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Selamat Datang di PETROLOGI
Selamat Datang di PETROLOGI
Selamat Datang di PETROLOGI
Selamat Datang di PETROLOGI

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PETROLOGI

Silabus Mata Kuliah Petrologi berisi tentang: 1. Pembahasan tentang definisi dan jenis-jenis batuan beku, sedimen
Silabus Mata Kuliah Petrologi berisi tentang: 1. Pembahasan tentang definisi dan jenis-jenis batuan beku, sedimen
Silabus Mata Kuliah Petrologi berisi tentang: 1. Pembahasan tentang definisi dan jenis-jenis batuan beku, sedimen
Silabus Mata Kuliah Petrologi berisi tentang: 1. Pembahasan tentang definisi dan jenis-jenis batuan beku, sedimen

Silabus

Mata Kuliah Petrologi berisi tentang:

1. Pembahasan tentang definisi dan jenis-jenis batuan beku, sedimen dan metamorf, serta klasifikasinya secara megaskopis berdasarkan pada tekstur, struktur dan komposisi mineraloginya

2. Pembahasan (secara terbatas) tentang asal-mula

(petrogenesa) batuan tersebut di atas dalam dimensi

ruang dan waktu, dalam hubungannya dengan kondisi batuan di sekitarnya

Daftar Pustaka ( Selected ) 1. Best, M.G. (2003) Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Blackwell Publishing,
Daftar Pustaka ( Selected ) 1. Best, M.G. (2003) Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Blackwell Publishing,
Daftar Pustaka ( Selected ) 1. Best, M.G. (2003) Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Blackwell Publishing,
Daftar Pustaka ( Selected ) 1. Best, M.G. (2003) Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Blackwell Publishing,

Daftar Pustaka (Selected)

1. Best, M.G. (2003) Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Blackwell Publishing, 729 p, 2 nd Ed.

2. Boogs, S. Jr. (2009) Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks, Cambridge University Press, 600 p., 2 nd Ed.

3. Ehlers, E.G. and Blatt, H. (1982) Petrology od Igneous, Sedimentary and

Metamorphic Rocks, W.H. Freeman and Co., 732 p.

4. Fischer, R.V. and Schmincke, H.U. (1984) Pyroclastic Rocks, Springer-Verlag, 459 p.

5. Gill, R. (2010) Igneous Rocks and Processes: A Practical Guide, Wiley-Blackwell, 428 p.

6. Le Maitre, R.W. (2002) Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms, Cambridge University Press, 236 p., 2 nd Ed.

7. Pettijohn, F.J. (1977) Sedimentary Rocks, Oxford and IBH Pub., 718 p.

8. Tucker, M.E. (1991) Sedimentary Petrology: An Introduction to the Origin of Sedimentary Rocks, Blackwell Scientific Publication, 260 p., 2 nd Ed.

Definisi

Definisi  Petra: batuan ( rocks ) termasuk batu ( lithology, stone )  Logos: ilmu

Petra: batuan (rocks) termasuk batu

(lithology, stone)

Logos: ilmu

Sehingga, definisi dari Petrologi adalah

cabang dari ilmu geologi yang mempelajari tentang batuan, yang

meliputi asal-mulanya (origin),

keterdapatannya (occurrence), struktur

dan sejarahnya.

Personal Experience as Geologist
Personal Experience as Geologist
Personal Experience as Geologist
Cappadocia, Turkey: among earliest cities built on volcanic rocks

Cappadocia, Turkey: among earliest cities built on

volcanic rocks

Cappadocia, Turkey: among earliest cities built on volcanic rocks
Cappadocia, Turkey: among earliest cities built on volcanic rocks

Pyramids in Mexico (from 1 st Century AD), made of Volcanic Rocks

Pyramids in Mexico (from 1 s t Century AD), made of Volcanic Rocks
Pyramids in Mexico (from 1 s t Century AD), made of Volcanic Rocks

