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Section 1

(Answer all questions in this section)


1. Information which was gained from data is the same as: (Choose Two)

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Intelligence (*)
Raw Materials
Knowledge (*)
There is no difference between data and information.

2. What is the difference between "information" and "data"?

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Data turns into useful information. It is stored in a database and


accessed by systems and users. (*)
Information and data have no differences - they are two words for the
same thing.
Data is held and understood only by users.
Information is held and understood only by users.

3. Every time you shop online, it is likely you will be accessing a database. True
or False?

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True (*)
False

4. Data Modeling is the last step in the database development process. True or
False?

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True

False (*)

5. The work of E.F. Codd in the early 1970s led to the development of Relational
databases. True or False?

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True (*)
False

6. Once you have learned how to write programs and build systems, you no longer need any input or
involvement from any users as you are perfectly capable of delivering the systems that businesses
need and want.
True. Users never know what they want anyway, so building
systems is best left to the professionals.
True. The only requirement for creating a perfect system is a
perfect programmer.
True. Users delay the delivery of a system by changing their
minds and adding new requirements.
False. Business requirements can and will change. For instance
new legal requirements may arise. (*)

7. Personal computers (PCs) have been in existence since 1950. True or


False?

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True
False (*)

8. The overall mission of the Oracle Corporation is to use the internet


and fast processing servers to build its own network.

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True
False (*)

9. Which of the following are examples of e-businesses that use


database software?

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(Choose all correct answers)


Online personal shopping service (*)
Online research paper
Online book store (*)
Online clothing store (*)
Online personal web page

10. A specialized type of software, which controls and manages the


hardware in a computer system.

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Hardware
Operating System (*)
Software
Client

Section 2
(Answer all questions in this section)
11. The purpose of an ERD is to document the proposed system and facilitate
discussion and understanding of the requirements captured by the
developer. True or False?

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True (*)
False

12. Entity Relationship modeling is dependent on the hardware or software


used for implementation, so you will need to change your ERD if you decide
to change Hardware Vendor. True or False?

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True

False (*)

13. Which of the following statements are true about ERD's? (Choose Two)

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You should not model derivable data. (*)
A piece of information can be shown multiple times on an ERD.
All data must be represented on the ERD, including derived summaries
and the result of calculations.
A piece of information should only be found in one place on an ERD. (*)

14. Entities are usually verbs. True or False?

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True
False (*)

15. All of the following could be attributes of an ENTITY called PERSON, except
which one?

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Haircolor
Natacha Hansen (*)
Weight
Gender

16.

Which of the following is an example of a volatile attribute?

Date of Birth
Age (*)

Name
Hire Date

17. All of the following would be instances of the entity PERSON except
which?

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Angelina Rosalie
Male (*)
Grace Abinajam
David Jones

18. A/an _________ is a piece of information that in some way describes an


entity. It is a property of the entity and it quantifies, qualifies,
classifies, or specifies the entity.

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Process
Table
ERD
Attribute (*)

19. Which of the following entities most likely contains valid attributes?
(Choose two)

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Entity: Car. Attributes: Owner Occupation, Owner Salary, Speed
Entity: Pet. Attributes: Name, Birthdate, Owner (*)
Entity: Home. Attributes: Number of Bedrooms, Owner, Address,
Date Built (*)
Entity: Mother. Attributes: Name, Birthdate, Occupation, Start
Date

20. An ERD is an example of a Physical Model. True or False?

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True
False (*)

21. Documenting Business Requirements helps developers control the scope of the system and
prevents users from claiming that the new system does not meet their business requirements. True
or False?
True (*)
False

22. Data modeling is performed for the following reasons: (Choose


Two)

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We do not need datamodels; we can just start coding right
away.
It helps discussions and reviews. (*)
We draw an ERD solely to please the users; once completed,
the ERD is never referred to again as it serves no purpose in
the real world.
The ERD becomes a blueprint for designing the actual system.
(*)

23. The Physical Model is derived from the Conceptual Model. True or
False?

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True (*)
False

Section 3
(Answer all questions in this section)

24. Relationship names are not shown on an ERD. True or False?

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True
False (*)

