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Table 3(a) and 3(b) shows the export and import performance of Copyright related products

and this product category comprises of Printed Books, Newspapers, Journals and Periodicals,
Sound recording or reproducing operators operated by coins, bank cards etc. and finally video
operators. Table 3(a) shows that, total percentage share of export of copyright related
commodities was0.082% (11275.389 crore) in 1996-97 and later on it showed uneven
growth throughout the period of study. But after 2002-03, the share seemed to be corrected
and started positively growing till 2007-08 and later on again took a sink. The highest
percentage share of copyright product category is 0.190% (68803.683 crore) in 2006-07 and
lowest percentages hare is 0.065% (40198.745 crore) in 2013-14.
Table 3(a) also shows the individual export performance of copyright related commodity,
such as Printed Books, Newspapers, Journals and Periodicals grew by 0.079% (10746.452
crore) in 1996-97 and later on its percentage share was high and low during 1997-98 to
2003-04. But after 2004-05, it started growing with positive rate and grew till 2006-07 and
again its % share started declining. The major reason for such decline in %share could be
because there is very least contribution from researchers and academicians towards
international journals and publications. Sound recording or reproducing operators operated by
coins, bank cards etc. showed 0% export performance throughout the study period and it got
vanished in 2013-14. The reason for such performance could be that, there is no such
contribution of sound recording or reproducing operators operated by coins, bank cards etc.
in exporting activity and also now new means of sound recording system have been induced.
Video operators is contributing to export performance of copyright related products but with
very little percentage. Its percentageshare was highest during 1998-99, i.e. 0.024%
(3246.510 crore) and later on it kept on declining till 2013-14. It means that, foreign nations
might have developed their advance video recording technology rather than using obsolete
Indian technology.
Table 3(a) further reveals that the compound annual growth rate of copyright related
commodity in export segment andits sub-categories.Exports of this commodity group
increased atcompound average annual growth rate of 9.03 percent.Out of three subcategories, Printed books, Newspapers, Journals and periodicals experienced highest
growth rate of

9.57 percent followed byVideo operators (1.94percent)and Sound

recording or reproducing operators operated by coins, bank cards etc.(-4.02


percent)showed negative growth rate.

Table 3(b) showing the import performance of copyright related commodity group which is
also showing the same trend of uneven growth and sudden slowdown in percentage share
over a period of three to four years. The import percentage grew in 1997-98 then took sudden
sink. The import of copyright material started growing after 2001-02 and this positive
growing trend move till 2005-06 and after that, the growth percentage started declining and it
declined till end of the study period, i.e. 2013-14. In fact after, 2004-05 the import percentage
share could not grow much. The lowest percentage share is 0.039% (22713.569 crore) in
2012-13 whereas the highest percentage share noticed is 0.143% (20280.704 crore) in 199798.
Table 3(b) also shows the sub category of copyright related commodities in import
performance and the growth trend of printed books, newspapers, journals and periodicals
shows the declining result. In 1997-98, the percentage share seems very promising and it is
continuously declining till 2013-14. The lowest percentage share of printed books,
newspapers, journals and periodicals is 0.015% (10436.462 crore) in 2010-11 and the highest
percentage share is 0.127% (18065.356 crore) in 1997-98. In the same way, there is no
contribution from sound recording or reproducing operators operated by coins, bank cards
etc., which means that, even India is not importing such commodity too and there is growing
trend of video operators noticed during the period of 2002-03 to 2009-10 and after that, the
growth percentage declined. The lowest percentage share of video operators is 0.004% in
1996-97 and 1998-99 whereas the highest share in video recording noticed is 0.073%
(23423.046 crore).
Table 3(b) further reveals that compound average annual growth rate of import of
copyright related commodities and its sub-categories. Imports of this commodity group
grows at compound average annual growth rate of 6.57%.Out of three sub-categories
video operators experienced highest growth rate of (25.27%). Printed books, newspapers,
journals and periodicals contributes negatively by (1.140%) and also there is negative
contribution from sound recording or reproducing operators operated by coins, bank cards
etc., i.e. (5.75%).
Table 3(a) and Table 3(b) shows that, overall growth rate is inclined towards export of
copyright related commodity and the overall growth rate shows that, there has any major

change happened in 2012-13 regarding copyright related issues, which resulted in sudden
decline in growth rate in export as well as import of this commodity group.
Section IV explains about the Trademark related commodities and this commodity group
consist of Alcoholic Beverages, Perfumes and Cosmetics, Glassware, Motor Vehicles Parts,
Furniture, Travel Goods and handbags, Watches, Toys and Clothes. Table 4(a) shows the
export performance of trademark related commodities and the total percentage share is almost
in fast growing trend since beginning of study period till last, though there happened certain
downfall in years such as 2002-03, 2010-11 etc. as compared to its previous years. The
highest percentage share is 14.273% (3673032.754 crore) in 2003-04 and lowest percentage
share is 4.764% (1146910.891 crore) in 2002-03.
Table 4(a) also shows the sub category of trademark related commodity and lowest
percentage share of Alcoholic beverages is 0.009% in year 1997-98, 1999-2000 and 2002-03
respectively and highest percentage share is 0.069% (41922.760 crore) in 2013-14. The total
trend shows that, alcoholic beverages notified its golden period from 2005-06 till 2013-14.
Highest percentage share of perfumes and cosmetics is 0.373% (59554.507 crore) and lowest
percentage share is 0.185% (101453.602 crore). Perfumes and cosmetics showed most
promising increase during six consecutive years, i.e. 1998-99 to 2003-04. Glassware noticed
highest percentage share of 0.178% (64351.586 crore) in 2006-07 and lowest percentage
share is 0.016% (2124.527 crore) in 1996-97. In the initial period of study, people were not
much educated towards glassware materials whereas in 2003-04, glassware being exported
with unexpected growth. Highest percentage share of Motor vehicle part is 1.405%
(508623.233 crore) in 2006-07 and lowest percentage share is 0.429% (54374.866 crore) in
1997-98. The trend of motor vehicle part shows that, India is flourishing well in export
activity as the export percentage is keep on growing since beginning to end. Furniture has
highest percentage share of 0.448% (176847.957 crore) in 2007-08 and lowest percentage
share is 0.023% (3166.806 crore) in 1996-97. Furniture is not always being most interested
commodity in Trademark related category but during 2006-07 and 2007-08, the export share
been increased with no leaps and bounds but later on its percentage started sinking. Travel
goods and handbags have highest percentage share of 1.037% (165500.648 crore) in 19992000 and lowest percentage share is 0.343% (175588.118 crore) in 2010-11. Though travel
goods and handbags are not always being in trend and never shown any promising figure
continuously. Highest percentage share of watches is 0.112% (22791.028 crore) in 2001-02

