90 views

Uploaded by Agilen Magalingam

pp

- ASME Presentation Nov 2014.pdf
- Transpo Compilation Hey
- 002-Steam Turbines Basics for Beginners
- Tut 2334
- Ppgj Mec Cal 032 012 Lime Dilution Tank Package (t 3210)
- AIAA-2009-5485
- 19820005241.pdf
- 11_chapter 2.pdf
- studies and experiment
- Report Energy Practice CFD Mendoza-Pineres
- Shaft Sagging and Hoging
- Micro-turbina papper
- Hydro Power Engineeringy End Exam- 2017
- CFD 02 Jost Turboinstitut Improvement of Efficiency Prediction of Axial Turbines
- DK2135_ch15
- Hydraulic Machines Textbook
- Imbibition.docx
- Assignment 1_Tan Wei Chai Simon_U1122420C
- Amandeep Typing
- Vfd Fp Calc2

You are on page 1of 4

Question A1: Problem 21.1 Chapter 21 (7th edition)

Convert 45.0 Btu/lbm to the following:

(a) cal/kg

(b) J/kg

(c) kWh/kg

(d) (ft)(lbf)/lbm

By use of the steam tables, compute the numerical values for Q, W, H, and U for the

complete process in which one pound of liquid water is initially confined in a capsule at

327.8oF and 100 psia within an evacuated vessel of 4.435 ft3 capacity; the capsule is then

broken within the vessel allowing the water to escape into the evacuated vessel; and finally the

water is brought to the initial temperature (327.8oF).

Question A3

An 800 MW power plant burns coal to boil water generating saturated steam (100% quality) at

70 bar. This steam is expanded in a turbine to a steam at 100 oC and 1 bar. The steam enters the

turbine at 10 m/s and exits 5 m below entrance point level at 100 m/s. The turbine is connected

to an electrical generator by a shaft. The efficiency of the turbine is 60%.

a.

b.

c.

d.

What is the shaft work done by the turbine (MW)?

How much heat is lost to the surroundings from the turbine (MW)?

What is the mass flow rate of steam to the turbine (kg/h)?

(please attempt these problems by yourself and discuss with the teaching staff or tutor

should you face any difficulty)

Question B1: Problem 21.7 - Chapter 21 (7th edition)

Solar energy has been suggested as a source of renewable energy. If in the desert the direct

radiation from the sun (say for 320 days) is 975 W/m2 between 10 AM and 2PM, and the

conversion efficiency to electricity is 21.0%, how many square meters are needed to collect an

amount of energy equivalent to the annual U.S. energy consumption of 3 1020 J? Is the

construction of such an area feasible?

How many tons of coal (of heating value of 10,000 Btu/lb) would be

needed to provide

20

the 3 10 J if the efficiency of conversion to electricity was 70%? What fraction of the

total U.S. resources of coal (estimated at 1.7

10

12

Answer the following question true or false:

(a) A simple test to determine if a property is an extensive property is to split the system in

half, and if the value of the sum of the properties in each half is twice the value of the

property in one half, then the property is an extensive variable.

(b) The value of a state variable (point function) depends only on its state and not how the

state was reached.

(c) An intensive variable is a variable whose value depends on the amount of mass present.

(d) Temperature, volume and concentration are intensive variables.

(e) Any variable that is expressed as a specific, i.e., per unit mass, quantity is deemed to be

an intensive variable.

Are the following variables intensive or extensive?

(a) Partial pressure

(b) Volume

(c) Specific gravity

(d) Potential energy

(e) Relative saturation

(f) Specific volume

(g) Surface tension

(h) Refractive index

What is the potential energy in joules of a 12 kg mass 25 m above a datum plane?

One pound of liquid water is at its boiling point of 575oF. It is then heated at constant pressure

to 650oF, and then compressed at constant temperature to one-half of its volume (at 650oF), and

finally returns to its original state of the boiling point at 575oF. Calculate

the overall process.

H and U for

A gas is heated at 200 kPa from 300 K to 400 K, and then cooled to 350 K. In a different

process the gas is directly heated from 300 K to 350 K at 200 kPa. What difference is there in

internal energy and enthalpy changes for the two processes?

