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Supplement 1

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2015

94"04/15"
63.221(0)4
-75






. . doctor habilitat of history,
director of research work in the CNRS
(UMR 8167 The East and the
Mediterranean Sea).
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( ; suppl. 1).

ISBN 9785000472712
ISSN 2219-8857



. .

Materials
in Archaeology and History
of Ancient and Medieval
Crimea
Archaeology, History, Numismatics,
Sigillography and Epigraphy

Supplement 1

M. M. Choref
The history of Byzantine Taurica
on the basis of numismatic data
Tyumen Nizhnevartovsk
2015

UDC 94"04/15"
BBK 63.221(0)4
Ch-75
Institute of history and political sciences of the Tyumen State University
Nizhnevartovsk State University
It is published according to the solution of Academic councils
of Institute of history and political sciences of the Tyumen State University
and Nizhnevartovsk State University

Editor-in-Charge
M. M. Kazanski doctor habilitat of history,
director of research work in the CNRS
(UMR 8167 The East and the
Mediterranean Sea).
Scientific reviewers:
A. G. Emanov professor, doctor of historical sciences.
A. I. Romanchuk professor, doctor of historical sciences,
academician of the Academy of Humanities.
O. V. Sharov doctor of historical sciences.

The monograph is devoted to coinage of the Byzantine Taurica as to the historical


phenomenon and studying of all releases reasonably carried to her issue. During research the history
of their receipt and stay is most in detail covered in circulation. For check of results materials of a
Sigillography and Epigraphy are attracted and analyzed, and emphasis is placed on verification with
results of archaeological studying of medieval antiquities of the Byzantine Taurica.
The book is designed for specialists historians, and also for students of historical specialties,
local historians and all other, interested in history of the late antique and medieval Crimea.
Key words: Byzantium, Taurica, history, numismatics, coin production technology.

Choref, M. M. 2015. The history of Byzantine Taurica on the basis of numismatic data
// Materials in Archaeology and History of Ancient and Medieval Crimea. Suppl. 1. Tyumen;
Nizhnevartovsk: Nizhnevartovsk state university Publ. (in Russian).

ISBN 9785000472712
ISSN 2219-8857

Tyumen State University


Nizhnevartovsk State University
M. M. Choref


Supplement 1. 2015

. .

.......................

1. ................................................

16

1.1.
1.2.


.....
I
.....

16
24

1.3.

VI VII . .............................

29

1.4.

I II..

38

2.

50

2.1.

VIIIX . .....

50

2.2.

VIII . .....

52

2.3.

IX . .

61

3. .......................

64

3.1.

....

64

3.2.

I ..

71

3.3.

I
....

78

4. XIXV . ..

93

4.1.

:
........

93

4.2.

...............................................................

107

..

115

..

118

.......................

169

.................................................

171

Choref M. M. The history of Byzantine Taurica


on the basis of numismatic data

Supplement 1. 2015

Contents
Introduction .................

Chapter 1. Formation of Byzantine Taurica .........................................................

16

1.1.

To attribution of the Taurian bronzes of the early Byzantine period ...

16

1.2.

Coins of Justinian I of Taurian coinage as historical sources.......

24

1.3.

The Byzantine Taurica at the end of VI


the beginning of VII century ....................................................................

29

1.4.

Taurica under Heraclius I and Constans II ...

38

Chapter 2. Dark Ages of the history of early medieval Taurica .

50

2.1.
2.2.
2.3.

On the question of denominations of Taurian bronzes of the


VIIIX centuries .
The historical significance of emissions of Cherson
of the first half of VIII century .....................................................................

50
52

Byzantine Taurica in the first half of IX century .....

64

Chapter 3: On the history of the Theme of Cherson ........................

64

3.1.

About the period of existence and localization of Strategy of Klimata ...

61

3.2.

Issues of the Basil I the Macedonian and their historical value ...

71

3.3.

Coins of successors of Basil I the Macedonian as historical sources ...

78

Chapter 4. The Byzantine Taurica at the end of the XIXV century. ..

