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DIRECTIONS: Select the best answer to each of the

following questions and blacken the appropriate space on
your answer sheet.
1. Chromosomes become most distinct during cell
a. Reproduction
c. Metabolism
b. Respiration
d. Transpiration
2. In which pair of organelles are light and chemical
energies transformed?
a. Centriole and ribosome
b. Chloroplast and lysosome
c. Chloroplast and mitochondrion
d. Golgi apparatus and microtubule
3. Which of the following is the function of the nuclear
a. It controls the activities of the cell.
b. It encloses the cytoplasm
c. It surrounds the nucleus
d. It supplies energy for the cell

10. What cellular structure is related to protein synthesis?

a. Lysosome
c. Mitochondrion
b. Nucleolus
d. Golgi apparatus
11. The growth reaction of plants to gravity is called
a. Thigmotropism
c. Heliotropism
b. Thermotropism
d. Geotropism
12. Which of the following is the organism Archips rosana
most closely related to?
a. Rosana pinula
c. Pinuta archips
b. Archips fervidiana
d. Fervidiana rosana
Items 13 and 14, refer to the following setups.





4. Which stages of cellular division have exactly opposite

a. Prophase and telophase
b. Prophase and anaphase
c. Metaphase and telophase
d. Metaphase and anaphase
5. Plant cells will not break when placed in a container
with plenty of water due to the presence of:
a. A membrane that regulates the flow of water
b. The cell wall that supports the membrane when turgid
c. The cytoplasm that can absorb much water
d. Organelles that expel excess water
6. Which feature is present in eukaryotic cells but not in
prokaryotic cells?
a. Chromosomes
c. Nuclear Membrane
b. Cytoplasmic membrane
d. Nucleolus
7. Growth of lateral buds apparently involves a balance of
which three hormones?
a. Auxin, cytokinin, and gibberellin
b. Cytokinin, gibberellin, and ethylene
c. Gibberellin, ethylene, and auxin
d. Auxin, cytokinin and ethylene
8. Which of the following are present in both prokaryotic
and eukaryotic cells?
a. Lipid-protein cell walls
b. Cytoplasmic and nuclear regions
c. Distinct nuclear envelopes
d. Circular chromosomes of DNA
9. The function of manufacturing is common in which of
the following groups of organelles?
a. Microtubules, mitochondria, and Golgi apparatus
b. Chloroplasts, lysosomes, and endoplasmic reticula
c. Golgi apparatus, cell membrane, and chloroplasts
d. Ribosomes and chloroplasts

13. Which setup shows phototropism?

a. I.
b. II.
c. III.

d. IV.

14. To find out if photosynthesis takes place, which setup

is appropriate to use?
a. I.
b. II.
c. III.
d. IV.
15. If lanolin paste with IAA is applied to one side of the
stem of coleus plant, which of the following would be
obeserve in the plant?
a. It will bend toward the side with the paste
b. It will bend toward the side without the paste
c. It will branch on the side with the paste
d. It will branch on the side without the paste
16. Short-day plant, like chrysanthemum and poinsettia,
bloom naturally in the seasons when the days are short
but can also be made to bloom in summer. Which two
conditions make it possible for these plants to bloom in
I. They are kept in light-controlled greenhouses
II. They are allowed to exceed their critical day length
III. Their night length is much above the critical value
IV. They are exposed to flashes of light at night
a. I and II
b. II and IV

c. I and III
d. III and IV

20. Which of the following explains why green plants do

not grow in oceans at depths greater than 80 meters?
a. The ocean is too cold at this depth.
b. Insufficient sunlight penetrates beyond this depth.
c. The ocean currents are too strong below 80 meters
d. There is insufficient mineral content in waters below
this depth.
21. If all the green plants on earth suddenly died, which
gas would most decline in quantity?
a. Oxygen
c. water vapour
b. Nitrogen
d. carbon dioxide
22. Which biome has the highest annual rainfall?
a. tundra
b. taiga
c. desert
d. rain forest
23. Which zone of the ocean is exposed during low tide
and covered during high tide?
a. Abyssal
b. Littoral
c. Neritic
d. Pelagic
24. In any season, competition for light is most intense
among the plants of a:
a. Tropical rain forest
c. Coniferous forest
b. Tropical deciduous forest
d. Woodland
25. Fast rate of population growth and widespread
malnutrition are common in India and the Philippines. This
proves that
a. Malnutrition is an effect of fast population growth
b. Extreme poverty among people results in malnutrition
c. Malnutrition is characteristic of developing countries
d. When population increase, food supply decrease
26. An organized collection of interacting species is known
a. A community
c. An ecology
b. A kingdom
d. A phylum




19. The various communities existing at the different

points in time from the pioneer community to the climax
community is known as
a. Succession
c. microsere
b. Seral stages
d. biomes

28. Which of the following graphs accurately illustrates the

change in the biomass of anaerobic organism in aquatic
system that changes from oligotrophic to eutrophic?







