Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 67

Session 1590

Modeling Tactical Military


Communications Using JCSS
R&D Solutions for Commercial and
Defense Networks
CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any
CONFIDENTIAL format
RESTRICTED
ACCESS:
This information
may notTechnologies,
be disclosed, copied,
or transmitted in any
without the
prior written
consent of OPNET
Inc.
format without
the
priorOPNET
written Technologies,
consent of OPNET
2007
Inc. Technologies, Inc.
2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical switches and Multiplexers
Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical switches and Multiplexers
Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

OverviewWhy Use JCSS


Provides a rich suite of tactical communication models (not available
with standard OPNET Modeler installation) for use in Discrete Event
Simulation (DES)
z Discussed

in Introduction to JCSS Model Library section

Can use military specific Information Exchange Requirement (IER)


traffic and threaded traffic (chaining of IERs)
z Discussed

in Modeling Traffic section

Provides customized GUI/wizards/active attributes for easy


configuration of tactical communication devices
Capacity planner
Logical views

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

GUI/Wizards/Active Attributes
Generic Circuit Wizard
Configuration of circuits for circuitbased devices like Promina, FCC
multiplexers, TSSP-based earth
terminals, Circuit to Packet devices
Link Deployment Configuration
of links between devices
SATCOM WizardsConfiguration
of bent pipes, broadcast satellite
links, Demand Assigned Multiple
Access (DAMA) satellite links

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

GUI/Wizards/Active Attributes
Radio Linksconfiguration for
line of sight radios (LOS) like
TRC-170

Broadcast Network
Configuration for tactical radios
like PRCs
Active AttributesUtilities for
pull-down menus, checking
inter-dependent attribute values,
etc.
EPLRS
z JIPM
z Harris RF 7800w
z

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Capacity Planner
Analytical tool to quickly calculate network utilizations, including
average link utilizations, circuit utilizations, etc., for a given set of
traffic
Can be used to check your network configurations, such as SATCOM
links, circuits, and broadcast networks
Can be used to check traffic/circuit routability (based on generic
shortest-path calculations)

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Capacity Planner
Provides detailed reports about traffic, links, circuits
z Routes

z Utilizations

Supports most of the JCSS tactical communication models

Some exceptions: EPLRS, Harris 7800w, JIPM


z CP support for each model needs a separate development from DES
z

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Logical Views
Filtered view of the network by
z Transmission

systems (Layer 1)
z Tactical radios
z Technologies such as IP-layer devices, Promina devices, Link-16 devices, etc.
z Same technology-based graphs used by CP for capacity calculations

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical switches and Multiplexers
Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

10

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

JCSS Model Library


Discussed later in detail
z Tactical

radiosEPLRS, Harris RF 7800w, PRC, Link-16, Line of Sight TRC-

170, etc.
z Satellite communication modelsTSSP-based SHF, Joint IP Modem (JIPM),
UHF DAMA, etc.
z Tactical switches and multiplexers Promina, FCC-100, etc.
z Legacy voiceEquipment such as DNVT, LEN, SEN, etc.
z Voice over IP systemsSignaling protocols such as AS-SIP, H.323; gateways
such as SHOUTip, etc.

Encryptors
z Layer

1: KG-84, KIV-7, etc.


z Layer 3: KG-175, NES, etc.

Circuit to PacketTransition gateways such as CTP, SCREAM, etc.

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

11

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Encryptors
Models
z Layer

1: KG-84, KIV-7, etc.


z IP layer: KG-175, NES, TACLANE, etc.

Feature set
z Layer

Bulk/Line encryptorsEncrypts and decrypts all traffic at each end of


communications line with out regard to traffic type
Work in pairs
Models overhead, delay, simple synchronization
z IP layer
Encrypts and decrypts payload of IP datagram
Models overhead

Use case
z

Evaluating existing deployments

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

12

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Circuit to Packet
Models
Transition gateway like Juniper CTP
z Transition gateway like N.E.T. SCREAM
z

Feature set
z

Juniper CTP

Converts serial data streams into IP packets


Transmits IP to destination CTP device
IP packets are converted back to the serial
stream

N.E.T. SCREAM

Converts serial data streams to IP or ATM


packets using Circuit Emulation Service (CES)
protocol
Can act as IP router as well as ATM switch

Use case
z

Transition studies from legacy circuit-based


devices to IP

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

13

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical switches and Multiplexers
Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

14

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Modeling Traffic
JCSS only
z IERs

(Information Exchange Requirement)