90

4.1.

Historical value of the latest coins of Cherson:


with monograms and .......

90

4.2.

To the history of the principality of Theodoro..........................................

107

Conclusion

115

References

118

List of Abbreviations .......................

169

To the catalog of coins of the Byzantine Taurica .........................................

171


Supplement 1. 2015


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Supplement 1. 2015

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Supplement 1. 2015

21

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2123; 1961: 6365, 568, 582, 621, 627; 1962: 34, 217, 220; 2007b: 293, 27).
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Supplement 1. 2015

23

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24

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

I, 54.
55.
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,
VI . ,
VICTORIA AVGGGE56 (. 2: 14)
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Supplement 1. 2015

25

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26

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

. , I
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Supplement 1. 2015

27

(Sear et al. 1987: 37, 46, 47, 49,


13, 75, 77, 92) (. 2: 8).

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28

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Supplement 1. 2015

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Supplement 1. 2015

29

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12).
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30

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

73. , . . -
74 (- 1902: 8081).
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135; , 1953: 120; 1960: 61; 1971: 64, 66, 72, 73, 14, 55, 200, 229,
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Supplement 1. 2015

31

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32

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Supplement 1. 2015

33

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34

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Supplement 1. 2015

I, II, IV (668685) II (685695,


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Supplement 1. 2015

35

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Supplement 1. 2015

37

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Supplement 1. 2015

39

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40

Supplement 1. 2015

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42

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Supplement 1. 2015

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Supplement 1. 2015

43

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Supplement 1. 2015

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107
651654 . (Grierson 1993b: 424425, Cl. III,
19a.121c, pl. XXIV: 19a.221c).


Supplement 1. 2015

45

.
, III, 651654 ., ..
, A, B, G, D,
E, S, Z, Q I ( 1914b: tab. 53, 58; Grierson 1993b: 425).
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46

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

. , C +, 108,
. , . ,
CONOB+ , , CONOBX I II
4,44 (Grierson 1993a: 256, 259260, 28a, 37a37c, 392a392b; Grierson 1993b:
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19a.2, 21c), 23 (Grierson 1993b: 428429, Cl. IIIb, 23a23b, pl. XXIV: 23b).


Supplement 1. 2015

47

II: . C +
IV , 674681
. (Grierson 1993b: 528, Cl. IIIb, 9a, 9b). VICTORIA
AV" +.
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48

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

. , . ,
S
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Supplement 1. 2015

49

,
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6), . ,

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50

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

2.

2.1. VIIIX .
VII . :
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I II,
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2).
120
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119


Supplement 1. 2015

51

I .
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.
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122 (, 1988: 132). ,
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52

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Supplement 1. 2015


124, (.
14, 15: 215). ,
( 2007a: 137144). ,
,
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281; 2013e: 131, 134). . . ,
I ( 1977: 103).


Supplement 1. 2015

53

. ,
, . .
D .
. ,
,
.
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II (Sear et al. 1987: 270275,
14141415, 14201421, 1424, 1428, 1431, 1433, 1437, 1438, 14401441, 1444, 1446), ..
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( 1983: 33).

54

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II
.
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, .. .
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( 1977: 104; 2003: 370373; 1983: 2728).
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Supplement 1. 2015

55

, -
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130
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56

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

.
.

DNTH, . ,
Dominus Noster .
,
V (741775) (Wroth 1908b: 378390, pl. XLIIIXLV).
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, Th.
XVIII . (Lexicon universale 1785: Col. 10701077).


Supplement 1. 2015

57

132 ( 1855: 198, . 2; 1892: 28,


. II: 22; 1905: 10, 31, . II; 1983: 43), . .
( 1977: 115, 125).
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58

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

,
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133
134

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, .


Supplement 1. 2015

59

. . . . , , , ,
( 1979: 3639; 1990; , 2000:
8384). . . ,
( 1982: 3738).
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60

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. ,
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780- . .
, 784 (785 786) .
( . 2009: 12, 202).
.