and the lowest percentage share is 0.012% (6478.568 crore) in 2011-12.During 2000-01 and
2001-02, export of watches showed maximum percentage share whereas during other period,
the percentage share was quite low. Highest percentage share of Toys is 0.118% (30446.262
crore) in 2003-04 and lowest percentage share is 0.068% (34617.848 crore) in 2010-11, the
overall export trend of toys is uneven throughout the study period and Clothes have highest
percentage share of 11.746% (3022651.683 crore) in 2003-04 and lowest percentage share is
2.999% (721831.951 crore) in 2002-03 and the export trend of clothes and garments seems
very promising throughout the period and its percentage share is kept on growing till 201314.
Table 4(a) also shows the compound average annual growth rate of Trademark related
products and its sub-category in terms of export performance and overall CAGR growth rate
is 13.70%. Alcoholic beverages contributes 27.43% which is a decent contribution, perfumes
and cosmetics contributed 8.58%, Glassware contributed 22.06%, which is also remarkable
contribution, motor vehicle part contributed 17.57, Furniture contributed 27.67%, which is
the highest contribution, Travel goods and handbags contributed 4.78%, Watches contributed
0.019% which is very nominal, Toys contributed 8.42% and finally clothes contributed
14.08%.
Table 4(b) shows the import performance of trademark related commodities and the total
percentage share of import performance shows that, there is declining trend of imported
trademark related commodity group till the end of study period. The highest percentage share
is 8.540% (1808823.788 crore) in 2000-01 and lowest percentage share is 0.758%
(176102.520 crore) in 2002-03.
Table 4(b) shows the sub category of trademark related commodity and lowest percentage
share of Alcoholic beverages is 0.002% in year 1996-97 and 1997-98 respectively and highest
percentage share is 0.136% (74945.426 crore) in 2011-12. Most of the import of alcoholic
beverages grew in 2005-06 and it kept on growing till 2013-14. Highest percentage share of
perfumes and cosmetics is 0.271% (57447.410 crore) in 2000-01 and lowest percentage share
is 0.024% (3061.017 crore) in 1996-97. Imported Perfumes and cosmetics are always being
dear to people and mostly being imported during the period of 1999-2000. Glassware noticed
highest percentage share of 3.293% (697530.333 crore) in 2000-01 and lowest percentage
share is 0.048% (13047.193 crore) in 2003-04. During the beginning of study period, most of

the glassware products were being imported but later on India itself started producing and
exporting the glassware products. Highest percentage share of Motor vehicle part is 1.943%
(251190.900 crore) in 1996-97 and lowest percentage share is 0.335% (77782.704 crore) in
2002-03 and the same case has been happened with motor vehicle parts too, initially the
import percentage of motor vehicle has been more but afterwards it started declining because
the country started in-house production. Furniture has highest percentage share of 1.714%
(362962.846 crore) in 2000-01 and lowest percentage share is 0.088% (24002.385 crore) in
2003-04. The export of furniture is always being very miniscule whereas the most of
furniture have been imported. Travel goods and handbags have highest percentage share of
0.072% (47047.643 crore) in 2013-14 and lowest percentage share of 0.001% (192.933 crore)
in 1997-98 but not showing much share in total import share. Highest percentage share of
watches is 0.086% (45231.792 crore) in 2013-14 and the lowest percentage share is 0.000%
(35.927 crore) in 1996-97, which is also not showing much share in import trend. Highest
percentage share of Toys is 1.706% (361424.154 crore) in 2000-01 and lowest percentage
share is 0.034% (10920.876 crore) in 2004-05 and most of the import have being done of
branded toys such as Barbie doll etc. and Clothes have highest percentage share of 0.200%
(104683.249 crore) in 2013-14 and lowest percentage share is 0.015% (1935.073 crore) in
1996-97.
Table 4(b) shows the compound average annual growth rate of Trademark related products in
terms of import performance and overall import CAGR growth rate is 1.80% which is very
low. Alcoholic beverages contributes 46.40% which is the highest one, perfumes and
cosmetics contributed 11.46%, Glassware contributed with negative growth rate of (13.93%),
motor vehicle part contributed 9.08%, Furniture contributed negative growth rate of (1.70%),
Travel goods and handbags contributed 37.84%, Watches contributed 44.57%, Toys
contributed negative growth rate of (6.47%) and finally clothes contributed 26.92%.
The overall growth rate is more inclined towards export performance side in terms of
Trademark related products. It has been noticed that, during the beginning of study period,
import was high as at that time people were more inclined towards imported things as their
daily routine life but since Indian market launched its own home made brands, since than the
import sunk down and export started growing in Trademark category.

Computer Office Machines: - As per Table 2(c) and 2(d), the computer office machines
comprise different commodity group such as Multi-function office machines capable of
connecting to a computer or network, Computers and Parts and accessories of computers.
Table 2(c) shows the export performance of computer office machines category which shows
that, the export performance share was 1.51% (206198.677 crores) in 1996 97 and later on
the export performance share continued to declining till 2013 14. The export share of
computer office machines was at its lowest during the 2013 14, which was 0.18%
(110486.318 crores) and its highest recorded value was in 1996 97, which was 1.51%
(206198.677 crores) across the study period. In fact, the overall export share value was quite
less than 1% during the entire study period except for 1996 97.
During the study of sub category of computer office machines was noted then as per table
2(c), the computers category showed the highest recorded growth during the year 1996 97
and 1997 98 later on its export share continued declining and it formed miserable value
during year 2002 03 which was 0.049% (11878.373 crores). In fact parts and accessories of
computers segment also added benefit to export growth during year 1996 97 and 1997 98.
Later on this segment also showed decline in growth rate, though this segment showed
positive sign of revival during 2003 04 by adding share % of 0.331% (85172.692 crores)
but the efforts could not come out positive and result kept on decline for further financial
years. As far as multi function office machines capable of connecting to a computer or
network commodity group is concerned then this has not much contributed to the computer
office machine segment.
Table 2(c) shows that, compound annual growth rate of computer office machine is 2.42%,
there is negative contribution of (9.35 %) is multi function office machines capable of
connecting to a computer or network and there is positive compound annual growth rate of
5.61% in computers sub category and 0.20 % for parts and accessories of computers. As far
as total description is concerned then computer sub segment has contributed the most in
export of computer office machines group.
Table 2(d) shows the import performance of computer office machine group. As per the table,
overall import share is varying throughout the period of the study, where the import was
highest during the 1997 98 and record percentage was 9.032% (1281790.216 crores) and
but declined after a while and again got jump in 2000 01 where the growth was 6.664%

(1411506.562 crores) and after 2000 01, the overall import growth rate kept on declining
till 2013 -14. The table further shows that, the import share is highest in 1997 98, i.e.
9.032% and lowest recorded share is 1.229% (264921.408 crores) during 1999 2000. It
shows that, computer office machine market crashed in during the time span of three
consecutive financial years.
Table 2(d) shows that, as far as sub category of commodity are comprised then the
computers category showed highest growth rate in 1997 98 by 5.083% (721331.743 crores)
and lowest recorded value is 1.020% (236919.092 crores) during 2002 2003 and parts and
accessories of computers category was recorded highest as 1.902% (269954.886 crores) in
1997 98 and lowest recorded value is 0.057% (12189.647 crores) in 1999 2000. Finally
the import share is highest for multi function office machines capable of connecting to a
computer or network in 1997 98, i.e. 2.047% (290496.457 crores) and lowest is 0.057%
(27541.324 crores) in 2007 08.
Table 2(d) further gives details of compound annual growth rate of computer category in
import segment and the average growth rate is 9.02% and Parts and accessories of computers
comprise highest annual growth rate of 12.79% whereas Computer segment comprise of
9.63% and lastly multi function office machines capable of connecting to a computer or
network comprise of 1.50, the lowest.
The overall analysis of export and import growth trend of Computer office machines shows
that the trend is more inclined towards import side. The growth rate of computer office
machine category noted its highest growth in 1997 98 as during this period, India witnessed
highest growth in computer segment because of boom in IT economy and new generation
was looking computers as their further career and growth opportunity.
Pharmacy Table 2(g) and Table 2(h) shows the export and import performance of
pharmacy products and this product category comprise of Antibiotics, Hormones and their
derivatives, Glycosides, glands, antisera, Vaccines (one single sub-commodity group),
medicaments containing anti biotic or derivative thereof and medicaments containing
hormones or other products of hormones and their derivatives. As per Table 2(g), the export
performance percentage is 0.314% (42820.440 crore) in 1996-97 and after that, the export
percentage started rising further till 2002-03 but with slow pace, when the export percentage