Standard OPNET products and also supported in JCSS


z ACE

and ACE Whiteboard (OPNET)


z Standard and custom application models
z Flows
Hybrid trafficAdjustable ratio of explicit traffic to background traffic to
provide a trade-off between simulation fidelity and speed

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

15

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

IERs
JCSS-specific application type
Specification of how application-level messages should be fired
IERs define the traffic parameters such as the producer, consumer(s),
duration/size, classification, start time, end time, distribution type, priority,
and perishability of a given message
Provides traceability, statistics, reports, packet-level tracking
Can be defined in Scenario Builder
Can be imported from
Text files
z IER report
z DoDAF Editor
z ACE/ACE Whiteboard to IERs
z

Each firing of an IER can be referred to as an IER instance


Threaded IERs
Process of linking/chaining IERs together to form an end-to-end mission thread
z Consists of segments, where each segment is a unique IER firing
z

Each firing of a thread can be referred to as a thread instance


CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

16

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Traffic Modeling Use Cases


Traffic Type

Typical Use Cases

IERs

Access to deployed traffic in IER form (text files, etc)


Quick and easy way to do reachability analysis for your network
Traceability
Reports
Application packet level tracking

ACE

Application is already deployed


Access to actual network traffic (packet traces)
Most accurate representation

ACE Whiteboard

Know the behavior of application to be deployed


Test before deployment

Standard Application Model

Study behavior of commonly used applications, such as email, http,


FTP, etc.

Flows

Load network with hybrid traffic to study your application model


Quick and easy way to do reachability analysis for your network
Capacity planning studies

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

17

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical switches and Multiplexers
Legacy voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

18

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Tactical Radios
Models
z EPLRS,

Harris RF 7800w, PRC, Link-16, and TRC-170

Each radio models its unique feature set


Generic model of Frequency Hopping

Use case
z Evaluating

existing tactical radio deployments


z Evaluating pre-deployments

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

19

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Frequency Hopping
Approach to reduce effects of narrow band interference by
transmitting the signal at different carrier frequencies
Most military radios use Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS)
JCSS implemented generic FHSS module to be used by many radio

technologies
z FHSS

module specifies needed attributes


z FHSS module performs all FHSS behavior
z Minimal changes to MAC and pipeline stages
z Seamlessly handle FHSS-aware and normal Tx and Rx devices
z Provides Abstract and Detailed modeling modes

The module can be used to model FHSS in custom radio models

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

20

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Radios Instrumented with FHSS Module


EPLRS model
PRC model
z SINCGARS
z HAVEQUICK

Link-16 model
User-developed radio models can make use of the FHSS model by
adding its generic function calls to the new process models and
pipeline stages

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

21

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Enhanced Position Reporting Location


System (EPLRS)
Radio characteristics

TDMA, FDMA architecture


z Supports FHSS
z Ethernet Interface
z

Communication services (Needlines)

HDR Duplex Needlines Static One-to-One Communications


z CSMA Needlines Many-to-Many Communications
z Multi-Source Group (MSG) Needlines Few-to-Many Communications
z Dynamically Allocated PVCs (DAP) Needlines On Demand One-to-One
Communications
z

Needline features

Detailed Modeling
z Detailed Time Slot, LTS (Logical Time Slot), and Frequency Modeling
z Waveforms (Seventeen Modes Available)
z Multi Hop Dynamic Routing (layer-2)
z IP Routing, Multicast and Auto-Addressing support
z

Configuration EPLRS Network Manager (ENM)

Unified configuration of Network and Radio settings for one division


z Enhanced active attribute handlers validate/facilitate network configuration
z

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

22

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSNeedlines
HDR Duplex
Acknowledgements and Retransmission (Reliable Delivery)
z Dynamic path finding
z Pipeline relay
z

MSG
Static/dynamic share allocation
z Dynamic path finding
z Pipeline relay
z

CSMA
CSMA channel access
z Flooding
z Blocking relay
z

DAP
HDR duplex
z Resource allocation
z

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

23

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSResources
Time resources
z Exact

Epoch/Frame/Slot structure
z 1, , and LTS assignments
z 2 ms and 4 ms modes

Frequency resources
z 5,

6, and 8 Channel modes


z Ability to disable/enable each channel

Waveforms
z 17

waveforms
z Each waveform provides a unique combination of bit rate and resiliency to
noise/interference

Supported networks
z Communication

network is modeled in detail


z Coordination and Acquisition networks are not modeled
Their effect on time and frequency resources is modeled by resources
allocated to the CSMA-DF needlines
CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

24

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSExample

Network with 3 Divisions and 12 RS OPFACS

Typical RS OPFAC

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

25

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSNode Models
EPLRS_ENM
z Represents