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(Theodori Studitae epistulae 1991: . 48, 151),
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62

. .

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141.
,
( 2010f: 326331). III
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Symonds 1913: 145, 146). T W.
142


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63

, .
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A. , ,
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IX . .
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(Foss 2008: 2566, 100105). , , -,
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IX . ,
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(Grierson 1982: 313314, pl. 83: 1331
1337).

64

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Supplement 1. 2015

3.

3.1.
, ,
. ,
VII De administrando imperio : pa`san
th;n Cersw`no" gh`n kai; tw`n klimavtwn kai; th`" Bospovrou gh`n (Const. Porp. De admin. 42: 81
82) , prov" te Cersw`na kai; Bovsporon
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praideuvein kai; megavlhn blavbhn kai; e[ndeian ejnteu`qen toi`" Cazavroi" poiei`n ejk ga;r tw`n ejnneva
touvtwn klimavtwn hJ pa`sa zwh; kai; ajfqoniva th`" Cazariva" kaqevsthken (Const. Porp. De admin.
10: 58) , ,
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Supplement 1. 2015

65

Cersw`no"150 Taktikovn . . ( 1898: 124; Albrecht 2012:


328; Oikonomides 1972: 5657). ,
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151, . ,
152.
, .
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150
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151
, - ejx ou| kaiv mevcri th;n shvmeron ejpekravthsen ajpo; tw`n
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: .
152
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153
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66

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( 1991: 217). , ,
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, , ( 1991: 217).
, ( 0,88 , 1,1
) IX .
(
2008a: 121).
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4849). . . ,
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1993b: 616, 619, 634, 11, 1718.4, 20; 1993c: 84, Wroth 1908b: 350, 18)
control letters ( 2011f: 327358).
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nonsense , .
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155


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(. 11: 8),
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, ,
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(, 1988: . 5),
- (. 13). . .
. . (, 1988: 120135).
III 156 (. 13: 17)
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suvnoro kai h kenrikhv Mikrav Asiva kata to B hvmisu tou 11ou ai. Qessalonivkh: Tmhvma
Istoriva" & Arcaiologiva".
Gewrgiavdh" N. 2002. Ta nomivsmata tou agivou Qeodwvrou Gabrav // AP 49, 305316.
acsearch.info: 1: The New York Sale . Auction VII (15.01.2004). Lot 274
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=300203 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 2: Dmitry Markov Coins & Medals. Auction 11. Lot 328
// www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=142012 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 3: Dmitry Markov Coins & Medals. Auction 11. Lot 330
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=149637 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 4: The New York Sale. Auction IV (17.01.2002). Lot 417
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=71214 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 5: Gorny & Mosch Giessener Mnzhandlung. Auction 134 (11.10.2004). Lot 3187
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=132314 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 7: The New York Sale. Auction XI (11.01.2006). Lot 380
// http://www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=174054 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 9: Jean Elsen & ses Fils S.A. Auction 85 (10.09.2005). Lot. 510
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=205563 (accessed 15.04.2015).

