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GUIZHOU GAOFENG PETROLEUM MACHINERY CO.

, LTD
Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar Type QY
FULL HYDRAULIC DRILLING JAR TYPE QY
1. GENERAL
Full hydraulic drilling jar type QY is a kind of unfreezing tool for downhole
drilling tools when they get stuck. Namely, it is an integral hydraulic jar with up
jarring and down jarring. When downhole drilling tools are stuck, the jar can provide
a huge impact to unfreeze with up jarring or down jarring, thus normal drilling
operation can be recovered quickly.
When the jar is used, operators can adjust to picking up it or slacking off it on
surface to create up jarring impact or down jarring impact (without adjustment to the
torque or outside part) and adjust impact from very small range to the biggest range.
The jar can be operated easily and conveniently with high reliability and applied to
drill, core, fish, workover, etc. downhole activities.
2. BASIC STRUCTURE
The basic structure of the full hydraulic drilling jar type QY is shown in Fig. 1.
Full hydraulic drilling jar type QY is mainly consists of drill pipe mandrel, upper
mandrel, neutral mandrel, lower mandrel, drive hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder,
upper hydraulic cylinder, neutral hydraulic cylinder, lower hydraulic cylinder, piston,
valve body, valve core, sealing part, etc.
3. WORKING PRINCIPLE
3.1 Principle of up jarring
The up jarring is realized through picking up the drill string to create up jarring
load. Along with the jar operates up jarring to damping construction, the hydraulic oil
in the hydraulic chamber is pressed and can produce suppression pressure to make
drill string store energy. When up jarring reaches a certain stroke, suppression
pressure oil suddenly offloads, thus the stored energy in drill string is released and
then the up jar impact is produced.
3.2 Principle of down jarring
Different from the principle of up jarring, the one of down jarring is realized
through slacking off the drill string to create down jarring load. The process of storing
energy of drill string for down jarring is the same as that of up jarring. That means the
stored energy in drill string is released and then the down jar impact is produced.
4. SPECIFICATION
The specification and performance parameter of the jar is shown in Table 1.
1

GUIZHOU GAOFENG PETROLEUM MACHINERY CO., LTD


Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar Type QY

Drill Pipe Mandrel

Short Sub

Drive Hydraulic Cylinder

Neutral Piston
Neutral Mandrel

Drive Pin

Neutral Hydrauli c Cyli nder


Transition Sub
Short Sub

Lower Hydraulic Cyli nder

Hydraulic Cylinder

Lower Mandrel
Inner Sub
Valve Core
Hydraulic Cylinder Piston

Pressure Cap

Upper Mandrel

Upper Hydraulic Cylinder


Pressure Cap
Val ve Body
Lower Sub

Valve Core

Fig.1 Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar


Type QY

GUIZHOU GAOFENG PETROLEUM MACHINERY CO., LTD


Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar Type QY
Table 1

Model

Diameter of
O.D. of Tool
Water Hole
mm
mm
(in.)
(in.)

Connection
API

Max. Working
Load
kN
(lbf)

Tensile Yield
Strength
kN
(lbf)

Torsional Yield
Strength
kN
(lbf)

QY121

121 (4 3/4)

57 (2 1/4)

NC38

350 (78750)

2046 (460350)

28 (6300)

QY165

165 (6 1/2)

69 (2 11/16)

NC50

778 (175050)

4003 (900675)

82 (18450)

QY203

203 (8)

76 (3)

6 5/8REG

1334 (300150) 7116 (1601100)

160 (36000)

QY241

241 (9 1/2)

76 (3)

7 5/8REG

2224 (500400) 8896 (2001600)

271 (60975)