ENM node for each division


z One ENM per division
z All division-wide configurations are through the attributes of the EPLRS_ENM
node
Frequency mode
Time slot mode
Needline definitions

z Communication between ENM and Radios is not explicitly modeled

EPLRS_RS
z Represents

the RS radio node


z Full IP stack
z One radio interface and one Ethernet interface
z Local radio properties such as RSID, Division ID, Power, and Relay
Enable/Disable are configured through attributes of the RS node
CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

26

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSENM

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

27

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSRS
Essentially an IP router
z Potential for more capabilities
One standard Ethernet interface
One EPLRS radio interface
Needlines modeled as subinterfaces of
the radio interface (modeled by ENM)

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

28

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSPVC Needlines
Supported needline types
z CSMA
z MSG
z HDR

Duplex

Multicast groups
z Defines

set of radios that join


the configured multicast
groups

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

29

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

EPLRSDAP Needlines
Dynamic, On Demand HDR Duplex needlines between
requesting pairs of nodes

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

30

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Lab 1
EPLRS deployment
Please follow the lab manual

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

31

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Harris RF 7800w
Broadband Ethernet radio is capable of achieving Ethernet rates (~80 Mbps)
over wireless links
All-IP architecture allows for seamless connection of LAN and WAN
segments (switches, routers, etc.)
Applicable for wireless backbone connectivity in Public Safety, First
Responders, Battlefield networks, etc.
OU 440 radio operates in 4.5-5.0 GHz band and has one Ethernet interface
and one RF interface
PTP Mode

PMP Mode VLAN aware switch

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

32

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Harris RF 7800w (cont.)


Supported Functionality
z
z

Interoperability with IPv4 and IPv6 devices


Point-to-Point (PTP)
PTP Master and Slave configuration
802.1p (buffer management)
Adaptive TDD medium access
Reliable data transfer
Adaptive Modulation
Encryption
Point-to-Multipoint (PMP)
PMP SC and SS configuration
802.1q (VLAN tagging with embedded 802.1p)
Adaptive TDMA medium access
Reliable Unicast data transfer
Multicast data transfer
Pass-through and VLAN aware switching
Encryption

Models
z
z
z
z

Harris_7800w_Config (configuration node)


Harris_7800w_OU440 (radio device)
Harris_7800w_AT001, Harris_7800w_AT002, Harris_7800w_AT003 (directional antenna models)
Harris_7800w_AT005 (sector antenna), Harris_7800w_AT006 (omni-directional antenna)

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

33

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

PRC Radios
Layer-2 broadcast radio, supports FHSS
Values set on channel
Frequency
z Transmission power
z Data rate
z

Fires voice IERs from its application layer (se


module)
mac module
z Manages the priority queues
z Uses RE-NAD scheme for calculating Network
Access Delay (NAD) time for mixed voice and data
transmission
z Prioritize voice traffic over data
Interoperates with Internet Controller (INC) or Data
workstation

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

34

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Link-16
Tactical message exchange system
Devices supported
z Host

processor
z Joint Range Extension (GRE) gateway
z Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS)
z Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS)

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

35

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Link-16 Modeled Features


Network Participation Groups (NPGs)
z Modeled within the JTIDS terminal as a combination of logically separate
message queues that are associated with sets of transmit and receive time slots
z Queue assignments for a message are based on message label, sub-label values
and the J-series message standard
TDMA scheme
Detailed modeling of time slots
Slot group
z Time Slot Block (TSB)
z Time slot
z

Modulation / Encoding
z Packing Levels for Standard, Packed-2 Single Pulse, Packed-2 Double Pulse,
Packed-4 Single Pulse available
Access models (Dedicated, Contention, or TSR)

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

36

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

LOS Radios
Layer-1 radioTRC-170
Antenna
z Parabolic

pattern
z Directionally aimed at remote terminal

Values set on channel attributes


z Data

rate
z Transmission power

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

37

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical switches and Multiplexers
Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

38

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Satellite Communication Models


Models
SHF
z Joint IP Modem (JIPM)
z UHF (DAMA)
z

Use case
z

Evaluating the capabilities of current and planned satellite communications assets


against projected requirements

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

39

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Super High Frequency (SHF) Satellite


Models
Devices modeled
z SHF

satellite
z SHF terminals
Generic
Non-nodal
Nodal

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

40

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

SHF Satellite
Used with all Super High Frequency (SHF)
terminals

Generic
Non-Nodal
Nodal

Features
z

3 uplink transponders

Selectable antenna pattern


Selectable modulation
25 channels

5 downlink transponders

Selectable antenna pattern


Selectable modulation
25 configurable channels

Configurable channel attributes


z

Satterm A to satellite uplink


Satellite downlink to Satterm A
Satterm B to satellite uplink
Satellite downlink to Satterm B

frequency, bandwidth, data rate, tx power

Uplink to downlink channel mapping


Bent pipe link running through a satellite has
four legs (i.e., uses four frequencies)