25. ERDish describes a relationship in words. True or False?

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True (*)
False

26. What are the three properties that every relationship should have?

Name, optionality, arcs


Name, optionality, cardinality (*)
Transferability, degree, name
A UID bar, a diamond, an arc

27. Relationships always exist between

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3 or more attributes
2 entities (or one entity and itself) (*)
2 attributes
3 or more entities

28. Which of the following are true about Relationship Optionality? (Choose
two)

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Optionality specifies only singularity or plurality, but not a specific
plural number.
Optionality specifies a counting number (like 1, 2, 3, 4 etc.) in a
relationship.
Optionality answers "may or must". (*)
Optionality specifies whether something is required or not. (*)

29. Matrix Diagrams are used to verify that all relationships have been
identified for an ERD. True or False?

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True (*)
False

30. Matrix Diagrams show Optionality and Cardinality of the ERDs they
document. True or False?

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True
False (*)

31. To identify an attribute as part of a unique identifier on an ER diagram, the


# symbol goes in front of it. True or False?

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True (*)
False

Section 4
(Answer all questions in this section)
32. All instances of a subtype must be an instance of the supertype. True or
False?

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True (*)
False

33. A subtype is drawn on an ERD as an entity inside the "softbox" of the


supertype. True or False?

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True (*)
False

34. A Supertype can have only one subtype. True or False?

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True
False (*)

35. A subtype is shown on an ERD as an entity with a one to many relationship


to the supertype. True or False?

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True
False (*)

Section 4
36. Which of the following is true about subtypes?

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Subtypes should not be exhaustive.


Subtypes must be mutually exclusive. (*)
Subtypes must not be mutually exclusive.
One instance of a supertype may belong to two subtypes.

37. A new system would have a mixture of both Procedural and Structural
Business Rules as part of the documentation of that new system. True or
False?

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True (*)
False

38. How would you model a business rule that states that on a student's
birthday, he does not have to attend his classes?

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You cannot model this. You need to document it (*)


Use a subtype
Use a supertype
Make the attribute Birthdate mandatory

39. A business rule such as "All accounts must be paid in full within 10 days of
billing" is best enforced by:

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Making the relationship between CUSTOMER and PAYMENT fully
mandatory and 1:1 on both sides.
Creating additional programming code to identify and report accounts
past due. (*)
Making the payment attribute mandatory.
Creating a message to be printed on every bill that reminds the
customer to pay within ten days.

40. Why is it important to identify and document business rules?

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It allows you to create a complete data model and then check it for
accuracy. (*)
It allows you to improve the client's business.
It ensures that the data model will automate all manual processes.
None of the above
Section 5

41. If an intersection entity is formed that contains no attributes of its own, its
uniqueness may be modeled by

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Creating new attributes.


Barring the relationships to the original entities. (*)
Placing the UID attributes from the original entities into the intersection
entity.
None of the above.

42. What do you call the entity created when you resolve a M:M relationship?

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M:M entity
Recursive entity
Intersection entity (*)
Inclusion entity

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43. When you resolve a M:M by creating an intersection entity, this new entity
will always inherit:

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A relationship to each entity from the original M:M. (*)


The attributes of both related entities.
The UID's from the entities in the original M:M.
Nothing is inherited from the original entities and relationship.

44. Which of the following pairs of entities is most likely to be modeled as a 1:1
relationship?

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PERSON and FINGERPRINT (*)


TEACHER and SUBJECT AREA
CAR and WHEEL
TREE and BRANCH

45. If the same relationship is represented twice in an Entity Relationship


Model, it is said to be:

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Redundant (*)
Resourceful
Replicated
Removable

Section 5

46. Relationships can be Redundant. True or False?

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True (*)
False

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47. One to many relationships are the most uncommon type of relationships in
an ERD. True or False?

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True
False (*)

48. A non-transferable relationship is represented by which of the following


symbols?

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Diamond (*)
Circle
Heart
Triangle

49. Which of the following is an example of a non-transferable relationship

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STUDENT to COURSE
PERSON to BIRTH PLACE (*)
EMPLOYEE to DEPARTMENT
TEACHER to SCHOOL

50. If a relationship can NOT be moved between instances of the entities it


connects, it is said to be:

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Optional
Transferable
Non-Transferable (*)
Mandatory

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