A vertical cylinder capped by a piston weighing 990 g contains 100 g of air at 1 atmosphere

and 25oC. Calculate the maximum possible final elevation of the piston if 100 J of work is used

to raise the cylinder and its contents vertically. Assume that all of the work goes into raising

the piston.

A quantity of an ideal gas goes through the ideal cycle shown in Figure P22.13.

Calculate:

(a) Pound moles of gas being processed.

(b) VD, ft3

(c) WAB, Btu

(d) WBC, Btu

(e) WCD, Btu

(f) WDA, Btu

(g) W for the cycle, Btu

(h) H for the cycle, Btu

(i) Q for the cycle, Btu

Data:

TA = 170oF

TD = 823oF

TB = 70oF

BC = isothermal process

DA = adiabatic process

Assume CV = 5/2 R

Start with the general energy balance, and simplify it for each of the processes listed below to

obtain an energy balance that represents the process. Label each term in the general energy

balance by number, and list by their numbers the terms retained or deleted followed by your

explanation. (You do not have to calculate any quantities in this problem.)

(a) One hundred kilograms per second of water is cooled from 100oC to 50oC in a heat

exchanger. The heat is used to heat up 250 kg/s of benzene entering at 20oC. Calculate the

exit temperature of benzene.

Question B10: Problem 22.25 - Chapter 22 (7th edition)

It is necessary to evaluate the performance of an evaporator that will be used to concentrate a

5% organic solution. Assume there will be no boiling point rise. The following information has

already been obtained:

U = 300Btu/(hr)(ft2)(oF);

V

.

5 % organic

95% water

xP

.

Steam S

S c Condensate

Figure P22.25

A = 2,000 ft3; heating steam S is available at 4.5 psia; feed enters at 140oF. Must any further

.

measurements be made? The rate of heat transfer from the steam coils to the liquid is

UA (TS TV).

Write the simplified energy balance for the following processes:

(a) A fluid flows steadily through a poorly designed coil in which it is heated from 170 o to

250oF. The pressure at the coil inlet is 120 psia, and at the coil outlet is 70 psia. The coil is of

uniform cross section, and the fluid enters with a velocity of 2 ft/sec.

Question B12: Problem 22.29 - Chapter 22 (7th edition)

Your company produces small power plants that generate electricity by expanding waste

process steam in a turbine. You are asked to study the turbine to determine if it is operating as

efficiently as possible. One way to ensure good efficiency is to have the turbine operate

adiabatically.

Measurements show that for steam at 500oF and 250 psia.

(a) The work output of the turbine is 86.5 hp.

(b) The rate of steam usage is 1000 lb/hr.

(c) The steam leaves the turbine at 14.7 psia and consists of 15 percent moisture (i.e., liquid

H2O). Is the turbine operating adiabatically? Support your answer with calculations.

- ASME Presentation Nov 2014.pdfUploaded bydf_campos3353
- Transpo Compilation HeyUploaded byAna Lorraine Dalilis
- 002-Steam Turbines Basics for BeginnersUploaded byGeorge J Alukkal
- Tut 2334Uploaded byRaghav Chamadiya
- Ppgj Mec Cal 032 012 Lime Dilution Tank Package (t 3210)Uploaded byFauzy
- AIAA-2009-5485Uploaded byHome
- 19820005241.pdfUploaded byPeter Ijaramendi
- 11_chapter 2.pdfUploaded byJay Marathe
- studies and experimentUploaded byshabeer748
- Report Energy Practice CFD Mendoza-PineresUploaded byDiego Mendoza
- Shaft Sagging and HogingUploaded by'Sam Kay' Olorunsola
- Micro-turbina papperUploaded byL̶e̶o̶v̶a̶r̶d̶o̶ A̶l̶v̶a̶r̶e̶z̶
- Hydro Power Engineeringy End Exam- 2017Uploaded byADKMAR
- CFD 02 Jost Turboinstitut Improvement of Efficiency Prediction of Axial TurbinesUploaded bymohamedezeldin
- DK2135_ch15Uploaded byandriaerospace
- Hydraulic Machines TextbookUploaded bymeku44
- Imbibition.docxUploaded byMariella Badajos Singson
- Assignment 1_Tan Wei Chai Simon_U1122420CUploaded bySimon Stm
- Amandeep TypingUploaded bypardeepbth
- Vfd Fp Calc2Uploaded bydance
- 2 - WindCubeUploaded byCriss Mereuta
- Steam TurbineUploaded byErAbdulRehman
- First GradingUploaded byKirk Espanol Bigstone
- Turbinereport Sumitted in Tula;s in 7th Sem.Uploaded byNilabjo Kanti Paul
- Wind-tunnel Study on Aerodynamic PerformanceUploaded byGhada Orabi
- An Experimental Study and Simulation With FluentUploaded byahadtk1
- Exam IIUploaded byBagus Dwi P
- IRJET-Structural and Thermal Analysis of Steam Turbine CasingUploaded byIRJET Journal
- ThermodynamicProperties BOILER.pdfUploaded byDoDuyBac
- 58799487 Tutorial Solving Transonic Flow Over a Turbine Blade With Turbo Specic NRBCs Nrbc Turbine CascadeUploaded bySai Sudharsanan