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

41

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Generic SHF Terminals


Easiest satellite model to configure and use
z
z
z

Each port maps to a single channel


A single satellite link is needed for each two port connection between devices
No need for circuit creation

No resource management (such as TSSP)


One-to-one correspondence between an input and an uplink/downlink channel pair
Two models available
z
z

sat_term_generic_1port
sat_term_generic_8port

Satellite Links
F0
Input 0

Chnl 0

Input 1

Chnl 1

F1

F0
Chnl 0

Input 0

Chnl 1

Input 1

F1

Chnl 7

Input 7

Input 7

Chnl 7

F7

F7

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

42

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Non-Nodal SHF Terminal


Requires further configuration
z
z

A single link is needed between two terminals


Requires circuit creation between input ports of
each terminal

Contains multiple input ports


One uplink MUX channel to carry outgoing
aggregate traffic
One downlink deMUX channel to carry
incoming aggregate traffic
Supports TSSP protocol

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

43

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Nodal SHF Terminal


Setup is similar to Non-Nodal SHF
A single link is needed between two
terminals
z Requires circuit creation between input
ports of each terminal
z

One uplink MUX channel to carry


outgoing traffic
Four downlink deMUX channels to
carry incoming traffic
Contains eight input ports
Supports TSSP protocol
Capable of supporting a full mesh
configuration of nodal terminals
z

Up to five interconnected nodal


terminals

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

TSSP Frame

Data from respective inputs

G H

44

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Joint IP Modem (JIPM)


Satellite system with IP-based terminals
DoD specification for open-standards, interoperable, IP satellite
modem
Based on DVB-S2 and DVB/RCS open standards for satellite
communications
z
z
z
z

Successful, widely used ETSI standard


One-way and 2-way communication
Efficient use of bandwidth
High data rates ( >100Mbps downlink)

Hub-Spoke architecture
Extra requirements mainly for Layer-3
Extra security requirements to fit DoD applications
Models Remote Modem (RM), Network Control Center (NCC) and
satellite
CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

45

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

JIPM Deployment Scenario and Node


Models
Node models
JIPM_RM
z JIPM_Sat
z JIPM_NCC
z

Features
MPE encapsulation
z MPEG2 encapsulation
z DL framing
z UL framing
z UL dynamic BW request
z ACM and VCM
z PEP
z IP routing
z Multiple JIPM networks
z Multiple satellites
z

JIPM Entities
CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

46

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

JIPM NCCNetwork Definitions Attribute


DL and UL properties of individual networks supported by the NCC
node

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

47

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

JIPM RMAttributes
Primary Network
z Name

of the JIPM
network subscribed to in
a two-way mode

Secondary Network
z Name

of the JIPM
network subscribed to in
a receive-only mode

Guaranteed Rate
z Guaranteed

uplink rate

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

48

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

JIPM SatelliteAttributes
Supported Networks
z Names

of the JIPM networks supported to relay

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

49

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Lab 2
SHF and JIPM deployments
Please follow the lab manual

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

50

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical Switches and Multiplexers
Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

51

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Tactical Switches and Multiplexers

Models
z Smart

multiplexers like Promina


z Dumb multiplexer like FCC-100

Feature set
z Support

a layered configuration

One multiplexer connects to another as an input


Mirrored multiplexer on the other side

Use cases
z Evaluating

legacy circuit-based equipment deployments


z Transition studies from legacy circuit-based devices to IP

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

52

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Promina
Smart multiplexer
Capable of dynamic or static routing of circuits
z DynamicCircuits

will be routed on the first available shortest path


z StaticCircuit will be routed on the pre-configured path

Capable of creating permanent or on-demand circuits


Permanent
z Demand
z Circuits can be preempted depending upon preempt priority
z

Multiplexing is based on time division multiplexing (TDM) scheme

Port groups
z LAN

(serial)Interface to any serial bit stream device


z LAN (ethernet)Interface to ethernet device
z WAN (serial)Interface to promina network
z WAN (ATM)Interface to ATM backbone
CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

53

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Promina (cont.)
Circuit setup
z Unidirectional

or bidirectional
z Configured by nw_circuit path object
Drag and drop from palette
Using circuit wizard
z Performs switching of the incoming packets once the circuit is setup

