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ME2212:Circuit Analysis-I

Fall 2015

Capacitors & Inductors

Lecture 22

M. Tahir Awan Capital University of Science & Technology (CUST), Islamabad

Capacitor : Voltage & Current Relationship

Voltage Current Relation ship in Capacitors   12/9/2015

ME2212:Circuit Analysis-I

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Capacitors : Power & Energy

Power in a Capacitor Energy in a Capacitor 12/9/2015

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Capacitor : Voltage & Current Example

Voltage across a

capacitor is

shown Find

the

waveforms for the

the

4-F

current

in

capacitor  12/9/2015

ME2212:Circuit Analysis-I

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Capacitor : Voltage & Current Example

Voltage across a 5-F capacitor is shown

Find

the

waveforms

for

the

current

capacitor

in

the 12/9/2015

ME2212:Circuit Analysis-I

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Math : Equation of a straight line

Equation of a line passing through two points Equation of a line : slope – intercept form 12/9/2015

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Capacitor : Voltage & Current Example

The waveform for the current in a 2-µµµµF capacitor is shown. If the capacitor has an initial voltage of 0 V, determine the waveform for the capacitor voltage 12/9/2015

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Capacitor : Voltage & Current Example

The waveform for the current in a 2.5 F capacitor is shown. If the capacitor has an initial voltage of 0 V, determine the waveform for the capacitor voltage 12/9/2015

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Capacitor : Voltage & Current Example

The waveform for the current in a 1-nF capacitor is shown. If the capacitor has an initial voltage of –5V, determine the waveform for the capacitor voltage 12/9/2015

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Characteristics of Ideal Capacitor

Characteristics of an ideal capacitor Current through the capacitor is zero if the voltage across it is constant. A capacitor is therefore an open circuit to DC. A capacitor resists an abrupt change in the voltage across it An ideal capacitor never dissipates energy, but only stores it

12/9/2015

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Capacitors in Parallel

Applying KCL    12/9/2015

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Capacitors in Series Applying KVL

12/9/2015

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Series & Parallel Capacitors

Capacitors in Series Capacitors in Parallel 12/9/2015

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Series & Parallel Capacitors : Example

Find equivalent capacitance Ceq 12/9/2015

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Inductors

An inductor is typically a coil of conducting wire

Inductor stores energy in its magnetic field  Voltage across inductor is proportional to the rate of change of the current producing the magnetic field. Constant of proportionality is inductance, L 12/9/2015

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Inductor

Inductor Symbol Units of Inductance are Henry (H) & milli Henry (mH) 12/9/2015

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Inductors : Voltage Current Relationship

Voltage Current relation-ship in Inductors  12/9/2015

ME2212:Circuit Analysis-I