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Equipment No.

ISW-E-204

BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA193 Gr. B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material

at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M24
40
263.5
22.95

738.015

29520.6

IJA

Root area of 1 bolts

Root area of n bolts

Ab

Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature

Eg

182022

3.75

Gaket ID
Gaket OD
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

52
3
698
724
13
6.5
6.370

(God-2*b)

711.26

Ag

28467.4

Internal Pressure(considering higher of both side)

Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

1.81428
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 711.26 ^ 2 x 1.81428 /4
720860.06
N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)

Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 6.37 x 711.26 x 3.75 x 1.81428
=
193679.33
N

mm

Wm2 = bGy
= x 6.37 x 711.26 x 52
=
740152.199558 N
4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)
F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 720860.06/[1 +{(29520.6 x 185469 x 3)/(28467.39 x 182022 x 263.5 )}]
=
712291.2
N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 193679.33 + 712291.2
=
905970.53
N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
905970.53
N
=
203173.82
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 203173.819164118 x 0.904 / ( 12 x 40)
=
95.66
ft-lb
=
130.016
N-m

ANNEL FLANGE

N/mm2

5469

24

3.5

8.015

520.6

mm
0.904 in.
mm2
mm2

2022

N/mm2

75

5
370

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

1.26

mm

467.4

mm

81428
25

N/mm2

8
4

263.5 )}]

BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material

at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

2 1/4 in.
40
682
56

1862.725

74509

SS 316L SPWD

Root area of 1 bolts

Root area of n bolts

Ab

Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature

Eg

3923.12

Gaket ID
Gaket OD
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

68.95
6.35
1400
1450
25
12.5
8.840

(God-2*b)

1432.32

Ag

79555.9

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)

Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

7.2
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 1432.32 ^ 2 x 7.2 /4
11601188.68 N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)

Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 8.84 x 1432.32 x 3 x 7.2
=
1718406.63
N

Wm2 = bGy
= x 8.84 x 1432.32 x 68.95
= 2742688.366443 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)

F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 11601188.68/[1 +{(74509 x 185469 x 6.35)/(79555.86 x 3923.12x682)}]
=
8214657.33
N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 1718406.63 + 8214657.33
=
9933063.96
N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
9933063.96
N
=
2227598.44
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 2227598.44159021 x 2.205 / ( 12 x 40)
=
2558.26
ft-lb
=
3477.007
N-m

IF-E-102A~D)

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
2 1/4 in.
40
682
mm =
1862.725
74509

mm
2.205
mm2

in.

mm2

SS 316L SPWD
3923.12

N/mm2

3
68.95
6.35
1400
1450
25
12.5
8.840

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

1432.32

mm

79555.9

mm

7.2
0.25

N/mm2

23.12x682)}]

BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material

at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M 80
44
975
80

4076.831

179380.564

SS 316L SPWD

Root area of 1 bolts

Root area of n bolts

Ab

Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature

Eg

3923.12

Gaket ID
Gaket OD
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

68.95
6.35
2240
2314
37
18.5
10.750

(God-2*b)

2292.50

Ag

154845.2

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)

Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

10.38
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 2292.5 ^ 2 x 10.38 /4
42845569.87 N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)

Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 10.75 x 2292.5 x 3 x 10.38
=
4821878.75
N

Wm2 = bGy
= x 10.75 x 2292.5 x 68.95
= 5338287.404837 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)

F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 42845569.87/[1 +{(179380.564 x 185469 x 6.35)/(154845.17 x 3923.12x975)
=
31581041.41 N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 4821878.75 + 31581041.41
=
36402920.16 N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
36402920.16 N
=
8163753.76
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 8163753.75657492 x 3.15 / ( 12 x 44)
=
12176.05
ft-lb
=
16548.850
N-m

Enq No. 3411

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
M 80
44
975
mm =
4076.831
179380.564

mm
3.150
mm2

in.