134

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Supplement 1. 2015

acsearch.info: 10: Gorny & Mosch Giessener Mnzhandlung. Auction 160 (09.10.2007). Lot. 2655
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=156279 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 11: Roma Numismatics Limited. Auction 4 (30.09.2012). Lot 2884
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=602705 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 12: The New York Sale. Auction IX (13.01.2005). Lot 218
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=177851 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 13: Gorny & Mosch Giessener Mnzhandlung. Auction 191 (11.10.2010). Lot 2562
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=478596 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 14: Fritz Rudolf Knker GmbH & Co. KG. Auction 204 (12.03.2012). Lot 957
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=560802 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info:
15:
VAuctions.
Auction
239
(07.01.2010).
Lot
91
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=495378 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 16: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG. Auction 56 (08.10.2010). Lot 699
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=420411 (Accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 17: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG. Auction 56 (08.10.2010). Lot 701
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=420413 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 18: Auktionshaus H. D. Rauch GmbH. 13th live e-Auction (28.06.2013). Lot 713
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=669309 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 19: Gorny & Mosch Giessener Mnzhandlung. Auction 200 (10.10.2011). Lot 3016
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=521934 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 20: Freeman & Sear. Mail Bid Sale 17 (15.12.2009). Lot 683
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=397054 (Accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 21: Stack's. The Golden Horn Collection (12.01.2009). Lot 3157
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=47371 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info:
22:
Thodose
Ier,
aureus,
Trves,
c.
392395
// www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=378741 (accessed 15.04.2015).
acsearch.info: 23: Basile Ier le Macdonien et Constantin (868-879), AE (20 mm), vers 868-876,
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acsearch.info: 14: Fritz Rudolf Knker GmbH & Co. KG. Auction 204 (12.03.2012). Lot 957
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acsearch.info:
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Lowick, N. M., Bendall, S., Whitting, P. D. 1977. The Mardin hoard. Islamic countermarks on
Byzantine follies. London: A. H. Baldwin & Sons Ltd.
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Malloy, A. G., Preston, I. F., Seltman, A. J. 1994. Coins of Crusader States 10981291. New York:
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Martindale, J. R. 1992. The prosopography of the Later Roman Empire. Vol. IIIA. A. D. 527641.
(Abandanes Iyd ibn Ghanm). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Metcalf, D. M. 1969. The origins of the Anastasian currency reform. Amsterdam: Argonaut Inc.
Mirnik, I. 1975. Skupni nalaz bizantskog bronanog novca 6. stoljea iz Katel Starog // Vjesnik
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Mirnik, I., emrov, A. 1998. Byzantine coins in the Zagreb Archaeological Museum Numismatic
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Arheolokog muzeja u Zagrebu XXXXXXI. 1, 129258.
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Philippicus Alexis III, 7111202. Paris: Bibliothque nationale.
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of Thessalonica, Nicaea and Trebizond in the British Museum. London: Longmans & Co.


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Supplement 1. 2015

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American Numismatic Association. Colorado Springs.
Arcei`on Povntou. Aqhvna.
Atti della societ ligure di storia Patria. Genova.
British Numismatic Journal. London.
Byzantine Studies Conference.
Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae. Athens; Berlin;
Brussels; Paris; Thessaloniki; Vienna; Washington
Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. Roma.
Centre national de la recherche scientifique. Paris.
Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae. Bonn.
Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks.
Collection and the Whittemore Collection. Washington.
Dumbarton Oaks Papers. Washington.
Dumbarton Oaks Texts. Washington.
Moneta Imperii Byzantini. Wien.
Numismatic Circular. London.
Numismatic notes and monographs. New York.
Patrologiae cursus completus. Series graeca posterior
/ Acc. J.-P.Migne. Paris.
The Roman Imperial Coinage. London.
Stratum plus. =
Stratum plus. Archaeology and cultural anthropology.
-; ; ; .


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. 1. V .: 15
CONCORDIA AGV ( acsearch.info: 1; acsearch.info: 2; acsearch.info: 3; Sabatier, Cohen 1862a: 117, 23, tab.
V: 11; de Waxel 1803: 28); 68 2 I , ( acsearch.info: 4;
acsearch.info: 5; cngcoins.com: 1); 9, 10 3 , ( acsearch.info: 6; acsearch.info:
7).
Fig. 1. The question of attribution of hypothetical Taurian coins of the V century: 15 Taurian bronze of the
CONCORDIA AGV series (after acsearch.info: 1; acsearch.info: 2; acsearch.info: 3; Sabatier, Cohen 1862a: 117,
23, tab. V: 11; de Waxel 1803: 28); 68 2 of Leo I and Aelia Verina coinage of Constantinople (after
acsearch.info: 4; acsearch.info: 5; cngcoins.com: 1); 9, 10 3 Zeno coinage of Constantinople (after acsearch.info:
6; acsearch.info: 7).