was 0.485% (116741.044 crore). Since 2003-04, export of pharmacy industry witnessed
golden period as Indian pharmaceutical companies could make their mark outside its national
boundaries and its percentage share started rising with steep positivity till last. In fact, the
export performance highest percentage share noted in 2008-09 as 1.684% (730171.621
crore).
Table 2(g) shows the export performance of sub category product of pharmacy, where the
antibiotics shows not much promising export percentage share throughout the study period,
but still made certain improvement after 2003-04,where the lowest percentage share noted
was 0.003% in 2000-01 and 2001-02 and the highest percentage share noted was 0.507%
(130559.896 crore) in 2003-04. Hormones and their derivatives have not much contributed
till 2002-03 and after that, the export percentage was quite miniscule in overall export
performance period and it might improve its performance in upcoming year as now, the
external world could see the promising contribution from India in terms of pharmacy
category. Glycosides, glands, antisera and vaccines group noticed lowest percentage share in
base year 1996-97 as 0.035% (4799.942 crore) and after that, this export percentage share is
rising but with uneven pace. This sub product category noticed highest export percentage in
2013-14 as 0.294% (179787.306 crore). Medicaments containing anti biotic or derivatives
thereof is showing almost positive export percentage in every year except during certain
consecutive years such as 1999-2000, 2011-12 etc. otherwise, this sub product category is
contributing well to the pharmacy product group. Medicaments containing anti biotic or
derivatives thereof has percentage share of 0.244% (38958.248 crore) in 1999-2000 and
maximum export percentage was in 2008-09 by 0.759% (328803.430 crore). Medicaments
containing hormones or other products of hormones and their derivatives noticed least export
percentage in 0.019% (2535.240 crore) and highest percentage is 0.282% (122061.556 crore)
in 2008-09. These pharmaceutical products are used mainly by body-builders etc. so this
product category would visualise increase in export after certain years.
Table 2(g) also shows the compound average annual growth rate of pharmacy products and
its sub-categories, where compound average annual growth rate of antibiotics is 45.82%,
hormones and their derivatives contributed 104.04% which is the highest and remarkable
contribution, compound average annual growth of Glycosides, glands, antisera and vaccines
is 20.54%, Medicaments containing anti biotic or derivatives thereof contributed 17% and
finally medicaments containing hormones or other products of hormones and their derivatives

contributed 27.36% and overall compound average annual growth rate of export performance
of pharmacy is 22.03%.
Table 2(h) shows the import performance of pharmacy product category where, the overall
import percentage share is continuously rising except in two consecutive years, i.e. 19992000 and 2000-01. The import percentage share was lowest in 1999-2000 by 0.046%
(9980.521 crore) and the highest import percentage share noticed in 2012-13 is 0.730%
(424551.685 crore) and 2013-14 is 0.810% (424663.780 crore).
Table 2(h) also shows the sub product category of pharmacy sector, where import
percentage share was lesser in initial phase of study in case of anti-biotics and after 2003-04,
the import percentage share of anti biotics shoot-up high but later on again keep on
decreasing. The least growth of anti-biotics has been noticed in 1999-2000 of 0.005%
(1114.954 crore) and maximum growth is 0.453% (123187.939 crore) in 2003-04. Hormones
and their derivatives have not much contributed across the study period but have shown some
positive sign of import percentage share during 2003-04 to 2005-06 but later on keep on
declining and again it rose its percentage share in 2013-14. Glycosides, glands, antisera and
vaccines group noticed lowest percentage share in 2000-01 as 0.019% (4120.559 crore) and
after that, the import share is rising but with uneven pace. This sub product category
noticed highest import percentage in 2013-14 as 0.223% (116958.896 crore). Medicaments
containing anti biotic or derivatives thereof is showing very slow pace in initial half phase of
study period. Medicaments containing anti biotic or derivatives thereof showed least
percentage share in 1996-97, 1997-98 and 1999-2000 by 0.002% respectively and maximum
percentage share was in 2011-12 by 0.108% (59869.863 crore). Medicaments containing
hormones or other products of hormones and their derivatives noticed least percentage share
of 0.007% (869.977 crore) in 1996-97 and highest import percentage is 0.081% (42475.586
crore) in 2013-14.
Table 2(h) also shows the compound average annual growth rate of pharmacy products,
where compound annual average growth of antibiotics is 37.09%, which is the highest share
in overall growth rate, compound annual growth rate of hormones and their derivatives
contributed 32.96% which is the second highest contribution, Glycosides, glands, antisera
and vaccines contributed 23.39%, compound annual average growth rate of Medicaments
containing anti biotic or derivatives thereof is 32.70% and finally medicaments containing

hormones or other products of hormones and their derivatives contributed 22.54 % and
overall compound annual growth rate of import promotion is 29.19%.
The overall analysis shows that, some of the product category of pharmacy sector is leaning
towards export and some are leaning towards import and overall growth rate shows that,
pharmacy is moreover inclined towards import side. Most of the export of pharmacy product
rise in 2013-14 as India filed its strong patent labels for pharmacy products and also later on
started exporting hormones and derivative products too.
Armaments Table 2(q) and table 2(r) shows the export and import performance of
armaments product category and this product category comprise only Arms and ammunition.
In patent commodity group, arms and ammunition comprise very small section, but it also
affect the overall patent commodity group up till certain level. As per table 2(q), the export
performance of arms and ammunition is declining from 2001-02 to 2007-08. The highest
percentage share of export is 0.030% (12785.717 crore) in 2008-09 and the lowest export
performance percentage share is 0.001% (174.322 crore) in 1998-99. India has unevenly
imported arms and ammunition throughout the study period. The lowest percentage share of
import is 0.001% in 1996-97 and 2005-06 whereas the highest import performance
percentage share is 0.021% (12321.582 crore) in 2012-13.
Table 2(q) and 2(r) also shows the overall compound average annual growth rate of export
and import performance of arms and ammunition. The overall compound average annual
growth rate in export performance is 18.04% and overall compound average annual growth
rate in import performance is 17.94%. The study shows that, the overall growth is more
inclined towards export side. Though, India needs to make more changes in terms of patent
related arms and ammunition for better contribution in patent commodity section.
Electronic Telecommunications As per Table 2(e) and table 2(f), the commodity group
electronic telecommunications comprise of Telecommunication equipments, Printed circuits,
Electrical boards and consoles, Valves and tubes, Semi conductored devices, Electronic
Integrated circuits, Piezoelectric crystals, Optical media and Semi conductored media. Table
2(e) shows the export performance of electronic telecommunication, which shows that,
export percentage share of telecommunication category was 0.15% (20942.473 crores) in
1996 97 and it is continuously growing every consecutive year till 2008 09, where the

