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x

f(x)=e^(-x)+x-2
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3

15.0855369232
3.3890560989
-0.2817181715
-1
-0.6321205588286
0.1353352832366
1.0497870684

verificamos la existencia de raices


x

f(x)=e^(-x)+x-2
1
2
f(a)*f(b)=0

-0.6321205588
0.1353352832
-0.0855482149

proceso iterativo Xn+1


Xn+1=Xn-{f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn+1)/f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)}

Xn-1
Xn

Xn
1
2
1.8236572376
1.8411555018
1.8414060821
1.8414056604
1.8414056604

f(Xn)=e^(-x)+x-2
-0.6321205588
0.1353352832
-0.0149084959
-0.0002104799
3.54800250068621E-007
-8.36575253515548E-012
0
f(x) tiende a cero

l desplazamiento de un esta definido por la ecuacion sgte una oscilacion amortiguada


y=9e(-kt)*cos(wt)
halar t=? Para y =
si k=0.7 , w=4
amortiguada es oscilante . Si se dispara es sobre amortiguada 2

SEA LA ECUACION e(-0.7*t)*cos(4t)-0.39=0


2.- hahamos la ecuacion una funcion f(x)=e(0.7*t)*cos(4t)0.39
3.-tabulemos la funcion
x

f(x)=e(0.7*t)*cos(4t)0.39
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3

6.5010548084
-0.9800317323
-1.7062766112
0.61
-0.714589816
-0.4258798666
-0.2866646582

Xn
f(x)=e(0.7*t)*cos(4t)0.39
0.2
0.2156877154
0.3
-0.0962785128
0.2691381617
0.0029107217
0.2700438066
1.93660540144247E-005
0.2700498725
-5.46719813865337E-009
0.2700498708
1.01585406753202E-014

signo
+
+
+
+

-4

signo
+
+
< 0 ok

(Xn-Xn-1)
1
-0.1763427624
0.0174982643
0.0002505803
-4.21685541596162E-007
9.94249127472813E-012

cilacion amortiguada

f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn-1)
0.1353352832
0.0026290054
-0.000003683
8.89059467433923E-011
3.5277168886465E-018
0

f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)
0.7674558421
-0.1502437791
0.014698016
0.0002108347
-3.54808615821156E-007
8.36575253515548E-012

-3

Chart Title
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
-4

-3

-2

-1

0
-1

-2
-3

(Xn-Xn-1)
0.1
-0.0308618383
0.0009056449
6.06593231772257E-006
-1.71197983567239E-009

f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn-1)
-0.3119662282
0.0991892345
-0.0028913557
-1.93715212125634E-005
5.46720829719405E-009

f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)
0.1
-0.1308618383
0.0317674832
-0.0008995789
-6.06764429755824E-006

Chart Title
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
-3

-2

-1

{f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn+1)/f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)}
0.1763427624
-0.0174982643
-0.0002505803
4.21685541551728E-007
-9.94259082599244E-012
0

0
-2

{f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn+1)/f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)}
0.0308618383
-0.0009056449
-6.0659323176977E-006
1.71197984467745E-009
-3.18100497559819E-015

Chart Title
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
-1

0
-2

Xn+1=Xn-{f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn+1)/f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)}
Xn-1
1.8236572376 Xn
1.8411555018
1.8414060821
1.8414056604
1.8414056604
1.8414056604
converge

Xn
-2
-1
-1.076746253
-1.1543398
-1.14576821
-1.146190691
-1.146193221

Xn+1=Xn-{f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn+1)/f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)}
0.2691381617
0.2700438066
0.2700498725
0.2700498708
0.2700498708

f(Xn)=e^(-x)+x-2
3.3890560989
-0.2817181715
-0.1416323733
0.0175888193
-0.0009118716
-5.42988985752224E-006
1.69181468834267E-009

(Xn-Xn-1)
1
-0.0767462532
-0.077593547
0.0085715906
-0.000422481
-2.53080276713113E-006

f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn-1)
-0.2817181715
0.010869754
-0.0013647789
-7.81619027724336E-006
2.2940252602407E-009
-4.28164929473074E-015

f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)
-3.6707742705
0.1400857983
0.1592211926
-0.0185006909
0.0009064417
5.43158167221058E-006

{f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn+1)/f(Xn)-f(Xn-1
0.0767462532
0.077593547
-0.0085715906
0.000422481
2.53080276712969E-006
-7.88287749890017E-010

