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(12) Ulllted States Patent

Tackes et al.

(54) FLOW FORCE REDUCTION BY

US007766041B2

(10) Patent N0.:

(45) Date 0f Patent:

US 7,766,041 B2

Aug. 3, 2010

3,990,475 A * 11/1976 Myers

137/6253

INCREMENTAL PRESSURE DROP

4,050,476 A

9/ 1977 Hayner etal.

4,122,868 A

10/1978 Holloway et al.

(75) Inventors: John N. Tackes, Rockford, 1L (US),

Jesse

'

O. Arlas, Round Lake, 1L (US)

,

,

î

4,325,412 A

JBïntmm

o

son

4/1982 Hayner

 

.

~

4,411,189 A

 

10/1983

Miller

(73) Asslgooo'

Dolto Power Company’ Rockford’ IL

 

4,750,511

A

’t

6/1988 Henry

137/62538

 

(Us)

4,862,920 A

9/1989 Cleasby

 

:E

.

.

.

.

.

5,351,717

A ’t 10/1994 saire

137/62512

(

)

Not1ce:

Subject to any d1scla1mer, the term of th1s

6,397,890 B1

 

6/2002 Mickelson et al.

 

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

 

Usc. 154(b) by 560 days.

 

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

 

~

Herbert E. Merritt, “Hydraulic Control Systems”, 1967, pp. 40-43,

(21) APPL No" 11/5oo’o35

(22)

~

Flledï

Aug' 81 2006

(65)

_

_

_

PrlOr PubllcatlOIl Data

US 2008/0035225 A1

Feb. 14, 2008

100-109, John Wiley & sens.

D. Mcloy, H.R. Martin; “The Control of Fluid Power”, 1973, Sec

tions 4.3.1 & 43.2, Longman Group Ltd, London.

_T.F. Blackburn, J.L. Coakley, FD. Ezekiel, “Fluid Power Control”,

1960, section 10.321, Mir. Press.

* Cited by examiner

(51)

[M_ CL

Primary Examiner?lohn Fox

F161( 11/07

(2006,01)

(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firrn?Foley & Lardner LLP

(52) U.S.

137/6253; 137/62535;

251/117

0f Classification Search

157/625'55’ 62558’ 62559’ 251/117’ 118’

.

.

.

25 1/120

See apphcauon me for Complete Search hlstory'

(56)

References Cited

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

1,859,876 A

*

5/1932

Koplin

137/6253

2,596,534

A

*

5/1952

Crake

137/62539

2,836,198

A

*

5/1958

McNeill

137/62539

2,964,023 A * 12/1960 Meulendyk

3,912,222 A

10/1975 Hayner

137/625.12

(57)

A

ABSTRACT

HOW Control device for improving, for example’ Valve

operation by reducing “error forces” occurring due to fluid

communication between ports of a valve having two or more

ports. Incremental pressure drop passages bleed incremen

tally the flow of fluid between ñrst an second ports as the

valve spool is moving between the ñrst and second positions

to decrease the pressure differential generated force exerted

on the spool whereby the energy required to be applied to the

spool for moving the spool between the ñrst and second

positions is decreased.

7 Claims, 22 Drawing Sheets

U.S. Patent

.039"

Aug. 3, 2010

20\

sheer 1 0f22

////=

4

US 7,766,041 B2

21

/ 23

/7

26

32a

Fig. 1A (PRIOR ART)

U.S. Patent

Aug. 3, 2010

 

3

1

0

><

/

 

2

4

Fi . 1C

Des-54B

sheer 2 0f 22

US 7,766,041 B2

Fig. 1B (PRIOR ART)

U.S. Patent

Aug. 3, 2010

sheer 3 0f22

US 7,766,041 B2

DG$4B Force vs Stroke

(.100 stroke is De-Energized, as shown)

EMA.“

O O5

0.06

Stroke [in]

Fig. 2

0.07

0,03

0.09

0.1 Ã

U.S. Patent

Aug. 3, 2010

sheer 4 0f 22

US 7,766,041 B2

/ 10a

 

/

 

7a

33

35

32a

.052" -

36

 

_Í- _î-

36

_

38

_Í- 3a

_' 6b

f

l

38

.038" -

36a

@.096

.029" -

48'“

Fig. 3A

U.S. Patent

Aug. 3, 2010

sheer 5 0f22

Nlodiñed DG-S4B Force vs Stroke

(.100 stroke is 13e-Energized, as shown)

--f' _4.3 Flow Forces (s GPM, 3000 psi) È?'

|

’ à"

O

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

Stroke [in]

Fig. 3B

0.07

0.08

US 7,766,041 B2

D D9

0.1

U.S. Patent

Aug. 3, 2010

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t.

„m-"

í

sheer 6 6f22

US 7,766,041 B2

U.S. Patent

Aug. 3, 2010

Q1 Flg. 3F0

P in

)(Ao

|_| Pout

CONVENTIONAL METERING ORIFICE DIAGRAIVI

Fig. BF2

Q3

AEquív 2-3

Q1

lp in Q4

AEquív 4-5

I

l_l

Pour

INCREMENTAL METERING

REDUCED ORIFICE

DIAGRAIVI 1

Sheet 7 0f 22

Flg. 3Fl

US 7,766,041 B2

Q1

Q2

Q3

in

Q4

 

A2

)

<

A4 > <

A1 M

à P2

T P3

 

A3

>

(

As

)

<

lll P out

INCREMENTAL METERING

ORIFICE DIAGRAM

Q1 Flg. 3F3

P in

I_l pout

INCREMENTAL METERING

REDUCED ORIFICE

DIAGRAM 2

U.S. Patent

Aug. 3, 2010

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Fig. 4B

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U.S. Patent

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sheer 10 0f22

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87

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88

80D

Fig. 5A

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Sheet 14 0f 22

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Fig. 6A

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