export percentage share was 4.28% (1854063.658 crore). In fact, the highest recorded value
of export percentage share of electronic telecommunication is in 2008 09 itself.
Table 2(e), where the explanation of sub category of electronic telecommunication is
studied then, Telecommunication equipments have shown highest percentage share in 201112 of 2.925% (1600166.187 crore) and the lowest percentage share is 0.035% (4754.337
crore) in 1996-97. The percentage share of telecommunication equipment keeps on rising
except in year 2007-08, where it took sudden depth after flourishing share in 2006-07. Printed
circuit has its highest percentage share is 0.320% (163990.643 crore) in 2010-11 and the least
percentage share was in 1996-97 of 0.031% (4284.264 crore). The study of printed circuit
indicates that, export percentage share was rising continuously but its better period started
after 2008-09. There is not much contribution from the side of electrical boards and consoles
throughout the study period except some recognizable value of 0.146% (89124.959 crore) in
2013-14. There is no contribution noticed from Valves and tubes category. Semi conductored
devices have shown highest percentage share in 2008-09 of 0.591% (256076.408 crore) and
the lowest percentage share is 0.023% (3156.62 crore) in 1996-97. The export performance
result shows that, India has started exporting semi conductored devices mainly after 2002-03.
Electronic integrated circuits have shown highest percentage share in 2010-11 of 0.841%
(430951.589 crore) and the lowest percentage share is 0.056% (7678.761 crore) in 1996-97,
which showed quite promising values from electronic integrated circuits throughout the study
period. There is very minuscule contribution from Piezoelectric crystals and semi
conductored media category and optical media witnessed its maximum percentage share of
0.226% (123433.846 crore) in 2011-12.
Table 2(e) further shows that, total compound average annual growth of export performance
is 31.73, where, telecommunication equipments contributed 38.88% to total CAGR, it is
followed by compound annual average growth rate of printed circuits, i.e. 17.88, electrical
boards and consoles contributed 48.08% as a promising contribution, Valves and tubes
contributed 25.73%, whereas compound annual average growth rate of semi conductored
devices is 18.80%, electronic integrated circuits contributed 22.75%, Piezoelectric crystals
contributed 42.04% which is promising and Optical media contributed 47.43%, which is the
highest

contribution

telecommunication.

to

overall

CAGR

of

export

performance

of

electronic

Table 2(f) explains about the import performance of electronic communication commodity
group, and the overall trend shows quite off and on position in terms of import percentage
share. In 1996-97, import percentage share was 1.185% (153194.490 crore), which kept on
increasing for next two consecutive years but made sudden fall in 1999-2000. Highest
percentage share of electronic communication is noticed in 2001-02, where the export % is
6.267% (1372035.54 crore). The trend shows that, initially most of the electronic
communication devices were being imported and this trend was little changed after 2002-03.
While studying the sub category of electronic communication in import category then, it is
noticed that, Telecommunication equipments have shown highest percentage share in 200809 of 5.421% (3117291.141 crore) and the lowest percentage share is 0.549% (70992.257
crore) in 1996-97, it showed most promising period during 2008-09 to 2010-11. Printed
circuit has not contributed much to import, though it showed some positive sign of
contribution during 2008-09 but later on the import percentage share kept on declining. There
is not much contribution from the side of electrical boards and consoles throughout the study
period and even the contribution value is much less than 1% and its import percentage share
was quite slow throughout the study period. There is no contribution noticed from Valves and
tubes category. Semi conductored devices have shown highest percentage share is 2008-09 of
0.393% (225984.914 crore) and the lowest percentage share is 0.103% (22293.504 crore) in
1999-00, for import prospect, semi conductored device showed beneficial period from 200102 to 2008-09. Electronic integrated circuits have shown highest import percentage share in
2008-09 of 0.616% (354174.405 crore) and the lowest percentage share is 0.172%
(37073.049 crore) in 1999-00, where the result showed that, most of the time import has been
increasing for electronic integrated circuits. There is very minuscule contribution from
piezoelectric crystals and optical media whereas semi conductored medias maximum import
percentage share is 1.323% (289643.769 crore) in 2001-02 and lowest percentage share in
0.022% in year 1999-2000 and 2006-07.
Table 2(f) also shows the compound annual growth rate of import performance of electronic
communication commodity group, where the compound average annual growth rate of import
is 13.61% and telecommunication equipments contributed 15.21%, printed circuits
contributed 13.87%, compound average annual growth rate of electrical boards and consoles
is 15.34% and compound average annual growth rate of semi conductored devices
contributed 18.43%, which is the highest one in overall CAGR of import performance of

electronic communication. Electronic integrated circuits contributed 16.74% to overall


compound average annual growth rate, Piezoelectric crystals contributed 6.01%, Optical
media contributed 13.53% and lastly there is negative growth of semi conductored media is
0.16%.
The overall analysis of export and import performance of electronic communication devices
is more leaned towards export side. During 2008-09, Indian economy was at its peak and
exporting maximum of telecommunication products out of India and also Indian economy
was also transforming into hi-tech nation.
Scientific Instruments: As per Table 2(i) and 2(j), there are eight instruments included in
this patent category, such as Electro diagnostic apparatus for medicine or surgery and
radiological operators, Optical instruments and apparatus, Dental drill engines, Measuring
instruments and apparatus, Photographic cameras, cinematographic cameras, contact lenses
and Orthopaedic appliances. Table 2(i) shows that, the export performance of scientific
instruments is continuously growing throughout the study period in fact showing positive
growth trend in each year and the major boom has been taken place in 1999-2000, when
within just one year the export percentage share been increased manifold. Overall export
percentage share is 0.471% (121232.468 crore) in 2003-04 and lowest export percentage
share is 0.044% (6065.764 crore) in 1996-97.
Table 2(i) also shows the sub category of scientific instruments, such as highest percentage
share of electro diagnostic apparatus for medicine or surgery and radiological operators is
0.332% (85320.981 crore) and lowest percentage share is 0.021% (2811.688 crore) in 199697. The table further shows that, the export percentage share increased by manifold in 19992000, which shows very promising future of electro diagnostic apparatus. Though, it declined
in later year but not with very high lump. Optical instruments and apparatus showing
maximum percentage share as 0.027% (11744.050 crore) in 2009-10 and least percentage
share is 0% in 2013-14. The overall analysis shows that, it is having almost static growth or
decline throughout the study period except the year 2013-14, when it actually registered 0%
percentage share. As far as dental drill engines are concerned then, the highest percentage
share is 0.001% and least percentage share is 0%. The table shows that, there is not much
sharing of dental drill engines in export percentage share and the highest percentage of
0.001% is also static during certain years only. Measuring instruments and apparatus has

maximum import percentage share record in 2009-10, i.e. 0.198% (85447.868 crore) and
least export percentage share recorded is 0.016% (2236.516 crore) in 1996-97. The export
percentage share is almost similar till 2002-03 whereas it started increasing by 2003-04 and
again it started showing static increase. Maximum export percentage share of Photographic
cameras is 0.010% (2619.673 crore) in 2003-04 and least export percentage share is 0.001%
from 2006-07 till 2011-12. The analysis shows that, the export percentage share lies between
particular percentage bands as the percentage band lies in 0.001 to 0.010. Cinematographic
cameras recorded highest export percentage share of 0.001% in various years consecutively
whereas least export percentage share is 0%, which also shows the same situation of dental
drill engines. The export percentage share is always either 0% or 0.001% throughout the
study period. Contact lenses recorded highest export percentage share as 0.008% (2751.629
crore) in 2006-07 and least export percentage share is 0% in 1997-98, 1998-99 and 19992000. In fact, the export percentage share of contact lenses also lies between particular
percentage band, which is 0% to 0.008% Highest export percentage share of orthopaedic
appliances is 0.014% (8566.316 crore) in 2013-14 and least export percentage share is
0.001% during initial study period. The detail shows that, India is importing more
orthopaedic appliances rather than exporting due to which, it has not shown much export
percentage share.
Table 2(i) also shows compound annual growth rate of scientific instruments and overall
growth is 21.74%. Electro diagnostic apparatus for medicine or surgery and radiological
operators contributed 18.30% and it is followed by Optical instruments and apparatus
contributed 16.37%. There is negative contribution from dental drill engines as (1.28%) as it
has been shown that, there is not much export percentage share been shown by this
commodity group, measuring instruments and apparatus contributed 29.77% which is
showing very promising value, and photographic cameras contributed 3.16% which is also
not much effective, cinematographic cameras contributed 16.26% but contact lenses
contributed 27.79% even though not showing any promising export percentage share and
finally orthopaedic appliances contributed 38.85%, which is the highest contributed value to
compound annual average growth rate.
Table 2(j) shows the import performance of scientific instruments and the trend of import
growth of scientific instruments shows unexpectedly growth and also abysmal lows in very
next year. The overall import percentage share is quite even though remarkable in terms of

