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Contractor: Central Engineering Services (pvt) Limited

Date of Issue: 04.07.2016


This Method Statement covers construction of buildings and roads including material & machineries
to be used, quality control tests and safety control tests and safety precautions to be implemented at




- Site Engineer
- Technical Officer
- Personal Protective Equipment
- Quality Assurance Engineer
- Materials Engineer
- Technical Specification
- Quality Control Inspector
- Safety & Environmental Officer
- Store keeper

Man Power

Equipment/ Tools


Safety &
Lab technicians
Lab helpers
Survey helpers
Skilled & Unskilled
Safety Inventory

Safety boots
Safety Helmets


1 No. back hoe loader

1 No excavator
1 No. water tanker
Concrete mixer
Dump truck
Rammer compactor
Leveling instrument
Water pump
2 Nos. Poker vibrators
( 1 is standby)
Wheel barrows
Motar pans
Timber planks/ steel plates
Hand Tools
Hydraulic Breaker
(if necessary)
PVC pipes (type 600)as
weep holes

15 mm thick plywood sheets

50 x 50mm joints and 50 x 25mm
timber reefers
Grade 15 & 25 concrete
Reinforcement steel
[Y10mm,Y12mm,Y16mm, Y25mm,
Binding wire
Gauge 1000 Polythene
Mould oil
Gunny bags
Backfill material
Cover blocks
69 Rubble
Metal for drainage backfill
Bearing pad
GI pipes and jacks

Safety Gloves
Traffic signs
Blinking Lights
Barricade boards
Traffic cones
Direction boards


1.3.1 Organizational Structure

Chief Operation Engineer (CESL-Sabaragamuwa)

Senior Operation Engineer (Kegalle)

Operation Engineer

Store Keeper

Technical Officer



Skilled laborer

Unskilled laborer


Store Helper
Survey helpers





The parties/residents who are likely to be affected by the construction processes will be notified in advance
and remedial measures such as provision of temporary accesses will be arranged.
The waste disposal areas will be identified and approval sought from the Engineer.
Safety for Workmen


Necessary safety gear such as gloves, boots, belts and helmets will be provided to relevant
Supervisors shall be trained on first aid.
Before operating lifting machinery necessary instructions will be given to operators to ensure
safe and smooth operations
Excavations will be made from top to bottom; i.e. no under cutting will be made
People working with tools such as pick axes, shovels and mamoties will be kept far enough
apart to prevent injury to one another.
No person shall be permitted to remain close to lifting machinery and vehicles during loading
and unloading materials.
A reminder of safety requirements will be given to all workmen by the relevant supervisor
before start of work.
The SOE will carry out routine inspections on implementing of safety measures and issue
instructions as he deem fit, to the officers in charge of any work site to take protective
measures and to avoid inadequacies in respect of safety.
In case of a major accident, the supervisor on-site will give the necessary first aid and the
SOE will be contacted, who will give necessary directions to take the casualties for medical
treatment and to the nearest hospital if necessary

Construction Drawing
Based on the design information provided by the Engineer, construction drawings would be made and
subsequently submitted to the Engineer for review and approval.


Setting Out


The centre line of the building would be established according to site arrangement and all other
setting out work for excavation, formwork etc would be carried out with reference to this center
Timber/steel pegs will be driven at either end of the center line of the bridge at right angle to the
center line of the bridge. Then two off lines will be set out as reference lines for excavation by
driving pegs/ stakes.
The closest temporary bench marks would be selected and a suitable reference level above the
invert would be marked on the pegs at the off lines as guidance for excavation.
The edges of the excavation will be marked on the ground and length of excavation would be
confined to half of the width of the road plus sufficient length as working space.




Excavation would be carried out using back hoe loaders/excavators and other tools such as crow
bar, mamoties etc where necessary.
For this operation, it is expected to deploy a surveyor and a technical officer.
The excavated materials that can be used as backfilling material would be stored at site where
space is available and rest would be transported to disposal areas only if that is classified as
unsuitable by the Engineer.
Having excavated to the required level, the bed would be prepared evenly and smoothly by
manual tamping or using a plate compactor.
To avoid entering storm water to the working area temporary earth drains would be constructed.
All necessary steps regarding safety and convenience of the public and safety of the workers
would be taken in advance.
During this operation safety officer would also be present whenever necessary.
Excavated pits will be covered by tapes all around for safety.