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173

. 2. I: 14
I VICTORIA AVGGGE ( , 2000: . 5, 9, 20, 23);
5 I ( acsearch.info: 10); 6 , (
acsearch.info: 11); 7 3/4 , (ancientcoins.ca: 1); 8 I
povli" Cersw`no" ( acsearch.info: 9).
Fig. 2. About the history of coinage of Byzantine Taurica at Justinian I: 14 Cherson decanummii of Justinian I of
the series VICTORIA AVGGGE (after , 2000: . 5, 9, 20, 23); 5 Constantinople
decanummium of Justin I (after acsearch.info: 10); 6 follis of Zeno coinage of Rome (after acsearch.info: 11);
7 3/4 of Zeno coinage of Constantinople (ancientcoins.ca: 1); 8 pentanummium of Justinian I povli"
Cersw`no" series (after acsearch.info: 9).

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. 3. VI VII . : 2,3
( wildwinds.com: 1); 1, 48 ( ) (
1977: . XXII: 321; 1913b: pl. 41: 344; esty.ancients.info: 1; du Fresne du Cange 1680: 105;
wildwinds.com: 1); 913 (
) ( esty.ancients.info: 1; dirtyoldcoins.com: 1; wildwinds.com: 1); 1416
II , ( , 2006: pl. 30: 490; acsearch.info: 13;
Wroth 1908a: pl. XXII: 2).
Fig. 3. Taurian bronze of VI the beginnings of the VII centuries and their possible prototypes: 2,3 bronze of
Cherson of the first issue (after wildwinds.com: 1); 1,48 inscribed bronze of Mauritius Tiberius (second issue)
(after 1977: . XXII: 321; 1913b: pl. 41: 344; esty.ancients.info: 1; du Fresne du Cange 1680:
105; wildwinds.com: 1); 913 anonymous follises and hemifollises of Taurian coinage times of Phocas (third issue)
(after esty.ancients.info: 1; dirtyoldcoins.com: 1; wildwinds.com: 1); 1416 hemifollises and follis of Tiberius II
Constantine, Mauritius Tiberius and Phocas (after , 2006: pl. 30: 490; acsearch.info: 13; Wroth
1908a: pl. XXII: 2).


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175

. 4. : 1
( Grierson 1982: pl. 10: 167); 2 SCL ( acsearch.info: 14);
3 II ( acsearch.info: 15); 4 II
( Grierson 1982: pl. 27: 494); 5, 6 V (5) IV (6)
CIK ( acsearch.info: 16; acsearch.info: 17).
Fig. 4. Coins with issue tags of the Byzantine provinces: 1 follis coinage of Cyprus during the revolt against Phocas
(after Grierson 1982: pl. 10: 167); 2 countermark SCL (after acsearch.info: 14); 3 sicilian follis of Constant II
(after acsearch.info: 15); 4 hemifollis of Justinian II sicilian coinage (after Grierson 1982: pl. 27: 494);
5, 6 copper coins of Constantine V (5), and Leo IV Khazar (6) with tagged CIK on the reverse (after
acsearch.info: 16; acsearch.info: 17).

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. 5. : 1, 2 ,
VI VII .: (1) (2)
( cngcoins.com: 3); 3, 4 I,
: (3) (4) (
cngcoins.com: 4).
Fig. 5. Taurian coins with traces of restampings: 1, 2 three-figured follis the third series, beaten out on a
Constantinople follis of VI the beginnings of the VII century: full size (1) and the increased image (2) (after
cngcoins.com: 3); 3, 4 follis Nikomediya's coinage of times of Heraclius I, recoined from a Taurian three-figured
follis of the third issue: full size (3) and the increased image (4) (after cngcoins.com: 4).