- cailly_vol60n3Uploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- conversionUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Activity 2_1 answers for prev version.pdfUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Enthapies of Ntrogen and Some of Its Oxides and Sulfur CompoundUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Lynn 1993Uploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Activity 4 2 Electronic Structure of ComplexesUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- mathsUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Tutorial 1Uploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Tutorial 1Uploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Lecture 1 DQ.pdfUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Control Statements (1)Uploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Supp_lidUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- ECS_Week1 (Tut.2)Uploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Lohan AbstractUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Maple_Lab_1(1)Uploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Hello WorldUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byAgilen Magalingam
- Impromptu Speecvxh Outline.docxUploaded byAgilen Magalingam

- Indigo ManualUploaded byplatentdg
- Evolver Quick StartUploaded byBalamurugan Kulendran
- Getting Started With Final DesignerUploaded byBùi Văn Hợp
- Sonal Properties of Metalic SolidUploaded bygraj143
- Lesson-03.pdfUploaded byLaura B.
- State Transition DiagramUploaded byAbi Niña Linda
- ASTM C 642-97 TM Density, Absorption & Voids in Hard. ConcUploaded byGowtham Rathinam
- A Neural-network Approach for Moving Objects Recognition in Color Image Sequences for Surveillance ApplicationsUploaded byFormat Seorang Legenda
- Wavelet Transformation Tool User Manual PetrelUploaded byAgung Sandi Agustina
- 193995686 Fluid MechanicsUploaded byoperationmanager
- 1M110ZS5 diodo zenerUploaded byconti51
- Designing of PLC and Control Panel of Vapor Absorption MachineUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Conducting PolymerUploaded byraf_berm2
- BS-5400-Part-10-Fatigue_Steel-Concrete-and-Composite-Bridges.pdfUploaded byvenkateswara rao Pothina
- Student Attendance Monitoring System via Face Detection and Recognition SystemUploaded byIJSTE
- Power Xpert Solar 250 KW Inverter - Harvest the Power of the SunUploaded byEmilio Escalante
- A High Energy Efficient Localization AlgorithmUploaded byrambabuk
- 0b7fxi84 f Etagfrttjzvvi1avkUploaded byharsh patel
- Lec 1Uploaded byBittu
- Pile Data and Hammer TableUploaded byGULF PILING LLC
- LinuxCBT Feat. OpenPGP Edition NotesUploaded byAnghel Florin
- Precision Ag Catalog 7010-2193 Reve SmUploaded byjavi
- Electrical Impedance of Human Blood With Different Anticoagulants SubmitUploaded byyekta8
- RDF bahanUploaded bySyifarahma Ayu
- Cryogenic Air Separation, Histroy and Technological ProcessUploaded byJason Thomas
- IEEE Final Year Projects 2011-2012 ::Image Processing:: Elysium Technologies Pvt LtdUploaded bysunda_pass
- Morphometric Analysis to Identify Erosion Prone Areas on the Upper Blue Nile using GIS (Case Study of Didessa and Jema Sub-Basin, Ethiopia)Uploaded byAnonymous kw8Yrp0R5r
- AdverbUploaded byAlfian Militan
- benzlers reducotr seriescmetric.pdfUploaded byJorge A Vilal
- Ault_AWRUploaded byGran1953