Xn+1=Xn-{f(Xn)*(Xn-Xn+1)/f(Xn)-f(Xn-1)}
-1.0767462532
-1.1543398002
-1.1457682096
-1.1461906906
-1.1461932214
-1.1461932206
converge

0.2700498725
-3.9721469117

-5.46719813865337E-009
0.61 -0.88836159 -2.0966448
-16.2547675873 -50532.3333
#NUM!
#NUM!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

-2.59324277 -3.97214691
#NUM!
#NUM!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

METODO DE LA SECANTE
EJEMPLO : HALLAR LAS RAICES DE LA ECUACION E(-X)+X-2=0
Solucion
1.-sea la ecuacion e(-x)+x-2=0
2.-hagamos de la ecuacion una funcion f(x)=e(-x)+x-2
x
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3

f(x)=e(-x)+x-2
signo
15.0855369232
+
3.3890560989
+
-0.2817181715
-1
-0.6321205588
0.1353352832
+
1.0497870684
+

5.- criterio de convergencia f(a)*f(b)<0


x
f(x)=e(-x)+x-2
1
-0.6321205588
2
0.1353352832

Chart Title
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
-4

-3

-2

-1

0
-2

METODO DE APR
Hallar las raices de la ecuacion 2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
1.- Sea la ecuacion 2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1 = 0
2.-Hagamos ecuacion una funcion f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
3.- Tabulamos la ecuacion
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5

graficando
ver grafica
criterio de convergencia

PARA -1

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
15.993262053
4.9816843611
-2.0497870684
-5.1353352832
-4.3678794412
0
7.2817181715
15.6109439011
19.9144630768
6.4018499669
-62.4131591026

x
-1
0.3760172227
0.0248134735
0.0034132104
0.000485106
6.92504334770369E-005
9.89189144265776E-006
1.41310638121109E-006
2.0187191226587E-007
2.88388358907607E-008
4.11983352195071E-009
5.88547655056004E-010
8.4078236436572E-011
1.20111856968411E-011
1.71589726554495E-012
2.45137243837235E-013
3.50196062624621E-014
5.01186393973642E-015
7.2957513046796E-016
9.51619735392991E-017
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
-4.3678794412
2.4584262444
0.1498018414
0.0204967309
0.002910989
0.0004155098
5.93514954301266E-005
8.47864128261655E-006
1.21123153462577E-006
0.000000173
2.4719001068263E-008
3.53128593033603E-009
5.04469355178117E-010
7.20670190190731E-011
1.0295320151954E-011
1.47082346302341E-012
2.1005419625908E-013
2.99760216648792E-014
4.44089209850063E-015
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

PARA 0

x
0
0

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

x
1.4
1.3653694712
1.3524927944
1.347875011
1.3462410195
1.3456655988
1.3454633036
1.3453922271
1.3453672595
1.3453584896
1.3453554092
1.3453543273
1.3453539473

f(x) 2cosx+e(x)-2x^2 -2/3


-0.191532414
-0.0699940684
-0.024939427
-0.0088043254
-0.0030979576
-0.0010888048
-0.0003825137
-0.0001343635
-4.71947865637867E-005
-1.65767313001774E-005
-5.82238693180859E-006
-0.000002045
-7.18295523172152E-007

1.3453538138
1.3453537669
1.3453537504
1.3453537446
1.3453537426
1.3453537419
1.3453537416
1.3453537416
1.3453537415

-2.52292258751119E-007
-8.8614471427384E-008
-3.11247131401515E-008
-1.09321628416481E-008
-3.83978415730013E-009
-1.34867550460882E-009
-4.73705186188056E-010
-1.66383906652356E-010
-5.84400305925215E-011

METODO DE APROXIMACIONES SUCESIVAS

^(x)+1

SIGNO

RAICES
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
-

RAIZ

RAIZ

RAIZ

x
-4
-3

x
-1
0

x
4
5

g(x)=(e^(x)-2(x)(x)-1)/7)
0.3760172227
0.0248134735
0.0034132104
0.000485106
6.92504334770369E-005
9.89189144265776E-006
1.41310638121109E-006
2.0187191226587E-007
2.88388358907607E-008
4.11983352195071E-009
5.88547655056004E-010
8.4078236436572E-011
1.20111856968411E-011
1.71589726554495E-012
2.45137243837235E-013
3.50196062624621E-014
5.01186393973642E-015
7.2957513046796E-016
9.51619735392991E-017
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

g(x)=(e^(x)-2(x)(x)-1)/7)
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

g(x)=raiz((2cosx+e(x)-0.67)/2)
1.3653694712
1.3524927944
1.347875011
1.3462410195
1.3456655988
1.3454633036
1.3453922271
1.3453672595
1.3453584896
1.3453554092
1.3453543273
1.3453539473
1.3453538138