When ground or storm water is encountered during the work dewatering would be carried out using
water pumps or by bailing out or excavation of an outlet.

1.8 Fabrication and Transport of Reinforcement

The TO will prepare a bar schedule in accordance with the relevant construction drawings for the
approval of the S.E. Reinforcement bars will be cleaned using wire brushes where necessary before use.
They will be cut and bent to size manually/mechanically at the Contractors main yard as shown in the
bar schedule. These bars will be batched separately in accordance with bar references and will be stored
inside a covered room on a cemented floor away from contaminants such as fuel and lubricants.
The TO will make the request to the SK to transport of the reinforcement to the site as required according
to the Daily Work Plan and the SK will issue the same. The reinforcement bars will then be transported
to the appropriate locations by tractor-trailer or by light trucks. Care will be taken not to load
contaminants such as fuel, lubricants etc. to the same vehicle. The reinforcements will be unloaded at site
manually or use of a crane.
1.9 Installation of Formwork and Reinforcement
Form work, for the two sides of the base slab, inner and outer walls and soffit using 15mm thick
plywood on 50mmx50mm timber frame will be fabricated in the yard. Form work will not be used for
the cut off wall. For cut off wall excavation will be made to the exact dimensions in the ground and
exposed excavated surfaces will be lined with polythene before placing reinforcement and concrete. If
the excavation cannot be achieved to the exact dimensions due to demolition of existing structure,
appropriate form work will be utilized .Starter bars will be kept for the continuation of the balance cross
drain and for the other features such as head walls and the parapet walls. The outer forms for the base
slab will be erected first.


The reinforcement bars for the base slab and walls will then be placed in position and fixed using gauge
18 binding wire. Cover blocks will be cast with1:2cement sand mix and with suitable thickness
depending on the construction drawings. It will be kept between the reinforcement and form/bed to
ensure the clear cover of 50mm as per the drawing referred to above. Polythene films will be laid on
ground to receive the cut off wall concrete. The forms will be kept firm using external props. Then
internal check according to Check List will be carried out before submitting to the Engineer for the
inspection prior to concreting the base slab as per Specification, 1001-10(a).
1.10 Placing and Compaction of Screed Concrete
1. Concrete will be brought to the site from the mixer by workmen with the use of wheel barrows and/or
pans and will be placed, spread, compacted and levelled to the required thickness on the prepared bed by
skilled workmen.
2. In the event of using ready mix concrete, ready mix shall be brought to location by the truck mixer.
The concrete mix shall be poured to the location through steel guided channel sections, placed, spread,
compacted and levelled to the required thickness on the prepared bed by skilled workmen.
1.11 Base Concrete
Method of placing concrete, equipment, plant and labour will be submitted to the Engineer and approval
will be obtained.
Concrete will be brought to the site from the mixer by workmen with the use of wheel barrows or pans
and maximum transport distance of concrete using wheel barrows and/or pans be 10m and will be
placed direct in the base area by skilled workmen. Ready mix placed concrete will be spread with the use
of shovels. Diameter 40 mm or 25 mm immersion type vibrators will be used to compact during and
immediately after placing concrete. The vibrating pokers will not be kept stationary at a point more than
30 seconds and the points will be about 400 mm apart from each other. Steel tamping rods will be used in
addition to the immersion type vibrators, where approved by the Engineer.
Steel tamping rods [16mm diameter] and/or rubber mallets [for tapping on the forms] may also be used
for ensuring a smooth surface finish. In respect of timings of batching and placement of concrete the
propositions stated under Concrete mix design & Quality Control of the work under the inspection
check list will be followed.
The surface will be cleaned with high pressure water to remove foreign matter, laitance and loose or
porous material as required by the Specification.