Indonesian Cultural Heritages are Made of

Volcanic Rocks

7-9 th Cent

Mataram-Syailendra

Dinasty

Made of Andesite

Cultural Heritages are Made of Volcanic Rocks • 7-9 t h Cent Mataram-Syailendra Dinasty • Made
Cultural Heritages are Made of Volcanic Rocks • 7-9 t h Cent Mataram-Syailendra Dinasty • Made

Angkor Watt & Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Angkor Watt & Angkor Thom, Cambodia • 9-13 t h Cent Khmer Kingdom • Made of

9-13 th Cent Khmer Kingdom

Made of Sandstone

Angkor Watt & Angkor Thom, Cambodia • 9-13 t h Cent Khmer Kingdom • Made of
Angkor Watt & Angkor Thom, Cambodia • 9-13 t h Cent Khmer Kingdom • Made of

Castles in Japan mades of Granites

Castles in Japan mades of Granites

Marble: the main building stone in Europe since Roman to Renaissance period

building stone in Europe since Roman to Renaissance period • Florence, Italy: Carrara Marble • David
building stone in Europe since Roman to Renaissance period • Florence, Italy: Carrara Marble • David
building stone in Europe since Roman to Renaissance period • Florence, Italy: Carrara Marble • David

Florence, Italy: Carrara Marble

David (above): Michelangelo (1501-1504)

San Lorenzo tomb (right): Michelangelo (1520s)

Ephesus, Turkey: a 1 s t Century Roman marble city

Ephesus, Turkey: a 1 st Century Roman marble city

Ephesus, Turkey: a 1 s t Century Roman marble city
Ephesus, Turkey: a 1 s t Century Roman marble city

Geological Materials

Types of geological materials

Rocks

Minerals

Elements

Atoms

Examples of geological resources

Sand and gravel, limestone,

granite, building stone

Salt, gypsum, sulfide and/or oxide minerals of iron, copper,

aluminum, lead, zinc, etc.

Native gold, silver, etc.

Kita menambang Batuan untuk mendapatkan mineral ekonomis Grasberg, Papua, tambang tembaga dan emas terbesar di

Kita menambang Batuan untuk mendapatkan mineral

ekonomis

Kita menambang Batuan untuk mendapatkan mineral ekonomis Grasberg, Papua, tambang tembaga dan emas terbesar di Indonesia

Grasberg, Papua, tambang tembaga dan emas terbesar di Indonesia (sumber Steve Garwin)

Batu Hijau MineOpen Pit – 2008 (Photo Steve Garwin)
Batu Hijau MineOpen Pit – 2008 (Photo Steve Garwin)

Aereal photos of Pit Statistic of reserves etc

Porphyry Deposits – Prominent source of Cu and Au Bingham, USA
Porphyry Deposits – Prominent source of Cu and Au Bingham, USA

Porphyry Deposits Prominent source of Cu and Au

Bingham, USA

Coppins Gap Cadia Porphyry Cu-Au (  Mo) ~440 Ma Bingham Porphyry Cu-Au-Mo ~37 Ma

Coppins Gap

Cadia Porphyry Cu-Au (Mo) ~440 Ma

Bingham Porphyry Cu-Au-Mo ~37 Ma

Grasberg Porphyry Cu-Mo-Au ~2.5 Ma

Porphyry Mo

~2800 Ma

Batuan (Rocks) tersusun oleh kumpulan sejumlah Mineral
Batuan (Rocks) tersusun oleh kumpulan
sejumlah Mineral
Batuan (Rocks) tersusun oleh kumpulan sejumlah Mineral
Minerals and Rock-Forming Minerals  Minerals are chemical compounds of naturally occurring inorganic solid with

Minerals and Rock-Forming Minerals

Minerals are chemical compounds of naturally

occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemical

composition and a crystalline structure

Only 30 of the 4,000 known minerals are common These 30 minerals are known as the rock-forming minerals

Most rock-forming minerals are silicates

The percent composition of Silicate minerals in a rock determines the type of rock it is