5. USAGE AND OPERATION


5.1 Usage
5.1.1 Before lowering into well, the jar should be taken surface test first. After tested,
only qualified jar can be used.
5.1.2 Check if each fill plug of the jar is tightened.
5.1.3 Check if collar clamp is removed from the hydraulic drilling jar.
5.1.4 The jar and drill collar or heavy drill pipe can be assembled to be a stand, but
they should be connected at the top of the stand.
5.1.5 The jar is befittingly connected and placed at upper section of neutralization
point of the integral drilling assembly to make the jar in tension.
5.1.6 O.D. of the jar should less than or equal to the diameter of drill collar and lower
drilling assembly.
5.2 Operation
5.2.1 Up jarring operation
Apply pull to the drill string per the established final weight indicator reading,
then wait for the hydraulic drilling jar to impact. Then slack off the drill pipe for
reposition and repeat this operation.
Up jar load=Final weight indicator reading up before impactworking string
weight above the jar
5.2.2 Down jarring operation
Apply pull to the drill string per the established final weight indicator reading,
then wait for the hydraulic drilling jar to impact. Then pick up the drill pipe for
reposition and repeat this operation.

GUIZHOU GAOFENG PETROLEUM MACHINERY CO., LTD


Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar Type QY
Down jar load=Final weight indicator reading down before impactworking
string weight above the jar
5.2.3 Notice that when the jar is working in downhole, the load impacted on the jar by
picking up or slacking off is not permitted to be larger than max. working load
designed to withstand (see table 1).
5.2.4 When tripping out, the jar should be in complete tension. Collar clamp should be
assembled to drill pipe mandrel at wellhead, and then be removed from drilling set to
prevent knocking.
6. MAINTENANCE
6.1 Disassembly
6.1.1 Before the jar is disassembled, its inside and outside should be cleaned.
6.1.2 The jar should be in complete tension. Remove the fill plug from upper
hydraulic cylinder and lower hydraulic cylinder and release oil. Notice that safety is
important for the operation of removing fill plug. Do not make the fill plug directed at
people. First loose the screw a little and watch till there is no high pressure oil, and
then remove the fill plug completely and withdrawal hydraulic oil.
6.1.3 The jar should be in complete tension. Loose the screw joint with disassembly&
assembly equipment.
6.1.4 Clamp lower hydraulic cylinder with pliers. Remove the sub and take off sealing
parts.
6.1.5 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp lower short sub to remove
hydraulic cylinder, collect remained hydraulic oil and take off sealing parts.
6.1.6 Change clamping position, use chain wrench to clamp drill pipe mandrel,
remove mandrel to take off sealing parts, disassemble pressure cap, valve core and
valve body, and then drive drill pipe mandrel to be in a completely close state.
6.1.7 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp neutral hydraulic cylinder, and
remove lower short sub and take off sealing parts.
6.1.8 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp upper short sub, remove neutral
hydraulic cylinder, and take off neutral piston and sealing parts.
6.1.9 Change clamping position, use chain wrench to clamp drill pipe mandrel,
disassemble neutral mandrel, remove sealing parts and collect remained hydraulic oil.
6.1.10 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp upper hydraulic cylinder,
remove upper short sub and take off sealing parts.
6.1.11 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp drill pipe mandrel, apply special
4

GUIZHOU GAOFENG PETROLEUM MACHINERY CO., LTD


Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar Type QY
tool to remove upper mandrel, take off sealing parts, and then take off pressure cap,
valve core and valve body.
6.1.12 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp hydraulic cylinder, remove
upper hydraulic cylinder and take off sealing parts.
6.1.13 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp transition sub, remove hydraulic
cylinder, and take off sealing parts and piston.
6.1.14 Change clamping position, use pliers to clamp drive hydraulic cylinder, remove
transition sub and inner sub and then take off sealing parts.
6.1.15 Change clamping position, use chain wrench to clamp drill pipe mandrel, take
off drive pin first and drive hydraulic cylinder later. The disassembly work is finished.
6.2 Assembly
6.2.1 Before assembly, all parts to be assembled should be cleaned and smeared with
a flat of thin lubricating oil. All thread joint should be smeared with screwed oil. Main
parts bearing force should be dealt with inspection. Parts with burr or scratch should
be checked and repaired. Especially, each thread and hydraulic cylinder should be
checked with damage or not. Parts with crack or damaged parts which can not be
repaired as well as sealing parts should be changed.
6.2.2 When the jar is assembled, its order for assembly should be opposite to its
disassembly. Note that when the mandrel is assembled, special tools should be used to
assemble it and tighten it.
6.2.3 After assembly, place the jar to tighten on the tightening equipment. Tightening
torque of thread of each part is shown in table 2.
6.2.4 Fill lubricating grease in drive hydraulic cylinder chamber. Fill #20
wear-resisting hydraulic oil in upper hydraulic cylinder oil chamber and lower
hydraulic cylinder oil chamber and tighten all fill plugs. The assembly work is ended.
6.2.5 The jar should be periodically repaired and changed with accessories according
to hole condition. Take the shortest time between tool recommendation lists of table 3
and table 4 as periodic time for repairing and changing accessories.
6.2.6 The aging period of rubber sealing parts is 18 months. When repaired,
recommendation tools should be changed with new rubber sealing parts.
Table 2
Connection
Position
Model

