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STUDENT CARE

28

Properties of Triangles

r
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r
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SECTION - I : STRAIGHT OBJECTIVE TYPE


28.1

Tangents at P, Q, R on a circle of radius r from a triangle whose sides are 3r, 4r, 5r then PR2 + RQ2 +
QP2 =
(A)

28.2

84 2
r
5

11
63

(B)

3
4

(B)

22
63

4
3

(C)

28.8

2
9

(D) none of these

2
3

(D)

3
2

(B)

(a b c)2
. 2R
abc

(C)

(D)

Rr

In acute angled triangle ABC, r + r1 = r2 + r3 and B >

(B) 2 5

then.
3

(B) b + 4c < 4a < 2b + 4c


(D) b + 3c < 3a < 3b + 3c

In a triangle ABC, A = 30 BC = 2 +
of the triangle is
(A) 1

28.7

(D) None of these

7
R
then
is equal to
4
r
(C)

(A) b + 2c < 2a < 2b + 2c


(C) b + 4c < 4a < 4b + 4c
28.6

176 2
r
5

A
B
C
+ cot
+ cot
is equal to
2
2
2

y
B

In a ABC cot
(A)

28.5

(C)

In a triangle ABC, If cos A + cos B + cot C =


(A)

28.4

184 2
r
5

In a triangle ABC, If a : b : c = 7 : 8 : 9 then cos A : cot B =


(A)

28.3

(B)

5 , then the distance of the vertex A from the orthocentre

(C)

3 1
2 2

(D)

1
2

If c2 = a2 + b2, 2s = a + b + c, then 4s (s a) (s b) (s c) =
(A) s4
(B) b2c2
(C) c2a2

(D) a2b2

A
b c
=
, then the ABC is
2
a
(A) isosceles
(B) equilateral

(D) none of these

If cot

(C) right angled

STUDENT CARE
28.9

In a triangle ABC, (a + b + c) (b + c a) = bc if
(A) < 0
(B) > 6
(C) 0 < < 4

(D) > 4

28.10 if 'a', 'b', 'c' are the sides of a triangle than the minimum value of

2c
is :
abc
(A) 3

(B) 9

2a
2b
+
+
bca
cab

r
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r
a
g
a
S
(C) 6

(D) 1

28.11 In triangle ABC, median AD and BE are mutually perpendicular, then such a triangle would exist if
(A)

1 a 1

4 b 2

(B)

1 b 3

4 a 4

(C)

1 a 3

4 b 4

(D)

1 b
2
2 a

28.12 Consider a given acute angled triangle ABC having O as its circumcentre. Let D be a variable
interior point of the side BC. The limiting value of the circumradius of the OCD as point D
appraches towards vertex C is equal to
(A)

R
2cos A

(B)

R
cos A

R
(C) sin A

R
(D) 2sin A

a
b
c
28.13 If circumradius and inradius of a triangle be 8 and 3, then value of tan A + tan b + tan c equals
(A) 11

(B) 33

y
B

(C) 44

(D) 22

28.14 ABCD is a quadrilateral circumscribed about a circle of unit radius then


(A) AB sin
(C) AB sin

C
A
B
D
. sin
= CD sin
sin
2
2
2
2

(B) AB sin

A
B
C
D
. sin
= CD sin
sin
2
2
2
2

A
A
C
B
sin
= CD sin
sin
2
2
2
2

(D) AB sin

A
B
C
D
. cos
= CD sin
cos
2
2
2
2

28.15 In triangle ABC, a : b : c = (a + x) : 1 : (1 x) where x (0, 1). If A =


(A)

1
6

(B)

1
2 6

(C)

+ C, then is equal to
2

1
7

(D)

1
2 7

SECTION- II : MULTIPLE CORRECT ANSWER TYPE


28.16 Let ABC be an isosceles triangle with base BC. If 'r' is the radius of the circle inscribed in the
ABC and be the radius of the circle escribed opposite to the angle A, then the product r can
be equal to :

1 2
a
2
where R is the radius of the circumcircle of the ABC
(A) R2 sin2 A

(B) R2 sin2 2B

(C)

(D)

a2
4

28.17 The sides of ABC satisfy the equation, 2a2 + 4b2 + c2 = 4ab + 2ac. Then

STUDENT CARE
(A) the triangle is isosceles
(C) B = cos1

(B) the triangle is obtuse.

