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TRAFFIC

A PRESENTATION ON ....

ENGINEERING

SUBMITTED TO:HOD : - Prof. RUBY ( CIVIL ENGG.)

GUIDED BY :- Ms. RANJANA


Ms. CRISHTEENA

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL
ENGG.

PRESENTED BYALOK KUMAR

B.TECH 3rd YEAR


(CIVIL ENGG.)

ARYAN INSTITUTE OF TECNOLOGY (GHAZIABAD)

INTRODUCTION:

very important that traffic flow on


s should be efficient safe and rapid.

ffic engineering is the branch which


s with science of measuring traffic,
gning and operating system to achieve
and efficient movements of person
goods.

oTo analyze the characteristics,

traffic studies are made, studies


are as follows:
1. Speed study
2. Origin and destination
3. Parking study
4. Traffic volume study
5. Accident studies

TRAFFIC VOLUME
STUDY:
oIt is defined as the survey of number

vehicle and pedestrians


Crossing section of road per unit during
Any selected period.

Purpose of study of
traffic volume:
1. Establish relative importance of any
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

road.
Planning, designing and regulation
of traffic.
Structural design of road.
Planning and design of new streets.
Establishment properties and
schedules for traffic improvements.
Design of intersection and other

Traffic Controlling
Devices:

The arrangements or the provision

made to the road users so as to avoid


accidents on the roads and for the free
and effective traffic flow are known as
traffic controlling devices.

Traffic controlling
devices:
Generally following four devices are
provided on road to control the
traffic:
1. Road signs
2. Markings
3. Signals
4. Traffic is Islands

signs:
Roads signs are provided to warn,
direct and guide the road users. They
are in the form of symbols or
inscription. They are mounted on fixed
or portable supports and are placed on
the side of roads.

Further road signs are


classified in three
categories:
Regulatory or mandatory signs.
o Warning or caution signs .
o Informatory or guiding signs.
o

mandatory signs :
oThese signs are used to inform the road

users, certain rules and regulations


which has to notice for safe and free flow
of traffic.
oSome of the regulatory signs are:
A. Give way and stop signs:

B. Prohibitory
signs :

C. Speed limit and


vehicle control signs:

stopping signs:

Warning or cautionary
signs:

oThese are signs used to warn road

users of certain hazardous conditions


either on or adjacent to the road ways,
so that the motorist becomes cautious
and may take the desired action.

used are:

sign :

MARKINGS :
Traffic markings are the lines, patterns,

words, symbols or reflectors applied to the


carriage way, kerbs,sides of islands or to
fixed objects near the road way.
The objects of the traffic marking is to warn ,
inform and guide the road users. They are
made by using prints in contrast with colours
and brightness on pavements or other
background. Ordinary paints like oil paints are
used for road markings.