scientific instruments. The highest increase in export percentage share is 1.326%


(695128.872 crore) in 2013-14 and lowest export percentage share is 0.516% (119786.117
crore) in 2002-03.
Table 2(j) shows the sub category of scientific instruments in terms of import percentage
share, such as highest import percentage share of electro diagnostic apparatus for medicine or
surgery and radiological operators is 0.337% (71446.231 crore) in 2000-01 and lowest
percentage share is 0.124% (15971.867 crore) in 1996-97. The analysis shows that, just in
next year, the import percentage share increased by twofold in 1997-98. Optical instruments
and apparatus shows maximum percentage share as 0.199% (114465.625 crore) in 2008-09
and least percentage share is 0.024% in 2001-02 and 2002-03 respectively. The import
percentage share was almost stagnant till 2007-08 and it took manifold increment in 2008-09.
As far as dental drill engines are concerned then, the highest import percentage share is
0.003% (459.426 crore) in 1998-99 and least percentage share is 0% since 2001-02 till 201314, which shows that, there not much contribution in overall overseas business as there is not
much contribution in export percentage share too. Measuring instruments and apparatus has
the highest percentage share noted in 2013-14, i.e. 0.755% (395985.354 crore) and lowest
percentage share is 0.278% (64554.089 crore) in 2002-03. The changes in import percentage
share are almost similar throughout the study period. Highest import percentage share of
Photographic cameras 0.045% (6320.267 crore) in 1997-98 and least import percentage share
is 0.003% in 2009-10 and 2010-11. The import percentage share is almost high during initial
study period whereas it kept on declining till 2013-14. Cinematographic cameras recorded
highest import percentage share of 0.008% in 1996-97 and 2000-01 respectively whereas
least percentage share is 0% in 2013-14 and it is also showing the same declining trend of
cinematographic cameras. Contact lenses recorded highest percentage share as 0.007%
(3523.211 crore) in 2013-14 and least percentage share is 0.002% in 1996-97 and 2001-02
respectively and it was not having much share in overall import trend. Highest import
percentage share of orthopaedic appliances is 0.103% (54103.558 crore) in 2013-14 and least
import percentage share is 0.013% (3120.496 crore) in 2002-03. The actual percentage share
started increasing after 2003-04.
Table 2(j) also shows compound average annual growth rate of scientific instruments in terms
of import performance and overall growth rate is 13.89%. Electro diagnostic apparatus for
medicine or surgery and radiological operators contributed 11.56%, and the highest

contribution of compound average annual growth rate of Optical instruments and apparatus is
21.39%. There is negative contribution from dental drill engines as (9.49%), which shows
that, there is no overseas trade regarding dental drill machines and measuring instruments and
apparatus contributed 13.80% in total CAGR, and photographic cameras contributed
negatively by (3.34%) which is also a drawback to overall import growth rate
cinematographic cameras contributed 2.53%, contact lenses contributed 13.62% and finally
orthopaedic appliances contributed 22% to overall compound annual growth rate.
The overall import and export performance growth rate of scientific instruments shows that,
the growth is inclined more towards export side. The maximum growth of export has been
noted during 2003-04 as there happened patent amendment in 2002.
Chemistry: Table 2(k) and Table 2(l) shows the export and import performance of chemistry
products. The chemistry products consists of Selenium, Tellurium, Phosphorous, arsenic and
boron (single group), silicon, calcium, strontium and barium (second group), other inorganic
basis, radioactive materials, synthetic organic colouring matter and colour lake, Polyethylene
Terephthalate and lastly Insecticides and disinfectants. Table 2(k) states that, there is trend of
increasing export percentage share in chemistry products since 2002-03 and it lasted till long.
The maximum export percentage share noted is 1.620% (989704.590 crore) in 2013-14 and
minimum export percentage share noted in chemistry product is 0.857% (171125.994 crore)
in 2000-01. The overall trend states that, the export percentage share was high during initial
period of study and later on declined but it again gained momentum towards positive increase
after 2004-05.
Table 2(k) also shows the sub categorical product of chemistry unit in patent product line.
The highest percentage share is 0.055% (7502.529 crore) in 1996-97 and lowest percentage
share is 0.002% in 2002-03 and 2003-04 about selenium, tellurium, phosphorous, arsenic and
boron. The trend shows that, it was having promising value in 1996-97 but it suddenly
declined in 1997-98 and never rose up till its previous level. Silicon noted highest percentage
share as 0.025% (3361.750 crore) in 1996-97 and least percentage share of 0% since 2008-09
till 2013-14. The trend shows that, since its beginning silicon also started declining and it
reached up till 0 levels in 2008-09 and after that, it never showed any participation in overall
trend. Calcium, strontium and barium noted maximum export percentage share of 0.112%
(61103.292 crore) in 2011-12 and lowest percentage share is 0% in 2002-03. In category of

calcium, strontium and barium, there is highest percentage share noted only in 2011-12, also
because of sudden change in chemistry trend, otherwise its overall share remained in bracket
of 0% to 0.002%. Other inorganic basis have highest percentage share of 0.008% in 2005-06
and 2006-07 respectively and least percentage share noted is 0.001% (169.941 crore) in
1997-98. The study indicates that, most of inorganic basis percentage share bracket lies in
0.001% to 0.008% in repetitive manner. Radioactive Material noted highest percentage share
of 0.008% (5111.837 crore) in 2013-14 and least percentage share is 0% in various
consecutive years, though radioactive elements are moreover being an important chemistry
product in terms of energy development source but as India is not rich in terms of producing
radioactive elements, due to which the export percentage share is almost negligible. Synthetic
organic colouring matter and colour lake noted highest percentage share of 1.322%
(682765.988 crore) in 2010-11 and least percentage share noted is 0.514% (281200.413
crore) in 2011-12. Indian garment industry is known for its artificial colouring and dying
products and India also export a prominent number of organic colours and colouring lake
material, though it was having quite high value in export share during initial years but it is
still being continued till 2013-14. Initially for seven years, there was no export of
Polyethylene Terephthalate and there is 0% percentage export share and maximum
percentage share is 0.358% (129487.451 crore) is 2006-07. Finally insecticides and
disinfectants noticed highest export percentage share of 0.477% (156738.186 crore) in 200506 and least percentage share is 0% in 2007-08, otherwise its contribution is effective
throughout the period of study but its golden period was 2003-04 to 2008-09, except 200708.
Table 2(k) also shows compound average annual growth rate of export performance in terms
of chemistry commodity group and overall compound annual growth rate is 13.48%.
Selenium, tellurium, phosphorous, arsenic and boron contributed 12.12% to total CAGR,
Silicon contributed negatively by (16.74%), which automatically shows that, the commodity
group had no remarkable export share percentage throughout the study period whereas
Calcium, Strontium and barium contributed 42.75% the highest value among all the CAGR
value followed by other inorganic basis of 17.84% and radioactive material of 33.65%,
synthetic organic colouring matter and Colour Lake contributed 9.96%, and compound
average annual growth rate of polyethylene Terephthalate contributed 7.68% and finally
insecticides and disinfectants contributed 20.70% to overall compound annual growth rate.