18. Our atmosphere is 78% nitrogen. In spite of this

abundance, nitrogen is the limiting factor in plant growth.
This is primarily due to the fact that
a. Plants cannot absorb nitrogen directly
b. Nitrogen is present only in the atmosphere above the
c. Nitrogen does not dissolve in water
d. Soil organism compete with plants for nitrogen

27. In an area of 50 hectares, the tamaraw population was

40. Two months later in the same area, the population
was halved. Which of the following is LEAST likely to
account for the rapid population size?
a. The tamaraw stopped breeding.
b. Predators become more numerous.
c. Emigration had occurred.
d. A new disease-causing organism was brought into the


dry, desert condition EXCEPT:

a. Reduced leaf surface area
b. Extensive root system
c. Large number of stomata on the leaf surface
d. Pores sunken into the leaf surface


17. All of the following are features of plants adopted to


29. The members of the given species are rarely, if ever,

uniformly distributed throughout their range. Instead,
their collected into smaller groups called populations.
Which of the following best explains this phenomenon?
a. Members of species cannot tolerate overcrowding.
b. The physical factors in the environment upon which
they depend are themselves not uniformly distributed.
c. The environment can support more organisms if they
are grouped into populations.
d. Organisms interfere with their habitats.
30. Which of the following activities of soil bacteria does
not contribute to creating usable nitrogen supplies for
plant use?
a. fixation of atmospheric nitrogen
b. conversion of ammonium ions to nitrate ions
c. assembly of amino acids into proteins
d. decomposition of dead animals

Heron (feeds on small animals)

Parts per million

DDT Residues

Herring gull (scavenger)


Fish hawk (asprey egg)


Merganser (fish-eating duck)


31. The table above shows the concentration of DDT in a

given food chain. It illustrates the phenomenon of:
a. Eutrophication
b. Biological magnification
c. Biodegradability
d. Microbiological decomposition

32. A long enduring steady-state community is known as

a. a climax community
c. an ecosystem
b. a barren community
d. a prairie

39. Which biome has the lowest average temperature?

a. taiga
c. tundra
b. rainforest
d. none of these

33. The effect of increasing CO2 concentration on the rate

of photosynthesis per unit leaf area is studied and a graph
of results is shown. The experiment is repeated at three
different light intensities A, B, and C. The temperature is
maintained constant during the experiment. Based on the
graph below, which of the ff. factor(s) determine(s) the
rate of photosynthesis when CO2 is more than 30 mmHg?
a. temperature
c. CO2
b. light intensity
d. all of these

40. The result of transplantation of the frog nuclei into a

nucleated eggs allow for which conclusion?
a. Frogs cannot be cloned.
b. All differentiated cells have the same genes.
c. The later the embryonic stage, the less likely that nuclei
from cells at that stage can support the development of an
egg into a tadpole.
d. The nuclei of the differentiated cells actually lack some
genes found on other cell types.
41. In function, a parameciums food vacuole is the most
analogous to the human:
a. mouth
b. esophagus c. small intestine
d. anus

(in hundreds)

34. A certain brand of pesticide was used to eliminate the

fly in a dairy farm. Graph A shows the result of the first
spraying while Graph B shows the result of the second
spraying after 2 weeks. What is the possible explanation
for the results shown in the two graphs?


42. Which likely to happen if the amphibian zygote is

experimentally manipulated so that the first cleavage
plane misses the gray crescent instead of bisecting it?
a. there will be 2 undifferentiated ball of cells
b. 2 normal tadpoles will develop
c. 2 abnormal tadpoles will develop
d. only the blastomere that gets the grey crescent will
develop into normal tadpole
43. Which of the following lacks alimentary canal?
a. earthworm
b. jellyfish
c. insects
d. fish
44. Which of the ff. enzymes has the lowest optimum pH?
a. Salivary amylase
c. trypsin
b. Pepsin
d. Pancreatic amylase



Group A
a. The environment favored reproduction of flies
b. The pesticide used was not effective
c. Flies developed resistance to the pesticide
d. Flies were sensitive to the pesticide
35. The sweet colorless water in the coconut fruit is
actually the:
a. cotyledon
c. rainwater
b. embryo
d. endosperm
36. During what part of the day do leaves of plants have
the lowest sugar and starch content?
a. dawn
c. noon
b. mid-morning
d. late afternoon
37. How many sets of cell division are there between the
zygote stage and the eight-cell embryonic stage?
a. 3
b. 4
c. 6
d. 8
38. Plant hormones act by affecting the activities of the
following hormones would you expect to stimulate their
a. genes
c. cytokinins
b. enzymes
d. genes, membranes, and enzymes

45. The portion of the ruminant stomach which contains

bacteria is the
a. rumen
b. omasum
c. reticulum
d. abomasum
46. What do the typhlosole of an earthworm, the spiral
valve of the shark and the villi of a mammal have in
a. All adaptations for the efficient digestion and absorption
of meat
b. They are all adaptations of the stomach
c. They are microscopic structures
d. They all increase the absorptive surface area of the
intestinal epithelium
47. Basal metabolic rate expressed on a per gram basis
would be greatest for a:
a. Cheetah
b. Chipmunk
c. Shark
d. Human
48. Lice are found to thrive the skin of a carabao. This
type of relationship is referred to as:
a. symbiosis b. mutualism c. parasitism d. commensalism
49. Which of the ff. is a group which includes the other 3
a. Ecosystem
c. Population
b. Species
d. Community
50. In insects, the structure that collects water from the
body fluids is the
a. flame cell system
c. nephridium
b. malpighian tubule
d. coelomoduct