Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 19

GSM BSS

GBSS15.0

BTS GPS Synchronization Feature


Parameter Description
Issue

02

Date

2013-11-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2014. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

Huawei Industrial Base


Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

http://www.huawei.com

Email:

support@huawei.com

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

Contents

Contents
1 About This Document..................................................................................................................1
1.1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................................................1
1.3 Change History...............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Overview.........................................................................................................................................3
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................3
2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature............................................................................................................................................3

3 Technical Description...................................................................................................................4
3.1 GPS Clock Synchronization Process..............................................................................................................................5
3.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of GPS Clock Synchronization....................................................................................6

4 Engineering Guidelines...............................................................................................................7
4.1 Deploying BTS GPS Synchronization (GBTS)..............................................................................................................7
4.1.1 Deployment Requirements..........................................................................................................................................7
4.1.2 Initial Configuration....................................................................................................................................................7
4.1.3 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................10
4.2 Deploying BTS GPS Synchronization (eGBTS)..........................................................................................................10
4.2.1 Deployment Requirements........................................................................................................................................10
4.2.2 Initial Configuration..................................................................................................................................................10
4.2.3 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................12

5 Parameters.....................................................................................................................................13
6 Counters........................................................................................................................................14
7 Glossary.........................................................................................................................................15
8 Reference Documents.................................................................................................................16

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

ii

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

1 About This Document

About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes GBFD-510401 BTS GPS Synchronization, including its technical
principles and engineering guidelines.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:
l

Need to understand the features described herein

Work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are
two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
l

Feature change
Changes in features of a specific product version

Editorial change
Changes in wording or addition of information that was not described in the earlier version

02 (2013-11-15)
This issue includes the following changes.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Change Type

Change Description

Parameter Change

Feature change

None

None

Editorial change

Added Figure 3-1.

None

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

1 About This Document

01 (2013-05-06)
This issue does not include any changes.

Draft A (2013-02-27)
Compared with Issue 02 (2012-08-30) of GBSS14.0, Draft A (2013-02-27) of GBSS15.0
includes the following changes.
Change Type

Change Description

Parameter Change

Feature change

Added 2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature.

None

Editorial change

Optimized the following contents:

None

l 3 Technical Description
l 4 Engineering Guidelines

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

2 Overview

Overview

2.1 Introduction
The GPS is a round-the-clock satellite navigation system that communicates with a BTS in
wireless mode. The GPS provides accurate three-dimensional location, velocity, and time for
worldwide users. The BTS GPS Synchronization feature enables a BTS clock to be synchronized
with the GPS clock source. After the BTS is synchronized with the GPS, the error of the frame
synchronization over the Um interface is smaller than one bit. Therefore, frequency reuse is
improved and the interference is decreased in the wireless network.
Converting an asynchronous network into a synchronous network can effectively reduce the
interference, increase the network capacity, and improve the performance of the KPIs related to
the radio network.

2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature


Table 2-1 NEs supporting the feature
Feature

BSC6900

BSC6910

GBTS

eGBTS

GBFD-510401 BTS
GPS Synchronization

NOTE

indicates that the NE supports this feature. indicates that the NE does not support this feature.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

Technical Description

In the GSM, the clock among BTSs is asynchronous, which causes overlap of timeslots. In an
asynchronous network where frequency reuse occurs at short intervals, overlap of timeslot
causes unnecessary and unpredictable interference that cannot be prevented. The interference
will become a bottleneck that restricts network capacity. Therefore, the BTS uses the GPS clock
source for clock synchronization over the network.
NOTE

The dual-mode satellite card installed on the USCU of Huawei BTS supports Global Navigation Satellite
System (GLONASS) clock synchronization. The principle of GLONASS clock synchronization is the same
as that of GPS clock synchronization. Unless otherwise specified, GPS clock synchronization in this
document includes GLONASS clock synchronization.
For details about the other clock synchronization modes and basic concepts about synchronization, see
Synchronization Feature Parameter Description.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

3.1 GPS Clock Synchronization Process


Figure 3-1 shows the GPS clock synchronization solution.
Figure 3-1 GPS clock synchronization solution

The GPS clock synchronization procedure is as follows:


1.

The GPS antenna receives the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)-compliant GPS satellite
signals at a rate of 1575.42 MHz and then transmits them to the GPS satellite card connected
to the USCU/DGPS.

2.

The GPS satellite card processes the signals to obtain the GPS absolute time and accurate
1PPS pulse signals and transmits the obtained information to the main control board of the
BTS.

3.

The clock module on the main control board of the BTS performs the following:

4.

a.

Compares the clock signals it receives against the ones generated by the oscillator to
obtain the frequency offset.

b.

Adjusts the frequency of the oscillator based on the frequency offset in real time.

c.

Performs phase-locking and frequency division on the clock signals, and then
generates clock signals required by the BTS.

d.

Adjusts the frame number based on the absolute frame number calculated from the
GPS absolute time.