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177

. 6. I: 14
( ) ( 2003: 369, . 2; Grierson 1993a: pl. XXII: 311; cngcoins.com: 5; Hahn
1975: pl. XXII: 311; hourmo.eu: 1); 56 ( 1977: . XXXII:
; 1983: . VI: 2); 79 , (
acsearch.info: 18; acsearch.info: 19; wegm.com: 1); 10 (
beastcoins.com: 1), 11 ( Lampinen 1999: 399404); 12, 13
I c ( acsearch.info: 20; Grierson 1993a: pl. XVII: 185 bis;); 14
( 2006: 81, 104, 105).
Fig. 6. The decoding of monograms on coins of Heraclius I: 14 follises of Cherson times of Heraklius I
(fourth issue) (after 2003: 369, . 2; Grierson 1993a: pl. XXII: 311; cngcoins.com: 5; Hahn 1975: pl.
XXII: 311; hourmo.eu: 1); 56 taurian countermarks of Heraclius (after 1977: . XXXII: ;
1983: . VI: 2); 79 Solid, hexagram and follis with the abbreviation and (for
acsearch.info: 18; acsearch.info: 19; wegm.com: 1); 10 follis with sicilian countermark (after beastcoins.com:
1); 11 follis with countermark (after Lampinen, 1999: 399404); 12, 13 late copper of Heraklius I with
instead of the cross (after acsearch.info: 20; Grierson 1993a: pl. XVII: 185 bis;); 14 seal of patrician
Theodore with monogram (after 2006: 81, 104, 105).

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. 7. II ( 2003: . XIII: 2, 5, 7; acsearch.info: 21).


Fig. 7. Bosporus follis of Constans II (after 2003: . XIII: 2, 5, 7; acsearch.info: 21).

. 8. ( Hahn 1981: 89, 126, Taf. 4: v75, 75, 21: 5355).


Fig. 8. Solids coinage of Cherson (after Hahn 1981: 89, 126, Taf. 4: v75, 75, 21: 5355).


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179

. 9. : 12 (
1962: . 15: 4, 9); 3 ( byzantion.ru: 1);
4, 5 I (4) I (5) ( acsearch.info: 22; byzantion.ru: 2);
6 ( Grierson 1982: pl. 1: 2).
Fig. 9. The study of the medallions of Northern Black Sea: 12 multiplies of the Pereshchepina Treasure (after
1962: . 15: 4, 9); 3 early medieval Byzantine Eulogy (after byzantion.ru: 1); 4, 5 lightweight
medallions of Constantine I (4) and Theodosius I (5) (after acsearch.info: 22; byzantion.ru: 2); 6 multiple of
Mauritius Tiberius (after Grierson 1982: pl. 1: 2).

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. 10. VIII . ( 1977: . XXIII: 323, 325, 330,


337, XXIV: 349, 350): 1 VIII .; 2 ; 3 II
; 4 III ; 5, 6 .
Fig. 10. Taurian gemifollises of the first half of the VIII century (after 1977: . XXIII: 323, 325, 330,
337, XXIV: 349, 350): 1 anonymous issue of the beginning of the XVIII century; 2 Philippikos Bardanes;
3 Anastasius II Artemius; 4 Theodosius III Adramyttius; 5, 6 Artavasdos and Nikephoros.

. 11. - IX . ( 1977: . XXIII: 328, 331


334, 336, XXIV: 349, 350; 1983: . VI: 14, VII: 2): 1,2 I ; 37
; 8 III.
Fig. 11. herson-Byzantine gemifollises of the first half of the IX century (after 1977: . XXIII: 328,
331334, 336, XXIV: 349, 350; 1983: . VI: 14, VII: 2): 1,2 Michael I Rangabe; 37 polis issues;
8 Michael III.


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181

. 12. KLM ( 1991: 217, . 1: 2, 3; 1983: .


VII: 1).
Fig. 12. The attribution of a coin with KLM on a reverse (after 1991: 217, . 1: 2, 3;
1983: . VII: 1).

. 13. - , (
, 1988: . 5, 6: 1, 2): 17 ; 8 ; 9
, .
Fig. 13. Chamnu-Burun treasure and reconstruction of stamps used for the production of imitations (after ,
1988: . 5, 6: 1, 2): 17 imitation of solids; 8 coin of Cherson; 9 Reconstruction of the stamp
used by counterfeiters.