1.3453537669
1.3453537504
1.3453537446
1.3453537426
1.3453537419
1.3453537416
1.3453537416
1.3453537415
1.3453537415

g(x)=(e^(x)-2(x)(x)-1)/7)
-4.7116691944
-2.7071732759

g(x)=(e^(x)-2(x)(x)-1)/7)
-0.3760172227
0

g(x)=(e^(x)-2(x)(x)-1)/7)
3.0854500047
13.9161655861

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
30
20
10
-6

-4

-2

0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70

g(x)=|(e^x-4x)/7|
2.3040299246
1.7640727827

g(x)=|(e^x-4x)/7|
0.9393080126
1

g(x)=|(e^x-4x)/7|
52.3124357474
145.5560162454

=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
30
20
10
0
-10

-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70

CONVERGENCIA
no converge
no converge

CONVERGENCIA
converge
converge

CONVERGENCIA
no converge
no converge

x
0
3.2

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

x
0
-1.08012345
-0.55467374
-0.8965873
-0.7035098
-0.82259698
-0.75274928
-0.79499283
-0.76990181

-0.78496812
-0.77597976
-0.78136299
-0.77814639
-0.78007105
-0.77892038
-0.77960866
-0.77919708
-0.77944324
-0.77929603
-0.77938407
-0.77933142
-0.77936291
-0.77934408
-0.77935534
-0.7793486
-0.77935263
-0.77935022
-0.77935166
-0.7793508
-0.77935132
-0.77935101
-0.77935119
-0.77935108
-0.77935115
-0.77935111
-0.77935113
-0.77935112
-0.77935113
-0.77935112
-0.77935113
-0.77935112
-0.77935112

para 1.2

x
1.2
1.29964721
1.3298521
1.33997331
1.34347171
1.34469366
1.34512201

1.34527236
1.34532516
1.3453437
1.34535022
1.3453525
1.34535331
1.34535359
1.34535369
1.34535372
1.34535373
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
para 1.4

g(x)=(-2senx+e(x)
/4 ) /2*raiz((2cosx+e(x)-0.67)/2)
g(x)=(e^(x)-2(x)(x)-1)/7)
0.13491896 no converge
0
3.30650425 10.187868 no converge

f(x) 2cosx+e(x)-2x^2
g(x)=raiz((2cosx+e(x)-0.67)/2)
-2/3
2.33333333
-1.71800743
0.99241166
-0.61788548
0.36347951
-0.22006864

1.08012345
0.55467374
0.8965873
0.7035098
0.82259698
0.75274928

0.13076423 0.79499283
-0.0785296 0.76990181
0.04685233 0.78496812

-0.02806074
0.01676706
-0.01003263
0.00599808
-0.00358777
0.0021454
-0.00128313
0.00076733
-0.00045891
0.00027444
-0.00016413
9.8156E-005
-5.870E-005
3.5106E-005
-2.099E-005
1.2556E-005
-7.509E-006
4.4906E-006
-2.686E-006
1.6061E-006
-9.605E-007
5.7443E-007
-3.435E-007
2.0545E-007
-1.229E-007
7.3479E-008
-4.394E-008
2.6280E-008
-1.572E-008
9.3992E-009
-5.621E-009
3.3617E-009
-2.010E-009

0.77597976
0.78136299
0.77814639
0.78007105
0.77892038
0.77960866
0.77919708
0.77944324
0.77929603
0.77938407
0.77933142
0.77936291
0.77934408
0.77935534
0.7793486
0.77935263
0.77935022
0.77935166
0.7793508
0.77935132
0.77935101
0.77935119
0.77935108
0.77935115
0.77935111
0.77935113
0.77935112
0.77935113
0.77935112
0.77935113
0.77935112
0.77935112
0.77935112

f(x) 2cosx+e(x)-2x^2
g(x)=raiz((2cosx+e(x)-0.67)/2)
-2/3
0.49816577
0.15884747
0.05404368
0.01877556
0.00656957
0.0023044
0.00080901