Table 2(l) shows the import percentage share of chemistry product and overall share trend
shows positive aspect in import of chemistry product since 2002-03 till 2013-14. The highest
percentage share noticed is 0.482% (252898.199 crore) in 2013-14 and least percentage share
is 0.122% (25845.451 crore) in 2000-01.
Table 2(l) also shows the sub categorical product of chemistry unit in patent product line in
terms of import percentage share. The highest percentage share is 0.047% (6623.670 crore) in
1997-98 and lowest percentage share is 0.022% (8944.102 crore) in 2006-07 about selenium,
tellurium, phosphorous, arsenic and boron. The trend shows not much movement in terms of
import percentage share in selenium, tellurium, phosphorous, arsenic and boron and moved in
average percentage share rate throughout the period of 1996-97 to 2013-14. Silicon noted
highest percentage share of 0.047% (6024.40 crore) in 1996-97 and least import percentage
share of 0.018% (10389.485 crore) in 2008-09, the result shows that, silicon is moreover
being imported rather than exported because silicon is being used for producing makeup and
beauty products and for this purpose, fine quality silicon is required, which is almost not
available in India in terms of production. Calcium, strontium and barium noted percentage
share of 0.011% (6295.726 crore) in 2012-13 and least percentage share is 0.001% in 199697 and 2002-03 and its import share percentage remained in bracket of 0.001% to 0.011%
throughout the period and never shown any remarkable impact during entire period. Other
inorganic basis have highest percentage share of 0.036% (20141.857 crore) in 2011-12 and
least percentage share noted is 0.008% (1741.536 crore) in 2000-01, it started with slow
percentage share but gained momentum after 2002-03 and kept increasing till 2011-12.
Radioactive Material noted highest percentage share of 0.011% (6031.539 crore) in 2011-12
and least percentage share is 0% in various consecutive years, though being an important
energy producing element attracts high demand entirely but in India, most of the energy is
being produced with help of coal and petroleum, so it has almost negligible contribution in
import too. Synthetic organic colouring matter and colour lake noted highest percentage share
of 0.143% (75030.295 crore) in 2013-14 and least percentage share is 0.063% (8130.619
crore) in 1996-97, the result indicates that, as compared to other chemistry product category,
it is having more import share though less than export percentage share. In Most of the case,
India exports organic colour material, though also import super fine quality of same colour
material for high quality product line. Initially for seven years, there was no import of
Polyethylene Terephthalate and there is 0% share and maximum percentage share is 0.066%
(34534.452 crore) is 2013-14. Finally insecticides and disinfectants noticed highest

percentage share of 0.146% (76376.713 crore) in 2013-14 and least percentage share is
0.001% in 2000-01, 2001-02 and 2002-03 respectively, which shows that, India does not
import much of insecticides and disinfectant product category.
Table 2(l) also shows compound annual average growth rate of import performance in terms
of chemistry commodity group and overall CAGR rate is 17.55%. Selenium, tellurium,
phosphorous, arsenic and boron contributed 9.65% whereas Silicon contributed by 10.15%,
having more import share than export share Calcium, Strontium and barium contributed
24.37% which is also remarkable contribution and other inorganic basis contributed 18.20%,
radioactive material contributed 32.91% even after negligible import contribution and
synthetic organic colouring matter and Colour Lake contributed 13.29% followed by
polyethylene Terephthalate compound average annual growth rate of 20.02% and finally
insecticides and disinfectants contributed 48.92% which is the highest value of total CAGR to
overall compound annual growth rate.
The chemistry patent growth rate is more inclined towards import side and the overall import
grew in 2013-14 and this is also because of change in patent regime in 2010.
Electrical Machinery Table 2(m) and 2(n) shows the details related to export and import
performance of electrical machinery. The electrical machinery commodity group comprise of
Electrical capacitors, fixed, variable or adjustable, Electrical machines having individual
functions and Electric sounds or visuals signalling apparatus. As per Table 2(m), export
percentage share of electrical machinery is quite uneven throughout the study period, but, it
got somewhere stabilized in 2008-09 and it continued till 2013-14. The minimum export
percentage share noticed was 0.017% (4246.965 crore) in 2002-03 and highest export
performance share noticed was 0.491% (99721.348 crore) in 2001-02.
Table 2(m) states that, least export percentage share is 0.004% (567.396 crore) in 1999-2000
and highest percentage share is 0.164% (33240.340 crore) in 2001-02 in Electrical capacitors,
fixed, variable or adjustable, the percentage share remained quite similar throughout the study
period except a sudden increase in 2001-02 by manifold. Electrical machines having
individual functions recorded lowest percentage share of 0.009% (1189.603 crore) and
highest recorded percentage share was 0.164% (33240.340 crore) in 2001-02, whereas similar
situation being noticed in this commodity category too, where the export percentage share

was way lesser than unitary value whereas due to certain change in 2001-02, the recorded
percentage share was 0.164%, which is quite high as compared to other values put together.
And finally Electric sound or visuals signalling apparatus noticed lowest percentage share as
0.002% (398.602 crore) in 2002-03 and highest percentage share is 0.164% (33240.340
crore) in 2001-02. The overall study indicates that, in whole three commodity group category,
either there noticed any calculation mistake or may have shown any uneven trend of export,
due to which the percentage share of 2001-02 was quite high and different as compared to
rest of the year and same trend in all three commodity group have never been noticed in any
other year throughout the study period.
Table 2(m) also shows compound average annual growth rate of export performance of
electrical machinery and overall compound average annual growth rate of export
performance calculated is 18.54% whereas Electrical capacitors, fixed, variable or adjustable
product category contributed 20.24%, which is the highest one in all the three product
category which is followed by compound annual average growth of Electrical machines
having individual function, i.e. 20.14% and lastly compound annual average growth rate of
Electric sound or visuals signalling apparatus which is 9.97% as total compound annual
growth rate.
As per Table 2(n), overall import promotion performance of electrical machinery is promising
throughout the study period and it was moreover stabilized after 2001-02 and growing till
2013-14. The minimum import percentage share noticed is 0.154% (33678.232 crore) in
2001-02 and highest percentage share is 0.682% (392019.881 crore) in 2008-09.
Table 2(n) states that, lowest percentage share is 0.049% (11273.826 crore) in 2002-2003 and
highest percentage share is 0.246% (141729.877 crore) in 2008-09 in Electrical capacitors,
fixed, variable or adjustable. The import percentage share of electrical capacitors, fixed,
variables or adjustable was less than unitary value till 2002-03 and also declining but after
2002-03, the import percentage share increased till more than unitary value and percentage
share remained quite uneven afterwards. Electrical machines having individual functions
recorded lowest percentage share of 0.082% (17983.830 crore) in 2001-02, and highest
recorded percentage share was 0.398% (228967.930 crore) in 2008-09, where the percentage
share was promising during initial period of study, which keep on declining till 2003-04 and
afterwards again started increasing till 2008-09. And finally Electric sound or visuals