Circuit setup criteria

Bandwidth availability
Maximum calls per node
Maximum hops per call
Maximum call setup retries
Maximum satellite hops

Example node models: Promina, Promina-100, IDNX-20

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

54

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Promina (Attributes)

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

55

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Multiplexers
Multiple inputs aggregated across a single interface to a peer
Port groups
z Input

(serial) - Interface to any serial bit stream device (e.g. Layer-1 encryptors,
serial IP data, Promina aggregate, multiplexer aggregate)
z Aggregate (serial) - Interface to multiplexer network

Requires circuits
Example node models: FCC_100v7, FCC_100v9

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

56

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Agenda
Overview
Introduction to JCSS Model Library
Modeling Traffic
Tactical Radios
Satellite Communication Models
Tactical Switches and Multiplexers
Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

57

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Legacy Voice and Voice over IP Systems


Models
z Legacy

equipment: DNVT end device


z Legacy equipment: LEN, SEN, TTC-39switches
z VoIP protocolsAS-SIP (JCSS only), H.323 and SIP (OPNET models)
z VoIP phone and translation gateways (between VoIP and legacy networks)

Use cases
z Evaluating

legacy equipment deployment


z VoIP studiestransition from legacy equipment to IP

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

58

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Legacy VoiceCircuit-Switched Devices


Call establishment and termination through sequence of messages
z SETUP,

QUERY, ACK, CONNECT

Link bandwidth reserved for each designated call for entire call
duration
Use of Flood Search Routing (dynamic routing protocol)

SETUP

QUERY
ACK
CONNECT

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

59

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Legacy VoiceCircuit-Switched Devices


(cont.)
Modeling call pre-emption based on call priority when bandwidth is
limited
No traffic (packet) is going through the circuit during the call (ONLY
analytical update of statistics)
Call completion and teardowns are handled by global voice manager,
node model:voice_config
Example node models: LEN, SEN, TTC-39

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

60

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Assured ServicesSession Initiation


Protocol (AS-SIP)
Enhancements to OPNET SIP model
z Resource

priority in SIP signaling (higher priority call can pre-empt lower


priority call) is supported
z Open Loop Assured Services Admission Control (ASAC) is supported by User
Agent (UA) pre-emption
z Closed loop ASAC is supported through network pre-emption
z Signaling between Local Session Controllers (LSC) and Multifunction
Softswitches (MFSS) is supported

OPNET Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) model enhancements


z Network

pre-emption is supported

New Output Table (OT) reporting for AS-SIP


New Discrete Event Simulation (DES) statistics for AS-SIP
AS-SIP signaling path can be visualized
New model user guide (MUG) for AS-SIP
CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

61

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

N.E.T. SHOUTip
Gateway device between multiple types of networks and protocols
Conversions involve transferring voice signaling and data between legacy
voice networks (i.e., JCSS circuit-switched voice network) and the IP
network (i.e., Voice over IP)
Use either SIP, AS-SIP, H.323 for signaling in IP network

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

62

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Obtaining JCSS
Obtain JCSS from the JCSS Configuration Manager at DISA
z JCSS@disa.mil

Available to U.S. DoD personnel upon request at no cost


z Submit

a Justification Form to JCSS PMO


z JCSS Configuration Manager issues the software
z For more information, visit the JCSS PMO website at:
www.disa.mil/jcss

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

63

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Support Center
Information and assistance
z Tech

support cases
z Software problem reports (SPRs)
z Frequently asked questions (FAQs)
z User forums

Contacts
z Webhttp://www.jcss.disa.mil
z Emailjcss@opnet.com
z Voicemail(240)

497-3000 x6699

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

64

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Documentation References
Available in Help > Documentation menu
User manualworkflow
Technical reference manualindividual menu descriptions
Model user guides
IT Guru Network Planner documentation
Software release bulletin
z New

features
z Reported problems

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

65

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Related OPNETWORK Sessions

1589 Introduction to using the Joint Communication Simulation System (JCSS)


1582 Planning Tactical Mobile Network Deployments
1530 Modeling Custom Wireless EffectsIntroduction
1580 Modeling Custom Wireless EffectsAdvanced

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

66

1590 Modeling Tactical Military Communications Using JCSS

Take-Away Points
Model and analyze tactical military networks using JCSS
communication model library
z Tactical

radios
z Satellite communication models
z Tactical switches
z Encryption devices
z Much more

Model network traffic using IERs


Perform capacity planning analysis of military networks

CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED ACCESS: This information may not be disclosed, copied, or transmitted in any format without the prior written consent of OPNET Technologies, Inc. 2010 OPNET Technologies, Inc.

67