1.29964721
1.3298521
1.33997331
1.34347171
1.34469366
1.34512201
1.34527236

0.00028411
9.9784E-005
3.5047E-005
1.2310E-005
4.3236E-006
1.5186E-006
5.3340E-007
1.8735E-007
6.5804E-008
2.3113E-008
8.1181E-009
2.8514E-009
1.0015E-009
3.5177E-010
1.2355E-010
4.3398E-011
1.5242E-011
5.3529E-012
1.8802E-012
6.6025E-013
2.3126E-013

1.34532516
1.3453437
1.34535022
1.3453525
1.34535331
1.34535359
1.34535369
1.34535372
1.34535373
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374
1.34535374

METODO DE NEWTON RAPHSON


Hallar las raices de la ecuacion 2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+
1.- Sea la ecuacion 2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1 = 0
2.-Hagamos ecuacion una funcion f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
3.- Tabulamos la ecuacion
x

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
15.993262053
4.9816843611
-2.0497870684
-5.1353352832
-4.3678794412
0
7.2817181715
15.6109439011
19.9144630768
6.4018499669
-62.4131591026

-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5

4. Graficamos la funcion
VER GRAFICA
5.- PRIMERA RAIZ intervalo [-4,-3]
x

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
-4
4.9816843611
-3
-2.0497870684
-10.2113921821

f(a)*f(b)

6.- Criterio de convergencia


|f(x)*f''(x)/((f'(x))^2|<1
x

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
-4
4.9816843611
-3
-2.0497870684

7.-Proceso iterativo para el intervalo [-4,-3]


x
-4
-3.447603681
-3.358645359

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
4.9816843611
0.6068947163
0.0156974358

-3.356218932
-3.356217125

1.16726171186521E-005
6.47115694363265E-012

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
-3
-2.0497870684
-3.405915545
0.3259361505
-3.356952941
0.0047542485
-3.356217291
1.07293083662086E-006
-3.356217125
5.22915044598449E-014

5.- SEGUNDA RAIZ intervalo [-1,0]


x

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
-1
-4.3678794412
0
0
0

f(a)*f(b)

6.- criterio de convergencia


|f(x)*f''(x)/((f'(x))^2|<1
x

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
-1
-4.3678794412
0
0

7.-Proceso iterativo para el intervalo [-1,0]


x
-1
0.659452652
0.068571934
0.001119221
0.000000313

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
-4.3678794412
4.5521905434
0.4184300942
0.0067172025
1.87746435409419E-006

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1

0
0.000000000
0.000000000
0.000000000
0.000000000

0
0
0
0
0

5.- TERCERA RAIZ intervalo [4,5]


x

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1

4
5
f(a)*f(b)

6.4018499669
-62.4131591026
-399.5596805322

6.- Criterio de convergencia


|f(x)*f''(x)/((f'(x))^2|<1
x

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
4
6.4018499669
5
-62.4131591026

7.-Proceso iterativo para el intervalo [4,5]


x
4
4.202602050
4.176628893
4.176121914
4.176121725

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
6.4018499669
-1.1181358203
-0.0210088691
-7.85666695435339E-006
-1.09423581307055E-012

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
5
-62.4131591026
4.485944031
-16.1117082405
4.233476407
-2.477557119
4.178447257
-0.096461841
4.176125708
-0.000164959

METODO DE NEWTON RAPHSON

(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1

SIGNO

f(x)=2(x

RAICES
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
-

RAIZ
-6

RAIZ

RAIZ

SIGNO
+
menor 0 , ok

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
f''(X)=4-e^(x)
comprobacion
-9.0183156389
-141.7196195213
8.6807114839
-5.0497870684
3.8712376818
0.3111805569

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
-9.0183156389
-6.8222365249
-6.4693637797

f(X)/f'(X)
-0.5523963188
-0.0889583224
-0.0024264265

Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
-3.4476036812
-3.3586453588
-3.3562189322

-4

-2

-6.4597425729
-0.000001807
-6.4597354079 -1.0017681119986E-012

-3.3562171253
-3.3562171253

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
f(X)/f'(X)
Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
-5.0497870684
0.4059155447
-3.4059155447
-6.6568386104
-0.0489626037
-3.356952941
-6.4626530248
-0.0007356497
-3.3562172914
-6.4597360665 -1.6609515088073E-007
-3.3562171253
-6.4597354079 -8.0949916920007E-015
-3.3562171253

SIGNO
+
menor 0 , ok

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
f''(X)=4-e^(x)
comprobacion
2.6321205588
3.9873219033
2.5138559416
6
3
0

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
f(X)/f'(X)
Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
2.6321205588
-1.6594526518
0.6594526518
7.7040769881
0.5908807181
0.0685719336
6.2033100731
0.067452713
0.0011192206
6.0033570353
0.0011189077
3.129107012082E-007
6.0000009387 3.12910676725819E-007 2.44823454870E-014