signalling apparatus noticed lowest growth as 0.008% (1242.636 crore) in 1998-99 and
highest growth is 0.066% (41883.974 crore) in 2009-10, whereas the import percentage share
remained similar throughout the study period and was always less than unitary value
throughout the study period.
Table 2(n) also shows compound average annual growth rate of import performance of
electrical machinery and overall compound annual growth rate of import performance
calculated is 16.70% whereas Electrical capacitors, fixed, variable or adjustable product
category contributed 15.73% which is the least one and followed by compound average
annual growth rate of Electrical machines having individual function i.e. 16.78% which is
the second highest value and lastly Electric sound or visuals signalling apparatus contributed
20.99% as total compound annual growth rate, which is the highest one in all three product
category.
The overall electrical machine commodity group is leaning towards export side and it has
been noticed that, during 2001-02, export promotion was at its highest as there are was Patent
amendment act has been again revalue in 2002.
Non Electric Machinery This comprises wide variety of sub categorical tools and which
have been explained below in terms of their contribution in import and export share in patent
category. Non electric machinery comprise of other gas turbines, Machinery and apparatus
for isotopic spares and parts, Parts of other gas turbines, Nuclear reactors, Machine tools
working by laser, horizontal lathes, numerically controlled, other numerically controlled
lathes, Drilling machines numerically controlled, Boring milling machines numerically
controlled, milling machines, knee type, numerically controlled, Other milling machines,
Numerically controlled FLT SURFC GRNDNG MCHNS in which the position in one axis
can be set up to an accuracy of at least 0.01, Other numerically controlled grinding machines
where the position in any one axis can be set up to an accuracy of at least 0.01M,
Numerically controlled sharpening (Tool / cutter grinding machines), Bending and/or
straightening machines, Numerically controlled shearing machines (including presses),
excluding combined punching and shearing machines, Parts and accessories, machines and
apparatus for welding and lastly, fully/partly automatic machines and apparatus for arc
(including plasma arc) welding of metal. Table 2(o) explains the export performance of non
electric machinery and the highest export percentage share is 0.218% (61950.545 crore) in

2004-05 and lowest percentage share is 0.073% (9684.944 crore) in 1998-99. The export
shows that, export percentage is growing since 1998-99 to 2009-10 continuously and in fact
show great performance in 2004-05, though afterwards 2009-10, the export percentage
started declining till 2013-14.
Table 2(o) also shows that, other gas turbines showed highest percentage share of 0.086%
(24783.571 crore) in 2004-05 and lowest export percentage share is 0.003% (447.367 crore)
in 1998-99. The export percentage share is uneven throughout the study and it is showing
either sudden increase or decline in overall percentage share. Machinery and apparatus for
isotopic separating and parts shows highest export percentage share of 0.003% (348.724
crore) and least percentage share is 0% in various consecutive years. In this product category,
most of the export share lies in bracket of 0% to 0.003% and out of 18 years of study, eleven
years are showing 0 values in export percentage share. Parts of other gas turbines shows
highest export percentage share of 0.057% (24523.120 crore) in 2009-10 and lowest
percentage share is 0.001% in 1996-97 and 1997-98. In the initial years, parts of other gas
turbines was showing quite stagnant percentage share but later on it show increasing value
from 2007-08 to 2001-12 but with uneven pace. Highest percentage share of nuclear reactors
is 0.010% (2924.341 crore) in 2004-05 and least growth rate is 0% in almost more than half
of study period and most of the export percentage share was either 0.001%, 0.002% or 0%.
Highest percentage share of machine tools working by laser is 0.008% (2365.444 crore) in
2004-05 and lowest percentage share is 0.001% in five different years and most of the export
percentage share lies in bracket of 0.001% to 0.008%. There is no increase in export
percentage share in export turnover of horizontal lathes numerically controlled, other
numerically controlled lathes, drilling machines numerically controlled and boring machines
numerically controlled. In fact, there is 0% percentage share noticed in Milling machines,
knee type numerically controlled, other milling machines, numerically controlled flat surface
grinding machines in which the position in one axis can be set up to an accuracy of at least
0.001, other numerically controlled grinding machines where the position in any one axis can
be set up to an accuracy of at least 0.001 M and Numerically controlled sharpening
(tool/cutter grinding machines). Highest export percentage share noticed in Bending and/or
straightening machines is 0.007% (3472.550 crore) in 2010-11 and lowest percentage share is
0%, the actual export percentage share increased after 2005-06 and maintained till 2010-11.
There is 0% of export percentage share in numerically controlled shearing machines
(including presses), excluding combined punching and shearing machines and numerically

and also in numerically controlled punching / notching machines (including presses)


including combined punching and shearing machines. Highest percentage share of parts and
accessories is 0.113% (37148.492 crore) in 2005-06 and least percentage share is 0.018%
(10930.625 crore) in 2013-14 and it was showing increasing value till 2005-06 and it started
declining afterwards. Machines and apparatus for welding noticed highest percentage share in
0.004% (1245.540 crore) in 2005-06 and least percentage share is 0%. Fully / partly
automatic machines and apparatus for arc (including plasma arc) welding of metal has almost
0% export percentage share throughout the study period.
Table 2(o) also shows the compound annual growth rate of export activities performed by non
electric machinery and the overall compound annual average growth rate is 10.22%. Other
gas turbines contributed 13.13% to this CAGR, Machinery and apparatus for isotopic
separating and parts contributed negative (9.66%) as it was having almost no increasing in
export percentage share whereas parts of other gas turbines contributed 32.50% to CAGR
which is a prominent value and Nuclear reactor showing compound annual average growth
rate of 0.16% which is very miniscule, Machine tool working by laser contributed 6.78% to
compound annual average growth rate, compound annual average annual growth rate of
Horizontal lathes numerically controlled is 25.74% and Other numerically controlled lathes
contributed 15.41% to overall CAGR. Drilling machines numerically controlled showing
compound annual average growth rate of 7.63%, and Boring milling machines numerically
control contributed 20.98% to overall CAGR. Compound annual average growth rate of
Milling machines, knee type numerically controlled is 7.27%, Other milling machines
contributed 8.77% to total CAGR and CAGR of Numerically controlled flat surface grinding
machines in which the position in one axis can be set up to an accuracy of at least 0.01 is
7.35%, Other numerically controlled grinding machines where the position in any one axis
can be set up to an accuracy of at least 0.01 M contributed 18.95% to compound annual
average growth rate and numerically controlled sharpening (tool/cutter grinding machines)
contributed negative (6.52%) as there was almost 0% of export percentage share in total
study period. Bending and/or straightening machines contributed 31.67% to CAGR, and
numerically controlled shearing machines (including presses) excluding combined punching
and shearing machines contributed 9.32% to CAGR and is followed by CAGR numerically
controlled punching / notching machines (including presses) including combined punching
and shearing machines is 15.54%. Compound annual average growth rate of parts and
accessories is 4.25% and CAGR of machines and apparatus for welding contributed 20.62%

