Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

Bilingual material 5th level of Primary Education

1. What is a landscape?
When we travel over there, we can see
different landscapes.
A landscape is composed of different
things that we can see in a place, for example,
flat lands, rivers, mountains, valleys, forests,

A flat landscape

villages, cities, factories

There are mountain landscapes, coastal


landscapes and flat landscapes.
A mountain landscape

2. Mountains
In a mountain landscape we can see mountains
Mountain range

and valleys.

Mountains are raised parts of the Earths

surface. Different mountains grouped together are


called mountain range and different mountain
Mountain chain

ranges are called mountain chain.

Valley

Valleys are low parts between mountains.

We can see rivers in valleys.

3. Plains
Plains are extensions of flat lands without hills
or mountains.

A plateau is a plain with high altitude.

Depressions are lower than the land.

Coastal plains are flat land near the coast.


A plain

By Miguel A. Cabo Snchez

Bilingual material 5th level of Primary Education

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Range
Plateau
Mountain range
Valley
Mountain
Hill
Valley
Depression
3
5

1
4
2

4. Spanish relief
The relief of Spain is comprised of: the Central Plateau, the mountains
surrounding the plateau, the mountains outside the plateau and depressions of
the Ebro and Guadalquivir.
The Central Plateau is in the center of the Peninsula. It is divided into two
parts by the Central System: North Sub-plateu and South Sub-plateau.
There are different mountains to the north, east and south of the Central
Plateau.

The Pyrenees that is a mountain chain to the north of the Central


plateau.

The Betic chain that is to the south of the Central plateau.


The highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula is the Mulhacn (3.478 m).

There are also two extensive depressions:

The Ebro depression in the north.

The Guadalquivir depression in the south.

By Miguel A. Cabo Snchez

Bilingual material 5th level of Primary Education

Cantabrian
Sea
Galician
massif

Atlantic
Ocean

Basque
Mountains

Cantabrian Range

Leon
Mountains
Mio
North
river
Sub-Plateau

Pyrenees

S
Ebro
depression

Duero river
Ebro river

Central System

Iberian System

Catalan
Coastal
System

South
Sub-Plateau

Tajo river

Guadiana river

Balearic islands

Toledo
Mountains

Morena Mountain Range


Guadalquivir river
Guadalquivir
depression

Subbtica Range

Beticos Systems

Penibtica Range

Mulhacn
3478

Mediterranean
Sea

Canary islands
Teide 3718

A landscape is composed of different things that we can see in a place.


In a mountain landscape we can see mountains and valleys.
Plains are extensions of flat lands without hills or mountains.
The relief of Spain is comprised of: the Central Plateau, the mountains
surrounding the plateau, the mountains outside the plateau and depressions of
the Ebro and Guadalquivir.
By Miguel A. Cabo Snchez

Bilingual material 5th level of Primary Education

5. The coast.
The coast is the place where the land
meets the sea.
The are two types of coasts:
Low coasts: they often have sandy beaches.
High coasts: they often have rocky cliffs.
A cliff in Tenerife. Canary
Islands.

5.1. Types of coastline


There are many different forms of coastal relief.

Cape: it is a part that goes along the sea.

Gulf: it is an entrance of the land to the sea. If it is small, it is called a

bay.

Peninsula: It is a portion of land surrounded by water on all sides except

one. This side is called a isthmus.

Island: It is a portion of land surrounded by water on all sides. Various

islands close to each other form what is called an archipelago.

Archipelago: is a group of islands.

Estuary: is the part of a river which opens into the sea.

Beach
cape
Gulf
Cliff
Inlet

Bay
Isthmus
marsh
Lagoon
Island

By Miguel A. Cabo Snchez

Peninsula

Archipelago

Bilingual material 5th level of Primary Education

5.2. Spanish coats


Spain has about 6.000 kilometres of coastline
in the peninsula.
The Cantabrian coast is a very high and rocky
coast.
The Atlantic coast is very varied. In the north is
high and rocky and in the south is low and sandy.
The Mediterranean coast is low and sandy and

Beaches in the Cantabrian


coastline are high and
rocky.

there are many beaches.


The coastline in the Canary Islands varies
greatly.
In the Balearic Islands there are both high coasts
and long beaches.
Zapillo beach. Almera.

Cantabrian

Punta de
Estaca de
Sea
Peas cape Ajo
Bares
cape

Cantabrian coast Ortegal cape


Turin cape

Gulf of
Biscay

E
Gulf of
Leon

Matxixako cape

Galician coast
Fisterra cape

Andalusian coast

Southern Mediterranean coast

Creus cape

Eastern Mediterranean coast


Islands

Atlantic
Ocean

Tortosa cape

Gulf of Valencia

De la Nao cape

Mediterranean
Sea
Palos cape
San Vicente
cape

Gulf of
Cadiz

Trafalgar cape

Punta deTarifa
Strait of Gibraltar

By Miguel A. Cabo Snchez

Gulf
De Gata cape
of
Almeria

Bilingual material 5th level of Primary Education

The coast is the place where the land meets the sea.
There are two types of coasts: low coasts (beaches) high coasts (cliffs).
There are many different forms of coastal relief: cape, gulf, peninsula,
archipelago, estuary and island.
The Spanish coasts are: Mediterranean, Atlantic, Cantabrian, Canary and
Balearic coasts.

Relief:

Surrounding:

Peninsula:

To travel:

Outside:

Island:

Landscape:

Subplateau:

Archipelago:

To see:

Pyrenees:

Estuary:

Place:

Betic chain:

Isthmus:

Land:

Iberian Peninsula:

Side:

River:

Extensive:

close to:

Mountain:

North:

Spanish coast:

Valley:

South:

Kilometre:

Forest:

Coast:

Cantabrian coast:

Village:

To meet:

Atlantic coast:

Surface:

Low coast:

Mediterranean coast:

Mountain range:

High coast:

Coastline:

Mountain chain:

Beach:

Canary Islands:

Raised part:

Sandy:

Balearic Islands:

Low part:

Rocky:

High:

Plain:

Cliff:

Long:

Plateau:

Coastal relief:

Hill:

Cape:

Depression:

Gulf:

By Miguel A. Cabo Snchez

By Mari Carmen Campoy