All Exteriors

KN m (lbf m)

Inner Sub

Upper Mandrel

Neutral
Mandrel

Lower Mandrel

GUIZHOU GAOFENG PETROLEUM MACHINERY CO., LTD


Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar Type QY
QY121

20 (4500)

10 (2250)

8 (1800)

5 (1125)

4 (900)

QY165

24 (5400)

20 (4500)

12 (2700)

9 (2025)

6.5 (1462.5)

QY203

43 (9675)

34 (7650)

27 (6075)

20 (4500)

13 (2925)

QY241

55 (12375)

47 (10575)

46 (10350)

34 (7650)

27 (6075)

Table 3 Recommended Hours of Use before Servicing


Model

QY 121

Applicable Hole
Condition

Rotating in
straight or
horizontal
section, only

Rotating in
deviated or
build section,
only

QY 165

QY 203

QY 203

Hole Size
in (mm)

Hours
h

Hole Size
in (mm)

Hours
h

Hole Size
in (mm)

Hours
h

Hole Size
in (mm)

Hours
h

6-1/8
156

300

8-3/4
222

400

9-7/8
251

400

12-1/4
311

400

6-3/4
171

200

9-6/7
251

300

12-1/4
311

350

17-1/2
445

350

7-7/8
200

100

12-1/4
311

200

17-1/2
445

250

26
660

200

6-3/4
171

100

9-7/8
251

200

9-7/8
251

250

12-1/4
311

250

7-7/8
200

75

12-1/4
311

100

12-1/4
311

150

17-1/2
445

150

17-1/2
445

100

26
660

100

Table 4 Recommended Hours of Use before Servicing


Model

QY121

QY165

Bottom Hole
Temperature

QY203

QY203

Hoursh

38~930C

300

400

400

400

38~1480C

200

300

300

300

148~2040C

200

300

300

300

GUIZHOU GAOFENG PETROLEUM MACHINERY CO., LTD


Full Hydraulic Drilling Jar Type QY
204~2600C

150

150

Fishing

100

Milling

50

150

150

7. SURFACE TEST
7.1 Tools should be given surface test before run in the well. Connect both ends of the
jar filled with oil to test sub, and adjust the speed of reciprocating linear movement of
piston rod of test equipment to about 680mm/min. Place the jar on test equipment, and
open or close it no less than 3 times. Load-carrying testing valve should be in
accordance with the prescription of table 5.
7.2 Seal Test
Connect both ends of the jar to seal test sub. Take seal test of water hole with oil
or clean water. The pressure of water hole 30MPa should be stable for 5 minutes and
the pressure drop should not be more than 0.5 MPa.
Table 5 Load and Jarring Delay Parameter
Model

Up Jar Load
kN (lbf)

QY121

266.8 (60030)

Down Jar Load


kN (lbf)

400.3 (90067.5)

QY241

Jarring Delay
s

177.9 (40027.5)
60~180

QY165
QY203

Jarring Delay
s

60~180
222.4(50040)

150~240

210~270

8. NOTICE FOR ORDER


If you need to order spare parts, youd better indicate model of the product
requiring spare parts, name of spare parts, code name of them as well as quantity.
When order the rubber part, youd better take its aging period in consideration.
The whole set of order for the rubber part is proposed.

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