and text.

Element Placement Tools

Many of the tools in the Main tool frame add new elements to the design file. Elements vary, but generally you follow the same series of steps as you create them:

• Select the appropriate tool.

• Enter the desired tool settings.

• Specify the location for the new element.

Place Line

This tool is located in the Linear Elements tool box.

Line This tool is located in the Linear Elements tool box. It creates one segment of

It creates one segment of straight line at a time. Place Line has two tool settings. Length lets you enter a specific length for the line you are placing. Use Angle to enter a specific angle of rotation for the line.

These settings are optional. You do not have to use both, or any, settings. When you use neither setting or only one setting, the tool requires you to enter two data points to place a line. If you use both settings you only need to enter one data point to place a line.

you only need to enter one data point to place a line. Exercise: Place lines 1

Exercise: Place lines

1 Open line.dgn.

2 Select Place Line with the following tool settings:

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Element Placement Tools

Length: Disabled

Angle: Disabled

3 Enter a data point at location 1 to define the start point of the line.

4 Enter a data point at location 2 to define the line’s endpoint.

5 Enter a data point at location 3.

MicroStation keeps placing single lines through each successive data point you enter.

6 Reset.

Place Line is still the active tool.

Place SmartLine

This tool places a series of connected line segments rather than individual ones.

Exercise: Place SmartLine

1 Continuing in line.dgn, select Place SmartLine with the following tool settings:

Segment Type: Lines

Vertex Type: Sharp

Join Elements: Enabled

2 Enter a data point above location 1 to enter the first point.

3 Enter a data point above location 2.

4 Enter a data point above location 3.

5 Reset to end placement.

This line looks like the line you placed in the previous exercise and you followed the same steps to create it. This line is different, though.

6 Move the pointer over the element you created using Place SmartLine.

The entire line highlights. The SmartLine is a single element.

7 Move the pointer over the element you created using Place Line.

Each segment highlights. Place Line places separate elements.

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Undo, Redo, Delete

Demonstrate by drawing a valve with one tool and then with the other. Then select Move and show the class how Place SmartLine draws the valve as one piece. Also point out how the Tool Settings has different settings for Place SmartLine than are avail- able for Place Line.

Element Attributes

To place an element in a design you select the appropriate tool and enter the desired values in the tool settings window. You must also determine the color, weight and style attributes for the new element. The Attributes tool bar is one place where you do this.

Exercise: Setting element attributes

1 Continuing in line.dgn, select Place Line with the following tool settings:

Length: Disabled

Angle: Disabled

2 In the Attributes tool bar, set the following:

Color: green (2)

Line style: 2

Line weight: 2

following: Color : green (2) Line style : 2 Line weight : 2 3 Place a

3 Place a line in the design.

This line looks different than the lines placed previously. It has a different color, a different weight, and is dashed instead of solid. You use attributes to distinguish elements in a design.

Undo, Redo, Delete

One way to address a mistake is to reverse it, another is to delete it.

Undo and Redo

You can eliminate an error by reverting a design to the state that existed before you made a mistake. Undo lets you reverse the last design or modification action. The Standard tool bar includes Undo and Redo tools to give you direct access these commands.

and Redo tools to give you direct access these commands. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright
and Redo tools to give you direct access these commands. Essential MicroStation Seventh Edition 9/29/05 Copyright

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Introduction to AccuDraw

When you click the Edit menu, the first entry shows you the specific action that will be undone.

Exercise: Access Undo from the Edit menu

1 Continuing in line.dgn, select Edit from the main menu bar.

The first item on the list is Undo Place Line.

2 Select the item.

The last line is removed from the design file.

the item. The last line is removed from the design file. 3 Select Redo. The line

3 Select Redo.

The line reappears.

4 Key in Ctrl Z.