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Simple Tense

(Th n)
Th ca ng t bo ta khi no hnh ng xy ra. C 3 th chnh l: hin ti, qu
kh v tng lai. Mi th ny c chia nh ra thnh: n, tip din, hon thnh v
hon thnh tip din

Present (Hin ti)

Past (Qu kh)

Future (Tng lai)

Simple (n)

finish

finished

will finish

Progressive (Tip din)

am/is/are finishing

was/were finishing

will be finishing

Perfect (Hon thnh)

have/has finished

had finished

will have finished

Perfect Progressive
have/has been finishing had been finishing will have been finishing
(Hon thnh tip din)

Nhng th cn nh v th n:
a. Th hin ti l dng ng t nguyn th.
b. Th qu kh c vi dng khc.
c. Th tng lai cn will (shall) + verb (ng t).
run

I run a marathon twice a year. (present)


I ran a marathon last year. (past)

I will run a marathon next year. (future)

eat

I eat lunch in my office.


I ate lunch an hour ago.

I will eat lunch in one hour.

see

I see a movie once a week.

I saw a movie yesterday.

I will see a movie tomorrow.

know

I know it.
I knew it the day before yesterday.

I will know it by tomorrow.

learn

I learn English.
I learned English the last two years.

I will learn English next year.

cook

I cook my supper every night.


I cooked our dinner already.

I will cook breakfast tomorrow.

[Quiz 10.1] in dng ng t ph hp:


1)I......................................... a song at the concert yesterday.
2)He ......................................... a letter to his girlfriend tomorrow.
3)I ......................................... to the library to borrow some books this weekend.
Bi 2: V hin ti n:
Xc nh dng ng t ng vi th trong cu:
1. Every Monday, Sally (drive)

2. Usually, I (work)
(study)

her kids to football practice.

as a secretary at ABT, but this summer I


French at a language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris.

3. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep)

4. Don't forget to take your umbrella. It (rain)

5. I hate living in Seattle because it (rain, always)

6. I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say)

because everybody (talk)

so loudly.

7. Justin (write, currently)

a book about his adventures in Tibet. I hope

he can find a good publisher when he is finished.

8. Jim: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight?


Denise: Oh, I'm sorry, I can't. I (go)

to a movie tonight with some friends.

9. The business cards (be, normally )


Their prices (be)

printed by a company in New York.

inexpensive, yet the quality of their work is quite good.

10. This delicious chocolate (be)

made by a small chocolatier in Zurich,

Switzerland.

Bi 3: V qu kh n:
Chia ng t trong thi qu kh:
1. Last year I (go)
2. It (be)
3. I (visit)
of mine .

to England on holiday.
fantastic.
lots of interesting places. I (be)

4. In the mornings we (walk)


5. In the evenings we (go)

in the streets of London.


to pubs.

with two friends

6. The weather (be)

strangely fine.

7. It (not / rain)

a lot.

8. But we (see)

some beautiful rainbows.

9. Where (spend / you)

your last holiday?

Vit dng qu kh ca ng t bt quy tc:


Infinitive

Simple Past

1.

meet

2.

drive

3.

speak

4.

put

5.

write

6.

sing

7.

do

8.

sit

9.

stand

10.

run

Hon thnh bng, th ca cc cu l th qu kh:


Affirmative
(Khng nh)

Negative
(Ph nh)

Interrogative
(Nghi vn)

He wrote a book.
He did not sing
Was she pretty?
i cu sang th qu kh:
1. We move to a new house.
2. They bring a sandwich.

3. He doesn't do the homework.


4. They sell cars.
5. Does he visit his friends?
Vit cu trong th qu kh:
1. Janet / miss / the bus
2. she / tidy / her room
3. Nancy / watch / not / television
4. she / read / a book

Bi 4: V tng lai n:
Chia ng t theo th tng lai n:
James, 18 years old, asked an ugly fortune teller about his future. Here is what she told
him:
(James, 18 tui, hi mt b thy bi xu x v tng lai cu y. y l nhng g b ta ni
vi cu:
1. You (be)

very happy.

2. You (get)

a lot of money.

3. You (buy)

a beautiful house.

4. Your friends (envy)


5. You (meet)
6. You (marry)

you.
a beautiful girl.
her.

7. You and your wife (travel)


8. People (serve)
9. They (not/refuse)
10. But all this (happen / only)

around the world.


you.
to make you happy.
when you are 70 years old.