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PURANAS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION


PART 50 page 1 of 4 pages

The island of Crouncha is surrounded by the ocean of curds and gruel, which abounds in
ice blocks and foam. By measure it is equal to the previous island. The same ocean of
curds and gruel surrounds the Saka island also. This is twice the area of the Crouncha
island. The Lord of the Saka island is a great one and is auspicious to approach. He too
has seven children among whom he divided his island. The names of the sons are as
follows:
(1) Jalada (the cloud that showers water);
(2) Kumara (youth);
(3) Sukumara (delicacy);
(4) Marichika (mirage);
(5) Kusumoda (flower fragrance);
(6) Samoda (pleasant in abundance);
(7) Mahadruma (the tree with a big trunk).
There are seven Varshas (divisions of the island) which are named after the seven rulers.
Seven are the hills that make demarcations. Their names as as follows:
(1) Udayagiri (the month of sunrise);
(2) Jaladhara (the shower water);
(3) Ryvataka (named after the constellation Revati. This term means wealthy);
(4) Syama (the blue mountain);
(5) Ambhogiri (the water mountain);
(6) Ambikeya (the son of the mother);
(7) Kesari (the tufted one), which is the biggest of the seven.
Saka is the tree that grows there in the island. It is inhabited by Siddhas and Gandharvas.
They enjoy greatly the breeze that escapes from the leaves of the tree. The towns there
are inhabited by pious people belonging to the four classes. The rivers that flow there are
very sacred. They save people from the great fear of sinning. Their names are as follows:
(1) Sukumari (the delicate one);
(2) Kumari (the dear daughter);
(3) Nalini (the river of lotuses);
(4) Renuki (the river of bamboos);
(5) Ikshu (the river of sugarcanes);
(6) Dhenuka (the river of cows);
(7) Gabhasthi (the river of rippling rays).
Many hundreds of other rivers flow in the island, besides these seven. They are of minor
importance. The minor mountains number in hundreds and thousands. They drink the
water of the clouds that exist directly on their top. Beings come and live there from the
zones of heaven. No infringement of the law and no mutual struggle exists there. No
transgression of the rules among those who live there.
Vanga and Magadha people live there mentally. The Vanga area is inhabited by Brahmins
Text of discourses by Dr. E. Krishnamachaya, originally published in MY LIGHT, the magazine of
the World Teacher Trust, India

INSTITUTE FOR PLANETARY SYNTHESIS


P.O.Box 128, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland
Tel. +41-022-733.88.76, Fax +41-022-733.66.49, E-mail: ipsbox@ipsgeneva.com, http://www.ipsgeneva.com

PURANAS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION


PART 50 page 2 of 4 pages

and the Magadha area is inhabited by Kshatriyas. The Vaysyas exist on a grosser plane
and the Sudras exist on a still grosser plane. To them the Lord is Vishnu, who appears in
the form of the Sun God, in the capacity of the Deliverer. The people are well disciplined
and they worship the Lord with their works dedicated to him. The Saka island is
surrounded by the milky ocean which is of the same area.
The Pushkara island is surrounded by the milky ocean and has twice the area of the Saka
island. There is only one mountain which is well known to all there. Its name is
Manasottara (the Supra-mental). It stands in the middle of the island and is circular in
shape. It is fifty thousand links in height and of the same width. It is circular all over. It
stands as if it bisects the circular expanse of the Pushkara island. The island exists as two
on either side of the mountain. People in that island live ten thousand years without
prejudice, malice, attachment, without ill health. To them there is no one who is high or
low. There is no one who kills or is killed. The people do not know fear, anger,
covetedness or the glamour of anything. Towards the outer lane it is inhabited by the
Dhataki trees that are yellow. The outer region of the Supramental mountain is inhabited
by the Devas, Daityas, etc. In that island, there is neither truth nor untruth. There are no
rivers and no mountains. The people in the island are equal to the Devas in their
existence. There are no divisions of the four classes and the four Ashramas. There are no
duties and no performance of the rites according to Karma. No threefold wisdom. No
administration and no penal code. No one eavesdrops on another. This island of two parts
is heaven on Earth. The seasons confer equal comfort. People live without disease and
death. The Nyagrodha tree is found on the island. Brahma resides there, being
worshipped by gods and giants. The ocean is filled with sweet water.
These are the seven islands surrounded by the seven oceans. Each island is twice the
size of the previous one. The water in all oceans is always the same and shows no
change. The water in the ocean undergoes turmoil according to the increase and
decrease of the moon. It moves from bottom to surface like water boiled in a pot. Moonrise
and moonset also cause changes in the ebb and tide of the ocean. So too, the two lunar
halves of the month. The ebb and tide of the oceans show an increase and decrease of
fifteen inches in height. In the Pushkara island, food is ready in nature for the people. They
enjoy the six modulations of taste. The Lokaloka mountain is one hundred thousand links
in area and of the same height. (Lokaloka means the demarcation line that exists around
the whole solar system and locally around our Earth. Within this line there is the existence,
and beyond this line there is the non-existence of creation. Hence it is called Lokaloka, the
node between existence and non-existence.)
Beyond this line the mountain is made up of darkness thick. It is surrounded by a very
thick shell made up of impregnable darkness. This Earth is fitted within this shell. This
Earth has fifty magnetic points around it. All seven islands and oceans are worked out into
the fitness of this Earth. Of all these planes of existence the Earth includes maximum
qualities of existence, since it stands as the basic support of all beings of all planes around
itself.
Parasara continued: I have explained to you the expanse of this Earth. Seventy thousand
Text of discourses by Dr. E. Krishnamachaya, originally published in MY LIGHT, the magazine of
the World Teacher Trust, India