COMMON MINERALS IN THE EARTH  QUARTZ (Silica)  CORUNDUM (Alumina) Al 2 O 3

COMMON MINERALS IN THE EARTH

QUARTZ (Silica)

CORUNDUM (Alumina) Al 2 O 3

HEMATITE

CALCITE

DOLOMITE

CaSO 4

GYPSUM

FLUORITE

PYRITE

SiO 2

Fe 2 O 3

CaCO 3

CaMg(CO 3 ) 2

CaF 2

FeS 2

OLIVINE

PYROXENE

(Mg,Fe) 2 SiO 4

(Mg,Fe)SiO 3

AMPHIBOLE (Ca 2 Mg 5 )Si 8 O 22 (OH) 2

FELDSPARS

Albite

Orthoclase

Anorthite

KAOLINITE

NaAlSi 3 O 8 KAlSi 3 O 8 CaAl 2 Si 2 O 8

Al 2 Si 2 O 5 (OH) 4

Rocks

Rocks  Rocks consist of one or more Minerals, and fall into three main types depending

Rocks consist of one or more Minerals, and fall into three main types depending on their origin and previous

processing history:

Igneous rocks are ones which have solidified directly from a molten state, such as volcanic lava.

Sedimentary rocks are ones which have been re-

manufactured from previously existing rocks, usually from

the products of chemical weathering or mechanical erosion, without melting.

Metamorphic rocks are ones which result from processing, by heat and pressure (but not melting), of previously existing sedimentary or igneous rocks.

Batuan (Rocks)

Batuan (Rocks)  Rocks consist of one or more Minerals, and fall into three main types

Rocks consist of one or more Minerals, and fall into three main types depending on their origin and previous

processing history:

Igneous rocks are ones which have solidified directly from a molten state, such as volcanic lava.

Sedimentary rocks are ones which have been re-

manufactured from previously existing rocks, usually from

the products of chemical weathering or mechanical erosion, without melting.

Metamorphic rocks are ones which result from processing, by heat and pressure (but not melting), of previously existing sedimentary or igneous rocks.

Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle Sediment Lithification Deposition Transport Sedimentary Rocks Erosion Metamorphism Weathering Igneous Rocks
Rock Cycle Sediment Lithification Deposition Transport Sedimentary Rocks Erosion Metamorphism Weathering Igneous Rocks
Sediment Lithification
Sediment
Lithification

Deposition

Transport

Sedimentary Rocks

Erosion

Metamorphism

Weathering

Igneous Rocks

Metamorphic Rocks

Transport Sedimentary Rocks Erosion Metamorphism Weathering Igneous Rocks Metamorphic Rocks Crystallization Melting Magma
Transport Sedimentary Rocks Erosion Metamorphism Weathering Igneous Rocks Metamorphic Rocks Crystallization Melting Magma

Crystallization

Melting

Magma

Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle

Struktur tubuh bumi:

- Litosfer

- Astenosfer

- Mesosfer

Struktur tubuh bumi: - Litosfer - Astenosfer - Mesosfer - Inti bumi
Struktur tubuh bumi: - Litosfer - Astenosfer - Mesosfer - Inti bumi

- Inti bumi

Rock Types of the Earth

Rock Types of the Earth igneous & metamorphic rocks = crystalline rocks
Rock Types of the Earth igneous & metamorphic rocks = crystalline rocks

igneous & metamorphic rocks = crystalline rocks

Secara Umum Identifikasi Batuan Dilakukan Berdasarkan:  Komposisi  Mineral apa saja yang menyusun suatu

Secara Umum Identifikasi Batuan

Dilakukan Berdasarkan:

Komposisi

Mineral apa saja yang

menyusun suatu

batuan?

Dalam perkembangannya bisa juga berarti komposisi kimia dari batuan

Tekstur

Bagaimana bentuk

(shape), ukuran (size)

dan orientasi dari butiran-bitiran mineral

yang menyusun

batuan?

Major Difference:

Crystalline vs. Clastic