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1.

The product of powers rule: The product of 2 powers with the


same base equals that base raised to the sum of the
exponent. If this rule is broken, you shall be sent home
immediately with a suspension of 1 year. This rule is
commonly broken by believing that you must multiply the
exponents, for that is what is being done with the base. For
example: 6764= 674= 628. This is incorrect, you need to add
the exponents when the base is the same. The correct way
would be 6764= 67+4= 611, because the exponents with the
same base are being added.
2. The power of a power rule: A power raised to another power
equals that base raised to the product of the exponents. If
this rule is broken, you shall be sent home with a 6-month
suspension of visitation. This rule is commonly broken by
distributing the outside exponent to the base and the
exponent that is raising the base. For example: (6 7)4 = 6474.
This is incorrect, because you need to just distribute the
outside exponent to the inside exponent. For example: (6 7)4
= 674 = 628. This is correct, because you are multiplying the
exponents (one that was distributed) with the same base.
3. Power of a product: A product raised to a power equals the
product of each factor raised to that power. If this rule is
broken, an ancient exponent curse will be put on you. This
rule is commonly broken by thinking that the exponent is a
base that you multiply the other bases by. For example:
(24)3 = 2343. This is incorrect because you only need to
distribute the exponent to the bases. For example: (24) 3 =
2343. This is correct, because you are distributing the
exponent, as an exponent to each base.
4. Quotient of Powers: The quotient of 2 non zero powers with
the same base equals the base raised to the difference of
exponents. If this rule is broken, . This rule is commonly
broken by dividing the exponents. For example:

67
7/ 4
1.75
=6 =6
4
.
6

This is incorrect because you subtract the denominators

exponent from the numerator. For example:

67
74
3
=6 =6 . This
4
6

is correct, because you are subtracting the exponents from


the numerator and the denominator, instead of dividing (like
the quotient would infer you to).
5. Positive power of a quotient- A quotient raised to a positive
power equals the quotient of each base raised to that power.
If this rule is broken, you will have to spend the day cleaning
the public restrooms near the famous exponent plum tree
garden. Many people commonly believe that you need to
divide the distributing exponent. This is not correct. For
3
example: ( 5 )4=

34
54 =

34
5

. You need to distribute the

exponent to the numerator and denominator. For example: (


3
4
5 ) =

3
3
3
3

5
5
5
5 =

34
5 4 This is correct because you

are multiplying the original base that many times by the


exponent, instead of dividing the exponents, along with the
bases.
6. Zero exponent- A base raised to the power of 0 equals 1. If
this rule is broken, you shall be sworn into the secret league
of exponent developers, creating new rules. Guess its not so
secret any more. Many people think that once the base is
raised to a zero, the answer is 0, because anything
multiplied by 0 is 0, but this is wrong. Example: a 0= 0. The
correct answer is: a0= 1.
7. Negative power of an exponent: A quotient raised to a
negative power equals the reciprocal of the quotient raised
to the opposite positive) power. You can do this one of two
ways:
7a: for example:

x 2
1

1
2
x . This shows that an exponent in

the denominator is negative and you that you do not need a


negative symbol for it. Many people think that you need to
keep the negative symbol once the base and exponent are in

the denominator, but you do not. For example:

1
=x2 .
2
You
x

cannot put a negative exponent, with its symbol in the


denominator. The denominator is place where negative
exponents are, and having a negative symbol there would
contradict what you are trying to show.

7b: (

2
3
3
2

. This shows that you need to change the sign of

4 =

the exponent and use the reciprocal, because negative


exponents are not allowed in simplified answers. By flipping
the quotient and changing the sign of the exponent, you are
allowing it to be properly distributed. Now the exponent in
the denominator is negative and the one in the numerator is
positive. People commonly, incorrectly do this by not
distributing the exponent to both the numerator and
denominator once it has become the reciprocal because they
think that it needs either the positive, or the negative sign to
go on numerator or the

denominator. This is incorrect. For example:

2
3

3 , because the four


2

2
3
3
is positive, or (
, because the four is negative.
2

4 =

If this rule is broken, you will be forced to act as an exponent for a


week.