7
8

(D) A = cos 1

1
4

28.18 If in a triangle p, q, r are the altitudes from the vectors A, B, C to the opposite sides, then which
of the following hold (s) good.

r
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r
a
g
a
S

1
1
(A) (p) = ( a)
a
p

(B) ( p) ( a)

1 1

p a

(C) ( p) ( pq) = a) = (ab) (p)

1
1 1 1
(D) a2 = 16R2
p
p q r

where R is the circum-radius of ABC

28.19 If a, b, c, are in H.P., then which of the following is true.


(A)

a
b
c
,
,
are in H.P..
1 2a 1 2b 1 2c

(C) c

b b
b
, ,a
are in G.P.
.P.
2 2
2

b
b

(B) n a , n c are in H.P..


2
2

(D) e1/a, e1/b, e1/c are in G.P.

28.20 In a triangle ABC, with usual notations the length of the bisector or angle A is

(A)

2bc cos

A
2

(B)

2bc sin

bc

A
2

(C)

A
2

(D) none

2R(b c)

bc

y
B

abc cos ec

Where is the area of triangle ABC.

SECTION-III : ASSERTION AND REASON TYPE

28.21 Statement-1 : In a ABC, If a < b < c and r is inradius and r1, r2, r3 are the exradii opposite to angle
A, B, C respectively then r < r1 < r2 < r3

r1 r2 r3
r
(A) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a correct a explanation for Statement1.
(B) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for
Statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False
(D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True
Statement-2 : For, ABC r1 r2 + r2 r3 + r3 r1 =

28.22 Statement-1 : If the sides of a triangle are 13, 14, 15 then the radius of incircle = 4
Statement-2 : In a ABC, =

s(s a)(s b)(s c) where s =

abc

and r =
2
s

(A) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a correct a explanation for Statement1.
(B) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for
Statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False
(D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True

STUDENT CARE
cos2

28.23 Statement-1 : In a ABC,

A
2

has the value equal to

Statement-2 : In a ABC, cos


cos

C
=
2

A
2

s2
abc

(s b)(s c)
, cos
bc

B
2

(s a)(s c)
,
ac

r
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r
a
g
a
S

(s a)(s b)
ab

(A) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a correct a explanation for Statement1.
(B) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; STatement-2 is not a correct explanation for
Statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False
(D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True
28.24 Statement-1 : If I is incentre of ABC and I1 excentre opposite to A and P is the intersection of
II1 and BC then IP. I1P = BP. PC
Statement-2 : In a ABC, I is incentre and I1 is excentre opposite to A. then IBI1C must be square
(A) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a correct a explanation for Statement1.
(B) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; STatement-2 is not a correct explanation for
Statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False
(D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True
28.25 All the notations used in statement-1 and statement-2 are usual.

y
B

Statement-1 : In triangle ABC, If


Statement-2 : In a ABC :

cos A
cosB
cos C
r1 r2 r3
=
=
, then value of
is equal to 9.
a
b
c
r

a
b
c
=
=
= 2R, where R is circumradius.
sin A
sinB
sinC

(A) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a correct a explanation for Statement1.
(B) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; STatement-2 is not a correct explanation for
Statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False
(D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True

SECTION - IV : TRUE AND FALSE TYPE


28.26 Select the statement (s) which are true in respect of a triangle ABC, all symbols have their usual
meaning.
S1 : The inradius, circumradius and one of the exradii of an equilateral triangle are in the ratio of 1 : 2 :3.
S2 : abc =

1
Rrs
4

1 1 1 1
S3 : If r = 3 then the value of r r r 3
1
2
3
S4 : If the diameter of any escribed circle is equal to the perimeter then the triangle must be a
right angled triangle.
(A) TFTT

(B) FFTT

(C) TFTF

(D) FFFF

STUDENT CARE
28.27 In a ABC, following relations hold good. In which case(s) the triangle is a right angled triangle?
(Assume all symbols have their usual meaning)
S1 : r2 + r3 = r1 r
S2 : a2 + b2 + c2 = 8R2
S3 : If the diameter of an excircle be equal to the perimeter of the triangle.
S4 : 2 R = r1 r
(A) TFTT

r
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r
a
g
a
S

(B) FFTT

(C) TFTF

(D) TTTT

SECTION-V : COMPREHENSION TYPE


Comprehension # 1

Let a, b, c are the sides opposite to angle A, B, C respectively in a ABC


tan

A B
ab
C
a
b
c
4
=
cot
and
=
=
. If a = 6, b = 3 and cos (A B) =
2
ab
2
sin A
sinB
sinC
5