mm2

SS 316L SPWD
3923.12

N/mm2

3
68.95
6.35
2240
2314
37
18.5
10.750

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

2292.50

mm

154845.2

mm

10.38
0.25

N/mm2

7 x 3923.12x975)}]

BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material

at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M 56
36
681
56

1862.725

67058.1

SS 316L SPWD

Root area of 1 bolts

Root area of n bolts

Ab

Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature

Eg

3923.12

Gaket ID
Gaket OD
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

68.95
6.35
1392
1436
22
11
8.290

(God-2*b)

1419.42

Ag

73934.2

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)

Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

9.562
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 1419.42 ^ 2 x 9.562 /4
15130750.2
N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)

Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 8.29 x 1419.42 x 3 x 9.562
=
2120876.17
N

Wm2 = bGy
= x 8.29 x 1419.42 x 68.95
= 2548881.199818 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)

F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 15130750.2/[1 +{(67058.1 x 185469 x 6.35)/(73934.19 x 3923.12x681)}]
=
10809013.28 N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 2120876.17 + 10809013.28
=
12929889.45 N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
12929889.45 N
=
2899669.40
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 2899669.39755352 x 2.205 / ( 12 x 36)
=
3700.10
ft-lb
=
5028.919
N-m

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
M 56
36
681
mm =
1862.725
67058.1

mm
2.205
mm2

in.

mm2

SS 316L SPWD
3923.12

N/mm2

3
68.95
6.35
1392
1436
22
11
8.290

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

1419.42

mm

73934.2

mm

9.562
0.25

N/mm2

923.12x681)}]

BOLT DETAIL
MOC of bolt

SA 193 Gr B7

Modulus of elasticity of bolting material

at temperature
Bolt Size
No. of bolts
Effective length of bolt,mid nut to mid nut

Eb

185469

n
lb
dm

=
=
=
=

M 90
40
1105
90

5287.085

211483.4

IJA

Root area of 1 bolts

Root area of n bolts

Ab

Modulus of elasticity of gasket material
at temperature

Eg

182022

3.75

Gaket ID
Gaket OD
{if bo < 6 then b = bo else b = 2.5 x sqrt(bo)}

y
tg
Gid
God
N
bo
b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

52
3
2364
2444
40
20
11.180

(God-2*b)

2421.64

Ag

170110.6

Hyrotest Pressure(considering higher of both side)

Total friction factor between bolts/nut
and nut/flange surface

P
K

=
=

10.3
0.25

CALCULATION
1 Hydrostatic end force (H)
H

=
=
=

G2P/4
x 2421.64 ^ 2 x 10.3 /4
47440173.56
N

2 Total joint contact-surface compression load (Hp)

Hp
= 2bGmP
= 2 x x 11.18 x 2421.64 x 3.75 x 10.3
=
6570520.07
N

Wm2 = bGy
= x 11.18 x 2421.64 x 52
=
4422874.34826048 N

4 Decreasing compression force in gasket (F)

F
= H/[1+ (Ab Eb tg) / (Ag Eg lb)]
= 47440173.56/[1 +{(211483.4 x 185469 x 3)/(170110.55 x 182022x1105)}]
=
47277578.75
N
5 Initial required tightening force(tension) (Fbo)
Fbo = Hp + F
= 6570520.07 + 47277578.75
=
53848098.82
N
6 Total tightening force required to seal joint (W)
W
= Greater of Fbo and Wm2
=
53848098.82
N
=
12076026.24
lb
7 Required Torque (T)
T
= K x W x dm / 12n
= 0.25 x 12076026.2389399 x 3.543 / ( 12 x 40)
=
22284.04
ft-lb
=
30286.930
N-m

SA 193 Gr B7
N/mm2

185469
M 90
40
1105
90
5287.085

mm
3.543
mm2

211483.4

mm2

mm =

in.

IJA
182022

N/mm2

3.75
52
3
2364
2444
40
20
11.180

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

2421.64

mm

170110.6

mm

10.3
0.25

N/mm2

182022x1105)}]

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