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. 14. B ,
KO[N]TANTIN[O]eNQ[e]wNIKH[THC] ( , 2014: 7; 1977: .
XXIV: 351; , 1988: . 6: 3, 4; 1911b: . : 12; , 2013:
. 30: 380; 2000: 119, 174).
Fig. 14. Coins of Cherson with B on an obverse and with the cross surrounded inscription
KO[N]TANTIN[O]eNQ[e]wNIKH[THC] on a reverse (after , 2014: 7; 1977: .
XXIV: 351; , 1988: . 6: 3, 4; 1911b: . : 12; , 2013:
. 30: 380; 2000: 119, 174).


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183

. 15. III I :
1 ( Grierson 1982: pl. 45: 812); 2 - (
, 1988: . 6: 5, 6) ( I); 3,4 II
( 1977: XXV: 384; esty.ancients.info: 2); 58 III
(esty.ancients.info: 2); 911 ( 1977: XXV: 376; esty.ancients.info:
2); 1215 ( 1977: XXV: 378, 381, 383; esty.ancients.info: 2).
Fig. 15. About history of monetary reform in herson at Mihael III and Basil I the Macedonian: 1 follies of
Constantinople (after Grierson 1982: pl. 45: 812); 2 follis from the Chumnu-Burun treasure (after ,
1988: . 6: 5, 6) with traces of images of emperors (Series I); 3,4 follises of Series II (after
1977: XXV: 384; esty.ancients.info: 2); 5 8 follises of Series III of the Cherson issue (esty.ancients.info: 2); 9
11 follises of emission center (after 1977: XXV: 376; esty.ancients.info: 2); 1215 follises of
emission center after 1977: XXV: 378, 381, 383; esty.ancients.info: 2).

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. 16. I ( 1977: . XXIV: 359; esty.ancients.info: 2).


Fig. 16. Hemifollises times of Basil I the Macedonian (after 1977: . XXIV: 359; esty.ancients.info: 2).


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185

. 17. VI : 1 I .
. ( Sabatier, Kohen 1862b: pl. XLV: 9); 2, 3 VI
. ( Sabatier, Cohen 1862b: pl. XLV: 17, 18); 4, 5 VI
. ( 1977: . XXVI: 389, 390); 6 VI .
( Sabatier, Cohen 1862b: pl. XLV: 13, 14); 79 VI . (
1977: 391393).
Fig. 17. About attribution of follises of Leo VI the Wise: 1 Basil I the Macedonian. On the reverse the image of
Leo and Alexander. Minted of Constantinople (after Sabatier, Cohen 1862b: pl. XLV: 9); 2, 3 Leo VI the Wise and
Alexander. Minted of Constantinople (after Sabatier, Cohen 1862b: pl. XLV: 17, 18); 4, 5 Leo VI the Wise and
Alexander. Molding of Cherson (after 1977: . XXVI: 389, 390); 6 Leo VI Wise. Coinage of
Constantinople (after Sabatier, Cohen 1862b: pl. XLV: 13, 14); 79 Leo VI Wise. Molding of Cherson (after
1977: 391393).

. 18. VII ( 1977: . XXVI: 395, XXVII: 401, 403, 405, 408, 410,
411, 414, XVIII: 423, 429): 1 , 2 , 3 I,
4 I , 58 I, 9 , 10
VII II, 11 ( 1986: 209210, .: 1).

. .

Fig. 18. About the history of coinage of the Cherson of Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos (after 1977: . XXVI: 395, XXVII: 401, 403, 405, 408,
410, 411, 414, XVIII: 423, 429): 1 follis of period of the regency of Zoe, 2 follis of the first independent government, 3 commemorative coin of
Romanos I, 4 commemorative coin of Romanos I and Christopher, 58 coins of Romanos I, 9 follis of the second self-government, 10 follis of
Constantine VII and Romanos II, 11 "gold Coin-circle" (after 1986: 209210, .: 1).

