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Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes

480

page

Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and
use your book to find the answers.

What is the relationship between craters, calderas,


vents, and magma? Magma goes into craters,
calderas and vents makes them what they are.
How does a crater lake form? (words and pictures)
There was numerous amount of volcanic eruptions
that formed.

What two factors does a volcanos appearance


depend upon? The type of material that forms the
volcano and the type of eruptions thats occur.
What characteristics vary among volcanoes? Each
differs in size, shape, and composition.
Complete the following table in your notes:
Type of
Volcano

Materials &
Description

Sketch

Exampl
e

Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes


480

page

Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and
use your book to find the answers.

Shield

A mountain with
broad, gently
sloping sides
and nearly a
circular base. It
forms when
layer upon layer
of basaltic lava
accumulates
during nonexplosive
eruptions

Shield
volcano
es that
make
up the
Hawaiia
n
IslandsMauna
Loa

Cinder-Cone

It contains
water, silica,
and magma.
The volcanoes
have steep sides
and are
generally small.

The
Izalco
volcano
in El
Salvado
r

Composite
(Stratovolcan
o)

Forms when
layers of
volcanic
fragments
alternate with
lava. It contains
water, silica,

Mount
St.
Helens
and
Mount
Rainier

Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes


480

page

Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and
use your book to find the answers.

water, and
gases. It is
larger than
cinder cone
volcanoes and
have a violent
explosive nature
How do the volcanoes compare in terms of size and
slope? The size and slope determine what type of
volcano a volcano is.
What factors cause differences in size and slope? The
factors are different types of materials that make up
the volcano, the vegetation on the volcano, the local
climate, and eruptive history.
What is tephra? Rock fragments thrown into the air
during volcanic eruption
What is a pyroclastic flow? Rapidly moving lava is
called pyroclastic flow
Where are most volcanoes found? Most are found at
plate boundaries.2
Use the maps provided to show: (1) the Circum Pacific
Belt and the Mediterranean Belt where convergent
volcanism occur and (2) the Hawaiian Emperor Volcanic
Chain.
How do hotspots form? Unusually hot regions of
the Earths mantle where temperature rises

Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes


480

page

Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and
use your book to find the answers.

What do hotspots tell us about tectonic plates?


That plates are constantly moving and we move
over the mantel.

Types of Volcanoes Guided Notes


480

page

Do not write on this copy. Transfer the questions into your notebook in Cornell style and
use your book to find the answers.