28.28 Angle C is equal to


(A)

(B)

28.29 Area of the triangle is equal to


(A) 8
(B) 9
28.30 Value of sin A is equal to
(A)

1
5

2
5

y
B
(B)

Comprehensive # 2

(C)

3
4

(D)

(C) 10

(C)

2
3

(D) 11

1
2 5

(D)

1
3

Consider a triangle ABC, where x, y, z are the length of perpendicular drawn from the vertices
of the triangle to the opposite sides, a, b, c, respectively let the letters R, r, S, denotes the
circumradius, inradius semi-perimeter and area of the triangle respectively.

28.31 If

bx
cy
az
a2 b2 c 2
+
+
=
, then the value of k is :
c
a
b
k

(A) R

(B) S

(C) 2R

(D)

3
R
2

1
1
1
28.32 If cot A + cot B + cot C = k 2 2 2 , then the value of k is
y
z
x
2
(A) R
(B) rR
(C)
(D) a2 + b2 + c2

28.33 The value of


(A)

R
r

a sinC c sin A
c sinB b sinC
b sin A a sinB
+
+
is equal to
y
x
z
(B)

S
R

(C) 2

(D) 6

STUDENT CARE
SECTION - VI : MATRIX- MATCH TYPE
28.34

Column-I

Column-II

, r = in radius
2
R = circum radius then 2(r + R)

(A) In a ABC, let C =

(p) a + b + c

r
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r
a
g
a
S

(B) It , m, n are pendicular drawn from the vertices


of triangle having sides a, b and c then

(q) a b

b cm an
2R

2ab 2bc 2ca


a
b
c

(C) In a ABC, R(b2 sin 2C + c2 sin 2B) equals


(D) In a right angle triangle ABC C =
4R sin
28.35

A B
(A B)
. sin
2
2

Column-I

(r) a + b

, then
2

(s) abc

Column-II

(A) In a ABC, (a + b + c) (b + c a) = bc,


where I, then greatest value of is

(p) 3

(B) In a ABC, tan A + tan B + tan C = 9.


If tan2 A + tan2B + tan2 C = k, then least
value of k satisfying is

(p) 9(3)1/3

(C) In a triangle ABC, then the joining the circumcentre


to the incentre is parallel to BC, then value of
cos B = cos C is

(r)

y
B

(D) If ina ABC, a = 5, b = 4 and cos (A B) =

31
,
32

(s) 6

then the find side c is equal to

28.36

Column-I
(A) If cos A =
(B) If

Column-II

sinB
, then ABC is
2sin C

cos A 2cos C
sinB
=
, then ABC may be
cos A 2cosB
sinC

2 cosA
cosB
2cos C
a
b
+
+
=
+
, then
a
b
c
bc
ca
ABC is

(C) If

(D) If

a2 b 2
a2 b2

sin(A B)
, then ABC may be
sin(A B)

(p) isosceles
(p) obtuse angle
(r)

right angle

(s) acute angle


(t) equilateral

STUDENT CARE
SECTION- VII : SUBJECTIVE ANSWER TYPE
SHORT SUBJECTIVE
28.36 If p1, p2 and p3 are the altitudes of a triangle from vertices A, B and C respectively, and is the

r
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S
r
a
g
a
S

1
1
1
2ab
C
area of the triangle, prove that p + p p =
cos2
(a b c)
2
1
2
3
AC
28.37 In a ABC, the angle A, B, C, are in A.P. show that 2 cos
=
2

ac

a2 ac c 2

28.38 Let AD, BE, CE be the length of internal bisectors of angle A, B, C of triangle ABC. Show that
harmonic mean of AD sec
triangle.

LONG SUBJECTIVE

B
C
. BE sec , CF sec
is the harmonic mean of the sides of the
2
2
2

h1 + r
h2 + r
h3 + r
28.40 Let ABC be a triangle with altitudes h1, h2, h3 and inradius r. Prove that h r + h r + h r 6
1
2
3
28.41 Find the point sides a from which the sum of the squares of distances to the three sides is
minimum. Also find the minimum value of the sum of squares of distances.

y
B