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187

. 19. X XI .: 1 II II
( acsearch.info: 26); 2 II VIII, (
acsearch.info: 27); 3 II ( acsearch.info: 28); 4 I ( acsearch.info: 29);
5, 7 II VIII, ( 1983: . XI:
6; acsearch.info: 30); 6 ( esty.ancients.info: 3); 8, 9
III ( 2007a: . 1, 2).
Fig. 19. Follises of Taurian molding of the second half of X the first third of the XI centuries: 1 of Romanos II
and Basil II (after acsearch.info: 26); 2 Basil II and Constantine VIII, first period of independent board (after
acsearch.info: 27); 3 of Nikephoros II Phokas (after acsearch.info: 28); 4 of John I Tzimiskes (after acsearch.info:
29); 5, 7 of Basil II and Constantine VIII, second period of independent board (after 1983: . XI: 6;
acsearch.info: 30); 6 anonymous follis these governors (after esty.ancients.info: 3); 8, 9 follis of Romanos III
Argyros (after 2007a: . 1, 2).

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. 20. Rw . XI XIV . ( 1977: . XXX: 451454, 457,


XXXI: 463, 467, XXXII: 475; 1848: . VII: 15; 1983: . XIII: 1, 4): 14
; 5 ; 6, 7 ; 8 ;
9 , . .
; 10 ; 11 .
Fig. 20. Coins with the monogram of Rw of issue of the end of the XI XIV centuries (after 1977: .
XXX: 451454, 457, XXXI: 463, 467, XXXII: 475; 1848: . VII: 15; 1983: . XIII: 1, 4):
14 the first version; 5 the second version; 6, 7 the third version; 8 the fourth version; 9 a coin of the
fifth version with the vague print of a cross on a reverse taken by I. V. Sokolova for a lily; 10 the sixth version;
11 the fifth version.


Supplement 1. 2015

189

. 21. Rw : 1 Romanov"
; 2 ; 35 povli" Cersw`no"
; 6, 7 ( Bellinger, Grierson 2006a: 93).
Fig. 21. About the decoding of monograms on coins from Rw on an obverse: 1 the monogram of the name
Romanov" of the first version; 2 the same abbreviation of the second version; 35 options of a ligature of povli"
Cersw`no" on coins of the first version; 6, 7 monograms Palaiologos (after Bellinger, Grierson 2006a: 93).

190

. .

Supplement 1. 2015

. 22. 1, 2 . . ( 1888: 122)


II (3) I (4) ( fortresskatalog.com: 1).
Fig. 22. 1, 2 coins of Mangup according to G. I. Timoshevsky (after 1888: 122) and
similar to them the Polish crown denars of Vladislaus II (3) and Johnn I Albert (4) (after fortresskatalog.com: 1).

. 23. .. : 1, 2 , . . (
1998: 4849, . 1, 2); 3 , I ( Hendy 1999a: 351;
1999b: pl. XVIII: B.(4); Morrisson 1970b: 728, Type 1, CI,(B)/01); 4 ,
( ).
Fig. 23. About the question of attribution so-called coins of Mangup: 1, 2 the coins published by A. N. Korshenko
(after 1998: 4849, . 1, 2); 3 the coin which is beaten out at Andronicus I in Thessaloniki (after
Hendy 1999a: 351; 1999b: pl. XVIII: B. (4); Morrisson 1970b: 728, Type 1, No. CI, (B)/01); 4 the cut-off dirhem
found to the Crimea (a private collection).


Supplement 1. 2015

. 24. ( 1906: . VI: 15).


Fig. 24. About the attribution of coins from T on an obverse (after Retovsky 1906: tab. VI: 15).

. 25. XV . ( ).
Fig. 25. Crimean countermarks of XV century (coins from private collections).

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. . doctor habilitat of history,
director of research work in the CNRS
(UMR 8167 The East and the
Mediterranean Sea).
:
. . , .
. . , ,
.
. . .

. .
. C.

. . 020742. 22.09.2015. 6084/8


. . 24,25. 1724


628615, , ., ., 11
./: (3466) 43-75-73, -mail: izdatelstvo@nggu.ru