INSTITUTE FOR PLANETARY SYNTHESIS


P.O.Box 128, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland
Tel. +41-022-733.88.76, Fax +41-022-733.66.49, E-mail: ipsbox@ipsgeneva.com, http://www.ipsgeneva.com

PURANAS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION


PART 50 page 3 of 4 pages

units are measured as the thickness of this Earth globe. Seventy units are measured down
into the Earth and the whole thickness is divided into seven strate of ten thousand units
each. The names of the nether worlds are as follows:
(1) Athala (the plane of no surface);
(2) Vithala (the plane of many surfaces);
(3) Nithala (the plane of null point surface);
(4) Gabhastimath (the plane of rays);
(5) Mahathala (the great surface);
(6) Suthala (the good surface);
(7) Pathala (the surface that drenches away everything).
White, black, red, yellow, variegated, rocked and mottled are the surfaces and Earths of
these seven planes in order. Each has castles of its own. Demons, giants and serpents
live there in groups of hundreds and thousands. Those who come from Pathala to heaven
say that these nether worlds are more pleasant to live in than heaven itself. The darker
planes of indulgence have a more powerful spell and weird influence upon the minds than
the higher worlds. The gemstones that occur in those planes are more pleasurable and
have many more rays than those of the other worlds. The gems that adorn the heads of
the serpents excel in beauty and lustre. The maidens who pass hither and thither sparkle
with the rarest gemstones. Even those that are liberated from the nether kingdoms carry
the great attraction to those worlds. The sunrays give their influence and not the heat. The
moonlight in the night is to show them the way not to cause any chillness. The giants and
demons enjoy food and drink and do not know what time is in their enjoyment. Time
passes there too but it is not known by them. The gardens and rivers are beautiful and the
lakes are even more beautiful with lotuses. The expanses of the sky reverberate with the
chirp of the cuckoo. Their jewels, perfumery and cosmetics are very fine indeed. You will
find there Vina, flute and drum music well tuned. Blowing instruments give full-blown
music. All the splendours of enjoyment are experienced by the demons, giants and
serpents of those kingdoms. Down below the seven nether worlds you can find the dark,
thick body of Lord Vishnu.
The demons and the giants cannot speak of his body. Even the Lord of serpents, Sesha,
cannot praise the Lord who takes His abode there. Sesha, the Lord of the Serpents,
stands stable in that region and is continuously praised by Siddhas and Devas. He stands
there with the thousand heads of the Lord as His own heads. His heads are jewelled by
the sacred sign of the Swastika. He stands there filling all the corners of every direction
with the rays of the thousand gems on his hoods, and paralyzes the diabolical forces
around him for the welfare of the beings of all planes. He always stands erect upon a
single curve of his body. His eyes are red and intoxicated with the devotion of the Lord. He
stands there as mount Kailasa, beside the valley from which the Ganga downpours. In one
hand he carries the plough and in the other he carries the mace. He is worshipped by his
wife who is an embodiment of intoxication. Towards the end of a Kalpa his mouths breath
out the all-devouring fire as venom. He expands as Rudra, the Sankarshana, and eats all
the three planes. He bears all the Earth creation as his Karma.
Text of discourses by Dr. E. Krishnamachaya, originally published in MY LIGHT, the magazine of
the World Teacher Trust, India

INSTITUTE FOR PLANETARY SYNTHESIS


P.O.Box 128, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland
Tel. +41-022-733.88.76, Fax +41-022-733.66.49, E-mail: ipsbox@ipsgeneva.com, http://www.ipsgeneva.com

PURANAS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION


PART 50 page 4 of 4 pages

Thus Sesha stands at the bottom of all existence, worshipped by all and everyone. His
valour, glory, shape and nature can neither be known nor described even by the gods of
creation. When the whole Earth with all its creation stands on his head as a beautiful
bouquet of flowers, who can speak of the glory and splendour of his glory and splendour!
If only this one Lord of Eternity begins to expand, then the whole Earth shudders with all
the mountains, oceans and forests. Neither Gandharvas, nor Apsaras, nor Siddhas nor
Kinneras, nor Charanas, nor the serpents themselves, can conceive the end of the
qualities of this Great Lord of Eternity. The sacred paste of sandalwood applied to Him by
the serpent damsels reaches the end of all directions, being blown by His exhalations. It
exists in the water of the oceans. The great sage Garga worshipped him and could know
the science of the heavenly lights, the science of prophecy and foreboding. Being
supported by the heads of this Lord of Serpents, this Earth bears all the planes of
existence as the links of a child's garland.

Text of discourses by Dr. E. Krishnamachaya, originally published in MY LIGHT, the magazine of


the World Teacher Trust, India