and finally fully/partly automatic machines and apparatus for arc (including plasma arc)
welding of metal contributed 55.09% to total CAGR, which is the highest value.
Table 2(p) shows that, overall import performance of non electric machinery category grew
by 0.813% (448640.145 crore) in 2011-12 as highest import percentage share and lowest
percentage share is 0.302% (63984.325 crore) in 2000-01. The import percentage share was
almost similar throughout the study period and showing very minimal changes in increase or
decrease value.
Table 2(p) also shows the sub category growth of import in non electric machine category
and other gas turbines contributed highest import percentage share of 0.107% (67666.604
crore) in 2009-10 and lowest percentage share is 0.008% (1044.163 crore) in 1996-97, overall
trend shows uneven increase or decrease value same as notified in export trend, it means that,
India imports or exports the other gas turbines product line as per its requirement not on
regular basis. There is no increase in import percentage share noticed in machinery and
apparatus for isotopic separation and parts and parts of other gas turbines contributed highest
import percentage share of 0.270% (149010.104 crore) in 2011-12 and least percentage share
noticed is 0.096% (12352.488 crore) in 1996-97, the trend shows that the commodity group is
not following any particular trend in terms of import increase value, in fact showing sudden
increase of decrease in import percentage share without any relevant fact. There is almost 0%
percent increase in import value in nuclear reactors and machine tools working by laser
noticed highest percentage share of 0.079% (41282.309 crore) in 2013-14 and least
percentage share is 0.014% (1779.263 crore) in 1996-97 and the import trend shows that,
most of the value are repetitive in nature. Horizontal lathes numerically controlled has highest
percentage share of 0.031% (18296.224 crore) in 2012-13 and least percentage share is
0.004% (899.074 crore) in 2001-02 and it is showing increasing trend in import share value
after 2009-10 and lasted till 2013-14. Other numerically controlled lathes noticed highest
import percentage share of 0.029% (16711.328 crore) in 2008-09 and least percentage share
is 0.005% (1029.421 crore) in 2001-02 and this commodity group is showing sudden increase
in value after interval of every three to four years and that keeps on declining until next
increase period. Drilling machines numerically controlled noticed highest percentage share of
0.012% in 2000-01 and 2003-04 and the least percentage share is 0.003% in 1997-98 and
2001-02 and most of the import percentage value lies in bracket of 0.003%to 0.012%. Boring
milling machines numerically controlled machines contributed highest percentage share of

0.044% (5674.213 crore) in 1996-97 and least percentage share is 0.002% in 2001-02 and
2002-03 and the commodity group shows that, it was having promising value in initial study
period but later on kept declining until end. Milling machines knee type numerically
controlled machines contributed highest import percentage share of 0.047% (10831.591
crore) in 2002-03 and least percentage share is 0.011% (2926.022 crore) in 2003-04 and the
commodity group was showing increasing import percentage share from 1996-97 till 2003-03
and again the same trend was noticed in 2006-07 to 2010-11. Other milling machines has the
highest import percentage share of 0.025% (6768.239 crore) and least percentage share is 0%
and the actual import percentage share have been notified after 2002-03 till last, otherwise,
during initial period of study, the import percentage share was 0% in almost every year.
Numerically controlled flat surface grinding machines in which the position in one axis can
be set up to an accuracy of at least 0.001 has highest import percentage share of 0.041%
(5297.550 crore) in 1996-97 and least percentage share is 0.001% and the trend shows that,
the import value was on higher side during the initial study period whereas it kept on
declining later on. Other numerically controlled grinding machines where the position in any
one axis can be set up to an accuracy of at least 0.01 M contributed highest import percentage
share of 0.054% (6938.863 crore) in 1996-97 and least percentage share is 0.003% (683.859
crore) in 2003-04 and the same trend is being notified in this commodity group too as been
notified in previous commodity group. Numerically controlled sharpening (tool/cutter
grinding machines) contributed highest import percentage share of 0.011% (1446.838 crore)
in 1996-97 and least import percentage share is 0% in 2009-10 whereas most of the values
lies in bracket of 0% to 0.11% without any further increase. Bending and/or straightening
machines noticed highest import percentage share of 0.082% (47396.585 crore) in 2012-13
and least percentage share is 0% in initial study phase and the actual numeric increase been
started noticing after 2003-04. Numerically controlled shearing machines (including presses)
excluding combined punching and shearing machine has the highest import percentage share
of 0.007% (3639.778 crore) in 2011-12 and least percentage share is 0% having most of the
value of import percentage share lies in bracket of 0% to 0.007% and have no significant
increase value throughout the study period and same trend is being noticed in Numerically
controlled punching / notching machines (including presses) including combined punching
and shearing machines where highest import percentage share is 0.016% (3488.116 crore) in
2001-02 and least percentage share is 0% in 2002-03. Parts and accessories contributed
highest import percentage share of 0.172% (95005.958 crore) in 2011-12 and least import
percentage share is 0.050% (10578.843 crore) in 2000-01 and this commodity group is

showing significant values in import percentage share whereas the import increase is being
noticed since 2000-01 to 2008-09 continuously. Machines and apparatus for welding noticed
highest percentage share of 0.30% and import percentage share of 0% without being
contributing any significant value. Fully/Partly automatic machines and apparatus for arc
(including plasma arc) welding of metal contributed highest import percentage share of
0.015% (8344.556 crore) in 2011-12 and least percentage share is 0.002% in 2000-01 and
2002-03 and the trend shows almost stagnant value of increase throughout the study period.
Table 2(p) also shows the compound annual growth rate of import activities performed by
non electric machinery and the overall growth rate is 14.08%. Other gas turbines
contributed 16.77% to total compound annual average growth of import activity of nonelectric machinery whereas compound annual average growth rate of Machinery and
apparatus for isotopic separating and parts is highly negative by (25.15%) and parts of other
gas turbines contributed 11.14% to total CAGR. Nuclear reactor showed very minimal value
of compound annual average growth of 1.44% and Machine tool working by laser contributed
19.87% and compound annual average growth of Horizontal lathes numerically controlled is
17.21%. Other numerically controlled lathes is also showing average value of CAGR by
12.18% and Drilling machines numerically controlled contributed 12.94% to total CAGR
which is followed by compound annual average growth of Boring milling machines
numerically control i.e. 12.97%. Milling machines, knee type numerically controlled
contributed 6.95% to compound annual average growth rate and other milling machines
contributed 46.28% which is a very prominent value till now. Numerically controlled flat
surface grinding machines in which the position in one axis can be set up to an accuracy of at
least 0.01 contributed 3.58% to total CAGR showing very nominal value and Other
numerically controlled grinding machines where the position in any one axis can be set up to
an accuracy of at least 0.01 M contributed 5.90% which is also not very promising compound
annual average growth value. Numerically controlled sharpening (tool/cutter grinding
machines) contributed negative (1.59%) to total compound annual average growth rate of
import activity done by non-electric machinery. Bending and/or straightening machines
contributed 77.80%, which is one of the highest value in total compound annual average
growth rate contribution and numerically controlled shearing machines (including presses)
excluding combined punching and shearing machines contributed 20.53% to total CAGR.
Numerically controlled punching / notching machines (including presses) including
combined punching and shearing machines shows compound annual average growth of

18.10% and parts and accessories contributed 16.55% to total CAGR and machines and
apparatus for welding contributed 30.64% and finally fully/partly automatic machines and
apparatus for arc (including plasma arc) welding of metal contributed 16.64%.
Table 2(o) and 2(p) indicates the export and import growth rate of non electric machineries
and compound annual growth rate shows that, the value is more inclined towards import side.
The major reason of such growth inclination towards import side could be because of Indias
more dependency on foreign nation in terms of technological advancements.