The main control board of the BTS distributes the clock signals to the other boards of the
BTS.

After the network clock is synchronized, demodulation performance may reduce if the BTSs
have the same frequencies and training sequence numbers (TSCs). To improve demodulation
performance, adjust the in frame bit offset FRAMEBITOFFSET(BSC6900,BSC6910) on the
Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

BTSs that have the same frequencies and TSCs. For example, you can set FRAMEBITOFFSET
(BSC6900,BSC6910) to 0 on one BTS and 80 on the other.

3.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of GPS Clock


Synchronization
Advantages
l

The GPS clock synchronization solution can be used for time synchronization and
frequency synchronization.

The GPS clock synchronization solution can accurately provide the UTC-based time.

Disadvantages
l

The GPS clock synchronization solution requires each base station to be equipped with a
GPS reference receiver, which increases the overall capital expenditure (CAPEX).

The GPS antenna requires the field angle of 45 of the centrum to be clear from obstacles.
Therefore, the antenna site selection becomes limited.

Feeders need to be installed between the GPS antenna and the BTS. In the case of a
complicated construction venue or building, feeder installation can be difficult. In addition,
feeder installation requires the consent of both the house owners and the property
management authorities, and therefore the negotiation may be challenging.
NOTE

For details about how to install the GPS satellite antenna system on the BTS side, see GPS Satellite Antenna
System Quick Installation Guide. You can find this document by visiting the website http://
support.huawei.com and then choose Support > Documentation > Wireless > Antenna Feeder >
Antenna & Feeder System.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

4 Engineering Guidelines

Engineering Guidelines

4.1 Deploying BTS GPS Synchronization (GBTS)


4.1.1 Deployment Requirements
Table 4-1 Deployment requirements
Aspect

Requirement

Related features

None

BSC

None

BTS

l The BTS3006C, BTS3002E, BTS3900B, and BTS3900E cannot be


used because they do not support this feature.
l The BTS3012 or BTS3012AE must be configured with the DGPS
board.
l 3900 series base stations except the BTS3900B and BTS3900E must
be configured with the USCU board.

GSM networking

None

MS

None

MSC

None

License

None

Others

None

4.1.2 Initial Configuration


In this section, the configuration of GPS synchronization on the USCU board of the GSM
BTS3900 is used as an example to describe the configuration procedures.
Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

4 Engineering Guidelines

Using MML Commands


On the BSC LMT, perform the following steps:
Step 1 Run the ADD BTSBRD command to add a USCU board. In this step, set Board Type to USCU
(USCU).
Step 2 Run the SET BTSUSCUBP command with Board Parameter Configuration Enabled set to
YES(YES) and Cable Type, GPS Work Mode, Cable Length, and Antenna Power Supply
Switch set based on the actual situation.
Step 3 Run the SET BTSCLK command with Clock Type set to TRCGPS_CLK(Trace GPS
Clock).
Step 4 (Optional) On the GBTSs that have the same frequencies and TSCs configured, run the following
commands:
l On one GBTS, run the SET BTSCLK command with In Frame BitOffset set to 0.
l On the other GBTS, run the SET BTSCLK command with In Frame BitOffset set to 80.
NOTE

The values 0 and 80 in this step are for reference only. The value of the In Frame BitOffset parameter
ranges from -80 to 80, but the GBTS supports only the range from 0 to 80. If this parameter is set to a value
ranging from -1 to -80, the BTS determines that the in frame bit offset is 0.

----End

MML Command Examples


ADD BTSBRD: IDTYPE=BYID, BTSID=9, CN=0, SRN=0, SN=0, BT=USCU;
SET BTSUSCUBP: IDTYPE=BYID, BTSID=9, CN=0, SRN=0, SN=0, CFGFLAG=YES,
GPSORGLONASS=GPS, ANTENNALONG=800,
ANTENNAPOWERSWITCH=NOPOWER;
SET BTSCLK: IDTYPE=BYID, BTSID=9, ClkType=TRCGPS_CLK;
SET BTSCLK: IDTYPE=BYID, BTSID=9, ClkType=TRCGPS_CLK,
FRAMEBITOFFSET=0;
SET BTSCLK: IDTYPE=BYID, BTSID=10, ClkType=TRCGPS_CLK,
FRAMEBITOFFSET=80;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the BTS GPS Synchronization feature for the GBTS on the CME, you must perform a
single configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 4-2. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

4 Engineering Guidelines

Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
icon on the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End
Table 4-2 Configuring parameters on the CME
SN

Managed Object (MO)

NE

Paramet
er Name

Parameter
ID

Configura
ble in
CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

BTSBRD

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Board
Type

BT

No

BTSUSCUBP

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Board
Parameter
Configura
tion
Enabled

