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Mike Allen

Professor Zak Lee


Cinematography
8 December 2015
Cinematography Final
1. The 180 degree rule refers to the continuity line established by the camera placement.
All shots in a scene must be shot from one side of the line unless the line changes during
the scene due to movement of camera or subjects.
2. A change of at least 20% in either the angle, focal length, or camera position that
allows two shots to be cut together without resulting in a jump cut.1
3. The 30 degree rule is the rule that states when cutting to a different shot of the same
event the camera angle must be 30 degrees different from the previous one otherwise its
a jump cut.
4. Shot; reverse shot is a basic way to cover a scene in which one character speaks with
another. The framing of one shot matches the framing of the reverse. Cutting back and
forth between them causes the scene to move forward.
5. The ASA/ISO/EI is the measure of the imagers sensitivity to light.
6. The Characteristic Curve is related to the density of a film image. The Characteristic
Curve plots the amount of exposure against the density achieved by that exposure.2

1 Brown, Blain. Cinematography: Theory and Practice: Image Making for


Cinematographers and Directors (2nd Edition). Print. Focal Press. July. 2011. 12.8.15.
2 Author Unknown. Basic Sensitometry and Characteristics of Film. Web. Kodak, Date
Unknown. 12.8.15.

7. The slower the shutter speed, the brighter the image. The faster the shutter speed, the
darker the image. The more open the aperture, the brighter the image. The more closed
the aperture, the darker the image.
8. F-stops are the measurement of the aperture of a lens. The lower the number of the Fstop, the more open the aperture is. Telephoto lenses often let in less light than zoom
lenses.
9. The amount of light given off by a candle from a foot away.
10. Specular and Diffuse reflection.3
11. The bending of a light as it crosses the boundary into a different medium.4
12. When light is separated into the spectrum of visual colors.
13. They have created the T-stop to allow for the light lost before it hits the imager.
14. 1.618. The Golden Mean is a ratio found throughout nature that represents the
proportions of different objects. The Greeks used it in many of their statues. Can be used
to make better aesthetic compositions.5
15. The Rule of Thirds state that a composition that has the subject fall on a point where
the thirds lines intersect will be more aesthetically pleasing. (Diagram Below)

3 Author Unknown. Specular and Diffuse Reflection. Article. Web. Olympus Micro,
date unknown. 12.8.15
4 Author Unknown, What is Refraction?. Web. Web Exhibits, Causes of Color, Date
Unknown. 12.8.15
5 Meisner, Gary. Golden Ratio in Art Composition and Design. Article. Web.
GoldenNumber.net, May. 2014. 12.8.15

16. Images have rhythm when they are given the appearance of moving through the use
of repetition, overlapping, and patterns. Diagonal lines and shapes also help give the
image rhythm.6
17. A primary color is a color from which the rest are derived from.
18. Red, Green, and Blue.
19. Complimentary colors are two colors positioned on opposite sides of the color wheel.
20. A tertiary color is the result of mixing a primary and a secondary color.
21. Simultaneous Contrast is when two colors side by side interact with one another and
change our perception accordingly.7
22. The nearest point thats in focus when your focus is set to infinity.
23. Focal Length, aperture, and the distance between the subject and the focal plane.
24. 1 inch.
25. Measuring out the distance from subject to focal plane and doing the proper
calculations. Eyeballing it.
Sources:
1. Brown, Blain. Cinematography: Theory and Practice: Image Making for
Cinematographers and Directors (2nd Edition). Print. Focal Press. July. 2011.
2.http://motion.kodak.com/KodakGCG/uploadedfiles/motion/US_plugins_acrobat_en_m
otion_newsletters_filmEss_06_Characteristics_of_Film.pdf
3. http://olympusmicro.com/primer/java/reflection/specular/index.html
4. http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/13A.html
6 Author Unknown. How can the principle of rhythm be incorporated into art
compositions? Date Unknown. Web. Desire2Learn.com. 12.8.15.
7 Author Unknown. Simultaneous Contrast. Date Unknown. Web. Webexhibits.org.
12.8.15.

5. http://www.goldennumber.net/art-composition-design/
6.
https://gcps.desire2learn.com/d2l/lor/viewer/viewFile.d2lfile/6605/4822/Unit_five_lesson
_thirty_Rhythm_in_Visual_Compositions_print.html
7. http://www.webexhibits.org/colorart/contrast.html