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Equipment No.

ISW-E-204

BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR FOR SHELL FLANGE TO CHANNEL FLANGE


(CONSIDERING IJA GASKET)
BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA193 Gr. B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material


at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut
Pitch diameter of threads

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M24
40
263.5
22.95

738.015

29520.6

IJA

Root area of 1 bolts


Root area of n bolts

Ab

GASKET DETAIL
MOC of Gasket
Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature
Gasket factor

Eg

182022

3.75

Gasket unit seating load


Thickness of Gasket
Gaket ID
Gaket OD
Gasket width
Basic gasket seating width(N/2)
Effective gasket seating width
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

52
3
698
724
13
6.5
6.370

Diameter at location of gasket load reaction


(God-2*b)
Actual joint-contact area of gasket(2bG)

711.26

Ag

28467.4

Internal Pressure(considering higher of both side)


Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

1.81428
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 711.26 ^ 2 x 1.81428 /4
720860.06
N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)


Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 6.37 x 711.26 x 3.75 x 1.81428
=
193679.33
N

mm

3 Minimum Required bolt load for gasket seating (Wm2)


Wm2 = bGy
= x 6.37 x 711.26 x 52
=
740152.199558 N
4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)
F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 720860.06/[1 +{(29520.6 x 185469 x 3)/(28467.39 x 182022 x 263.5 )}]
=
712291.2
N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 193679.33 + 712291.2
=
905970.53
N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
905970.53
N
=
203173.82
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 203173.819164118 x 0.904 / ( 12 x 40)
=
95.66
ft-lb
=
130.016
N-m

ANNEL FLANGE

N/mm2

5469

24

3.5

8.015

520.6

mm
0.904 in.
mm2
mm2

2022

N/mm2

75

5
370

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

1.26

mm

467.4

mm

81428
25

N/mm2

8
4

263.5 )}]

BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION for EIL reference(IF-E-102A~D)


BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material


at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut
Pitch diameter of threads

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

2 1/4 in.
40
682
56

1862.725

74509

SS 316L SPWD

Root area of 1 bolts


Root area of n bolts

Ab

GASKET DETAIL
MOC of Gasket
Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature
Gasket factor

Eg

3923.12

Gasket unit seating load


Thickness of Gasket
Gaket ID
Gaket OD
Gasket width
Basic gasket seating width(N/2)
Effective gasket seating width
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

68.95
6.35
1400
1450
25
12.5
8.840

Diameter at location of gasket load reaction


(God-2*b)
Actual joint-contact area of gasket(2bG)

1432.32

Ag

79555.9

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)


Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

7.2
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 1432.32 ^ 2 x 7.2 /4
11601188.68 N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)


Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 8.84 x 1432.32 x 3 x 7.2
=
1718406.63
N

3 Minimum Required bolt load for gasket seating (Wm2)


Wm2 = bGy
= x 8.84 x 1432.32 x 68.95
= 2742688.366443 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)


F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 11601188.68/[1 +{(74509 x 185469 x 6.35)/(79555.86 x 3923.12x682)}]
=
8214657.33
N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 1718406.63 + 8214657.33
=
9933063.96
N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
9933063.96
N
=
2227598.44
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 2227598.44159021 x 2.205 / ( 12 x 40)
=
2558.26
ft-lb
=
3477.007
N-m

IF-E-102A~D)

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
2 1/4 in.
40
682
mm =
1862.725
74509

mm
2.205
mm2

in.

mm2

SS 316L SPWD
3923.12

N/mm2

3
68.95
6.35
1400
1450
25
12.5
8.840

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

1432.32

mm

79555.9

mm

7.2
0.25

N/mm2

23.12x682)}]

BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION for 155-E-1019 of Enq No. 3411


BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material


at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut
Pitch diameter of threads

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M 80
44
975
80

4076.831

179380.564

SS 316L SPWD

Root area of 1 bolts


Root area of n bolts

Ab

GASKET DETAIL
MOC of Gasket
Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature
Gasket factor

Eg

3923.12

Gasket unit seating load


Thickness of Gasket
Gaket ID
Gaket OD
Gasket width
Basic gasket seating width(N/2)
Effective gasket seating width
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

68.95
6.35
2240
2314
37
18.5
10.750

Diameter at location of gasket load reaction


(God-2*b)
Actual joint-contact area of gasket(2bG)

2292.50

Ag

154845.2

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)


Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

10.38
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 2292.5 ^ 2 x 10.38 /4
42845569.87 N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)


Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 10.75 x 2292.5 x 3 x 10.38
=
4821878.75
N

3 Minimum Required bolt load for gasket seating (Wm2)


Wm2 = bGy
= x 10.75 x 2292.5 x 68.95
= 5338287.404837 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)


F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 42845569.87/[1 +{(179380.564 x 185469 x 6.35)/(154845.17 x 3923.12x975)
=
31581041.41 N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 4821878.75 + 31581041.41
=
36402920.16 N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
36402920.16 N
=
8163753.76
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 8163753.75657492 x 3.15 / ( 12 x 44)
=
12176.05
ft-lb
=
16548.850
N-m

Enq No. 3411

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
M 80
44
975
mm =
4076.831
179380.564

mm
3.150
mm2

in.

mm2

SS 316L SPWD
3923.12

N/mm2

3
68.95
6.35
2240
2314
37
18.5
10.750

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

2292.50

mm

154845.2

mm

10.38
0.25

N/mm2

7 x 3923.12x975)}]

BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION for 155-E-1018 of Enq No. 3411


BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material


at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut
Pitch diameter of threads

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M 56
36
681
56

1862.725

67058.1

SS 316L SPWD

Root area of 1 bolts


Root area of n bolts

Ab

GASKET DETAIL
MOC of Gasket
Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature
Gasket factor

Eg

3923.12

Gasket unit seating load


Thickness of Gasket
Gaket ID
Gaket OD
Gasket width
Basic gasket seating width(N/2)
Effective gasket seating width
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

68.95
6.35
1392
1436
22
11
8.290

Diameter at location of gasket load reaction


(God-2*b)
Actual joint-contact area of gasket(2bG)

1419.42

Ag

73934.2

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)


Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

9.562
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 1419.42 ^ 2 x 9.562 /4
15130750.2
N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)


Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 8.29 x 1419.42 x 3 x 9.562
=
2120876.17
N

3 Minimum Required bolt load for gasket seating (Wm2)


Wm2 = bGy
= x 8.29 x 1419.42 x 68.95
= 2548881.199818 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)


F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 15130750.2/[1 +{(67058.1 x 185469 x 6.35)/(73934.19 x 3923.12x681)}]
=
10809013.28 N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 2120876.17 + 10809013.28
=
12929889.45 N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
12929889.45 N
=
2899669.40
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 2899669.39755352 x 2.205 / ( 12 x 36)
=
3700.10
ft-lb
=
5028.919
N-m

Enq No. 3411

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
M 56
36
681
mm =
1862.725
67058.1

mm
2.205
mm2

in.

mm2

SS 316L SPWD
3923.12

N/mm2

3
68.95
6.35
1392
1436
22
11
8.290

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

1419.42

mm

73934.2

mm

9.562
0.25

N/mm2

923.12x681)}]

BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION for 151-EE-1004 A-B of Enq No. 34


BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material


at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut
Pitch diameter of threads

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M 90
40
1105
90

5287.085

211483.4

IJA

Root area of 1 bolts


Root area of n bolts

Ab

GASKET DETAIL
MOC of Gasket
Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature
Gasket factor

Eg

182022

3.75

Gasket unit seating load


Thickness of Gasket
Gaket ID
Gaket OD
Gasket width
Basic gasket seating width(N/2)
Effective gasket seating width
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

52
3
2364
2444
40
20
11.180

Diameter at location of gasket load reaction


(God-2*b)
Actual joint-contact area of gasket(2bG)

2421.64

Ag

170110.6

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)


Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

10.3
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 2421.64 ^ 2 x 10.3 /4
47440173.56
N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)


Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 11.18 x 2421.64 x 3.75 x 10.3
=
6570520.07
N

3 Minimum Required bolt load for gasket seating (Wm2)


Wm2 = bGy
= x 11.18 x 2421.64 x 52
=
4422874.34826048 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)


F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 47440173.56/[1 +{(211483.4 x 185469 x 3)/(170110.55 x 182022x1105)}]
=
47277578.75
N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 6570520.07 + 47277578.75
=
53848098.82
N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
53848098.82
N
=
12076026.24
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 12076026.2389399 x 3.543 / ( 12 x 40)
=
22284.04
ft-lb
=
30286.930
N-m

B of Enq No. 3411

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
M 90
40
1105
90
5287.085

mm
3.543
mm2

211483.4

mm2

mm =

in.

IJA
182022

N/mm2

3.75
52
3
2364
2444
40
20
11.180

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

2421.64

mm

170110.6

mm

10.3
0.25

N/mm2

182022x1105)}]