CFGFLAG

No

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Cable
Type

CABLETYPE

BSC6900/
BSC6910

GPS
Work
Mode

GPSORGLO
NASS

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Cable
Length

ANTENNAL
ONG

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Antenna
Power
Supply
Switch

ANTENNAP
OWERSWIT
CH

BTSCLK

BSC6900/
BSC6910

Clock
Type

ClkType

Yes

BTSCLK

BSC6900/
BSC6910

In Frame
BitOffset

FRAMEBITO
FFSET

Yes

NOTE
This parameter is
configured on the BTSs that
have the same frequencies
and TSCs configured.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

4 Engineering Guidelines

4.1.3 Activation Observation


On the BSC LMT, perform the following steps:
Step 1 Run the LST BTSCLK command to check whether the correct clock source is configured.
Expected result: Clock source type is the clock source configured.
Step 2 Run the DSP BTSATTR command to check whether the clock source is available.
Expected result: The value of Clock attribute is Available.
----End

4.2 Deploying BTS GPS Synchronization (eGBTS)


4.2.1 Deployment Requirements
Table 4-3 Deployment requirements
Aspect

Requirement

Related features

None

BSC

None

BTS

The USCU board must be configured.

GSM networking

None

MS

None

MSC

None

License

None

Others

None

4.2.2 Initial Configuration


Using MML Commands
On the BTS LMT, perform the following steps:
Step 1 Run the SET CLKSYNCMODE command to configure the clock synchronization mode. In
this step, set Clock Synchronization Mode based on the network planning.
Step 2 Run the ADD GPS command to add a GPS clock link. In this step, set Cable Type, Cable
Length, and GPS Work Mode based on the actual situation.
Step 3 Run the SET CLKMODE command with Clock Working Mode set to MANUAL(Manual)
and Selected Clock Source to GPS(GPS Clock).
Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

10

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

4 Engineering Guidelines

Step 4 (Optional) On the eGBTSs that have the same frequencies and TSCs configured, run the
following commands:
l On one eGBTS, run the SET CLKSYNCMODE command with the GSM Frame Bit
Offset parameter set to 0.
l On the other eGBTS, run the SET CLKSYNCMODE command with the GSM Frame Bit
Offset parameter set to 80.
NOTE

The values 0 and 80 in this step are for reference only.

----End

MML Command Examples


SET CLKSYNCMODE: CLKSYNCMODE=TIME;
ADD GPS: GN=0, CN=0, SN=6, CABLETYPE=COAXIAL, CABLE_LEN=1000,
MODE=GPS, PRI=4;
SET CLKMODE: MODE=MANUAL, CLKSRC=GPS;
SET CLKSYNCMODE: CLKSYNCMODE=TIME, GSM_FBOFFSET=0;
SET CLKSYNCMODE: CLKSYNCMODE=TIME, GSM_FBOFFSET=80;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the BTS GPS Synchronization feature for the eGBTS on the CME, you must perform
a single configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You
are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 4-4. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME
Single Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)
icon on the
To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the
CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of
performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the
wizard interface to obtain online help.
----End

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

11

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

4 Engineering Guidelines

Table 4-4 Configuring parameters on the CME


SN

MO

NE

Parameter
Name

Paramete
r ID

Configurab
le in CME
Batch
Modificatio
n Center

TASM

eGBTS

Clock
Synchroniz
ation Mode

CLKSYN
CMODE

Yes

GPS

eGBTS

Cable Type

CABLET
YPE

Yes

eGBTS

Cable
Length

CABLE_L
EN

eGBTS

GPS Work
Mode

MODE

eGBTS

Clock
Working
Mode

MODE

eGBTS

Selected
Clock
Source

CLKSRC

eGBTS

GSM
Frame Bit
Offset

GSM_FB
OFFSET

TASM

TASM
NOTE
This parameter is configured
on the BTSs that have the same
frequencies and TSCs
configured.

Yes

Yes

4.2.3 Activation Observation


After the eGBTS starts, wait 30 minutes, and run the DSP CLKSTAT command on the BTS
LMT to check the current clock source, clock status, and phase-lock loop status.
Expected result: Current Clock Source is the clock source configured, Current Clock Source
State is Normal, and PLL Status is Locked.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

12

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

5 Parameters

Parameters

Table 5-1 Parameter description


Parameter ID

NE

MML
Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description

FRAMEBITO
FFSET

BSC6900

SET BTSCLK

GBFD-510401

BTS GPS
Synchronization

Meaning:Bit
offset in the
frame of the
BTS clock.
GUI Value
Range:-80~80
Unit:0.125bit
Actual Value
Range:-10~10
Default Value:0

FRAMEBITO
FFSET

BSC6910

SET BTSCLK

GBFD-510401

BTS GPS
Synchronization

Meaning:Bit
offset in the
frame of the
BTS clock.
GUI Value
Range:-80~80
Unit:0.125bit
Actual Value
Range:-10~10
Default Value:0

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

13

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

6 Counters

Counters

There are no specific counters associated with this feature.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

14

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

7 Glossary

Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see Glossary.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

15

GSM BSS
BTS GPS Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

8
1.

Issue 02 (2013-11-15)

8 Reference Documents

Reference Documents

Synchronization Feature Parameter Description

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

16