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READING PROCESS DRAWINGS

Common Process Drawings


1. Block flow diagrams
(BFD)
2. Process flow diagrams
(PFD)
3. Piping and
instrumentation
diagrams (P&ID)
4. Utilities flow
diagrams (UFD)

5. Electrical diagrams
6. Schematics
(electrical)
7. Isometrics (piping)
8. Plot plan

Block flow diagrams


(BFD)
-- Blocks connected
by straight lines
-- Process flow
http://en.wikipedia.org
/wiki/Process_flow_di
agram

Process flow
diagrams
(PFDs)
-- Symbols
-- Directional
arrows
-- Flow

http://en.wikipedi
a.org/wiki/Process
_flow_diagram

Piping and
instrumentation
diagrams
(P&IDs)
-- Left to right
-- detail drawings
-- Equipment symbols
and numbers
-- Equipment
designations
-- Major process piping
-- All instrumentation
-- General notes
http://en.wikipedia.org/w
iki/Piping_and_instrume
ntation_diagram

Utilities flow
diagrams
(UFD)
-- Utility supply
-- connections

Piping and Instrumentation Continued


http://www.rff.com/process-flow-diagrams.htm

Single Line Electrical


Diagram
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oneline_diagram

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Diagram Software
Free Download-30 day trial
http://www.edrawsoft.com/electrical-symbols.php

Practice with common electric symbols, diagrams and


more.
Isometric drawings

http://teachers.sduhsd.net/delliott/IED/Isometrics%201-2-1.htm

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http://www.technologystudent.com/despro_flsh/isomty2.html

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Plot plan

http://www.spedweb.com/spedwebpublic/EquipSpace/equipment_spacing.htm

Process Drawing Information

Title Block &


Application Blcok
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Continued

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SYMBOLS

https://controls.engin.umich.edu/wiki/i
ndex.php/PIDStandardNotation

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http://www.purduecal.edu/cpmi/NSF%20Courses/ECET-462/HANDOUTS/P&ID.pdf

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https://www.clippard.com/downloads/PDF_Documents/Application_and_Trai
ning/Clippard%20Schematic%20symbols.pdf

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http://booksite.elsevier
.com/9780080966595/
content/Appendices/A
ppendix%20A.pdf

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Other Symbols http://www.edrawsoft.com/pidsymbols.php

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Equipment Standards
-- ANSI (The American National Standards Institute)
-- API (The American Petroleum Institute)
-- ASME (The American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
-- NEC (The National Electric Code)
-- OSHA (The Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
-- ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials

ISA (Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society


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