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An airplane or aeroplaneA is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled

forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller. Airplanes come in a variety of


sizes, shapes, and wing configurations. The broad spectrum of uses for
airplanes includes recreation, transportation of goods and people, military, and
research. Commercial aviation is a massive industry involving the flying of tens
of thousands of passengers daily on airliners. Most airplanes are flown by a
pilot on board the aircraft, but some are designed to be remotely or computercontrolled.
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles
and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate regular return
services. A passenger ferry with many stops, such as in Venice, Italy, is
sometimes called a water bus or water taxi. A typical car ferry in Istanbul,
Turkey Passenger area of a Norwegian ferry Ferries form a part of the public
transport systems of many waterside cities and islands, allowing direct transit
between points at a capital cost much lower than bridges or tunnels. However,
ship connections of much larger distances (such as over long distances in water
bodies like the Mediterranean Sea) may also be called ferry services, especially
if they carry vehicles.
A catamaran is a multi-hulled watercraft featuring two parallel hulls of equal
size. It is a geometry-stabilized craft, deriving its stability from its wide beam,
rather than from a ballasted keel as with a monohull sailboat. Being ballast-free
and therefore lighter than a monohull, catamarans often have a shallower draft
(draught) than comparably-sized monohulls. The two hulls combined also often
have a smaller hydrodynamic resistance than comparable monohulls, requiring
less propulsive power from either sails or motors. The catamaran's wider
stance on the water can reduce both heeling and wave-induced motion, as
compared with a monohull, and can give reduced wakes.
A double-decker bus is a bus that has two storeys or decks. Double-decker
buses are used for mass transport in the United Kingdom, Europe, Asia and
many former European possessions an iconic example being the red London
bus. Double-decker buses are also used in many other cities around the world.
Early double-deckers put the driver in a separate cab. Passenger access was
via an open platform at the rear, and a bus conductor would collect fares.
Modern double-deckers have a main entrance door at the front, and the driver
takes fares, thus halving the number of bus workers aboard, but slowing the
boarding process. The rear open platform, popular with passengers, was
abandoned for safety reasons, as there was a risk of passengers falling when
running and jumping onto the bus. Double-deckers are primarily for commuter
transport but open-top models are used as sight-seeing buses for tourists.
William Gladstone, speaking of London's double-deck horse drawn omnibuses,
once observed, "...the best way to see London is from the top of a bus".
A funicular, also known as an inclined plane or cliff railway, is a cable railway
in which a cable attached to a pair of tram-like vehicles on rails moves them up
and down a steep slope, the ascending and descending vehicles

counterbalancing each other. Funiculars of one sort or another have existed for
hundreds of years and continue to be used for moving both passengers and
goods. Its name derives from the latin, funiculus, diminutive of funis, meaning
"rope".

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