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
6
6
6
6
6

SIGNO

f(X)/f'(X)
0
0
0
0
0

Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
0
0
0
0
0

+
menor 0 , ok

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
f''(X)=4-e^(x)
comprobacion
-31.5981500331
-598.9594617502
3.8404278281
-121.4131591026
4
0.0169357579

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
f(X)/f'(X)
Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
-31.5981500331
-0.2026020498
4.2026020498
-43.0496699479
0.0259731566
4.1766288932
-41.4393533713
0.0005069787
4.1761219145
-41.4083620895 1.89736240650352E-007
4.1761217248
-41.4083504942 2.64254866472875E-014
4.1761217248

f'(X)=4(x)-e^(x)+7
f(X)/f'(X)
Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
-121.4131591026
0.5140559686
4.4859440314
-63.8169280405
0.2524676247
4.2334764067
-45.0226313106
0.0550291497
4.178447257
-41.5506465702
0.0023215485
4.1761257085
-41.40859395 3.98368982748148E-006
4.1761217248

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
30
20
10
-6

-4

-2

0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70

metodo de aproximaciones sucesivas

AGUA
tuberia
variables hidraulicas

longgitud
difer. Alt.
temperatura
visc cinemat
rugosidad abs ks
diametro
caudal
area
velocidad
reynolds

1200 m
40 m
20 C
0.00000114
0.0000015 m
0.1 m
0.008 m3/seg
0.007854 m2
1.0185892539 m/seg
89349.934551 flujo turbulento

f
semilla

PERDIDA POR FRICCION

0.015

(Ks/3.7*d)
(2.51/Re*raiz(F))
0.00000405
0.00022937

HF=F*L*V(2)/(2G*D)

Inverso
0.0085981293

METODO DE APROXIMACIONES
Hallar las raices de la ecuacion 2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
1.- Sea la ecuacion 2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1 = 0
2.-Hagamos ecuacion una funcion f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
3.- Tabulamos la ecuacion
x
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5

f(x)=2(x)(x)+7x-e^(x)+1
15.993262053
4.9816843611
-2.0497870684
-5.1353352832
-4.3678794412
0
7.2817181715
15.6109439011
19.9144630768
6.4018499669
-62.4131591026

graficando
ver grafica
criterio de convergencia

a=
b=

g(x)=raiz((2cosx+e^x-2/3)/2)
-1
0.6252269133
0.62522691
1.1882053554
1.18820536
1.2963740623
1.29637406
1.3287835002
1.3287835
1.3396071133
1.33960711
1.3433441853
1.34334419
1.3446489972
1.344649
1.3451063427
1.34510634
1.3452668623
1.34526686
1.3453232283
1.34532323
1.3453430244
1.34534302
1.3453499773
1.34534998
1.3453524194
1.34535242
1.3453532771
1.34535328
1.3453535784
1.34535358
1.3453536842
1.34535368
1.3453537214

METODO DE APROXIMACIONES SUCESIVAS

(x)+7x-e^(x)+1

SIGNO

EXISTENCIA DE RAICES
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
-

f(x)=2cos(x)+e(x)-2x^2-2/3
-1.2181826138
2.041846547
0.5375074856
0.1701597617
0.0577632553
0.0200527646
0.0070146506
0.0024602953
0.0008637152
0.0003033157
0.0001065292
3.74162380131215E-005
1.31418804970584E-005
4.615907031158E-006
1.62127746372587E-006
5.69453024179545E-007
0.0000002

RAIZ

RAIZ

RAIZ

metodo newton raphson


hallar las raicesde la ecuacion e^(-x)+x-2
1.- sea la ecuacion e^(-x)+x-2 = 0
2.-hagamos ecuacion una funcion f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
3.- tabulamos la ecuacion
x

SIGNO
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-3
15.0855369232
-2
3.3890560989
-1
-0.2817181715
0
-1
1
-0.6321205588
2
0.1353352832
3
1.0497870684

+
+
+
+

4. graficamos la funcion
ver grafica
5.- verificamos la existencia de la raiz
x
SIGNO
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-2
3.3890560989
+
-1
-0.2817181715
f(a)*f(b)
-0.9547586874
menor 0 , ok
x
1
2
f(a)*f(b)

SIGNO
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-0.6321205588
0.1353352832
+
-0.0855482149
menor 0 , ok