1.12 Stripping Formwork

Formwork on the inner sides will be removed after 2 days, by skilled labours. Care will be taken not to
apply stress to the concreted walls of drains. The Engineer will be informed in advance as to the time of
removal of formwork and as to when the exposed surface will be ready for inspection.
Site Engineer will inspect the finished surface for infirmities, once the stripping of formwork was
completed. Minimum periods before stripping forms would be as per table 1001.12 under subsection of
the Technical specification.
1.13 Procedure for Patching up of Minor Infirmities
In case any minor infirmities are identified, the QCI will raise a NCR as a minor non-conformance, and
it will be notified to the CR who will in turn notify same to the Engineer. The non conformities will be
marked with suitable ink or with marker pen. These places will be worked with wire brushes and/or with
small chisels and kept being cured for a minimum of 12 hours. Engineers approval will be obtained
before patch repair commences.
Then they will be patched up using 1:2 cement sand mortar by experienced masons and will be finished
smooth in flush with the surface, with steel trowels.
1.14 Procedure for Effecting Major Repairs
In case of any major defects are identified at the inspection aforesaid, the QCI will raise a NCR as a
major non-conformance, and it will be notified to the CR. The non- conformances will be conspicuously
marked with permanent marker pens. The proposed method of repair will be submitted to the Engineer
by CR within 14 days for approval to proceed. The preventive measures to be taken to avoid recurrence
of same will be included in this proposal.
1.15 Curing
Freshly laid concrete shall be kept undisturbed and protected from the effect of sun and rain and from
drying out till the effects of sun and rain and from drying out till it hardens. Once hardened, the concrete
shall continuously be cured in a moist atmosphere for a minimum period of 7 days and for a further
period if so specified or required by the Engineer.
The method of curing shall depend on the type of member to be cured. Concrete shall be kept covered
with burlap, jute hessian or other similar water absorbing material which shall be kept moist throughout
the curing period. Such concrete may be kept covered with wet sand or even kept ponded up with water.


1.16 Fabrication and erection of steel trusses.

All steel sections used shall be in accordance with the specifications mentioned in the structural
drawings. The trusses are to be fabricated and welded within site premises, with the use of skilled
personnel. The fabricated trusses will be erected with the use of scaffoldings, pulleys, chains, skilled and
unskilled labour. All gusset plates, base plates, sole plates, cleats, nuts, bolts, welded joints, welding
thickness and other connections to be in accordance with drawings and specifications.
The fabricated truss sections will be wire brushed until any trace of rust is removed, and treated with one
coat of metal primer and two coats of anti corrosive paint of an approved brand.
1.17 Material sampling and testing.

The Materials Engineer would take the samples from required materials such as concrete
according to the specified frequency and locations. Other items such as bearings or metal,
expansion joints shall be tested in an Independent laboratory.
Concrete: One set of cubes would be made per 10 cu.m of concrete. At least one sample would
be taken on each day that a particular grade is used. Crushing strength of the concrete cubes
would be tested for the samples at ages of 7 and 28 days. Each sample would be identified by
identification No and it is displayed on the test cubes and a same identification No would be
included in the sample register. The identification tag includes, the date of cast, age of test and
date of test to be performed.
Cubes tested at an age of 28 days cube strength shall conform to the following requirements
1. The average strength determined from any group of four consecutive test cubes shall exceed the
specified characteristic strength by at least 0.5 times the current margin.
2. Each individual test result shall be greater than 85% of the specified characteristic strength.
1.18 Inspection Check list

To ensure that the all activities being performed with the expected quality, an inspection
check list would be filled by QCI for the reconstruction of bridge in preconstruction, during
construction and post construction. The Inspection check list shall include the specific
requirements, safety and environmental measures. Inspection checklist for bridge construction
has been attached herewith.
1.19 Dimension Control

All specified lengths, widths and heights would be properly maintained during construction
and all these dimensions would be checked with the Inspection check list. In case of identifying
the undesirable changes in specified dimensions and even beyond the specified tolerances, the
particular work would be reworked before the subsequent work.
1.20 Back-filling and compaction

Backfilling will commence after seven days curing of concrete is completed. Excavated material
will be used for back-filling if suitable. If not approved borrow material will be used for back
-filling. A trial compaction will be carried out to determine the thickness of the layer with the
selected compactor. Back-filling will be carried out in layers with approximately 150 mm
thickness using rammer/ vibrating roller applied to achieve the required specified compaction.
1.21 Clearing the Site
After completing the work all surplus materials will be removed from the work location.