6.- criterio de convergencia


|f(x)*f"(x)/((f'(x)^(2))| < 1
primera derivada
x
f'(X)=-e^(-x)+1
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
1
-0.6321205588
0.6321205588
7.-proceso interativo
x
1
2
1.84348236
1.84140607
1.84140566
1.84140566

f'(X)=-e^(-x)+1
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-0.6321205588
0.6321205588
0.1353352832
0.8646647168
0.0017476862
0.8417346711
3.41375930190679E-007
0.8414057248
1.28785870856518E-014
0.8414056604
0
0.8414056604

1.84140566

0.8414056604

f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
-4

f''(X)=e^(-x)
0.3678794412

-3

comprobacion
0.5819767069

f(X)/f'(X)
Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
-1
2
0.1565176427
1.8434823573
0.0020762911
1.8414060662
4.057209502338E-007
1.8414056604
1.530603808746E-014
1.8414056604
0
1.8414056604

-2

-1

0
-2

1.8414056604

f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

-1

-2

1
2

SIGNO
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-0.6321205588
+
0.1353352832
+
-0.0855482149
menor 0 , ok

1
2

SIGNO
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-0.6321205588
+
0.1353352832
+
-0.0855482149
menor 0 , ok

f(a)*f(b)
x

f(a)*f(b)

x
1

f'(X)=-e^(-x)+1
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-0.6321205588
0.6321205588

1
2
1.8434823573
1.8414060662
1.8414056604
1.8414056604

f'(X)=-e^(-x)+1
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2
-0.6321205588
0.6321205588
0.1353352832
0.8646647168
0.0017476862
0.8417346711
3.41375930190679E-007
0.8414057248
1.28785870856518E-014
0.8414056604
0
0.8414056604

1.8414056604

0.8414056604

f''(X)=e^(-x)
0.3678794412

f(X)/f'(X)
-1
0.1565176427
0.0020762911
4.05720950233763E-007
1.53060380874591E-014
0

comprobacion
0.5819767069

Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))
2
1.8434823573
1.8414060662
1.8414056604
1.8414056604
1.8414056604

1.8414056604

Chart Title
20
15
10
5

-4

-3

-2

-1

-5
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2

y=x

-4

-3

-2

-1

-5
f(x)= e^(-x)+x-2

f(x)= e^(-x)
+x-2
y=x
-3 15.0855369
-2 3.3890561
-1 -0.28171817
0
-1
1 -0.63212056
2 0.13533528
3 1.04978707

-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3

y=x

Title

)+x-2

y=x

)+x-2

y=x

-1
-1

0
0

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

fx(x)=2cos(x)+e(x)-2x^2-2/3
-1.5
-4.8020621
-1
-1.21818261
-0.8
-0.10392428
-0.6
0.8128162
-0.5
1.19502912
0
2.33333333
0.5
2.23721973
1
1.13221977
1.2
0.49816577
1.4
-0.19153241
2
-2.10990424
2.5
-2.58645994
3
-0.56111474
3.2
1.38927398

signo
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
f(x)=2(x)(x)
+7x-e^(x)
+1
-3 -2.04978707

6.- Criterio de convergenci x


|f(x)*f"(x)/((f
f(x)=2(x)(x)
+7x-e^(x)
x
+1
-3 -2.04978707 7.-Proceso interativo

f(x)=2(x)(x)
+7x-e^(x)
+1
-3 -2.04978707

7.-Proceso interativo

f(x)=2(x)(x)
+7x-e^(x)
x
+1
-3 -2.04978707
-3.40591555 0.32593615
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

-3.40591555
-3.35695294
-3.35621729
-3.35621713
-3.35621713
-3.35621713

0.32593615
0.00475425
1.0729E-006
5.2292E-014
0
0

Existe una raiz en


el intervalo [0.8,-0.6]

Existe una raiz en


el intervalo
[1.2,1.4]

Existe una raiz en


el intervalo
[3,3.2]

f'(X)=4(x)-e^f''(X)=4-e^(x)comprobacion
-5.04978707 3.87123768 0.31118056

f'(X)=4(x)-e^ f(X)/f'(X) Xn-(f(X)/f'(X))


-5.04978707 0.40591554 -3.40591554
-6.65683861 -0.0489626
-6.46265302 -0.00073565
-6.45973607 -1.661E-007
-6.45973541 -8.095E-015
-6.45973541
0
-6.45973541
0

-3.35695294
-3.35621729
-3.35621713
-3.35621713
-3.35621713
-3.35621713